跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(3.236.84.188) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/08/03 07:54
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:陳國書
研究生(外文):Kuo-Shu Chen
論文名稱:西南北太平洋產黑鮪之生殖生物學研究
論文名稱(外文):Reproductive biology of bluefin tuna, Thunnun thynnus, from southwestern North Pacific.
指導教授:許建宗許建宗引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chien-Chung Hsu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:海洋研究所
學門:自然科學學門
學類:海洋科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2000
畢業學年度:88
語文別:中文
論文頁數:64
中文關鍵詞:黑鮪生殖生物學水卵單次孕卵數
外文關鍵詞:bluefin tunaThunnus thynnusreproductive biologyhydrated oocytebatch fecundity
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:8
  • 點閱點閱:255
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:3
本研究以觀測卵巢和卵細胞外觀為基礎,探討北太平洋西南海域產黑鮪 (Thunnus thynnus) 之生殖生物學。由1999年5至6月在產卵海域作業的東港鮪延繩釣漁船蒐集到黑鮪卵巢。黑鮪在臺灣東南方和菲律賓東北方海域之高豐度期為4月下旬至6月中旬。產卵群 (172-252 cm) 性比經由卡方檢定與1:1並無顯著差異。由漁獲物中觀測產卵群體長和體重之分佈,結果發現1999年在臺灣和菲律賓海域之黑鮪產卵群幾乎皆是大型魚 ( 99% 尾叉長>190 cm),而位於產卵群體長和除去內臟重頻率分佈中心且數量佔50% 之組成分別為208-219 cm和161-194 kg,觀測到產卵群最小尾叉長為165 cm。以11對含有水卵之卵巢估算雌魚單次孕卵數,單次孕卵數(BF)和尾叉長(FL)之間有線性相關,關係式為:BF = (4.3952 ×10^5)FL-7.58 ×10^7 (r2 = 0.793, p<0.01)。平均相對孕卵數為每克除去內臟重 (±95% CI) 含有89 (± 18.3) 粒卵。
The investigation of reproductive biology of bluefin tuna, Thunnus thynnus, from the southwestern North Pacific has been pursued based on macroscopic and microscopic examination of ovaries and oocytes. Ovaries were collected from fish caught by longline vessels fishing on the spawning ground during May and June, 1999. The results are: (1) abundant northern bluefin tuna occurred in the southeastern waters off Taiwan and northeastern waters off Philippines during late April and middle June; (2) sex ratio of spawning stock (172-252 cm) was 1:1; (3) the spawning stock included almost giant fish (99% fish>190 cm), and a few medium fish; (4) the length and gutted weight of about 50% fish were located at 208-219 cm and 161-194 kg, respectively; (5) the minimum length of spawning stock found in the landings was 165 cm; (6) The batch fecundity was estimated based on 11 ovaries with hydrated oocytes, then a linear relationship between batch fecundity (BF) and fork length (FL) was derived as: BF = (4.3952×10^5)FL-7.58×10^7 (r2 = 0.793, p<0.01); (7) The mean relative batch fecundity (±95% CI) was 89 ( ±18.3) oocytes per gram of gutted weight.
摘要 ………………………………………………………………………I
Abstract …………………………………………………………………II
前言 ………………………………………………………………………1
材料與方法 ………………………………………………………………4
蒐集資料和卵巢樣本 …………………………………………………4
資料和卵巢樣本分析方法 ……………………………………………5
1.產卵期 ……………………………………………………………5
2.性比 ………………………………………………………………5
3.產卵群體長和體重之分佈 ………………………………………6
4.肥滿度 ……………………………………………………………6
5.卵細胞發育時期 …………………………………………………6
6.卵巢成熟狀態 ……………………………………………………8
7.孕卵數 ……………………………………………………………10
結果 ………………………………………………………………………13
產卵期 …………………………………………………………………13
性比 ……………………………………………………………………13
產卵群體長和體重之分佈 ……………………………………………14
肥滿度 …………………………………………………………………14
卵細胞發育時期 ………………………………………………………14
卵巢成熟狀態 …………………………………………………………15
孕卵數 …………………………………………………………………16
討論 ………………………………………………………………………18
產卵海域 ………………………………………………………………18
產卵期 …………………………………………………………………18
性比 ……………………………………………………………………20
成熟體長 ………………………………………………………………20
孕卵數 …………………………………………………………………22
結論 ………………………………………………………………………25
參考文獻 …………………………………………………………………26
附圖 ………………………………………………………………………36
附表 ………………………………………………………………………59
附錄 ………………………………………………………………………64
Alheit, J. 1993. Use of the daily egg production method for estimating biomass of clupeoid fishes: a review and evaluation. Bull. Mar. Sci., 53(2): 750-767.
Alvarado Bremer, J. R., I. Naseri and B. Ely. 1997. Orthodox and unorthodox phylogenetic relationships among tunas revealed by the nucleotide sequence analysis of the mitochondrial DNA control region. J. Fish. Biol., 50(3): 540-554.
Baglin, R. E. Jr. 1976. A preliminary study of the gonadal development and fecundity of the western Atlantic bluefin tuna. ICCAT, Coll. Vol. Sci. Pap., 5(2): 279-289.
Baglin, R. E. Jr. 1982. Reproductive biology of western Atlantic bluefin tuna. Fish. Bull., U.S., 80(1): 121-134.
Bayliff, W. H. 1991. Status of northern bluefin tuna in the Pacific Ocean. Inter-Amer. Trop. Tuna Comm., Spec. Rep., 7: 29-88.
Bayliff, W. H. 1993. Growth and age composition of northern bluefin tuna, Thunnus thynnus, caught in the eastern Pacific Ocean, as estimated from length-frequency data, with comments on trans-Pacific migrations. Inter-Amer. Trop. Tuna Comm., Bull., 20(9): 501-540.
Bayliff, W. H. 1999. Information on the fisheries for Pacific bluefin tuna, Thunnus orientalis, by nations of the western hemisphere. A NRIFSF/IATTC joint workshop on Pacific bluefin tuna, in Shimizu, Japan., 10pp.
Bell, R. R. 1963. Synopsis of biological data on California bluefin tuna, Thunnus saliens Jordan and Evermann 1926. FAO, Fish. Rep., 6(2): 380-421.
Blackburn, M. 1965. Oceanography and the ecology of tunas. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev., 3: 299-322.
Chang, K. H., J. C. Lee and C. Lin. 1972. Study on maturity of the red scad, Decapterus kurroides aka-adsi ABE in the waters of Taiwan. J. Fish. Soc. Taiwan, 1(1): 1-9.
Chiu, T. S. and C. S. Chen. 1995. Distribution of Scombrid Larvae (Pisces: Scombridae) in the waters around Taiwan. J. Fish. Soc. Taiwan, 22(4): 303-312.
Chu, S. L. 1999. Reproductive biology of bigeye tuna Thunnus thynnus in the western Pacific Ocean. Master. Thesis, Institute of Oceanography, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.
Clay, D. (ed.). 1991. Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus thynnus (L.)): a review. Inter-Amer. Trop. Tuna Comm., Spec. Rep., 7: 89-179.
Clay, D., T. Hurlbut and L. Currie. 1985. Biological studies on bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus, L.) in Canadian waters during 1982 and 1983, with a preliminary look at some 1984 statistics. ICCAT, Coll. Vol. Sci. Pap., 22: 240-247.
Clemens, H. B. 1969. Bluefin tuna migrate across the Pacific Ocean. Calif. Fish and Game, 55(2): 132-135.
Collette, B. B. and C. E. Nauen. 1983. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop., 125(2): 137pp.
Collette, B. B. and B. R. Smith. 1981. Bluefin tuna, Thunnus thynnus orientalis from the Gulf of Papua. Japan. J. Ichthy., 28(2): 166-168.
Cort, J. L. and J. C. Rey. 1985. Analisis de los datos de marcado de atun rojo (Thunnus thynnus L.) en el Atlantico este y Mediterraneo. Migracion, crecimiento y mortalidad. ICCAT, Coll. Vol. Sci. Pap., 22: 213-239.
Cort, J. L. and B. Liorzou. 1991. Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus thynnus (L.)): a review. 5. Reproduction — Eastern Atlantic & Mediterranean. Inter-Amer. Trop. Tuna Comm., Spec. Rep., 7: 99-101.
Cuellar, N., G. R. Sedberry and D. M. Wyanski. 1996. Reproductive seasonality, maturation, fecundity, and spawning frequency of the vermilion snapper, Rhomboplites aurorubens, off the southeastern United States. Fish. Bull., U.S., 94(4): 635-653.
Deriso, R. B. and W. H. Bayliff (ed.). 1991. World meeting on stock assessment of bluefin tunas: strengths and weaknesses. Inter-Amer. Trop. Tuna Comm., Spec. Rep., 7: 357pp.
Farley, J. H. and T. L.O. Davis. 1998. Reproductive dynamics of southern bluefin tuna, Thunnus maccoyii. Fish. Bull., U.S., 96(2): 223-236.
Fletcher, W. J., N. C. H. Lo, E. A. Hayes and R. J. Tregonning. 1996. Use of the daily egg production method to estimated the stock size of western Australian sardines (Sardinops sagax). Mar. Freshwater Res., 47: 819-825.
Foreman, T. J. and Y. Ishizuka. 1990. Giant bluefin off Southern California, with a new California size record. Calif. Fish Game, 76(3): 181-186.
Fulton, T. W. 1898. On the growth and maturation of the ovarian eggs of teleostean fishes. Fish. Board Scotland 16th Annu. Rep., 83-124.
Gibbs, R. H., Jr., and B. B. Collette. 1967. Comparative anatomy and systematics of the tunas, genus Thunnus. U.S. Fish Wildl. Serv., Fish. Bull., 66(1): 65-130.
Harada, T. 1980. Development and future outlook of studies on the aquaculture of tunas. Maguro Gyogyo Kyogikai Gijiroku, Suisancho-Enyo Suisan Kenkyusho (Proceedings of the Tuna Fishery Research Conference, Japan Fisheries Agency-Far Seas Fisheries Research Laboratory): 50-58.
Hilge, V. 1977. On the determination of the stages of gonad ripeness in female bony fishes. Meeresforsch, 25: 149-155.
Hirota, H., M. Morita and N. Taniguchi. 1976. An instance of the maturation of 3 full years old bluefin tuna cultured in the floating net. Bull. Japan. Soc. Sci. Fish., 42(8): 939.
Hunter, J. R. and S. R. Goldberg. 1980. Spawning incidence and batch fecundity in northern anchovy, Engraulis mordax. Fish. Bull., U.S., 77(3): 641-652.
Hunter, J. R. and B. J. Macewicz. 1985. Measurement of spawning frequency in multiple spawning fishes. In Lasker, R. (ed.), An egg production method for estimating spawning biomass of pelagic fish: Application to the northern anchovy, Engraulis mordax. NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS, 36: 79-94.
Hunter, J. R., N. C.H. Lo and R. J. H. Leong. 1985. Batch fecundity in multiple spawning fishes. In Lasker, R. (ed.), An egg production method for estimating spawning biomass of pelagic fish: Application to the northern anchovy, Engraulis mordax. NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS, 36: 67-77.
Hunter, J. R., B. J. Macewicz and J. R. Sibert. 1986. The spawning frequency of skipjack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis, from the South Pacific. Fish. Bull., U.S., 84(4): 895-903.
Hunter, J. R., B. J. Macewicz, N. C. H. Lo and C. A. Kimbrell. 1992. Fecundity, spawning, and maturity of female Dover sole, Microstomus pacificus, with an evaluation of assumptions and precision. Fish. Bull., U.S., 90(1): 101-128.
Kumai, H. 1984. Biological studies on culture of the Japanese parrot fish, Oplegnathus fasciatus (Temminck et Schlegel). Bulletin of the Fisheries Laboratory of Kinki University, 2: 1-127.
Kumai, H. 1998. Studies on bluefin tuna artificial hatching, rearing and reproduction. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi, 64(4): 601-605.
Liu, H. C. and M. S. Su. 1972. Maturity and Spawning of golden thread (Nemipterus virgatus) from the northern area of the South China Sea. J. Fish. Soc. Taiwan, 1(1): 39-46.
Maguire, J. J. and T. R. Hurlbut. 1984. Bluefin tuna sex proportion at length in the Canadian samples 1974-1983. ICCAT, Coll. Vol. Sci. Pap. 20(2): 341-346.
Mather, F. J., III. 1960. Recaptures of tuna, marlin and sailfish tagged in the western north Atlantic. Copeia, 2: 149-151.
Mather, F. J., III. 1980. A preliminary note on migratory tendencies and distributional patterns of Atlantic bluefin tuna based on recently acquired and cumulative tagging results. ICCAT, Coll. Vol. Sci. Pap., 9(2): 478-490.
McPherson, G. R. 1991. Reproductive biology of yellowfin tuna in the eastern Australian Fishing Zone, with special reference to the north-western Coral Sea. Aust. J. Mar. Freshwater Res., 42: 465-77.
Morse, W. W. 1980. Spawning and fecundity of Atlantic mackerel, Scomber scombrus, in the Middle Atlantic Bight. Fish. Bull., U.S., 78: 103-108.
Nagai, T. 1985. Atlantic bluefin tuna sex ratio in the catches obtained by Japanese longliners. ICCAT, Coll. Vol. Sci. Pap., 22: 98-102.
Nakamura, H. 1938. Preliminary report on the habit of the bluefin, Thunnus orientalis. Zool. Mag. Tokyo, 50: 279-281.
Nakamura, I. and Y. Warashina. 1965. Occurrence of bluefin tuna, Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus) in the eastern Indian Ocean and the eastern South Pacific Ocean. Nankai Reg. Fish. Res. Lab., Rep., 22: 9-14.
Nishikawa, Y., M. Honma, S. Ueyanagi and S. Kikawa. 1985. Average distribution of larvae of oceanic species of scombroid fishes, 1956-1981. Far Seas Fish. Res. Lab., S Series, 12: 99pp.
Okiyama, M. 1974. Occurence of the postlarvae of bluefin tuna, Thunnus thynnus, in the Japan Sea. Japan Sea Reg. Fish. Res. Lab., Bull., 25: 89-97.
Orange, C. J. and B. D. Fink. 1963. Migration of a tagged bluefin tuna across the Pacific Ocean. Calif. Fish and Game, 49(4): 307-309.
Oray, I. K. and F. S. Karakulak. 1999. Investigations on the reproductive biology of bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus, L. 1758) in the north Aegean Sea. ICCAT, Coll. Vol. Sci. Pap., 49(1): 120-126.
Parker, K. 1980. A direct method for estimating northern anchovy, Engraulis mordax, spawning biomass. Fish. Bull., U.S., 78(2): 541-544.
Parker, K. 1985. Biomass model for the egg production method. In Lasker, R. (ed.), An egg production method for estimating spawning biomass of pelagic fish: Application to the northern anchovy, Engraulis mordax. NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS, 36: 5-6.
Priede, I. G. and J. J. Watson. 1993. A evaluation of the daily egg production method for estimating biomass of Atlantic mackerel (Scomber scombrus). Bull. Mar. Sci., 53(2): 891-911.
Ramon, D. 1996. Spawning seasonality of albacore, Thunnus alalunga, in the South Pacific Ocean. Fish. Bull., U.S., 94(4): 725-733.
Ramon, D. and N. Bartoo. 1997. The effects of formalin and freezing on ovaries of albacore, Thunnus alalunga. Fish. Bull., U.S., 95(4): 869-872.
Richards, W. J. 1976. Spawning of bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) in the Atlantic Ocean and adjacent seas. ICCAT, Coll. Vol. Sci. Pap., 5(2): 267-278.
Rivas, L. R. 1954. A preliminary report on the spawning of the western North Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) in the Straits of Florida. Bull. Mar. Sci. Gulf. Caribb., 4(4): 302-322.
Rivas, L. R. 1979. Proposed terminology for size groups of the north Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus). ICCAT, Coll. Vol. Sci. Pap., 8(2): 441-446.
Rodriguez-Roda, J. 1967. Fecundidad del atun, Thunnus thynnus (L), de la costa sudatlantica de Espana. Inv. Pesq., 31(1): 33-52.
Ruelle, R. 1977. Reproductive cycle and fecundity of white bass in Lewin and Clark Lake. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc., 106: 67-76.
Schaefer, K. M. 1987. Reproductive biology of black skipjack, Euthynnus lineatus, an eastern Pacific tuna. Inter-Amer. Trop. Tuna Comm., Bull., 19(2): 169-260.
Schaefer, K. M. 1996. Spawning time, frequency, and batch fecundity of yellowfin tuna, Thunnus albacares, near Clipperton Atoll in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Fish. Bull. U.S., 94(1): 98-112.
Schaefer, K. M. 1998. Reproductive biology of yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Inter-Amer. Trop. Tuna Comm., Bull., 21(5): 205-272.
Secor, D. H. and V. S. Zdanowicz. 1998. Otolith microconstituent analysis of juvenile bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) from the Mediterranean Sea and Pacific Ocean. Fish. Res., 36: 251-256.
Shelton, P. A., M. J. Armstrong and B. A. Roel. 1993. A overview of the application of the daily egg production method in the assessment of anchovy in the Southeast Atlantic. Bull. Mar. Sci., 53: 778-794.
Shingu, C., Y. Warashina and N. Matsuzaki. 1974. Distribution of bluefin tuna exploited by longline fishery in the western Pacific Ocean. Bull. Far Seas Fish. Res. Lab., 10: 109-140.
Somerton, D. A., D. R. Kobayashi and K. C. Landgraf. 1993. Stock assessment of nehu, Encrasicholina purpurea, using the egg production method. Bull. Mar. Sci., 53: 768-777.
Tan, T. H. and S. C. Chen. 1975. On relation of occurrence of tuna fish larvae to the aquatic environments in adjacent waters of Taiwan and the South China Sea. Acta Oceanogr. Taiwanica, 5: 179-200.
Tanaka, S. 1999 Spawning season of Pacific bluefin tuna estimated from histological examination of the ovary. A NRIFSF/IATTC joint workshop on Pacific northern bluefin tuna, in Shimizu, Japan., 11pp.
Uchiyama, J. H. and R. S. Shomura. 1974. Maturation and fecundity of swordfish from Hawaiin waters. In Shomura, R. S. and F. Williams (eds), Proc., Int. billfish symp.; Part 2, Review and contributed papers, NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS SSRF 675: 142-148.
Wallace, R. A. and K. Selman. 1981. Cellular and dynamic aspects of oocyte growth in teleosts. Amer. Zool., 21: 325-343.
Watanabe, C., T. Hanai, K. Meguro, R. Ogino and R. Kimura. 1999. Spawning biomass estimates of chub mackerel, Scomber japonicus of Pacific subpopulation off central Japan by a daily egg production method. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi, 65(4): 695-702.
West, G. 1990. Methods of assessing ovarian development in fishes: a review. Aust. J. Mar. Freshwater Res., 41: 199-222.
Yabe, H., S. Ueyanagi and H. Watanabe. 1966. Studies on the early life history of bluefin tuna Thunnus thynnus and on the larvae of the southern bluefin tuna T. maccoyii. Nankai Reg. Fish. Res. Lab., Rep., 23: 95-129.
Yamada, T., I. Aoki and I. Mitani. 1998. Spawning time, spawning frequency and fecundity of Japanese chub mackerel, Scomber japonicus, in the waters around the Izu Islands, Japan. Fish. Res., 38: 83-89.
Yamanaka, H. and staff. 1963. Synopsis of biological data on kuromaguro, Thunnus orientalis (Temminck and Schlegel) 1842 (Pacific Ocean). FAO, Fish. Rep., 6(2): 180-217.
Yukinawa M. and Y. Yabuta. 1967. Age and growth of the bluefin tuna, Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus), in the north Pacific Ocean. Nankai Reg. Fish. Res. Lab., Rep., 25: 1-18.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關期刊