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研究生:李志威
研究生(外文):Lee chih-wei
論文名稱:台灣西南港尾及新塭岩心孔隙水及沈積物地球化學特性之研究
論文名稱(外文):Geochemical characteristics of porewater and sediments from Kang-wei and Sin-wen, southwestern Taiwan
指導教授:劉聰桂劉聰桂引用關係
指導教授(外文):Liu Tsung-Kwei
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:地質學研究所
學門:自然科學學門
學類:地球科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2000
畢業學年度:88
語文別:中文
論文頁數:59
中文關鍵詞:腐植物質螢光強度
外文關鍵詞:ArsenicHumic SubstancesFluorescence Intensity
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:8
  • 點閱點閱:184
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:34
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
台灣西南海岸平原地區在以往的研究顯示地下水含有高濃度的砷和腐植物質。本研究以新塭及港尾鑽取岩心,分析沈積物萃取液金屬離子、總有機碳及孔隙水中所含各種離子、螢光強度,探討嘉南地區地下水中高砷與高腐植物質的可能來源。
港尾岩心中,淺於120公尺是全新世海侵所形成的河口灣海相沈積物;60∼120公尺沈積物有許多植物碎屑,造成高有機碳值。新塭或港尾沈積物中總有機碳、鐵、錳和砷的關係為顯著正相關,顯示總有機碳、鐵、錳、砷在沈積物中的富集機制可能相同。宅港、義竹、港尾沈積物砷的最高值都出現在全新世海侵形成的潟湖相沈積物中。
沈積物中豐富的有機質會消耗環境中的氧氣而導致厭氧環境(還原環境)的形成。在厭氧環境下,鐵的氧化物或氫氧化物還原及有機物分解成水溶性腐植物質,並釋放出所含的砷,造成高砷、高腐植物質的地下水。
The southwestern coastal plain area of Taiwan was well known for its high concentrations of arsenic and humic substances in deep groundwater. In order to explain the origin of arsenic and humic substances, cations and total organic carbon (TOC) of sediments, and cations, anions and fluorescence intensity of porewater of drilling cores from Sin-wen and Kang-wei were analyzed.
The sediments underneath Kang-wei at depth less than 120 meters were deposited in marine environment during the Holocene transgression period. Between 60 and 120 meter depths, TOC contents are higher than the upper layers. The good correlation among TOC concentrations, arsenic, iron and manganese contents of sediments suggests that they may have the same enrich-ment processes. All sediments with the highest arsenic concentrations from Zei-kang, Sin-wen and Kang-wei, respectively, occur at the horizon deposited in the marine (lagoon) environment during the Holocene transgression.
It is proposed that the strongly anoxic environment shown by the deeper part of the sediment column underneath the coastal area of southwestern Taiwan was induced by oxygen-consuming organic matters. The high concentrations of groundwater might be attributed to the reduction of iron oxides and the mineralization of organic matters.
第一章 序論 1
1-1研究動機 1
1-2研究區域概述 1
1-2-1地理位置 1
1-2-2地質概況 3
1-2-3水文地質 4
1-3前人研究 5
1-4地下水及孔隙水之地球化學特性 6
1-5分析元素的化學特性 7
1-6研究目的 12
第二章 研究方法 13
2-1採樣地點 13
2-2鑽井岩心概述 13
2-2-1新塭鑽井 13
2-2-2港尾鑽井 15
2-3採樣方式 17
2-4樣品前處理 17
2-4-1岩心孔隙水 17
2-4-2總有機碳前處理 18
2-4-3岩心沈積物金屬離子萃取 18
2-5離子濃度分析方法 19
2-5-1陽離子分析方法 19
2-5-2陰離子分析方法 19
2-5-3螢光強度分析方法 19
2-5-4總有機碳含量之分析 20
第三章 結果與討論 22
3-1孔隙水分析結果 22
3-1-1陽離子分析結果 22
3-1-2陰離子分析結果 23
3-1-3螢光強度 24
3-2沈積物分析結果 26
3-2-1沈積物總有機碳分析結果 26
3-2-2沈積物萃取金屬離子分析結果 26
3-3綜合討論 27
第四章 結論 31
參考文獻 51
中文部份 51
英文部份 53
圖目
圖1-1、研究區域及採樣地點位置 2
圖3-1、港尾孔隙水分析資料 36
圖3-2、港尾孔隙水及沈積物分析資料 37
圖3-3、新塭孔隙水分析資料 38
圖3-4、新塭孔隙水及沈積物分析資料 39
圖3-5、螢光強度隨鹽度變化之趨勢圖 41
圖3-6、港尾岩心孔隙水水質相關圖 45
圖3-7、港尾岩心孔隙水淺於60公尺水質相關圖 46
圖3-8、港尾岩心孔隙水深於60公尺水質相關圖 47
圖3-9、新塭岩心孔隙水水質相關圖 48
圖3-10、港尾沈積物與萃取液金屬離子相關圖 49
圖3-11、新塭沈積物與萃取液金屬離子相關圖 50
表目
表3-1、港尾孔隙水陽離子分析資料 32
表3-2、港尾孔隙水基本性質及陰離子分析資料 33
表3-3、新塭岩心孔隙水陽離子分析資料 34
表3-4、新塭孔隙水基本性質及陰離子分析資料 35
表3-5、港尾孔隙水陽離子濃度相關係數表 40
表3-6、新塭孔隙水陽離子濃度相關係數表 40
表3-7、鹽度對螢光強度影響之樣品配置表 41
表3-8、鹽度對孔隙水螢光強度影響之實驗結果 41
表3-9、港尾岩心沈積物萃取液金屬離子濃度及TOC值 42
表3-10、新塭岩心沈積物萃取液金屬離子濃度及TOC值 43
表3-11、新塭及港尾沈積物TOC、Fe、Mn、Cu、Pb、Cr、Zn相關
係數表 44
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