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研究生:李全福
研究生(外文):chuan-fu li
論文名稱:師父的個人特質、組織情境因素對師徒功能影響之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study on the Effects of Mentor’s Personal Characteristics and Situational Characteristics on Mentoring Relationships
指導教授:吳美連吳美連引用關係
指導教授(外文):me-lien wu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中原大學
系所名稱:企業管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2001
畢業學年度:89
語文別:中文
論文頁數:90
中文關鍵詞:師徒功能組織情境因素個人特質師徒關係
外文關鍵詞:mentoring relationshippersonal characteristicsmentoring functionsituational characteristics.
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:77
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本文摘要
師徒關係的建立致使徒弟從師父身上得到社會心理支持、職涯發展支持以及角色楷模等功能。而組織可以將師徒關係的建立作為一種工具,藉此傳承組織內部的知識與技術。
本研究驗證了師父的個人特質(人口統計變數、工作相關變數以及個人心理因素)、組織情境因素(工作上接觸或友誼發展的機會與組織獎酬系統)與師徒功能(社會心理、職涯發展和角色楷模)之間的關係。研究對象為四十五對不限產業類型的師徒組合。經由統計分析之後得到了以下結論:
一、師父的上進心特質愈高,徒弟獲得的社會心理功能、職涯發展功能愈高。
二、師父愈具有內控傾向,徒弟獲得的社會心理功能、職涯發展功能以及角色楷模愈高。
三、組織獎酬系統愈獎勵資深員工協助資淺員工發展,徒弟獲得職涯發展功能愈高。
依此,組織為了建構有效的師徒關係,應該慎選具有上進心、內控傾向之員工擔任師父角色,同時建立獎勵扶助資淺員工之組織系統,以確保資人力資源之有效利用,優質師徒關係得以建立。
Abstract
This study examined the effects of mentor’s personal characteristics (demographic variables, working variables and individual psychological variables)and situational characteristics(opportunities for interaction on the job/opportunities for developing friendship and employee development-linked reward system)on mentoring functions(career function, psychology function and role modeling). Business organizations nowadays may adopt mentoring system to convey knowledge and technology inside their companies. Furthermore, through mentoring relationship, organization may create and sustain its competitive advantage.
Data of 45 mentor/protégé dyads was collected from different industries. Results of analyses indicated that:
1.Mentor’s characteristic of upward striving was positively related to protégé cognition of career function, psychology function and role modeling of mentoring relationship.
2.Mentor’s internal locus of control was positively related to protégé cognition of career function, psychology function and role modeling of mentoring relationship.
3.The organizational reward system of the assistance in employee development was positively related to protégé cognition of career function, psychology function and role modeling of mentoring relationship.
For effective development of mentoring relationship, organizations should carefully select those who have characteristics of upward striving and internal locus of control to be the mentor of younger employees. At the same time, organizations need to establish the reward system of assisting in employee development to motivate senior employees to become mentors of others.
第一章緒 論 …………………………………………………………8
第一節研究背景…….………………………………………………8
第二節研究動機與研究目的………………………………………10

第二章文獻探討………………………………………………………13
第一節師徒關係的理論……………………………………………13
第二節師父的個人特質………………………………………….25
第三節組織的情境因素………………………………………….27
第四節師父的個人特質、組織情境因素與師徒功能之間的關係28
第五節研究架構及研究假設 …………………………………..35

第三章研究方法……………………………………………………..39
第一節研究對象…………………………………………………..39
第二節研究工具 ………………………………………………..39
第三節統計分析方法……………………………………………..42
第四節樣本特徵 ………………………………………………..43

第四章研究結果與討論 …………………………………………..46
第一節研究變項之描述性統計分析 …………………………….46
第二節研究假設之驗證結果及說明 …………………………….49
第三節相關變數之迴歸分析 …………………………………….61
第四節假設檢定之彙總 ………………………………………….64
第五章結論與建議 ………………………………………………….67
第一節結果討論 ………………………………………………….67
第二節研究建議 ………………………………………………….67
第三節研究限制 ………………………………………………….69

參考文獻 ………………………………………………………...70

附錄一:師父的問卷 ………………………………………………83
附錄二:徒弟的問卷 ………………………………………………88
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Drucker 等著,民89,知識管理,哈佛商業評論,台北市:天下遠見出版。6.吳冠儒,民88,員工工作價值、專業承諾、情感承諾與組織公民行為關係之研究─以高科技企業員工為例,私立中原大學企業管理學系研究所碩士論文。7.張紹勳、林秀娟,民83,SPSS For Windows 統計分析-初等統計與高等統計(上)(下),台北市:松崗。8.方世榮,民87,統計學導論,台北市:華泰文化。9.張紹勳,民89,研究方法,台中市:滄海書局。10. 張紹勳、張紹評、林秀娟,民89,SPSS For Windows 多變量統計分析(上)(下),台北市:松崗。
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