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研究生:郭世州
研究生(外文):Shih Chou, Kuo
論文名稱:使用多目標基因演算法於傳導性電磁干擾濾波器之最佳化參數推導
論文名稱(外文):Determining the Optimal Parameters for Conducted EMI Filters Using Multi-Objective Genetic Algorithms
指導教授:馬恆馬恆引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中華大學
系所名稱:工業工程與管理研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:工業工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2001
畢業學年度:89
語文別:中文
論文頁數:72
中文關鍵詞:多目標基因演算法電磁干擾濾波器
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摘 要
本研究針對切換式電源供應器(Switching Power Supply,SPS)所產生之傳導性(conducted)電磁干擾(ElectroMagnetic Interference,EMI)雜訊源(noise source),提出一多目標基因演算法(Multi-Objective Genetic Algorithms),來搜尋電磁干擾濾波器之最佳化參數組合,以確保電源品質與電子電路的正常動作。在過去傳導性電磁干擾濾波器的設計,一直缺乏一套快速且有效的等效模型與解決方法,導致需要重覆嘗試錯誤(trial and error)的過程才能順利解決電磁干擾的危害,其設計測試過程非常耗費時間與成本。使用本研究之多目標基因演算法,配合程式輔助設計將可縮短新產品開發認證,早日讓新產品上市增加公司的市場競爭力。
本研究之多目標基因演算法可以在演進數世代後,便可快速獲得全域之近似最佳解。解決了不同特性及單位之電磁干擾濾波器的參數組合,實際應用可減少目前在電磁干擾濾波器設計流程上所耗費的時間與成本。
關鍵詞:電磁干擾濾波器,多目標基因演算法

目 錄
摘要.………………………….…………………………………………i
謝辭.……………………………………………………………………ii
目錄…………………………………………………………………...iii
表目錄……………………………………………………………...….v
圖目錄..……………………………………………………………….vi
第一章、緒論.……………………………………………………....1
1.1電磁干擾濾波器設計流程簡介...……………………………1
1.2 研究動機.……………………………………………………..3
1.3 研究目的.……………………………………………………..7
1.4 研究限制與貢獻…………………………………………..…8
第二章、文獻回顧..…………………………………………….…11
2.1 電磁相容與現行法規簡介…………………………………11
2.2 電磁干擾濾波器之相關文獻………………………………18
2.3 基因演算法之相關文獻……………………………………29
2.3.1 適應函數、編碼與解碼、初始族群複製、交配、
突變………………….……………………………….31
2.3.2 基因演算法的探討...……………………………...…35
第三章、研究架構與方法……………………………………..…39
3.1 本文所使用的電磁干擾濾波器架構...……………………39
3.2 多目標基因演算法於各模組的建立...……………………42
第四章、實驗驗證與結果……….…………………………….…48
4.1 量測輔助工具的介紹………………………………………48
4.1.1 傳輸阻抗穩定網路...…….…………………………..48
4.1.2 雜訊分離器.……..……………………………………51
4.1.3 頻譜分析儀...…………………………………………55
4.2 實驗驗證與量測結果...…………………………….………55
第五章、結論.………………………………..……………………67
參考文獻…………………………………………………………..…69

參考文獻
中文部分:
1. 梁適安, “高頻交換式電源供應器原理與設計”, 全華, 1996.1再版。
2. 孫育義、曾國境, “切換式電源供應器之雜訊消減技術”, 電力電子技術雙月刊, 1999.8。
3. 原田耕介, “交換式電源技術手冊”, 1997.5。
英文部分:
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13. George, C. C., “High Frequency Switching Power Supplies : theory and design”, 1989, 2nd.
14. Goldberg, D. E., “Genetic Algorithms in search optimization and machine learning”, Addison — WESLEY publishing Company, 1989.
15. Gravelle, L. B., and Willson, P. F., “EMI/EMC in printed Circuit Boards — A Literature Review”, IEEE Tansaction on Electromagnetic Compatibility, VOL. 34, NO. 2, May 1992.
16. Grefensteete, J.J., “Optimization of Control Parameters for Genetic Algorithms”, IEEE Transactions on systems, Man, and Cybernetics, 16, NO. 1, 1986, pp.122-128.
17. Holland, J. H., “Adaptation in Nature and Artificial Systems”, MIT Press, 1975.
18. Hua, C. C., Shen, C. M., and Peng, G. S., “Design of an Input Filter to Suppress Conducted EMI of a Single Phase UPS Inverter”, IEEE, 1996, pp.1699-1704.
19. Janikow, C. Z., “An experimental comparison binary and floating point representations in genetic algorithms”, In R. K. Booker, editors, Proceeding of the forth International Conference on Genetic Algorithms, Morgan Kaufmann, 1991, pp.31-36.
20. Karr, C. L., “Genetic Algorithms for fuzzy controller”, AI Expert, Feb, 1991, pp.26-33.
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22. Kwy, T. S., and Lai, J. S., “Costa and benefits of harmonic current reduction for switch-mode power supplies in a commercial office building”, IEEE Trans. on Industry Application, VOL. 32 NO. 5, 1996, pp.1017-1025.
23. Lin, F., and Chen, D. Y., “Reduction of Power Supply EMI Emission by Switching Frequency Modulation”, IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, VOL. 9, No. 1, January 1994.
24. Lo, Y. K., Chiu, H. J., and Song, T. H., “A Software-Based CM and DM Measurement System for the Conducted EMI”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, VOL. 47, NO. 4, August 2000.
25. Murray, D., “Tuning Neural Networks with Genetic Algorithms”, AI Expert, Feb, 1994, pp.27-31.
26. Okyere, P. F., and Heinemainn, L. T., “Computer-Aided Analusis and Reduction of Conducted EMI in Switched-Mode Power Converter”, IEEE, 1998, pp.924-928.
27. Ozenbaugh, R. L., “EMI Filter Design”, Marcel Dekker, Inc., 1996.
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30. Scheich, R., and Roudet, J., “EMI Conducted Emission in the Differential Mode Emanating from an SCR : Phenomena and Noise Level Prediction”, IEEE Transaction on Power Electronics VOL. 10, NO. 2, March 1995.
31. Shao, J. W., Lin, R. L., Lee, F. C., and Chen, D. Y., “Characterization of EMI Performance for Hard and Soft-Switched Inverters”, IEEE, 2000, pp.1009-1014.
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