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研究生:劉子瑜
研究生(外文):Joyce Tzu-Yu Liu
論文名稱:喬治歐威爾在「一九八四」中對人性的兩階段貶抑
論文名稱(外文):Two-Staged Reduction in George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four
指導教授:鮑端磊鮑端磊引用關係
指導教授(外文):Daniel Bauer
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:輔仁大學
系所名稱:英國語文學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2001
畢業學年度:89
語文別:英文
論文頁數:88
中文關鍵詞:人性貶抑喬治歐威爾一九八四諷刺文學權力
外文關鍵詞:ReductionGeorge OrwellNineteen Eighty-FourSatirePower
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喬治歐威爾在「一九八四」中對人性的貶抑可分為兩個階段。第一個階段,統治者以壓抑人性的方式,達到其追求完美權力的目的。本論文第一章主要探討政府如何以外部生活操控百姓的行動和思想:如粗劣的物質生活、淨化頭腦的「新語」、選擇性的國家歷史和個人記憶、以及貧乏的知識等。第二章則深論在位者如何從內部生活剝奪人民保有人性的能力:如敵對的親子關係、以生殖為前提的婚姻與性生活、以及無所不在的監控系統等。第三章中我們可以看出,在如此冷酷無情與機械化的控制下,不但飽受折磨的「黨員」變成沒有思想的空殼,就連野心勃勃的「黨」也逃不過被貶為沒有靈魂的機器人的命運,而這正是第二階段人性貶抑的結果。此外,文中擁有高科技與高效率的超級強國-「大洋國」,其無敵強權其實只是幻象;所謂的「理想國」實際上是個毫無人性的機械城,更是可怕的人間煉獄。

The aim of my thesis is to argue that reduction in Nineteen Eighty-Four has two stages. In the first stage, reduction is a terrible means for the Party to pursue absolute power. Chapter One discusses how the government reduces the public life of Outer Party members, in terms of poor material life, restricted language, chosen history, and limited knowledge. Chapter Two centers on the dehumanization of private life of citizens, especially on hostile family relationships, barren marriage life, the loss of joy in sex, and twenty-four-hour surveillance. However, with merciless and mechanical control, both the ruled and the rulers are reduced to soulless and heartless automatons, which is how the second-staged reduction shows itself, and which is my focus in Chapter Three. And Oceania, a seeming Utopia with the mask of high technology and efficiency, is but an act of imagination, a ruthless world of mechanism, and an earthy hell.

Introduction
Chapter One-Reduction in Public Life
Chapter Two-Reduction in Private Life
Chapter Three-Oceania as a Mechanical World
Conclusion
Works Cited

Works Cited
Beauchamp, Gorman. ?: Oceania as an Ideal State." College Literature 11 (1984):
1-12.
Bergman, Jay. "Reading Fiction to Understand the Soviet Union: Soviet Dissidents on
Orwell's 1984." History of European Ideas 23 (1997): 173-92.
Bhat, Yashoda. "George Orwell: Politics and the Novel." Aldous Huxley and George
Orwell: A Comparative Study of Satire in Their Novels. New Delhi: Sterling, 1991.
64-93.
Cooper, Thomas. "Fictional 1984 and Factual 1984." The Orwellian Moment. Ed. Robert
L. Savage et al. London: U of Arkansas P, 1989. 83-105.
Crick, Bernard. "Reading Nineteen Eighty-Four as Satire." Reflections on America, 1984:
An Orwell Symposium. Ed. Robert Mulvihill. Athens: U of Georgia P, 1986.
15-45.
Feder, Lillian. "Selfhood, Language, and Reality: George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four."
The George Review 37 (1983): 392-409.
Greenblatt, Stephen J. "Orwell as Satirist." George Orwell. Ed. Raymond Williams.
Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1974. 103-18.
Hodgart, Matthew. Satire. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1969.
Home, Irving. ?: History as Nightmare." Twentieth Century Interpretations of 1984.
Ed. Samuel Hynes. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1971. 46-53.
Hynes, Samuel. Introduction. Twentieth Century Interpretations of 1984. Ed. Samuel
Hynes. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1971. 1-20.
Macklin, Ruth. "Modifying Behavior, Thought, and Feeling: Can Big Brother Control from
within?" Reflections on 1984. 159-179.
Orwell, George. Nineteen Eighty-Four. New York: Penguin, 1984.
Patai, Daphne. "Gamesmanship and Androcentrism in Nineteen Eighty-Four." The Orwell
Mystique. Amherst: U of Massachusetts P, 1984. 219-63.
Paulson, Ronald. The Fictions of Satire. Baltimore: The John Hopkins P, 1967.
Spender, Stephen. "Introduction to 1984." Twentieth Century Interpretations of 1984. Ed.
Samuel Hynes. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1971. 62-71.
Trilling, Lionel. "Orwell on the Future." Twentieth Century Interpretations of 1984. Ed.
Samuel Hynes. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1971. 24-27.
Wolin, Sheldon. "Counter-Enlightenment: Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four." Reflections on
America, 1984: An Orwell Symposium. Ed. Robert Mulvihill. Athens: U of Georgia
P, 1986. 98-113.
Zuckert, Michael P. "Orwell's Hopes, Orwell's Fears: 1984 as a Theory of Totalitarianism."
The Orwellian Moment. Ed. Robert L. Savage et al. London: U of Arkansas P, 1989.
45-65.

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