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研究生:曹春隆
研究生(外文):Chung Lung Tsao
論文名稱:專科學生升學與選擇校系態度之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study of Junior College Students’ Attitude to Continuing Their Education and Choosing Their Schools and Majors
指導教授:張景旭張景旭引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ching Chin-Hsu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:大葉大學
系所名稱:工業關係研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2001
畢業學年度:89
語文別:中文
論文頁數:234
中文關鍵詞:專科學生技職教育BBS議題討論法升學選擇校系態度
外文關鍵詞:Junior College StudentVocational EducatioChoosing Schools And MajorsAttitudeBBS Theme Discussion MethodContinuing Education
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本研究主要在了解專科學生升學與選擇校系態度的影響因素與類型,研究的對象涵蓋了專科應屆畢業生和二年制技術學院一年級新生。以一年的時間,運用交互驗証和對照的方式,探討研究旨趣所在。採用之工具,在質性研究方面是以BBS議題討論法、深度訪談法進行資料之蒐集。以內容分析法、言談分析法進行資料之彙整與分析。在量化研究方面採用之工具主要有:問卷、描敘性統計與統計推論。彙總研究主要發現分述如下:
一、創新採用的資料蒐集方法「BBS議題討論」,經實際操作後,認為運用在初探性問題的研究是十分可行的方法。
二、專科學生的升學態度明顯偏向升學,且以二技為主。
三、專科學生選擇校系的態度有明顯的趨勢和方向:教學設備充實、畢業後就業情況良好、學費低、師資強和課程安排良好為其主要考慮的因素。
四、專科學生對於就讀科系的態度具有矛盾現象,本研究認為這與技職體系學生自國中畢業即選定科系就讀,同時也受到科系極大的限制有關。
五、專科學生升學態度的類型主要有六種:(一)探索人際型、(二)追求理想型、(三)團體動力型、(四)價值功利型、(五)效標參照型、(六)期望效應型。
六、升學管道暢通情形、學校老師的指導、學校生涯輔導影響、對讀書的興趣等。本研究認為以上為管理專科學生升學態度最重要的依據。
七、區別專科學生是否升學較強的變項是:是否補習?較強的影響因素是父母期望、心目中的學校吸引。
八、影響選擇校系態度有五個主要因素分別為:(1)組織結構因素。(2)情感信念因素。(3)背景人際因素。(4)形象概念因素。(5)個人限制因素。
九、選擇校系態度可分類為「名聲型」、「關係型」和「理智型」和「個人型」四種。
十、性別、次文化和補習班等變項;符合宗教信仰、學校有良好聲望、原來就讀學校的勸說等因素,以及公私立、校址是否偏僻?本研究認為以上是管理專科學生選擇校系態度最重要的依據。
十一、宗教信仰和補習班與影響專科學生選擇校系態度顯著相關,是創新的研究發現。
十二、專科學生升學資訊最主要的來源有三:人際傳播、傳單簡章類和招生活動。父母、朋友、同學和兄弟姐妹是影響專科學生畢業後出路的重要他人,可作為技職院校選取的行銷和傳播策略的參考。
The purposes of this thesis are to understand the effective factors and types of working on junior college students’ attitude towards continuing their education and choosing their schools and majors. The objects of research target include junior college graduating students and technology institute first grade students. The study has used “Interactive Prove Effective” and “Comparison” to explore the purport of research for one year. The research methods of quality include: ”BBS Theme Discussion” and “Deep Interview” to collect data, “Speech Analysis” and “Content Analysis” to analyze data. The research methods of quantification are: “Questionnaire”, “Description Statistic”, and “Inference Statistic”. The main explorations of this study are:
1. Originally, using the research method “BBS theme of discussion”, and found it’s a good method for collecting data.
2. The junior college students’ attitudes are “continuing their education”; most of them want to enter a two-year technology institute.
3. The attitude of a college student has clearly directions and tendency: How about the instructive facilities? Is it easy to get a job or not when graduated? Is the tuition cheaper than the other schools? Do the school have wonderful teachers? Is the course schedules arranged well?
4. The junior college students have contradiction on their majors and departments. They believe that these majors and departments are good for their future but they still want to change those.
5. The junior college students’ attitudes towards continuing their education contain six types:(1) exploring relationship;(2) looking for perfection;(3) group dynamic;(4) value utilitarianism;(5) criterion reference;(6) expectation effect.
6. Continuing education channels, Schoolteachers’ guides, School career planning, and interest in reading, are the important factors to manage junior college students’ attitudes towards continuing their education.
7. Discriminating junior college student whether continuing their education or not? The stronger factors are expectation of parents and school attractiveness.
8. The main factors affecting the attitude of choosing their schools and majors are: (1) organization structure, (2) affection and belief, (3) background relationship, (4) image of concept, (5) personal limitation.
9. The junior college students’ attitudes towards choosing their schools and majors are: Reputation type, Relationship type, Reason type and Individual type.
10. Variables, such as sex, subculture and crammer attending, Factors, such as fitting with religion or not? A school has good reputation or not? Advice form mother’s school, Public school or private school? Where is the school? These variables and factors are the most important bases to manage the junior college students’ attitudes towards choosing their schools and majors?
11. Religion and Crammer attending, significant correlated with the junior college students’ attitudes towards choosing their schools and majors. These are newly discoveries.
12. Junior college students’ main information sources about continuing their education are: disseminate of relationship, handbill and brief, activity of enrolling new students. Parents, friends, schoolmates, brothers and sisters are the important persons who affect the junior college students’ career direction when they are graduated students. These can be references to vocational education system for pick up their strategies to marketing and disseminating.
目錄
封面內頁
授權書 iii
中文摘要 v
英文摘要 vii
誌謝 x
目錄 xi
圖目錄 xiv
表目錄 xv
第一章 緒論
第一節 問題背景與研究動機 001
第二節 研究目的 008
第三節 重要名詞註釋 010
第二章 文獻探討
第一節 態度相關理論 013
第二節 與升學相關的研究 038
第三節 與選擇校系相關之研究 045
第四節 其它相關研究 053
第三章 研究方法
第一節 研究實施步驟 064
第二節 研究對象的選取與研究方法的選擇 065
第四章 質性研究與架構建立
第一節 BBS議題討論 076
第二節 深度訪談 078
第三節 研究變項探討與建立研究架構 079
第五章 量化研究----基本概況分析
第一節 選題程序 100
第二節 抽樣說明與問卷施測和回收 104
第三節 信度分析和樣本敘述 107
第四節 基本概況分析 112
第六章 升學與選擇校系態度相關因素探討
第一節 升學態度相關因素探討 117
第二節 選擇校系相關因素探討 136
第三節 升學取向分析 156
第四節 學生選擇校系態度集群分析 161
第五節 傳播因素探討析 168
第七章 結論與建議
第一節 結論 171
第二節 建議 175
參考文獻
中文部份 181
英文部份 187
附錄
附錄一、訪談題綱設計 201
附錄二、BBS公告(1 ) 202
附錄三、BBS公告(2 ) 202
附錄四、BBS語幹編碼與說明 203
附錄五之一、預試版問卷 219
附錄五之二、二技生正式問卷 225
附錄五之三、專科生正式問卷 230
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1. 55.溫淑英(民88),崑山技術學院管理學群學生之價值觀與選修系科關係之研究,崑山技術學院學報,第2期,頁67-74。
2. 51.陳瑞和、吳淑鶯(民82),二年制工專學生升學與就業意願調查研究,勤益學報,第11 期,頁189-203。
3. 46.黃雅容(民84),論科系類型對美國大學生職業價值觀之影響,美歐月刊,第10卷,第11期,頁113-127。
4. 44.黃恆獎、蕭廣中(民84),綠色行銷與消費者行為之結構性分析,管理評論,第14卷,第2期,頁21-40。
5. 30.林騰蛟(民85),技術學院教育的現況及展望,教育資料文摘,第221期,頁81-94。
6. 54.陳潭(民84),大學生所期望的工作與適職能力之探討----以中部地區某大學為例,東海學報,36(3),頁19-54。
7. 25.林文瑛、楊國樞(民82),大學聯考對大學教育的影響,教育研究資訊,1卷6期,頁91-110。
8. 20.吳正桓(民81),情感認知一致性及預期討論對態度結構的影響,中華心理學刊,34卷,頁29-40。
9. 19.吳正桓(民81),態度形成方式對其結構的影響:情感、認知及其測量,中華心理學刊,34卷,頁41-55。
10. 14..巫銘昌、徐永迪(民88),〞技術學院學生就滿意狀況之調查研究〞,技術學刊,第14卷,第1期,頁1-11。
11. 56.張志雄(民83),投考軍校青年傳播行為、價值觀、動機之調查研究,復興崗學報,51期,頁 315-353。
12. 61.張紹勳(民87),技職院校資管科學生生涯發展、自我統整、工作價值觀、升學就業意願及其相關因素之研究,人力資源學報,第10期,頁1-16。
13. 66.楊慕慈(民87),高職學生轉學轉科進路之規劃研究,康寧學報,第一卷,第一期,頁19-33。
14. 68.劉清田(民84),我國技術學院教育之演進與展望,教育資料集刊,19期,頁1-13。
15. 69.蔣晶瑩(民76),五年制護理專科應屆畢業生就業意向之探討,弘光護專學報,第15期,頁123-143。
 
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