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研究生:歐俠宏
研究生(外文):Hsia-Hung Ou
論文名稱:行動代理程式安全之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study on Mobile Agent Security
指導教授:黃明祥黃明祥引用關係
指導教授(外文):Min-Shiang Hwang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:朝陽科技大學
系所名稱:資訊管理系碩士班
學門:電算機學門
學類:電算機一般學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2001
畢業學年度:89
語文別:中文
論文頁數:103
中文關鍵詞:行動代理程式網際網路安全機制
外文關鍵詞:Mobile AgentInternetSecurity
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近年來,網際網路(Internet)的熱潮方興未艾,網際網路上的相關技術與應用也一直是學者專家所關心與研究探討的議題,行動代理程式(Mobile Agent)更是其中一項非常具有潛力的技術。行動代理程式具有自主性(Autonomy),能執行與完成使用者所設計與賦予的工作與任務,它所具備的移動性(Mobility)更使得他能在弗遠國界的網際網路上恣意的移動,代替使用者完成他所交付的任務。但是網際網路是一個開放式的環境,它的安全環境並不理想,所有的人雖可以透過它便利的分享和使用網路上的資源,但相對的任何懷有惡意的程式或駭客也都可以使用這樣的環境來達到他們竊取與破壞的目的。行動代理程式在網路上運作時,它所代表的身份是授與它權力的使用者,它所攜帶的敏感資料必須受到嚴格的保護,提供服務的網路伺服器主機,也必須確保自身系統和資料的安全和機密性。另外,不同的行動代理程式之間的接觸也可能成為洩密與破壞的主因,所以行動代理程式的安全與否是這項技術能否實際應用的主要關鍵。
本研究的主要目的便是針對行動代理程式在網路上運作時所面臨的安全考驗作一個詳細的探討,我們會分析和解說行動代理程式在面臨這樣的環境時,所需要的安全考量,和必須的安全機制,最後我們提出一套完整且適用於行動代理程式的安全策略。
The subject of the mobile agent is a new popular emerging research topic. Nowadays, mobile agent is widely developed and implemented on the Internet. Application areas of mobile agent include electronic commerce, electronic marketing, and enterprise information systems, etc.
Mobile agent is a program that acts on behalf of a user or another program and is able to migrate from host to host on a network under its own control. It can migrate to target host from a source host in order to perform jobs. The agent works at the target hosts, and it visits one host after another. Therefore, the security issue in management of mobile agents becomes essential. When a mobile agent is on duty, it may contact with the hosts and other agents. However they may be trusty or malicious. As a consequence, most of the attacks come from here. A mobile agent must be capable of authenticating legal hosts and other agents to avoid malicious attacks. Not only this, since the mobile agent is transmitted over the Internet, the security policies become essential in protecting the data carried by the agent being transferred between distributed hosts.
This research aims on mobile agent security and the other related topics. We will analysis and description what is the requirement of the mobile agent security, and introduce the secure policies and machines. In the end, we will propose some solutions in this domain.
目錄 I
圖表目錄 IV
摘要 V
ABSTRACT VII
致謝 IX
1. 簡介 1
1.1. 研究動機 1
1.2. 研究目的 5
1.3. 研究方法與步驟 6
2. 安全需求 9
2.1. 成員 9
2.2. 攻擊的分類 10
2.3. 安全技術 12
3. 文獻回顧與相關研究 15
3.1. 開發環境 15
3.2. AJANTA 17
3.3. SOMA 21
3.4. SFM 24
3.5. 安全機制的歸類 26
3.5.1. 認證傳遞機制 27
3.5.2. 存取控制機制 31
4. 我們的方法 37
4.1. 以密碼學為基礎之行動代理程式安全機制 37
4.1.1. 安全的行動代理程式傳輸協定 37
4.1.1.1. 楊與蕭的行動代理程式傳輸協定 37
4.1.1.2. 安全的行動代理程式傳輸協定 42
4.1.2. 以階層管理的概念改良存取控制機制 45
4.1.2.1. Volker and Mehrdad的存取控制與金鑰管理機制 46
4.1.2.2. Akl和Taylor的使用者階層存取技術 48
4.1.2.3. 使用階層技術改善存取控制與金鑰管理機制 50
4.2. 應用於類神經網路的行動代理程式安全機制 52
4.2.1. 概述 52
4.2.2. 以類神經網路為基礎之使用者認證系統 53
4.2.2.1. 簡介 53
4.2.2.2. 方法 57
4.2.2.3. 討論 60
4.2.2.4. 改良 64
4.2.2.5. 結論 67
4.2.3. 以類神經為基礎之行動代理程式安全機制 67
4.2.3.1. 概述 67
4.2.3.2. 基礎架構 70
4.2.3.3. 參數的取得 73
4.2.3.4. 類神經機制 74
4.2.3.5. 驗證機制的運作 77
4.2.3.6. 安全分析 78
4.2.3.7. 結論 80
5. 結論與未來方向 82
5.1. 結論 82
5.2. 未來研究方向 83
參考文獻 85
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