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研究生:黃建翔
研究生(外文):Jackson Huang
論文名稱:應用於光通訊之低功率消耗收發器設計
論文名稱(外文):A Low-Power Transceiver Design for Optical Communication
指導教授:陳自強陳自強引用關係
指導教授(外文):Oscal T.-C. Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:電機工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2001
畢業學年度:89
語文別:中文
論文頁數:57
中文關鍵詞:光電二極體光電收發器
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  • 被引用被引用:1
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近年來由於積體電路技術的發達,使的製程技術越來越進步,晶片內部的工作頻率越來越快,但是除了晶片內部的效能提高外,我們也必須考慮到晶片外部通道的效應,才能使整體系統的效能大幅提昇,我們使用光電技術配合積體電路的使用,提出一個低功率消耗的光電收發器,利用此光電收發器將可改善傳統電子通道的雜散電容及電阻,使整個系統效能大幅提昇,我們利用最經濟、最低成本、最普遍且功率消耗最少的CMOS製程來完成論文中低功率消耗之光電收發器電路的實現。
在本篇論文中我們探討了光電收發器的光接收端及光發射端之架構並且設計出較省電的雛形架構,在光接收端部分,我們針對不同架構的CMOS光電二極體特性加以量測及探討,發現N-Well_P-Substrate架構之光電二極體在850nm光波長下有最好的電流響應,所以採用此架構做為感測元件。並且對不同的接收端電路探討及分析其優缺點,然後使用TSMC 0.18um CMOS製程設計出一個速度操作於1.25GHz時功率消耗為19mW之光接收端電路。在光的發射端部分,我們對雷射二極體之發光原理做一簡單介紹,並且對雷射二極體之驅動電路探討分析,然後使用TSMC 0.35um CMOS製程設計出一個速度操作於1.25GHz時功率消耗為55.3mW之雷射二極體驅動電路。從上述結果可知,我們提出一個應用於光通訊之可信賴的低功率且高速光電轉換收發器。

Recently, due to the advance of very large silcon integrated circuit technology, where it makes the fabrication process technology to improve more. Also, the operational frequency inside a chip will become faster. Well, other than the improvement inside a chip, we must consider the effect of outer passages of the chip to increase the efficiency of the overall system. We investigate the photoelectric technologies with the circuit design techniques and propose a low-power consumption photoelectric transceiver. Using the photoelectric transceiver, it could improve the parasitic capacitance and resistance of traditional electric passages outside the chips to increase the communication efficiency of the overall system. We are using the most economy, lowest price, the most common and the least power consumption CMOS fabrication process technology to accomplish the implementation of a low-power consumption photoelectric transceiver circuit.
In my work, we explored the architectures of a photoreceiver and a phototransmitter in a phototransceiver and designed a low-power consumption transceiver architecture in an optical communication system. To design a photoreceiver, we studied different architectures of the CMOS photodiode, measured their responses, and then found the photodiode based on the N-Well_P-Substrate to have the best current response in the incident light wavelength of 850nm. Hence, the N-Well_P-Substrate photodiode architecture is used as the light sensor. Additionally, we try to realize the specifications of photodiodes, analyze different photoreceiver circuits, and then apply the TSMC 0.18um CMOS fabrication process technology to design a photoreceiver with power consumption of 19mW at an operational frequency of 1.25GHz. To design a phototransmitter, we introduce the lighting theory of a laserdiode simply, analyze the laserdiode driving circuit, and then use TSMC 0.35um CMOS fabrication process technology to design a phototransmitter with power consumption of 55.3mW at an operational frequency of 1.25GHz. From the results of this work, the proposed transceiver can be very promising to provide a reliable, low-power and high-speed optoelectronic conversion for optical communication applications.

第一章簡介……………………………………………………1
第二章系統架構 ……………………………………………..4
2.1 光發射端 …………………………………………5
2.2 光接收端 ……………………………………….6
2.3 系統的整合及封裝方式 ……………………….7
第三章光發射端 ………………………………………………10
3.1半導體發光元件 ………………………………….10
3.1.1 發光二極體原理 …………………………..10
3.1.2 半導體發光元件的種類 ……………………..11
3.2 驅動電路 ……………………………………….13
第四章光接收端 ………………………………………………19
4.1光電二極體 ……………………………………..19
4.1.1光電二極體原理 ………………………………19
4.1.2 CMOS光電二極體的物理特性 …………………21
4.1.3 CMOS 光電二極體的響應速度 ……………..26
4.1.4 CMOS 實際物理特性之量測分析 …………..28
4.2 接收器電路的設計 …………………………….31
4.2.1前級放大器 ……………………………………31
4.2.2 後級放大器 …………………………………39
4.2.3 前級與後級放大器之增益分配..……………43
第五章量測與模擬結果 ……………………………………45
5.1 量測的環境 …………………………………….45
5.2 發射端電路 …………………………………….45
5.3 接收端電路 …………………………………….47
5.4 功率消耗 ……………………………………….48
5.5 光電二極體的佈局圖 ………………………….50
5.6 系統的佈局圖 ………………………………….51
第六章結果與討論 …………………………………………53
6.1功率消耗比較 …………………………………..53
6.2 討論 ……………………………………………54
參考文獻 ……………………………………………………….55

參考文獻
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