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研究生:周怡芳
研究生(外文):Yi-Fang Chou
論文名稱:宜蘭縣無尾港保護區雁鴨族群、活動模式及經營管理之研究
論文名稱(外文):Waterfowl Population, Activity Pattern, and Management of the Wu-Wei Habor, Ilan
指導教授:袁孝維袁孝維引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hsiao-Wei Yuan
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:森林學研究所
學門:農業科學學門
學類:林業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2000
畢業學年度:88
語文別:中文
論文頁數:96
中文關鍵詞:保護區經營管理無尾港雁鴨覓食模式雁鴨族群調查濕土經營
外文關鍵詞:refuge managementWu-Wei Harborwaterfowl feeding patternswaterfowl population censusmoist-soil management
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宜蘭縣無尾港水鳥保護區位於蘭陽平原南端,於民國八十二年公告成立;港口大排自北方穿入中心而停止,和兩岸之濕生環境形成一淡水草澤溼地。冬季時,成群雁鴨聚集於此地度冬,為無尾港主要的保護對象。本研究藉由了解無尾港及其附近地區度冬雁鴨之狀況,以及該地歷年之棲地變化情形,評估無尾港對蘭陽平原度冬雁鴨之價值及重要性。另經由整理國外相關文獻,探討此保護區之棲地及食源的問題,對保護區未來經營之方式及發展方向提供建議。
本研究於民國87年9月至88年4月於竹安、蘭陽溪、五十二甲及無尾港進行雁鴨狀況調查。結果顯示各地雁鴨均以小水鴨為大宗,無尾港的雁鴨歧異度高(0.43),但數量及種類不若竹安及五十二甲多,對雁鴨的重要性在蘭陽平原居於第三。自78年至85年無尾港內水域面積因蘆葦等高莖草類的入侵而逐漸縮減。觀察無尾港及五十二甲的雁鴨活動模式,無尾港雁鴨覓食所花的時間約為12%,較國外的時間(>20%)短,且雁鴨並無夜間集體至農田覓食的行為。而87年七月底至十月初,無尾港能提供雁鴨食物資源的一年生植物種類繁多且結實良好,推測保護區內食物資源對維持現有的雁鴨族群應不致不足。建議未來此保護區可朝生態園區之形式發展,以在國外水鳥保護區行之已久的濕土經營(moist-soil management)方式來改善棲地品質及食物資源,且持續進行保護區之監測工作。
In 1993, Wu-Wei Harbor, located in the southern half of the Ilan plain, Ilan County, Taiwan, was designated a wildlife refuge to protect overwintering waterfowl. The Kan-Ko irrigation canal flows into the harbor from the north forming a freshwater marsh. I studied the abundance, distribution and behavior of the waterfowl overwintering in and around Wu-Wei Harbor, and documented habitat changes in this area to evaluate the importance of the harbor to waterfowl overwintering on the Ilan Plain. I also reviewed papers about habitat and food management to help resolve management problems at Wu-Wei Harbor. Finally, I provide suggestions for the future management and development of the refuge.
I surveyed waterfowl at Wu-Wei Harbor, Chu-An, the Lan-Yan River, and 52-Chia from Sep. 1998 to April 1999. Green-winged Teal was the most abundant species at each site. Waterfowl diversity was great at Wu-Wei Harbor (Simpson diversity index = 0.43), but there was a greater number of birds and bird species at Chu-An and 52Ha. Thus, Wu-Wei Harbor is the third most important habitat for waterfowl overwintering in Ilan County. From 1989 to 1996 the open water area of Wu-Wei harbor gradually decreased due to the expansion of emergent plants such as Phragmites. Waterfowl in Wu-Wei Harbor spent 12% of their time feeding, which is less than they spent (>20%) in other studies in literature. There was no group feeding flight to nearby rice paddies at night. Many species of annual plants produced a large amount of seeds that may be used by the waterfowl. Food resources might be sufficient to support the waterfowl overwintering in the harbor. Wu-Wei Harbor could be managed toward to an all dimensional ecological both wildlife and human oriented refuge. “Moist-soil management“, which has been used for similar habitats in other countries, should be implemented at Wu-Wei Harbor to improve habitat quality and food resources. Monitoring of waterfowl, food resources and other important variables should continue.
摘要……………………………………………………………………i
壹.前言………………………………………………………………1
貳.研究地點……………………………………………………………3
參.研究流程及方法
一、無尾港雁鴨棲地變遷情形……………………………………5
二、蘭陽平原度冬雁鴨數量及分布之變化…………………………7
三、無尾港度冬雁鴨之活動模式及棲地利用………………………9
四、促進會經營工作之成效………………………………9
肆、結果
一、無尾港雁鴨棲地變遷情形………………………………10
二、蘭陽平原度冬雁鴨數量及分布之變化………………………10
三、無尾港度冬雁鴨之活動模式及棲地利用……………………15
四、促進會經營工作之成效………………………………17
伍、討論
一、無尾港雁鴨棲地變遷情形…………………………………18
二、蘭陽平原度冬雁鴨數量及分布之變化………………………19
三、無尾港度冬雁鴨之活動模式及棲地利用……………………21
四、促進會經營工作之成效…………………………………24
陸、結論及建議…………………………………………………26
柒.引用文獻……………………………………………………………39
圖………………………………………………………………………49
表………………………………………………………………………69
附錄一、87年度冬季隘丁鴨況記錄原始資料………………………76
附錄二、無尾港地區雁鴨可能利用之植物名錄………………………77
附錄三.文獻整理
一、雁鴨對度冬棲地的選擇……………………………………78
二、度冬雁鴨利用之食物資源……………………………………82
三、度冬雁鴨棲地之經營…………………………………………88
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