跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(3.235.174.99) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/07/24 20:27
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:林瑞進
研究生(外文):Lei-Chin Lin
論文名稱:青剛櫟外生菌根苗在貧瘠地造林之研究
論文名稱(外文):Study on the Growth of Ectomycorrhizal Cyclbalanopsis glauca Seedlings Planted in the Infertile Soils
指導教授:胡弘道胡弘道引用關係
指導教授(外文):Prof. Dr. Hung-tao Hu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:森林學研究所
學門:農業科學學門
學類:林業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2000
畢業學年度:88
語文別:中文
論文頁數:67
中文關鍵詞:外生菌根青剛櫟貧瘠土壤
外文關鍵詞:EctomycorrhizalCyclobalanopsis glaucaInfertile Soils
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:19
  • 點閱點閱:540
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
本研究以彩色豆馬勃(Pisolithus tinctorius (Pers.)Coker & Couch)及大環柄菇(Macrolepiota procera (Scop. Ex Fr.)Sing. )之蛭石菌絲體及龜紋硬皮馬勃(Scleroderma areolatum Her.)之孢子懸浮液,接種至青剛櫟苗後,栽植於貧瘠造林地,俾確定菌根苗在貧瘠土壤生長之效應。
試驗地位於國立台灣大學農學院實驗林管理處內茅埔營林區,20林班85-1號造林地,此造林地為磚紅土化之紅壤,土層極為淺薄,化學性質甚劣,土壤pH值為3.57,而土壤中養分含量:全氮量只有0.016 ﹪、 有效P為 2.11 mg / 100g、有效K為1.97 mg / 100 g、可置換Ca為0.1534 meq/100 g、有效Mg為0.0087 meq / 100g,此土壤屬於極為貧瘠之酸性土壤。
試驗結果顯示,生長於此貧瘠酸性土壤之有無接種青剛櫟苗,其菌根感染率之多寡及菌種不同與苗木生長有明顯的差異;未接種苗之養分吸收嚴重受阻,且葉部缺乏N、P、K、Mg,並呈現黃化的病徵及生長遲滯等現象。
接種處理之苗木,其菌根感染率平均值都在70﹪以上,經由ANOVA分析的結果顯示,接種苗之生長量及葉部養分濃度皆與對照組呈顯著差異(P<0.05),接種苗之生長量,均值多為對照組的1.5至3倍。這三種接種之外生菌根菌種中,就高生長及根徑生長言,以接種彩色豆馬勃者最佳,次為龜紋硬皮馬勃者,再次為接種大環柄菇者;就根系重量而言,以接種龜紋硬皮馬勃者最佳。
The ectomycorrhizal Cyclobalanopsis glauca seedlings which were inoculated with vermiculite-mycelium carrier of Pisolithus tinctorius and Macrolepiota procera or with spore suspension of Scleroderma areolatum and the uninoculated non-mycorrhizal C. glauea seedlings were planted in the infertile soils. The purpose of this study was to ascertain the effects of mycorrhizal seedlings grown in the infertile soils.
The experimental site was located at NTU Experimental Forest. The soils were laterized Red Loam. Soil depth was very shallow and its soil chemical properties were very bad, with extremely low pH of 3.57 and very low available nutrient contents (total N 0.016%, available P2O5 and K2O only 2.11 and 1.97 mg per 100 g dry soil respectively). The results showed that the inoculated and uninoculated seedlings which grew in the infertile and extremely acid soils were significant difference in bothmycorrhizal infection percentage and seedlings growth. The nutrient uptakes of uninoculated seedlings lacked of N, P, K and Mg and showed chlorotric symptom and their growth were stagnated.
The average mycorrhizal infection percentage of all inoculated seedlings was more than 70%. The results of ANOVA showed that the average growth amounts and the nutrient concentrations in leaves of all inoculated seedlings were 1.5 to 3.0 times more than those of the uninoculated and they showed significant difference (p<0.05) each other. In terms of height growth and root collar diameter growth, seedlings inoculate with P. tinctorius were the best, those of inoculated with S.areolateum the second, and those of inoculated with M-procera the last, among the three inoculated seedlings. In terms of the root dry weight, seedlings inoculated with S. areolatum were the best.
目錄
一 前言 ----------------------------------------------------1
二 前人研究-------------------------------------------------3
三 材料與方法------------------------------------------------6
3.1 試驗地位置及氣候資料-------------------------------------6
3.2 青剛櫟之播種---------------------------------------------7
3.3 接種源之繁殖----------------------------------------------7
3.4 青剛櫟苗木之移植、接種及培育-----------------------------8
3.5 青剛櫟苗木之出栽-----------------------------------------8
3.6 土壤理化性質分析------------------------------------------9
3.7 植物葉部養分分析----------------------------------------9
3.8 苗木菌根感染率之測定-------------------------------------10
3.9 試驗設計及統計分析------------------------------------10
3.10 研究流程圖----------------------------------------------11
四 結果-----------------------------------------------------12
4.1 栽植地土壤之理化性質------------------------------------12
4.2 出栽苗之形態分析 ---------------------------------------13
4.3 葉部養分分析-------------------------------------------24
4.4 四種處理栽植12個月後之存活率-----------------------------32
4.5 四種處理青剛櫟苗木在感染率與生長量及葉部養分之相互相關性-33
五 討論-----------------------------------------------41
六 結論-----------------------------------------------------55
七 參考文獻-------------------------------------------------56
八 附錄 ----------------------------------------------------62
王均琍 (1997) 紅豆接種從之內生菌根菌對乾旱逆境之反應。中華農學會報 181:92-100。
方正光 (1987) 青剛櫟菌根的研究。國立台灣大學森林研究所碩士論文。63頁。
弓明欽、陳應龍、仲崇祿 (1997) 菌根研究及運用。中國林業出版社。51-60頁。
呂福原、毆辰雄、呂金誠 (1996) 台灣常見樹木解說手冊。台灣省農林廳林務局。41頁。
李明仁 (1996) 彩色豆馬勃對松樹及相思樹幼苗生長抗猝倒病之效應頁。 嘉義農專學報 49:1-23。
李明仁、蘇碧華、王露儀 (1998) 接種囊叢枝菌根菌對台灣泡桐感染根瘤線蟲之影響。中華林學會87年年會及會員大會。50頁。
林哲毅 (1999) 不同土壤中大頭茶菌根接種效應之研究。國立中興大學森林學研究所碩士論文。58頁。
胡弘道 (1981) 台灣高山造林重要樹種菌根之研究。科學發展月刊 9(4):303-334。
胡弘道 (1988) 森林土壤學。國立編譯館。221-238頁。
胡弘道 (1990) 林木菌根。國立編譯館。666頁。
胡弘道 (1991) 高山草地土壤對松科菌根生成之影響。台大實驗林研究報告5(4):11-35。
胡弘道 (1992) 台灣塊菇(新種)及其菌根關係。台大實驗林研究報告 6(4):79-86。
胡弘道 (1993) 外生菌根接種對台灣二葉松幼苗高山草生地土壤生長之效應。台大實驗林研究報告 7(2):41-50。
胡弘道 (1996) 青剛櫟與美味牛肝菌之菌根純合成及共生後對苗木生長之影響。國立台灣大學農學院研究報告 36(4):1-13。
胡弘道 (1998) 青剛櫟與Macrolepiota procera(Scop. Ex Fr.)Sing.及 Scleroderma areolatum Her. Boletus sp.之菌根合成。未發表
胡弘道 (1999a) 外生菌根接種青剛櫟幼苗在貧瘠土壤之生長效應。中華林學季刊 32(4):451-456。
胡弘道 (1999b) 青剛櫟與大環柄菇、龜紋硬皮馬勃之存合成及其對青剛櫟幼苗在石礫褐壤之生長效應。行政院國家委員會專題研究計劃成果報告。
黃裕星 (1982) 林業苗木培育技術。行政院農業發展委員會。
曾顯雄 (1985) 菌根菌之最近研究發展。行政院國家科學委員會生物科學研究中心第12號專刊 12:45-70。
趙震慶 (1999) 菌根菌的功能、應用及限制。自然農法 4:33-38。
顏江河 (1996) 彩色豆馬勃琉球松菌根在煤礦棄土對土壤溶液中鋁、硫含量及吸收之效應。國立台灣大學森林研究所博士論文。110頁。
Al-Karaki, G.N. and A. Al-Raddad. (1997) Effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and drought stress on growth and nutrient uptake of two wheat genotypes differing in drought resistance. Mycorrhiza 7:83-88.
Allen, M.F. (1982) Influence of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae on water movement through Bouteloua gracilis (H.B.K.) Lag ex Steud. New Phytol. 91:191-196.
ACAO. (1980) Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemits.(W. Horwitz, ed.) Library of congress catalog card number:20-21343 ISBN.0-935584-14-5.
Ba, A.M., K.B. Sanon, R.Duponnois, J.Dexheimer. (1999) Growth reponse of Afzelia africana Sm. seedlings to ectomycorrhizal inoculation in a nutrient-deficient soil Mycorrhiza 9:91-95.
Bjorkman, E. (1942) Conditions favouring the formation of mycorrhizae in pine and spruce. Symb. Bot. Upsal. 6.
Bouyoucous, G.J. (1951) A recalibration of the hydrometer method for making mechanical analysis of soil. Agron. J. 43:434-438.
Bowen, G.D. (1973) Mineral nutrition of ectomycorrhizae. Pages; Ectomycorrhizae: their ecology and physiology, G. C. Marks and T.T. Kozlowski, eds., Academic Press, New York. 444pp.
Bowen, G.D. (1969) Nutrient status effects on loss of amides and amino acids from pine roots. Plant Soil 30:139.
Bremner, J.M. and C.S. Mulvaney. (1982) Nitrogen-Total. pp.559-616.In A. L. Page, D. E. Baker, R. Ellis, Jr., D. R. Keeney. R. H. Miller and J. D. Rhoades eds. Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2. Chemical and microbiological properties, 2eds.
Cairney J.W.G. (1999) Intraspecific physiological variation:implications for understanding functional diversity in ectomycorrhiza fungi. Mycorrhiza 9(3):125-136.
Colpaert, J.V. and J. A.V. Assche. (1993) The effects of cadmium on ectomycorrhizal Pinus sylvestris L. New Phytology 123:325-333.
Conjeaud, C., P. Scheromm and D. Mousain. (1996) Effects of phosphorus and ectomycorrhiza on maritime pine seedlings(Pinus pinaster). New Phytologist. 133(2):345-351.
Cui, M., and P.S. Nobel. (1992) Nutrient status, water uptake and gas exchange for three desert succulents ifected with mycorrhizal fungi. New Phytol. 122:643-649.
Danielson, R.M. (1984) Ectomycorrhiza formation by the operculate discomycete Sphaerosporella brunnea(Pezizales). Mycologia76(3):454-461.
Dickie, I.A, R.T Koide, C.M Stevens. (1999) Tissue density and growth response of ectomycorrhizal fungi to nitrogen source and concentration. Mycorrhiza 8(1999):145-148.
Dietz, K.J. and C. Foyer. (1986) The relationship between phosphate defeciency on photosynthesis. Planta167:376-381.
Fortin, J.A., and A. Carlisle. (1984) The use of root symbiosis in intensive forestry. IEA/FE‘B’-ENFOR. Can. For. Serv. Rep. No1984:4.
Gagnon, J., C.G. Langlois and J. Garbaye. (1991) Growth and ectomycorrhiza formation of container-grown red oak seedlings as a function of nitrogen fertilization and inoculum type of Laccaria bicolor. Can. J. For. Res. 21:966-973.
Godeas, A., S. Facchia , M. T. Mujica and J. A. Ocampo. (1999) Influence of soil impoverishment on the interaction between Glomus mosseae and saprobe fungi. Mycorrhiza 9(4):185-190.
Graham, J.H., R.G. Linderman, and J.A. Menge (1981) Membrane-mediated decrease in root exudation responsible for phpsphprus inhibition of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza formation. Plant Physiol. 68:548.
Hatch, A.B. (1937) The phydsical basis of mycotrophy in the genus Pinus . Black Rock Forest Bull. 6:1-168.
Harley, J.L. and J.K. Brierley. (1954) The uptake of phosphate by excised mycorrhizal roots of the beech. VII. Active transport of 32P from fungus to host during uptake of phosphate from solution. New Phytol.,53:296-301.
Harley, J.L. and S.E. Smith (1983) Mycorrhizal Symbiosis. Academic Press .
Helm, D.J., E.B. Allen and J.M. Trappe. (1999) Plant growth and ectomycorrhiza formation by transplants on deglaciated land near Exit Glacier, Alaska. Mycorrhiza 8(6):297-304.
Herrmann S., J.C. Munch and F. Buscot. (1998) A gnotobiotic culture system with oak microcuttings to study specific effects of mycobionts on plant morphology before, and in the early phase of, ectomycorrhiza formation by Paxillus involutus and Piloderma croceum. New Phytol. 138:203-212.
Hilbert, J.L., G. Costa and F. Martin. (1991) Ectomycorrhizin synthesis and polypeptide changes during the early stage of Eucalypt mycorrhiza develoment. Plant Physiol. 29:977-984.
Ineichen, K. and V. Wiemken. (1992) Changes in the fungus-specific, soluble-carbohydrate pool during rapid and synchronous ectomycorrhiza formation of Picea abies with Pisolithus tinctorius. Plant Cell and Environment 2:1-7.
Ineichen, K., V. Wiemken and A.Wiemken. (1995) Shoots roots and ectomycorrhiza formation of pine seedlings at elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide. Plant Cell and Environment 18:703-707.
Johnson, C.R. and J.A. Menge. (1982) Mycorrhizae may save fertilizer dollars. Am. Nurseryman 156:79.
Koide R. (1991) Nutrient supply, nutrient demand and plant response to mycorrhizal infection. New Phytoligist 117:365-386.
Kumar S., T.N. Lakhanpal. (1983) Influence of ectomycorrhiza on growth and elemental composition of picea smithiana seedlings. J-Tree-Sci.2(1/2):38-41.
Lapeyrie F.F., G.A. Chilvers. (1986) An endomycorrhiza-ectomycorrhiza succession assciated with enhanced growth of Eucalyptus dumosa seedlings planted in a calcareous soil. New Phytol.100(1):93-104.
Lu, X., N. Malajczuk and B. Dell. (1998) Mycorrhiza formation and growth of Eucalyptus globulus seedings inoculated with spores of various ectomycorrhizal fungi. Mycorrhiza1998 (8):81-86.
Massicotte, H.B., L.H. Melville, R.L. Peterson and T. Unestam. (1999) Comparative studies of ectomycorrhiza formation in Alnus glutinosa and Pinus resinosa with Paxills involutus. Mycorrhiza 8(5):229-240.
Marx, D. H. (1969) The influence of ectotrophic mycorrhizal fungi on the resistance of pine roots to pathogenic infections. I. Antagonism of mycorrhizal fungi to root pathogenic. Fungi and soil bacteria. Phytopathology 59:153-163.
Oh Kwang In. and We Kye Moon. (1996) Ectomycorrhizal development and growth of Pinus thunbergii seedlings inoculated with Pisolithus tinctorius (KJ-1) in copper treated soil. Journal of Korean Forest Society.85(2):329-339.
Pera, J., I.F. Alvarez, A. Rincon and J. Parlade. (1999) Field performance in northern Spain of Dougulas-fir seedlings inoculated with ectomycorrhizal fungi. Mycorrhiza 9(2):77-84.
Plassard, C., M. Chalot, B. Botton and B. Martin. (1997) The role of ectomycorrhizae in nitrogen nutrition of forest trees. Revue Forestiere Francaise (Nancy) 49:82-98.
Raju, P.S., R.B. Clark, J.R. Eills, R.R. Duncan and J.W. Maranville. (1990) Benefit and cost analysis and phosphorus mycorrhizal uptake of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor )at different temperatures. Plant Soil121:165-170.
Rousseau, J.V.D., D.M Sylvia and A.J. Fox. (1994) Contribution of ectomycorrhiza to the potential nutrient-absorbing surface of pine. New Phytol. 128:639-644.
Sarjala T. (1999) Effect of organic and inorganic nitrogen sources on endogenous polyamines and growth of ectomycorrhizal fungi in pure culture. Mycorrhiza 8(5):277-282.
Schier, G.A. and C.J. McQuattie. (1996) Response of ectomycorrhizal and nonmycorrhiza pitch pine (Pinus rigida) seedlings to nutrient supply and aluminum:Growth and mineral nutrition. Canadian Journal of Forest Research.26(12):2145-2152.
Theodorou, C. and G.D. Bowen. (1970) Mycorrhizal responses of radiata pine in experiments with different fugi. Aust. Forest. 34-183.
Thomson B.D., T.S. Grove, N. Malajczuk and G.E.S.T.J. Hardy. (1994) The effectiveness of ectomycirrhizal fungi in increasing the growth of Eucalyptus globules Labill. in relation to root colonization and hyphal development in soil. New Phytol. 126:517-524.
Vaario, L.M., M. Tanaka, Y. Ide, W.M. Gill and K. Suzuki. (1999) In vitro ectomycorrhiza formation between Abies firma and Pisolitus tinctorius. Mycorrhiza 9(3):177-183.
Varma, A. and B. Hock. (1995) Mycorrhiza:Structure, Function, Molecular Biology and Biotechnology. Springer-Verlag.
Walker, R.F. and L.M. Kane. (1997) Containerized Jeffrey Pine growth and nutrient uptake in response to mycorrhizal inoculation and controlled release fertilization. Western Journal of Applied Forest. 12(2):33-40.
Wallander, H., K. Arnebrant and A. Dahlberg (1999) Relationships between fungal uptake of ammonium, fungal growth and nitrogen availability in ectomycorrhizal Pinus sylvestris seedings. Mycorrhiza 8(4):215-224.
Wilson, J., P.A. Mason, F.T. Last, K. Ingleby and R.C. Munro. (1987) Ectomycorrhiza formation and growth of Sitka spruce seedlings on first-rotation forest sites in northern Britain. Can. J. For. Res. 17:957-963.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top