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研究生:陳一菁
研究生(外文):I-Ching Chen
論文名稱:印度洋長鰭鮪之漁場分布與海洋環境之關係
論文名稱(外文):Fishing ground of the Indian Ocean albacore (Thunnus alalunga) and its relationship with environmental factors
指導教授:李培芬李培芬引用關係曾萬年曾萬年引用關係
指導教授(外文):Pei-Fen LeeWann-Nian Tzeng
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:動物學研究所
學門:生命科學學門
學類:生物學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2000
畢業學年度:88
語文別:中文
論文頁數:87
中文關鍵詞:長鰭鮪印度洋尺度CPUE水產海洋學多變數分析ENSO 
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本研究之漁獲資料來自財團法人中華民國對外漁業合作發展協會,為台灣漁船自1967至1997在印度洋之鮪延繩釣漁獲紀錄。海洋環境資料庫蒐集自NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration)之衛星遙測影像及NODC/OCL (National Oceanographic Data Center/Ocean Climate Laboratory)整合之船測資料,包括浮游植物色素濃度、各層溫度、鹽度及溶氧等環境因子。研究目的乃是以整個印度洋、全年之時空尺度,藉由多變數之分析,探討在不同前提假設下,漁場分布與海洋環境因子之關係;包括以漁獲重量之觀點來討論各季CPUE與環境因子之關係、以生活史不同階段來探討其環境需求、及以全洋區之尺度來探討海洋環境結構與其體型組成,並討論ENSO對CPUE變化及漁場分布之影響。
結果指出,長鰭鮪主要分布於印度洋南半部,尤其集中於15ºS -45ºS之間,但有季節上的變化。4-8月左右(南半球之秋、冬季),高CPUE主要出現在中緯度30ºS-45ºS之區域,但10-2月左右(南半球之春、夏季),高CPUE則出現在亞熱帶10ºS至30ºS間。阿拉伯海中部偶有零星之高CPUE。將環境變數以逐步判別分析(stepwise discriminant analysis; SDA)預測CPUE發現,有一定深度之各個環境因子(甚至深於延繩釣所及),及各因子之五度方格標準差在模式中有重要地位,過去研究或因資料不足或尺度不同而較少被探討。就生活史不同階段而言,較深層之環境因子對成熟魚很重要,而未成熟魚對淺層之因子較敏感。將印度洋依洋流系統及環境變化分區,各區之間環境結構差異大,且大致與長鰭鮪生活史各階段相對應。在主成分分析(principal components analysis; PCA)中主導各區環境變異的主成分,同時也是以SDA預測漁獲中淨相關最高的主成分。聖嬰現象對印度洋來說基本上是暖化事件(warm event),在低緯度地區較明顯,高緯地區之溫度變化與聖嬰發生與否無明確關係。持續的聖嬰期對各區域之CPUE都是負的影響。聖嬰與反聖嬰時期漁場分布重心在10ºS及30ºS以內明顯不同,反聖嬰時期之漁場重心分布較集中,聖嬰時期則擴散。

摘要I
一、前言1
(一) 漁業概況1
(二) 長鰭鮪之生物學特徵1
(三) 水產海洋學之研究2
(四) ENSO之影響3
(五) 研究目的4
二、材料與方法5
(一) 研究海域5
(二) 漁獲統計資料內容5
(三) 海洋環境資料庫建立6
(四) CPUE之計算7
(五) 捕獲重量與環境因子關係之分析8
(六) 生活史不同階段與環境因子關係之分析8
(七) CPUE與海洋環境分區關係之分析9
(八) ENSO影響CPUE及漁場重心之分析10
三、結果11
(一) 印度洋的環境特徵11
(二) CPUE之時空分布12
(三) 各季捕獲重量與海洋環境因子之關係13
(四) 生活史不同階段與環境因子之關係14
(五) 各區CPUE與環境因子之關係15
(六) ENSO對CPUE及漁場重心之影響17
四、討論19
(一) 各環境因子之角色19
(二) 體型組成之地理變異21
(三) ENSO對漁獲之影響及研究方向23
(四) 本研究之性質25
(五) 研究材料及方法之限制26
五、引用文獻29
圖39
表68

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