(44.192.66.171) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/05/18 00:46
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:初昌傑
研究生(外文):Chang-Chieh Chu
論文名稱:不同表面處理之義齒基底與軟性底墊剝離力量之研究
論文名稱(外文):Investigation of peel force of soft-lining material to various denture base treatments
指導教授:徐啟智徐啟智引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chii-Chih Hsu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中山醫學院
系所名稱:口腔醫學研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:牙醫學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2001
畢業學年度:89
語文別:中文
論文頁數:65
中文關鍵詞:軟性底墊剝離力量
外文關鍵詞:soft-lining materialpeel force
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:421
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
摘要
暫時性軟式墊底在臨床上常用於患者缺牙區黏膜的骨膜厚度很薄及彈性變差的情況,這類牙床無法承受一般樹脂義齒基底。利用暫時性軟式墊底可以減少對齒槽骨的負荷力。對於剛接受手術處理的牙床骨和口腔粘膜,暫時性軟式墊底的使用可減輕傷痕的刺激,促進復原。但在更換墊底時,技工操作費時,甚而會破壞樹脂義齒基底。本實驗的目的是在評估暫時性軟式墊底材料與經由不同表面處理之丙烯酸樹脂義齒基底及光凝式義齒樹脂基底其表面結構所產生鍵結強度的差異,並瞭解經過冷熱循環處理後,暫時性軟式墊底材料與丙烯酸樹脂義齒基底及光凝式義齒樹脂基底間鍵結強度的改變,以提供臨床上一種簡易的換暫時性軟式墊底材料的方法。
本實驗以Lucitone 199 ( Dentsply/York Division, York, Pa.) 及Triad ( Dentsply International Corporation, York, Pa.) 為義齒基底材料。製作試片尺寸為75 mm×25 mm×2.5 mm共400片。分為四組,每組各100片 ( Lucitone 199: 50片,Triad: 50片 ),Group A:表面不做任何處理,Group B:表面以直徑250μm大小顆粒之氧化鋁噴砂,Group C:表面塗上分離劑TC-SEPARATOR ( GC Co. ),Group D:表面先噴砂再塗上分離劑。經過表面處理的四組試片再與尺寸為75 mm×25 mm×2.5 mm的Coe-Soft ( GC Co. )共400片,在25mm處接合後,隨即浸入37oC生理食鹽水的容器中24小時,然後每一組再分為4個Subgroup ( 每一小組10片 ),每個Subgroup接受冷熱循環處理0次、150次、300次、600次及1200次,每一次循環包括4oC及55oC各20秒鐘,之後測驗其剝離力量並記錄之。以三因子變異數分析 ( three-way ANOVA ) 後再以Tukey's test分析其差異情形。
結果發現經過氧化鋁噴砂的試片其剝離力量最強 ( p<0.01 )。義齒基底表面先噴砂再塗上分離劑其剝離力量強度大於與只在表面塗上分離劑的試片,但是明顯小於表面不做任何處理及表面只作噴砂處理的試片 ( p<0.01 )。經過冷熱循環處理1200後的試片其剝離力量明顯大於冷熱循環600、0、300、150次的試片 ( p<0.01 )。
綜合以上結果發現,合併使用噴砂加上塗TC-SEPARATOR這種表面處理方式,它們的鍵結強度不會太弱而很容易剝落,它們的剝離力量稍低於臨床上的範圍,不會脫落且容易更換,節省時間也不會影響義齒基底本身的強度,似乎是一種可供臨床上參考的表面處理方式。

英文摘要
Temporary soft-lining materials are frequently used in patients whose thickness of the alveolar bone in the edentulous areas appears thin and the elasticity becomes anomalous. This kind of alveolar ridge cannot bear the general resin denture base. Therefore, temporary soft-lining materials are used to reduce the bearing load of alveolar ridge. The use of temporary soft-lining materials increasingly has come into favor for various applications in prosthetic dentistry, including use with dental implants for promote surgical wound healing and retention. Nevertheless, it is time-consuming when substituting liners; worse, the replacement procedure may even damage the denture base. The purpose of this study was to assess the different surface bond strengths of denture base materials ( acrylic resin denture base- Lucitone 199a and visible light-cured denture base- Triada ) under various surface treatments and thermocycles conditions. The results may offer some insights into the feasibility of replacement of temporary soft-liners cliniclly.
Two denture base materials, Lucitone 199 ( Dentsply/York Division, York, Pa. ) and Triad ( Dentsply International Corporation, York, Pa. ), were used in this study. The size of each material is 75 mm×25 mm×2.5 mm . Total samples are 400 and divided into four groups ( 100/each group consisting of 50 Lucitone 199 and 50 Triad ) as follows: Group (A) No treatment; Group (B) Sandblast; Group (C)TC-SEPARATOR and Group(D) Sandblast treatment followed by TC-SEPARATOR. The thickness of specimens consisted of 2.5 mm of Lucitone 199 or Triad and 2.5 mm of Coe-Soft (GC Co ), being bonded over 25 mm of the length of the specimen and separated over the remaining 50 mm. Immediately the specimens were immersed in 37oC normal saline for 24 hours and then ten specimens in each group were dipped for 20 seconds in 4 o C and 55 o C normal saline with a travel time of 5 seconds for 0, 150, 300, 600, 1200 thermocycles. All of the specimens were subjected to a peeling force by separation of the serrated grips at a constant rate of 100 mm/min in an universal testing machine ( AUTOGRAPH AGE-1000E Shtmadzu,Japan ). The peel force and nature of failure for each specimen was recorded. A three-way ANOVA followed by a Tukey's test was used to analyze the data. The peel force of sandblast treated specimens had the highest value ( p<0.01 ). Denture base treated by sandblast + TC-SEPARATOR showed a higher peel force than that of treated by TC-SEPARATOR specimens but lower than that of no treatment and treated alone by sandblast specimens ( p<0.01 ). Statistically, the peel force of cycle 600, 0,300,150 specimens showed is significantly lower than that of cycle 1200 specimens ( p<0.01 ).
Taken together, the treatments of sandblast followed by TC-SEPARATOR do not damage the bonding force between either Lucitone 199 with Coe-Soft or Triad with Coe-Soft. The bond strength of the sandblast + TC-SEPARATOR is not too week to cause peeling off of denture base. The peeling force is only marginally below clinical scope. Overall, it is a feasible surface treatment on denture base materials based on the advantages of (1) easy replacement yet not causing peeling off; (2) time-saving and (3) maintaining denture base strength.

目錄
一、 摘要 1
二、 英文摘要 3
三、 前言 5
四、 目的 7
五、 文獻回顧 8
1. 暫時性軟式底墊 8
2. 可見光凝式義齒樹脂材料 10
3. 義齒基底材料 12
4. 鍵結強度 15
5. 染色 17
6. 厚度 18
7. 冷熱循環處理 19
六、 實驗流程圖 20
七、 材料及方法 21
1. 實驗材料 21
2. 實驗方法 21
八、 實驗結果 26
九、 討論 29
十、 結論 33
十一、 參考文獻 34
十二、 圖 47
十三、 表 53
十四、 附錄 56

參考文獻
1. Lytle RB. Complete denture construction based on a study of the deformation of the underlying soft tissues. J Prosthet Dent 1959;9:539-51.
2. Sobolik CF. Alveolar bone resorption. J Prosthet Dent 1960;10:612-619.
3. Craig RG, Gibbons P. Properties of resilient denture liners. JADA 1961;63:382-390.
4. Atwood DA. Some clinical factors related to rate of resorption of residual ridges. J Prosthet Dent 1962;12:441-450.
5. Bates JF, Smith DC. Evaluation of indirect resilient liners for dentures : laboratory and clinical tests. JADA 1965;70:344-353.
6. Wilson HJ, Tomlin HR, Osborne J. Tissue conditioners and functional impression materials. British Dental Journal 1966;121:9-16.
7. Lambson GO. Papillary hyperplasia of the palate. J Prosthet Dent 1966;16:636-645.
8. Grubber RG, Lucatorto FM, Molnar EJ. Fungus growth on tissue conditioner and soft denture liners. J Am Dent Assoc 1966;73:641.
9. Love WD, Goska FA, Mixson RJ. The etiology of mucosal inflammation associated with dentures. J Prosthet Dent 1967;18:515-527.
10. Joe Frisch, Marvin P. Levin, Surindar N. Bhaskar. The use of tissue conditioners in periodontics. J Periodont 1968;39:359-361.
11. Woelfel JB, Paffenbarger GC. Evaluation of complete dentures lined with silicone rubber. J Am Dent Assoc 1968;76:582.
12. Wilson HJ, Tomlin HR, Osborne J. The assessment of temporary soft
materials used in prosthetics. British Dental Journal 1969;303-306.
13. Wilson H J, Tomlin H R. Soft lining materials: some relevant properties and their determination. J Prosthet Dent 1969;21:244-250.
14. Tallgren A. Positional changes of complete dentures; A 7-year longitudinal study. Acta Odont Sand 1969;27:539-561.
15. Michael Braden. Tissue conditioners: Ι.composition and structure. J Dent Res1970;49:145-148.
16. Michael Braden, Causton BE. Tissue conditioners: Ⅲ.Water immersion characteristics. J Dent Res1971;50:1544-1547.
17. Woelfel JB. Newer materials and techniques in prosthetic resin materials.
Dent Clin North Amer 1971;15:67-79.
18. Atwood DA. Reduction of residual ridges: A major oral disease entity. J Prosthet Dent 1971;26:266-279.
19. Vig RG. Taking advantage of existing dentures. J Prosthet Dent 1971;26:247-250.
20. Brown WS, Jacobs HR, Thompson RE. Thermal fatigue in teeth. J Dent Res 1972;51:461-467.
21. Edgar N. Starcke, Jr., Keith R. Marcroft, Theodore E. Fisher, William T. Sweeney. Physical peoperties of tissue - conditioning materials as used in functional impressions. J Prosthet Dent1972;27:111-119.
22. Braden M., Clarke RL. Viscoelastic properties of soft lining materials. J Dent Res 1972;51:1525.
23. Civjan S, Huget EF, de Simon LB. Modifications of the fluid resin technique. J Am Dent Assoc 1972;85:109-112.
24. Beerstecher, Jr., E., Beel RW. Some aspects of the biochemical dynamics in the periodontal ligament and alveolar bone resulting from traumatic occlusion. J Prosthet Dent1974;32:646.
25. Masella RP. The prevention of the growth of Candida in Silastic 390 soft liner for dentures. J Prosthet Dent1975;33:250.
26. Wright, P.S. Soft lining materials: Their status and prospects. J Dent 1976;4:247-256.
27. Makila E, Hopsu-Havu VK. Mycotic growth and soft denture lining materials. Acta Odontol Scand 1977;35:197.
28. McCarthy JA, Moser JB. Mechanical properties of tissue conditioners. PartΙ: theorectical considerations, behavioral characteristics, and tensile properites. J Prosthet Dent 1978;40:89-98.
29. McCarthy JA, Moser JB. Mechanical properties of tissue conditioners. PartⅡ: creep characteristics. J Prosthet Dent 1978;40:334-342.
30. Davenport JC, Wilson JH, Basker RM. The compatibility of tissue conditioners with denture cleansers and chlorhexidine. J Dent 1978;6:239-46.
31. Makila E, Honka O. Clinical study of a heat cured silicone soft lining material. J Oral Rehabil 1979;6:199.
32. Ergun Aydinlik, Hasan U. Akay. Effect of a resilient layer in a removable partial denture base on stress distribution to the mandible. J Prosthet Dent 1980;44:17-20.
33. Bryan Ellis, Lamb D J, Suad Al-Nakash. The elastic modulus of soft denture liners. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research 1980;14:731-742.
34. Wright PS. Characterization of the rupture properties of denture soft lining materials. J Dent Res 1980;59(3):614-624.
35. Wright PS. The effect of soft lining materials on the growth of Candida albicans. J Dent 1980;8:144.
36. Amin WM, Fletcher AM, Ritchie GM. The nature of the interface between polymethyl methacrylate denture base materials and soft lining materials. J Dent 1981;9:336-46.
37. Wright PS. Characterization of the adhesion of soft lining materials to poly (methyl methacrylate). J Dent Res 1982;61(8):1002-1005.
38. Braden M, Wright PS. Water absorption and water solubility of soft lining materials for acrylic dentures. J Dent Res 1983;62(6):764-768.
39. Schmidt WF, Smith DE. A six year retrospective study of Molloplast-B lined denture partⅡ: liner serviceability. J Prosthet Dent1983;50:459.
40. Justin A. McCarthy, John B. Moser. Tissue conditioning and functional impression materials and techniques. Dental Clinics of North America 1984;28:239-251.
41. Benjamin Ka Ping Chaing. Polymers in the service of prosthetic dentistry. J Dent 1984;3:203-214.
42. Ogle RE, Soresen SE, E.A. Lewis. A new visible light-cured resin system applied to removable prosthodontics. J Prosthet Dent 1986;56:497-506.
43. Davenport JC, Wilson HJ, Spence D. The compatibily of soft lining materials and denture cleansers. Br Dent 1986;161:13.
44. Bunch J, Johnson GH, Brudvik JS. Evaluation of hard direct reline resins. J Prosthet Dent 1987;57:512-519.
45. Khan Z, von Fraunhofer JA, Razavi R. The staining characteristics, transverse strength, and microhardness of a visible light-cured denture base material. J Prosthet Dent 1987;57:384-386.
46. Newsome PR, Basker RM, Bergman B, Glantz PO. The softness and initial flow of temporary soft lining materials. Acta Odontolgica Scandinavia. 1988;46:9-17.
47. Brown D. Resilient soft liners and tissue conditioners. British Dental Journal 1988;164:357-360.
48. Al-Mulla, Huggett R, Brooks SC, Murphy WM. Some physical and mechanical properties of a visible light-activated material. Dent Mater 1988;4:197-200.
49. Hussein G. ElCharkawi, Ahmed S. ElMahdy. The effect of resilient layer
and occlusal reactive complete dentures on the residual alveolar ridge.
J Prosthet Dent 1988;59:598-602)
50. Kazanji MNM, Watkinson A C. Influence of thickness, boxing,
and storage on the softness of resilient denture lining materials.
J Prosthet Dent 1988;59:677-680.
51. Kazanji MNM, Watkinson A C. Soft lining materials: their absorption of, and solubility in, artificial saliva. Br Dent J 1988;165:91-94.
52. David M. Davis, Robert P. Carmichael, The plasticizing effect of temporary soft lining materials on polymerized acrylic resins. J Prosthet Dent 1988;60:463-466.
53. Jone DW, Hall GC, Sutow EJ, Tobin WM, Graham BS. Dental soft polymers: plasticizer composition and leachability. Dent Mater 1988;4:1-7.
54. Tulachka GJ, Moser JB. Evaluation of the viscoelastic behavior of a
Light-cured denture resin. J Prosthet Dent 1989;61:695-9.
55. Zafrulla Khan, Jack Martin, Stephen Collard. Adhesion characteristics of
visible light-cured denture base material bonded to resilient lining materials. J Prosthet Dent 1989;62:196-200.
56. Graham BS, Jones DW, Sutow E J. Clinical implications of resilient
denture lining material research. PartⅠ: flexibility and elasticity. J Prosthet Dent 1989;62:421-8.
57. Peter John Mack. Denture soft lining materials: clinical indications
Australian Dental Journal 1989;34(5):454-8.
58. Kalachandra S, Turner DT. Water sorption of plasticized denture acrylic lining materials. Dent Mater 1989;5:161-164.
59. Curtis DA, Eggleston TL, Marshall SJ, Watanable LG. Shear bond strength of visible-light-cured resin relative to heat-cured resin. Dent Mater 1989;5:314-318.
60. Zafrulla Khan, Ramin Razavi, J.A. von Fraunhofer. The bond strength of a light-cured reline resin to acrylic resin denture base material. J Prosthet Dent 1990;63:485-487.
61. Graham BS, Jones DW, Thomson JP, Johnson JA. Clinical compliance of two resilient denture liners. J Oral Rehabilitation 1990;17:157-163.
62. Fumiaki Kawano, Nozomu Tada, Kan Nagao, Naoyuki Matsumoto. The
influence of soft lining materials on pressure distribution. J Prosthet Dent
1991;65:567-75.
63. Smith LT, Powers JM. In vitro properties of light-polymerized reline materials . Int J Prosthodont 1991;4:445-448.
64. Uudah S, Robin Huggett, Alan Harrison. The effect of thermocycling on the hardness of soft lining materials. Quintessence Int 1991;22:575-580.
65. Jone DW, Hall GC, Sutow EJ, Langman MF, Robertson KN. Chemical and molecular weight analyses of prosthodontic soft polymers. J Dent Res 1991;70:874-879.
66. Graham BS, Jone DW, Sutow EJ. An in vivo and in vitro study of the loss plasticizer from soft polymer-gel materials. J Dent Res 1991;70:870-873.
67. Graham BS, Jone DW, Sutow EJ. Clinical implication of resilient denture lining material research. Part Ⅱ: Gelation and flow properties of tissue conditioners. J Prosthet Dent 1991;65:413-8.
68. Polyzois GL, Winter RW, Stafford GD. Boundary lubrication and maxillo - facial prosthetic polymethylsiloxanes. Biomaterials 1991;12:79-82.
69. Lefebre CA, Schuster GS, Caughman GB, Caughman WF. Effects of denture base resins on oral epithelial cells. Int J Prosthodont 1991;4:371-376.
70. Barron DJ, Rueggeberg FA, Schuster GS. A comparison of monomer conversin & inorganic filler content in visible light-cured denture resins. Dent Mater 1992;8:274-277.
71. Adrian ED, Krantz WA, Ivanhoe JR. The use of processed Silicone to tetain the implant-supported tissue-borne overdenture. J Prosthet Dent 1992;67:219-22.
72. Fumiaki Kawano, Edward R. Dootz, Andrew Koran Ⅲ, Robert G. Graig,
Comparison of bond strength of six soft denture liners to denture base resin.
J Prosthet Dent 1992;68:368-71.
73. Gregory L. Polyzois. Adhesion properties of resilient lining materials bonded to light-cured denture resins. J Prosthet Dent 1992;68:854-8.
74. Sinobad D, Murphy WM, Huggett R, Brooks S. Bond strength and rupture properties of some soft denture liners. J Oral Rehabil 1992;19:151-160.
75. Dootz ER, Koran A, Craig RG. Physical property comparison of 11 soft denture lining materials as a function of accelerated aging. J Prosthet Dent 1993;69:114-9.
76. Casey D, Scheer E. Surface treatment of a temporary soft denture liner for increased longevity. J Prosthet Dent 1993;69:318-24.
77. Omer Kutay. A silicone rubber spacer used to determine the optimum thickness for hard and resilient materials in complete dentures. J Prosthet Dent 1993;69:329-32.
78. Charles A. Arena, Douglas B. Evans, Thomas J. Hilton. A comparison of bond strengths among chairside hard reline materials. J Prosthet Dent 1993;70:126-131.
79. Fumiaki Kawano, Andrew Koran Ⅲ, Kenzo Asaoka, Naoyuki Matsumoto,
Effect of soft denture liner on stress distribution in supporting structures
under a denture. Int J Prosthodont 1993;6:43-49.
80. Robert W. Loney, M. Brent Moulding. The effect of finishing and polishing on surface roughness of a processed resilient denture liner. Int J Prosthodont 1993;6:390-396.
81. Jepson NJA, McCabe JF, Storer R. Age changes in the viscoelasticity of permanent soft lining materials. J Dent 1993;21:171-178.
82. Murata H, Iwanaga H, Shigeto N, Hamada T. Initial flow of tissue conditioners - influence of composition and structure on gelation. J Oral Rehabilitation 1993;20:177-187.
83. J. Anthony von Fraunhofer, William J. Sichina. Characterization of the physical Properties of resilient denture liners. Int J Prosthodont 1994;7:120-128.
84. Omer Kutay. Camparison of tensile and peel bond stengths of resilient liners. J Prosthet Dent 1994;71:525-31.
85. Fhmiaki Kawano, Masayuki Kon, Andrew Koran, Naoyuki Matsumoto.
Shock-absorbing behavior of four processed soft denture liners. J Prosthet Dent 1994;72:559-605.
86. Hiroki Nikawa, Hiroyuki Iwanaga, Taizo Hamada, Sadayuki Yuhta.
Effects of denture cleansers on direct soft denture lining materials. J Prosthet Dent 1994;72:657-62.
87. Murata H, Murakami S, Shigeto N, Hamada T. Viscoelastic properties of tissue conditioners-influence of ethyl alcohol content and type of plasticizer. J Oral Rehabilitation 1994;21:145-156.
88. Iwao Hayakawa, Shigezo Hirano, Shoji Kobayashi, Masanori Nagao, Eiichi Masuhara. The creep behavior of denture - supporting tissues and soft lining materials. Int J Prosthodont 1994;7:339-347.
89. Takashi Arima, Hiroshi Murata, Taizo Hamada. Properties of highly cross-linked autopolymerizing reline acrylic resins. J Prosthet Dent 1995;73:55-9
90. Wagner WC, Kawano F, Dootz ER, Koran A. Dynamic viscoelastic
properties of processed soft denture liners: partⅠ- initial properties. J Prosthet Dent 1995;73:471-77.
91. Wagner W C, Kawano F, Dootz ER, Koran A. Dynamic viscoelastic
properties of processed soft denture liners: partⅡ- effect of aging.
J Prosthet Dent 1995;74:299-304.
92. Thomas J. Emmer, Jr, Thomas J. Emmer, Sr, Jayalakshmi Vaidynathan, Tritala K. Vaidynathan. Bond strength of permanent soft denture liners bonded to the denture base. J Prosthet Dent 1995;74:595-601.
93. Zvi Yoeli, Victor Miller, Chassiel Zeltser. Consistency and softness of soft liners. J Prosthet Dent 1996;75:412-8.
94. Takashi Arima, Hiroki Nikawa, Taizo Hamada, Harsini. Composition and
effect of denture base resin surface primers for reline acrylic resins. J Prosthet Dent 1996;75:457-62.
95. Moodhy S. Al-Athel, Robert G. Jagger. Effect of the method on the bond strength of a silicone resilient denture lining material. J Prosthet Dent 1996;76:535-40.
96. Mark Water, Robert Jagger, Keith Williams, Vjeko Jerolimov. Dynamic mechanical thermal analyais of denture soft lining materials. Biomaterials 1996;17:1627-1630.
97. Nanette E. Dominguez, Cyril J.Thomas, Tania M. Gerzina. Tissue conditioners protected by a poly(Methyl methacrylate) coating. Int J Prosthodont 1996;137-41.
98. Waters MGJ, Jagger RG. Improved wetting characteristics of an experimental silicone denture soft lining material. J Dent Res 1996;75:1136.
99. Fumiaki Kawano, Andrew Koran, Archadian Nuryanti, Sanshiro Inoue.
Impact absorpton of four processed soft denture liners as influenced by acc-
elerated aging. Int J Prosthodont 1997;10:55-60.
100. Fumiaki Kawano, Edward R. Dootz, Andrew Koran Ⅲ, Robert G. Graig, Bond strength of six soft denture liners processed against polymerized and unpolymerized poly ( mthyl methacrylate ). Int J Prosthodont 1997;10:178-182.
101. David R. Radford, John D. Walter, Stephen J. Challacombe, Scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive analysis of machined denture base surfaces. Int J Prosthodont 1997;10:222-230.
102. Yutaka Takahashi, Minoru Kawaguchi, John Chai. Flexural strength at the proportional limit of a denture base material relined with four different denture reline materials. Int J Prosthodont 1997;10:508-512.
103. Sebnem Buyukyilmaz. The effect of polymerization temperature on the acrylic resin denture base-tooth bond. Int J Prosthodont 1997;10:49-54.
104. David R. Radford, Timothy F. Watson, John D. Walter, Stephen J. Challacombe. The effects of surface machining on heat cured acrylic resin and two soft denture base materials: a scanning electron microscope and confocal microscope evaluation. J Prosthet Dent 1997;77:200-8.
105. Pete M. Gronet, Carl F. Driscoll, Steven O. Hondrum. Resiliency of surface-sealed temporary soft denture liners. J Prosthet Dent 1997;77:370-4.
106. Nancy L. Jacobsen, Nonald L. Mitchell, Dean L. Johnson, Raleigh A. Holt. Lased and sandblasted denture base surface preparetion affecting resilient liner bonding. J Prosthet Dent 1997;78:153-8.
107. Graig RG, Editor. Restorative dental materials. 10th ed. St. Louis: Mosby, 1997:500-528.
108. Yutaka Takahashi, Minoru Kawaguchi, John Chai. Effect of water sorption on the resistance to plastic deformation of a denture base material relined with four different denture reline materials. Int J Prosthodont 1998;11:49-54.
109. Yutaka Takahashi, Minoru Kawaguchi, John Chai. The flexural strengths of denture base acrylic resins after relining with a visible-light-activated material. Int J Prosthodont 1998;11:121-124.
110. Aylin Baysan, Sandra Parker, Paul S. Wright. Adhesion and tear energy of a long-term soft lining material activated by rapid microwave energy. J Prosthet Dent 1998;79:182-187.
111. Miyazaki M, Sato M, Onose H, Moore BK. Influence of the thermal cycling on dentin bond strength of two-step bonding system. American J Dent 1998;11:118-122.
112. Cain JR, Mitchell DL. Soft liner-retained, implant-supported overdenture: A technical note. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implant 1998;13:857-860.
113. Kiat-Amnuay S. Khan Z, Gettleman L. Overdenture retention of four resilient liners over an implant bar. J Prosthet Dent 1999;81:568-73.
114. Sudarat Kiat-amnuay, Trakol Mekayarajjananonth, Christopher C. Cron, Zafrulla Khan, Lawrence Gettleman. Simplified methods for fabricating tissue-supported implant-retained overdentures with retention from a resilient liner. J Prosthet Dent 1999;82:242-5.
115. Masaru Yatabe, Noboru Yasuda, Minoru Ai, Yoshihiro Okabe. Unpolymerized layer on autopolymerizing, hard reline materials. Int J Prosthodont 1999;10:129-134.
116. Kountouras CG, Howlett JA, Pearson GJ. Flexural and thermal cycling of resins for veneering removable overlay dentures. J. Dent 1999;27:367-372.
117. T. I. Emmer, Jr et al. Measurement of submucosal forces transmitted to
dental implants. Journal of Oral Implantology 1999;15:155-160.
118. Waters MGJ, Jagger RG. Mechanical properties of an experimental denture soft lining material. J Dent 1999;27:197-202.
119. Waters MGJ, Jagger RG, Polyzois GL. Wettability of silicone rubber maxillofacial prosthetic materials. J Prosthet Dent 1999;81:439-43.
120. Nesrin Anil, Canan Hekimoglu, Saime Sahin. Color stability of heat-polymerized and autopolymerized soft denture liners. J Dent 1999;81:481-4.
121. Gregory L. Polyzois, Stavros A. Yannikakis, Alcibiades J. Zissis. Coler stability of visible light-cured, hard direct denture reliners: an in vitro investigation. Int J Prosthodont 1999;12:140-146.
122. Sudarat Kiat-amnuay, Traol Mekayarajjananonth, Christopher C. Cron, Zafrulla Khan, Lawrence Gettleman. Simplified method for fabricating tissue-supported implant-retained overdentures with retention from a resilient liner. J Prosthet Dent 1999;82:242-5.
123. Yutaka Takahashi, Minoru Kawaguchi, John Chai. Strength of relined denture base polymers subjected to long-term water immersion. Int J Prosthodont 2000;13:205-208.
124. Nesrin Anil, Canan Hekimoglu, Nesrin Buyukbas, Meral T. Ercan. Microlekage study of various soft denture liners by autoradiography: effect of accelerated aging. J Prosthet Dent 2000;84:394-9.
125. Amany EI-Hadary, James L. Drummond. Comparative study of water sorption, solubility, and tensile bond strength of two soft lining materials. J Prosthet Dent 2000;83:356-61.

QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關論文
 
1. 吳嘉瑜(民85):衝突原因、處理方式對愛情關係的影響─以焦慮型大學生的為 例。中華輔導學報,4,119-171。
2. 蘇建文、丁心平、許錦雲(民79):陌生情境中嬰兒行為及其依附類型研究初探。教育心理學報,23,49-70。
3. 蘇建文、龔美娟(民83):母親的依附經驗、教養方式與學前兒童依附關係之相關研究。教育心理學報,27,1-33。
4. 蘇建文、黃迺毓(民82):幼兒與母親間依附關係及其學校社會能力表現之研究。教育心理學報,26,23-51。
5. 謝麗紅(民79):父母離異對兒童身心影響之探討及其輔導策略。輔導月刊,26(9),27-33。
6. 鍾思嘉(民88):存在失落:一個大學生災後心理輔導的課題。輔導季刊,35(3),37-39。
7. 鍾永吉(民86):父母離異兒童的失落、悲傷與輔導。諮商與輔導,135,10-13。
8. 蔡秀玲(民89):依附理論在諮商中的運用。輔導季刊,36(1),25-31。
9. 李佩怡(民84):學校如何協助學生面對死亡的失落事件(上)。輔導季刊,31(4),49-53。
10. 曾端真(民83):正視兒童的問題行為。諮商與輔導,97,26-27。
11. 龔慧珠(民81):面對轉換與失落。學生輔導通訊,22,56-61。
12. 黃介良(民88):關於創傷後遺症。輔導季刊,35(3),65-67。
13. 黃立賢(民85):國民小學學生適應問題及其相關因素之研究。教育資料文摘,38(2),129-149。
14. 黃凱倫、蘇建文(民83):幼兒與母親依附關係及其社會行為之研究。家政教育,12(5),65-76。
15. 陳增穎(民87):青少年的哀傷反應及其對諮商與輔導的啟示。學生輔導雙月刊,54,70-83。