(18.207.253.100) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/05/06 09:11
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:黃忠恕
研究生(外文):Chung--Shu Huang
論文名稱:利用溶凝膠浸漬覆膜法以矽土凝膠塗層純鈦金屬之研究
論文名稱(外文):The study of silica coating formed on pure titanium by sol-gel dipping procedure
指導教授:張豐城
指導教授(外文):Fung-Jung Jang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中山醫學院
系所名稱:牙科材料研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:牙醫學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2000
畢業學年度:89
語文別:中文
論文頁數:103
中文關鍵詞:溶凝膠法鈦金屬矽土凝膠塗層
外文關鍵詞:sol-geltitaniumsilicacoating
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:191
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:38
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
溶凝膠法〈Sol-Gel Coating〉是製作塗層的薄膜,利用熱處理的作用將溶凝膠薄膜轉變成緻密的氧化膜,我們嘗試以矽土凝膠作為溶凝膠法的燒結媒介材料,想利用此一特性適度的氧化,適當地熱擴散處理,善用此一氧化層成分,來提高黏著鍵結強度,改善溶凝膠法所製作氫氧磷灰石覆蓋植體氫氧磷灰石和鈦金屬界面的關係。本篇研究的目的是利用溶凝膠浸漬覆膜法〈Sol-Gel coating by dipping process〉來製作塗層薄膜,作為溶凝膠法的燒結媒介材料,改變矽土凝膠〈Silica Gel〉的濃度和加熱溫度來塗層鈦金屬表面,利用金相顯微鏡觀察表面結構變化,以X光繞射〈XRD〉來了解熱處理後表面成分,以及用掃描式電子顯微鏡〈S.E.M.〉來觀察鈦金屬表面氧化層構造變化情況。用水含量為0;25﹪;33﹪;50﹪;67﹪;1六種矽土懸浮液凝膠溶液塗層鈦金屬,分別在100、200、300、400、500、600、700和800℃溫度下燒結。實驗結果以金相顯微鏡觀察,以探針刻劃表面,發現當水含量為33﹪和50﹪的有最均勻的狀態,顆粒分布最平均,在掃描式電子顯微鏡觀察,燒結超過400℃時表面呈現較緻密的結構。以探針刻劃,發現其黏附有一定的效果,600℃、700℃的條件下,其氧化層相當緻密,800℃則太厚,相較之下則以700℃的氧化層較佳。經X光繞射分析表面為鈦、二氧化鈦及無定型二氧化矽等。有效的塗層可以改善不同材質介面的結合,適當的氧化層結構可以作為結合的媒介。

There were many methods for hydroxyapatite coating on pure titanium. One method is coating by sol-gel dipping procedure. It can be formed by immersion, start-up, deposition, drainage and evaporation to prepare coating materials and by heat treatment to enhance the adhesive strength. The aim of this study of this was to investigate the structure on the surface of titanium by sol-gel technique coating thin silica and TiO2 films.
Titanium was coated with 5 different concentrations. The water rate of silica gel were 0﹪, 25﹪, 33﹪, 50﹪,67﹪,1. They were treatment by sol-gel method. The silica gel coated speciments were annealed at 100, 200, 300, 400, 500, 600, 700 and 800℃ respectively. The photographs of optical microscope showed that the titanium could be coated uniformly with water rate of 33﹪and 50﹪of silica gel. The SEM micrographs showed that titanium could bind with silica at the temperature over 400℃. When the temperature over 600℃, the TiO2 coating films was so dense and the hardness were acceptable. After XRD test, there were Ti, TiO2, SiO2 and amorphous SiO2 films etc. on the surface. The titanium substrates annealed at 600℃ and 700℃, and the water rate of 33﹪and 50﹪of silica gel by sol-gel method could get a property SiO2 and TiO2 films for hydroxyapatite coating on pure titanium.

目錄
圖目錄
表目錄
照片目錄
中文摘要
Abstract
第1章 緒論
一、前言
二、研究目的
第2章 理論與文獻回顧
一、【1】鈦金屬的基本性質
【2】鈦金屬/合金在牙科的運用
二、 氫氧磷灰石的基本性質
三、【1】氫氧磷灰石在口腔植體的運用
【2】氫氧磷灰石塗層的製作
四、【1】溶凝膠法塗層
【2】矽土凝膠的性質特點
【3】矽土凝膠的運用
【4】陶瓷材與鈦金屬的黏結
第3章 材料及方法
【1】材料製備
【2】方法與步驟
第4章結果
第5章討論
第6章結論
第7章參考文獻
附錄一 鈦金屬規格

1.L.L.Hench and E.C.Ethridge, “Biomaterials-An interfacial approach”, Academic Press,INC.,pp.18-21,(1982)
2.Lyman T(ed).Metals Handbood.1948ed. pp. 20-21. Ckeneland: The American Society for Metals, 1948
3.Evans FG. Mechanical Properties of Bone. P.239. Springfield,IL:Charles C. Thomas, Publishers, 1973
4.Ida K, Togaya T, Suzuki S..Mechanical characteristics of pure titanium and Titanium alloys. Jpn J Dent Mater, 2:765-771 1983
5.Lautenschlager EP.,Monaghan P. Titanium and titanium alloys as dental materials. Int Dent J,43(3):245-53,1993
6.B.D.Ratner, A.S.Hoffman,F.J. Schoen and J.E.Lemons, “Biomaterials science-An introduction to materials in medicine”,Academic Press, pp.37-50,(1996)
7.K.DE Groot : Biomaterials 1:47; 1980
8.M.Shirkhazadeh, J Mater; Sci. Mater. Med.6:90;1995
9.Contemporary :Implant Dentistry 2ed edition,Carl E. Mish
10.林佐文,Titanium,Titanium alloy and implant surface牙科植體論文 台北市牙科植體學會出版
11.B.C. Wang, E. Chang, C.Y. Yang, D. Tu and C.H.Tsai: Characteristics and osterconductivity of three different plasma-sprayedl Hydroxyapatite coatings. Surface and Coatings Technology, 58,pp.107-117
12.D.M.Liu, H.M.Chou and J.D.Wu;: Plasma-sprayed hydroxyapatite coating : effect of different calcium phosphate ceramics. J of Mat Sci: Materials in Medicine,5,pp.603-610 1993
13.J.A.Jansen, J.P.C.M. van der Waerden and J.G.C.Wolke;: Histologic investigation of the biologic behavior of different hydroxyapatite plasma-sprayed coatings in rabbits. J of Bio Mat Res, 27,pp609-610 1993
14.H.Ji and P.M.Marquis;: Effect of heat treatment on the microstructure of plasma-sprayed hydrexyapatite coating. Biomaterials,14(1),pp270-274 1993
15.S.L.Evans and P.J.Gregson;: The effect of a plasma-sprayed hydroxyapatite coating on the fatigue properties of Ti-6Al-4V. Mterials Letters,16,pp.529-535 1994
16.C.C.Berndt,G.N.Haddad,A.J.D.Farmer and K.A.Gross; Mater. Forum,14 1987
17.P.Duchsynf, S.Rradin, M. Meughebafrt and J.C.Meughebafry; Ibid,11, pp.244 1990
18.M.Yoshinari, Y.Ohtsuka and T.Derand;: Thin hydroxyapatite coating produced by the ion beam dynamic mixing method. Biomaterals,15(7),pp.529-535 1994
19.Y. Ohtsuka, M.Matsuura, N.Chida, M.Yoshinari, T. Sumii and T.Derand;: Formation of hydroxyapatite coating on pure titanium substrates by ion beam dynamic mixing. Surface and Coatings Technology,65,pp.224-230 1994
20.H.Monma;: Electrolytic depositions of calcium phosphates on substrate. J of Mat Sci,29,pp.949-953 1994
21.I.Zhitomirsky and L. Gal-or;: Electrophoretic deposition of hydroxyapatite . J of Mat Sci: Mat in Med, 8,pp.213-219 1997
22.M.Gottlander, C.B.Jogansson, A.Wennerberg, T.Albrektsson, S.Radin and P.Ducheyne;: Bone tissue reactions to an electrophoretically applied calcium phosphate coating. Biomaterials,18,pp.551-557 1997
23.M.Shirkhazadeh;: Bioactive calcium phosphate coatings prepared by electrodeposition. J of Mat Sci Letters,10,pp.1415-17 1991
24.M. Shirkhanxadeh;: Electrochemical preparation of bioactive calcium phosphate coatings on porous substrates by the periodic pulse technique. J of Mat Sci Letters,12,pp16-19 1993
25.M.Shirkhanzadeh, M.Azadegan, V.Stack and S.Schreyer;: Fabrication of pure hydroxyapatite and fluoridated-hydroxyapatite coatings by electrocrystallisation. Mat Letters,18,pp.211-214 1994
26.S. Ban and S.Maruno;: Deposition of calcium phosphate on titanium by electrochemical process in simulated body fluid. Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.,32,pp.L1555-80 1993
27.S.W.Russ, K.A.Luptak, C.T.Alford and V.B.Pizziconi; J. Am. Ceram. Soc.,79,pp.837 1996
28.J. Breme, Y,Zhou and L.Groh;: Development of a titanium alloy suitable for an optimized coating with hydroapatite. Biomaterials, 16,pp.239-244 1995
29.P.Li and K.de Groot: Calicium phosphate formation within sol-gel prepared titania in vitro and in vivo. J of Bio Mat Res ,27,pp.1495-1500 1993
30.Ida K. Togya T. Tsutsumi S. Takeuchi M. : Effect of magnesia investments in the dental casting of pure titanium or titanium alloys. Dent Mat J,1,pp.8-21 1982
31.Takgaski J.,Kimura H.,Laurensclager EP.,Chern JH.,Moser JG.: Casting pure titanium into commercial phosphate bonded SiO2 investment molds. J Dent Res,69,pp.1800-5 1990
32.Donachie MH. Titanium: A Technical Guide. Metal Park, OH: ASM Intermational,43-51 1984
33.Hruska AR. Borelli P.: Quality criteria for pure titanium casting, laboratory soldering, intraoral welding, and a device to aid in making uncontaminated castings. J Prosthet Dent, 66:561-565 1990
34.Lautenschlager EP.Monaghan P.: Titnium and titanium alloys as dental materials. Int Dent J; 43:245-253 1993
35.Andersson M, Bergman B, Bessing C, Ericson E, Lundquist P and Nilson H: Cliecal results with titanium crowns fabricated with machine duplication and spark erosion. Acta Odont Scand 47:279-286 1989
36.Bergman B, Bessing C, Ericson G, Lundquist P. Nilon H and Anderson M: A 2-year follow-up study of titanium crowns. Acta Odont Scand 48:113 1990
37.Jemt T and Linden B: Fixed implant-supported prostheses with welded titanium frameworks. Int J Periodont Restor Dent 12:176-183 1992
38.Yamauchi M, Sskai M, Kawano J: Clinical application of pure titanium for cast plate dentures. Dent mater J 7:39-47 1988
39.Blakman R, Barghi N and Tran C: Dimensional changes in casting titanium remorable partial denture frameworks. J Prosthet Dent 65:309-315 1991
40.Hruska AR. Intraoral welding of pure titanium. Quintessence Int; 18:683-8 1987
41.Russill R. Wang, Kon K. Fung. Oxidation behavior of surface-modified titanium for titanium-ceramic restoration. J Prosthet Dent; 77,423-434 1997
42.李勝楊. 鈦金屬與鈦合金在牙醫學上之運用 牙科臨床寶鑑 10-26-29 台北市牙醫師公會出版
43.莊弘毅,“氫氧基磷灰石之合成及其與氧化鋁複合材料之研究”國立成功大學礦冶及材料科學研究所碩士論文,pp.1-14 1992
44.M. Weilaender, J. Bcumer, E.B. Kenney, P.K.Moy, Raman Microprobe investigation of the calcium phosphate phases of three commercially available plsma-flame-sprayed hydroxyapatite-coated dental implants. J. of Materials scince: Materials in Medicine ,397-401 1992
45.Hideki, Aoki. Science and Medical Applications of Hydroxyapatite; p123
46.T. V. Vijayaraghavan and A. Bensalen;: Electrodeposition of apatite coating on pure titanium and titanium alloys.,J of Mat Sci Letters;13:1782-1785 1994
47.Kuzweg H, Heimaann RB, Troczynske T, Wayman ML. Development of plasma-sprayed bioceramic coatings with bondcoats based on titanium and zirconia. Biomaterials 1998, 19(16): 1507-11
48.Didlivh, H. Thin films from the sol-gel process. Klein.L.Sol-gel Technology for thin films, fibers, performs, electronics and specialty shapes. Park ridge. NJ: Noyes Publication: 50-79 1988
49.Fabes, B.D.; Zeiinski, B.J.J.; Uhlmann. D.R. Sol-gel derived ceramic coatings. Wachtman,J.B; Haber. R.A.eds: Ceramic Fims and Coatings. Park Ridhe, NJ: Noyes Publications: 224-283 1988
50.K. Jein, L.C.: Sol-gel coatings. Vossen.J.L; Kern. W.eds. Thin Film Processes II. Boston: Academic Press: 501-522 1991
51. Yi, G.;Sayer, M. Sol-gel processing of complex oxide films. Am. Ceram.
Soc. Bull. 70:1173-79 1991
52. L.E.Acriven, in “Better Ceramics Through Chemistry (III)”, eds. C.J.Brinker, D.E.Clark and D.R.Ulrich, MRS(121): 717 1988
53. R.P.Spiers, C.V.Subbaraman and Wilkinson, Chem. Eng, Sci, 29:384 1974
54. Biing-Yow Wu and A.S.T. Chiang: Sol-gel coating and its applications. Chinese J of Materials Science,28(3) 169-181 1996
55. Kolodney H Jr, Puckett AD; Breazwale MS; Patterson KL; Lentz DL: The silicoater twchnique for resin-bonded prostheses: clinical and laboratory procedures. Quintessence Int,9(1):85-99 1989 Feb
56. Eeutzfeldt A; Asmussen E: Silicoating: evaluation of a new method of bonding composite resin to metal. Scand J Dent Res,78(2):171-6 1988 Apr
57.Kingery WD.Bowin HK.Uhlmann DR. Introduction to ceramics. 1991
58.Kononen M.Kivilahti J.: Bonding of low-fusing dental porcelain to commercially pure titanium. J Biomed Mater Res; 10:1027-35 1994
59.Joanne L.M. Phase diagrams of binary titanium alloys. ASM international 2nd ed, pp.212 1990
60.Welsch Ge, Kahvecial.: In site TEM investigation of oxidation of titanium aluminide alloys.;Proceedings of the first international conference on microscopy of oxidation:193-205 1991
61.Wang RR.Welsch GE.Monteiro O.: Silicon nitride coating on titanium to enable titanium-ceramic bonding. J Biomed Mater Res; 46:262-270 1999
62.Wang RR.Fung K.: Oxidation behavior of surface-modified titanium for titanium-ceramic restoration. J Prosthet Dent; 77:423-434 1997
63.Jenkins AE.: The oxidation of titanium at high temperatures in an atmphoere of pure oxygen. J Inst Metall;82:213-21 1954
64. Adachi M., Mackert JR., Parry EE. Et al. Oxide Adherence and porcelain bonding to titanium and Ti-6Al-4V alloy. J Dent Res,69(6): 1230-5, 1990
65.Kimura H.Horng CJ.Okazaki M.Takahashi J.: Oxidation effects on porcelain-titanium interface reactions and bond strength. Dent Mater J,Jun;9:91-9 1990
66. Bertrand G., Jarraya K., Chaix JM. Morphaology of oxide scale formed on titanium. Oxidation of Metals, 21:1-19, 1983
67.Mackert JR. Parry EE.Hashinger DT,Fairhurst CW.: Measurement of oxide adherence to PFM alloys. J Dent Res;63:1335-40 1984
68. S.Sakka, Sol-Gel Science and Technology., M.A. Aegerter, M.Jafelicci, Jr.D.Zanotto, World Scientfic, Sigapore: 346,1984
69. G.Yi, Z.Wu, and M. Sayer: J. Appl. Phys.:64(5); 2717 1991
70.West JM. Basic corrosion and Oxidation. 2nd ed.pp.27. London:John Wiley &Sons Ltd. 1986
71.Hautaniemi JA.Hero H.Juhanoja JT.: On the bonding of porcelain on titanium. J Mat Sci Mat Med; 3:180-91 1992
72.Wie H, Hero H, Solheim T. Hot isostatic pressing-processed hydrxyapatite-coated titanium implants: light microscopic and scanning electron microscopy investigations. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 1998; 13(6): 837-44
73. Ogiso M, Yamashita Y, Matsumoto T. Differences in microstructural characteristics of dense HA and HA-coating. J.Biomed Mater Res 1998;41(2):296-303
74. W. Tong, J. Chen and X. Zhang, Biomaterials, 16;829 1995
75. P. Duchsynf, S.Radin, M: Meughebafrt and J.C. Meughebafrt, Ibid. 11;224 1990
76. S.W. Russ, K.A.Luptak, C.T.A. Suchicital, T.L. Alford and V.B.Pizziconi, J.Am. Ceram. Soc. 79;837 1996

QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關期刊
 
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔