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研究生:陳永福
研究生(外文):Teng Ying Hock
論文名稱:台中市無線電計程車司機支援緊急及災難救助意願調查
論文名稱(外文):Survey the Radio Taxi Drivers’ Opinion of Taichung City about Providing Assist in Emergency and Disaster
指導教授:林中生林中生引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chung-Sheng Lin, MD., Ph.D.
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中山醫學院
系所名稱:醫學研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:醫學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2001
畢業學年度:89
語文別:中文
論文頁數:25
中文關鍵詞:計程車司機緊急災難協助
外文關鍵詞:Taxi DriverEmergencyDisasterAssist
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背景與目的:
我國的緊急醫療工作在最近十年已明顯進步,但台灣在地理位置上天然災害不斷而人為災害也一再發生,在緊急救護及救災上,除了醫療人員及消防人員列為常規救護,其他機構單位如軍方等及民間組織也都是救災中的重要成員。無線電計程車具有普遍性、組織性,也是有通訊及交通上的優勢,若能知道其參與的意願及相關態度與看法,將有助在緊急及災難救助上的規劃。
研究方法:
本研究採自設問卷,以台中市無線電計程車司機為對象,每家抽樣30-32名自行填寫問卷,內容含基本資料、急難救助及921救助經驗,學習CPR及急救技術經驗及對參加急難救助的態度、看法,問卷收集後以SPSS軟體進行統計並加以分析。
結果:
本研究共採訪六家無線電計程車司機,得到184份有效問卷,男性多(97.8﹪),年齡介於30-40歲多(41.3﹪),高中程度為主,半數以上的職業年數在1-5年之間(52.0﹪),其中66人(35.9﹪)有載運急難患者經驗,半數以上(52.4﹪)沒有收費。41人(22.3﹪)參與過921震災救助,只有兩成有收費。有25人(13.6﹪)學過CPR,兩人實際做過CPR。在對急難救助之態度上,115人願意參加訓練,108人(58.7﹪)願意參加急難救助隊,有類似921震災更有146人(79.3﹪)願意提供支援。有關無線電計程車適合不適合參加急難救助,有九成(164人)給正面答案。以類似921為假想情況,約六成(複選)都鉤選可以載患者、載急救者、載物資及藥品。對政府在上次921的表現給
予及格邊緣的分數。
結論:
無線電計程車具有組織性的車隊,有通訊及交通的方便性。本研究發現這些司機有六成願意參加急難救助隊,而針對大型災難更有八成願意支援。建議在全民CPR時優先給予訓練,並授與一般急救知識與技能,並在我國救護救災體系中列為規劃訓練的民間組織,以提升緊急到院前救護及災難救助的支援。

Background and objective:
The Emergency Medical Services of Taiwan had tremendous improvement in the recent decade, but the geographic locating lead it never free from natural disaster and also not avoid from man-made major event. Within disaster rescue and medical intervention, beside the medical personnel and fireman, the army and civil organization also play an important role. The radio taxi groups have the special characteristic of wide-spreading location, organizing, with communication and transportation advantages. If we able to know their willingness and opinion, it can help us in future planning of assistant power within disaster managing plan.
Method:
For research goal, design a special survey questionnaire, use radio taxi driver of Taichung city as respondents. Randomly selecting 30 to 32 drivers from every radio taxi companies. The survey questions include basic character, the experience for emergency and 921 Chi-Chi earthquake assistant, the history of CPR and first aid training, the opinion and attitude toward joining the emergency and disaster assistant. After the data were collected, use SPSS for statistic and analyzing.
Result:
This study collected 184 valuable samples from radio taxi driver of six companies. Mostly (97.8%) are male, with average 30 to 40 years old (41.2%), mainly high school level of educating, more than half of them practice within one to five years (52.0%), sixty six of them(35.9%) had experience of transport the emergency case and over the half(52.4%) free of charge. Forty-four of them provided assist in 921 Chi-Chi earthquake, only twenty percent had charging. Twenty-five driver (13.6%) had learned CPR and two of them had experience of really provided CPR. In studying their attitude toward emergency assistant, 115 persons wish to receive training and 108 (58.7%) of them had willingness to join the emergency assistant team. With the situation of similarly to 921 earthquake, 146 (79.3%) of them wish to provide the help. Under the question of whether the taxi driver are fixable for provide the emergency assistant, 164 (90%) of them give the positive response. With the scenario of 921 earthquake, about sixty percent of them choose the answer of transport the patient and the rescuer, carry the drug and the material. They give the score of “just fine” toward the government performance against 921 Earthquake management.
Conclusion:
Radio taxis have well organizing vehicle team, they have the advantage of communication and transportation. Our study found that about sixty percent of radio taxi driver have willingness to join disaster and emergency assistant team, for major disaster their willingness elevate to eighty percent. We suggest enhance the priority of training taxi driver under the policy of civilian CPR training. Beside CPR, also teach them general first aid knowledge and skill. We also suggest of include them as civil organization who need for training within Emergency Medical Service System, hence improve pre-hospital care and disaster management assistance. .

目錄……………………………………1
中文摘要………………………………2
英文摘要………………………………4
目的(前言)…………………………6
方法……………………………………6
結果……………………………………7
討論……………………………………9
參考文獻………………………………13
問卷調查表……………………………16
附表一…………………………………18
附表二…………………………………19
附表三…………………………………20
附表四…………………………………21
附表五-1………………………………22
附表五-2………………………………23
附表六…………………………………24
附表七…………………………………25
附表八…………………………………26
附表九…………………………………27
附表十…………………………………28
附表十一………………………………29
鳴謝……………………………………30

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