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研究生:連裕益
研究生(外文):LIEN YU YI
論文名稱:臺灣產蜉金龜屬之分類研究
論文名稱(外文):Taxonomy Study of the Genus Aphodius Illiger of Taiwan.
指導教授:許洞慶許洞慶引用關係楊平世楊平世引用關係
指導教授(外文):HSU TUNG CHINGYANG PING SHIH
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:昆蟲學研究所
學門:生命科學學門
學類:生物學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2000
畢業學年度:88
語文別:中文
論文頁數:81
中文關鍵詞:蜉金龜新種新記錄
外文關鍵詞:Aphodiussp. nov.new record
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本文描述臺灣產蜉金龜屬 (Aphodius Illiger) 共十五亞屬十八種。其中包括三新種,分別為瓦拉米蜉金龜 A. (Sinodiapterna) walamiensis sp. nov、丹大蜉金龜A. (Aparammoecius) dantaensis sp. nov.與彩斑蜉金龜A. (Aparammoecius) reevesii sp. nov.;一新紀錄種阿魯氏蜉金龜 A. (Platyderides) arrowi Schmidt;兩同物異名 A. tarokensis Stebnicka = A. nishikawai Masumoto,A. troitzkyi Jacobson = A. zeni Ochi (前者為有效名)。文中描述所有種類的雄蟲外部形態、交尾器與上咽片的構造,並附有亞屬及成蟲的種檢索表。此外並紀錄本屬種類在台灣之寄主糞現象與分布狀況。
Eighteen species of the genus Aphodius Illiger belonging to fifteen subgenera from Taiwan are described and illustrated. There are three new species described as new, A. (Sinodiapterna) walamiensis, A. (Aparammoecius) dantaensis and A. (Aparammoecius) reevesii, and one new record, A. (Platyderides) arrowi Schmidt to Taiwan. Two new synonymies are proposed: A. tarokensis Stebnicka = A. nishikawai Masumoto, A. troitzkyi Jacobson = A. zeni Ochi (the former specific name being valid). The illustrations of morphological structures including habitus, aedeagus and epipharynx of males are described. Keys to subgenera and species of male adults are given. The host dungs and distributions are recorded and discussed with.
中文摘要
英文摘要
壹、 前言……………………………………………………………………………..1
貳、 往昔研究………………………………………………………………………..3
一、東亞蜉金龜屬的研究概況…………………………………………..…....3
二、臺灣產蜉金龜屬的研究歷史與現況……………………..……………....4
參、素木標本的疑惑…………………………………………………………………5
肆、材料與方法…………………..…………………………………………………..7
(一)、標本來源………………………………………………………………..7
(二)、標本製作………………………………………………………………..8
(三)、形態特徵的觀察與測量………………………………………………..9
(四)、術語……………………………………………………………………..9
(五)、測量形質……………………………………………………………….12
(六)、採集地與採集者之表示法…………………………………………….13
伍、結果與討論……………………………………………………………………..16
Genus Aphodius Illiger (蜉金龜屬)………………………………….………..16
臺灣產蜉金龜屬之亞屬檢索表………………………………………………..17
Subgenus Sinodiapterna Dellacasa (闊盾蜉金龜亞屬)………………….…...18
臺灣產闊盾蜉金龜亞屬成蟲之種檢索表……………………………………..18
A. (S.) troitzkyi Jacobson (黑闊盾蜉金龜)……………………..…………...19
A. (S.) walamiensis sp. nov. (瓦拉米蜉金龜)…………..….……….……….22
Subgenus Pleuraphodius Schmidt (稜間蜉金龜亞屬)……………………….24
A. (P.) lewisi Waterhouse (路易氏蜉金龜)……………………………..…..25
Subgenus Carinaulus Tesar (刻鞘蜉金龜亞屬)……...…………………...…..27
A. (C.) pucholti Balthasar (刻鞘蜉金龜)……………...……………………28
Subgenus Platyderides Schmidt (板胸蜉金龜亞屬)……………………..…...30
A. (C.) arrowi Schmidt (阿魯氏蜉金龜)……………………….…..……….31
Subgenus Loboparius Schmidt (葉頰蜉金龜亞屬)…………………………...33
A. (L.) kotoensis Miwa (蘭嶼蜉金龜)………………………………………34
Subgenus Pharaphodius Reitter (離溝蜉金龜亞屬)…………………………36
A. (P.) priscus Motschulsky (褐蜉金龜)……………………………………37
Subgenus Phalacronothus Motschulsky (截角蜉金龜亞屬)………………....40
A. (P.) pseudoavunculus Masumoto (偽豆蜉金龜)………………………...41
Subgenus Acrossus Mulsant (圓楯蜉金龜亞屬)……………………………..43
A. (A.) formosanus Nomura et Nakane (蓬萊蜉金龜)………………….…44
Subgenus Paulianellus Balthasar (闊楯蜉金龜亞屬)………………………..46
A. (P.) maderi Balthasar (曼德氏蜉金龜)………………………………….47
Subgenus Balthasarianus Paulian (長脛蜉金龜亞屬)……………….………49
A. (B.) babori Balthasar (巴氏蜉金龜)……………………………….…….50
Subgenus Aganocrossus Reitter (端毛蜉金龜亞屬)………………………….53
A. (A.) urostigma Harold (端毛蜉金龜)……………………………………54
Subgenus Trichaphodius Schmidt (尾斑蜉金龜亞屬)………………….……57
A. (T.) reichei Harold (來赫氏蜉金龜)………………………………….….58
Subgenus Aparammoecius Petrovitz (刻緣蜉金龜亞屬)……………….……60
臺灣產刻緣蜉金龜亞屬成蟲之種檢索表………………………………….….60
A. (A.) dantaensis sp. nov. (丹大蜉金龜).……………………………….….61
A. (A.) reevesii sp. nov. (彩斑蜉金龜)……….……………………………...63
A. (A.) tarokensis Stebnicka (太魯閣蜉金龜)……………..…………….....65
Subgenus Calamosternus Motschulsky (黃帶蜉金龜亞屬)………………….67
A. (C.) sublimbatus Motschulsky (黃帶蜉金龜)…………………….……..68
Subgenus Nialus Mulsant (擬黃帶蜉金龜亞屬)……………………………..70
A. (N.) insularis Petrovitz (島嶼蜉金龜)……………………….…………..71
陸、引用文獻……………………………………………………………….……….73
柒、誌謝…………………………………………………………………….……….81
捌、圖版…………………………………………………………….……………….82
玖、附錄一…………………………………………………………………………121
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