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研究生:林忠義
研究生(外文):Chung-I Lin
論文名稱:單輸入模糊電力系統穩定器的設計
論文名稱(外文):State Space Approach and Design of the Single-Input Fuzzy Power System Stabilizer
指導教授:李永勳
指導教授(外文):Yuang-Shung Lee
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:輔仁大學
系所名稱:電子工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2001
畢業學年度:89
語文別:中文
論文頁數:67
中文關鍵詞:電力系統穩定器單輸入模糊邏輯控制器低頻振盪機電模式模糊控制
外文關鍵詞:power system stabilizerPSSSingle-Input fuzzy Logic ControllerSFLCLow-Frequency OscillationElectromechanical ModeFuzzy Control
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本論文的目的為提出一種新的單輸入模糊邏輯控制器(Single-Input Fuzzy Logic Control, SFLC)技術,用在設計電力系統穩定器,以加強電力系統的阻尼提高穩定度。SFLC的特殊功能與傳統糢糊邏輯控制器(Fuzzy Logic Control, FLC)比較,可以大幅度地減少模糊決策規則表的數目,而且控制決策表以一維空間代替傳統的FLC相平面的二維空間。SFLC在無限小邊界層內等效於可變結構控制器的滑動模式控制。本文提出帶狀特徵值指定的LQR法則用於SFLC調整參數的設計,此法不包括權重矩陣的選擇。輸出迴授SFLC的設計是依據最小激勵誤差(MEE)法則。
受限於狀態訊號的量測問題,本文採用直接取自最佳控制中可量測訊號的分散式控制原理來設計分散式電力系統穩定器,運用特徵值分析和非線性動態模擬,分別來驗證單機與多機電力系統在大訊號干擾與工作點變化的情形下,本文所提出的單輸入糢糊邏輯電力系統穩定器大為改善電力系統的機電模態振盪現象和加強電力系統的強健性。

The purpose of this thesis is to provide a new technique to design the power system stabilizer based on single-input fuzzy logic controller (SFLC) is proposed to enhance the damping of a power system. A special performance of the SFLC is that it can greatly reduce the number of fuzzy decision rule table compared to conventional fuzzy logic controller (FLC), while the control decision rule table is recontructed on an one-dimensional space instead of the two-dimensional space of the phase plane for FLC. The SFLC is equivalent to the sliding mode control of variable structure controllers with a boundary layer. The proposed systematic approach is developed for designing the decreased tuning parameters of the SFLC by strip eigenvalue placement based on linear quadratic regulator (LQR) method that dose not involve choosing the weighting matrices. The output feedback SFLC is designed by the minimum excitation error (MEE) criteria.
Limiting for measured singles, We design decentralized controller to improve the question. Eigenvalue analysis and nonlinear dynamic simulation are used to show that the proposed single input fuzzy power system stabilizer improve significantly in electromechanical mode oscillation of the power system in a large disturbance and a wide range of operating conditions.

第一章 緒論
1.1 前言……………………………………………………… 1
1.2 低頻振盪簡介…………………………………………… 2
1.3 研究內容………………………………………………… 2
第二章 電力系統數學模型
2.1 單機電力系統模型……………………………………… 5
2.1.1 非線性系統模型…………………………………… 5
2.1.2 線性化系統模型…………………………………… 6
2.2 多機電力系統模型……………………………………… 7
2.2.1 非線性系統模型…………………………………… 7
2.2.2 線性化系統模型…………………………………… 9
2.3 電力系統穩定器模型…………………………………… 11
2.4 本章結論………………………………………………… 13
第三章 電力系統穩定器的設計
3.1 帶狀特徵值指定法……………………………………… 14
3.2 次最佳控制器設計……………………………………… 17
3.3 分散式控制器設計……………………………………… 18
3.4 模糊控制器設計………………………………………… 19
3.5 單輸入模糊控制器設計………………………………… 20
第四章 單機電力系統穩定器的設計實例
4.1 前言 …………………………………………………… 25
4.2 狀態回授單輸入模糊PSS設計………………………… 25
4.2.1 狀態回授單輸入PSS的公式推導………………… 25
4.2.2 狀態回授單輸入PSS的設計步驟整理…………… 29
4.3 輸出回授單輸入模糊PSS設計………………………… 29
4.3.1 最小誤差激勵法的輸出回授增益值……………… 30
4.3.2 輸出回授單輸入模糊PSS的公式推導…………… 31
4.3.3 輸出回授單輸入模糊PSS的設計步驟整理……… 32
4.4 分析……………………………………………………… 33
4.5 動態模擬………………………………………………… 35
4.5.1 狀態回授與輸出回授單輸入模糊PSS的動態模擬比較…………………………………………………… 35
4.5.2 各式PSS的電力系統輸出回授動態模擬比較 ……37
4.6 本章結論………………………………………………… 40
第五章 多機電力系統穩定器的設計實例
5.1 前言……………………………………………………… 41
5.2 輸出回授單輸入模糊PSS設計………………………… 41
5.2.1 輸出回授三機單輸入模糊PSS電力系統模型…… 41
5.2.2 公式推導…………………………………………… 41
5.2.2.1 三機電力系統單輸入模糊PSS註號距離參數推導………………………………………………… 41
5.2.2.2 最佳系統化三機電力系統單輸入模糊PSS註號距離參數……………………………………… 43
5.2.2.3 三機電力系統單輸入模糊PSS設計步驟整理
………………………………………………… 45
5.3 分散式輸出回授單輸入模糊PSS設計………………… 47
5.4 分析……………………………………………………… 49
5.5 動態模擬………………………………………………… 51
5.6 本章結論………………………………………………… 62
第六章 結論與建議
6.1 討論……………………………………………………… 63
6.2 主要研究成果…………………………………………… 63
6.3 未來研究方向…………………………………………… 63
參考書目
作者簡歷

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