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研究生:魏淑芬
論文名稱:金恩(MartinLutherKing,1929-1968)民權運動對美國黑人地位之影響
指導教授:林立樹林立樹引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:輔仁大學
系所名稱:歷史研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:歷史學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2001
畢業學年度:89
語文別:中文
論文頁數:136
中文關鍵詞:金恩民權運動美國黑人
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:3
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  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
本文是一篇探討馬丁‧路德‧金恩(Martin Luther King, Jr., 1929-1968,以下簡稱金恩)「民權運動」(Civil Rights Movement)對美國黑人地位影響之研究。筆者試圖透過金恩在二十世紀中期為爭取黑人民權所作努力,藉以獲悉其對於美國黑人地位之影響。
導論
第一章美國黑人地位之轉變
第一節政治地位之轉變
第二節社會地位之轉變
第三節心理層面之轉變
第二章金恩其人
第一節成長背景
第二節教會生涯之薰陶
第三節投入民權運動之契機
第三章金恩改革理念及其改革之路
第一節 秉持甘地和平精神
第二節 組織和運動
第三節 與激進派之決裂
第四章金恩對黑人民權運動之貢獻
第一節 政治方面
第二節 社會方面
第三節 心理方面
結論
附 錄
參考書目
I.Works by Martin Luther King
I Have a Dream: Writings and Speeches that Changed the World. San Francisco, CA.: Harper San Francisco, 1993.
Strength to Love. London: Collins, 1969.
Where Do We Go From Here: Chaos or community? . New York: Harper & Row, 1967.
Why We Can’t Wait. New York: Harper & Row, 1964.
The Trumpet of Conscience. New York: Harper & Row, 1968.
Stride Toward Freedom. New York: Harper & Row, 1958.
II.Books
Aptheker, Herbert. Pamphlets and Leaflets by W.E.B. Du Bois. New York: Kraus-Thomson, 1986.
Ayres, Alex, ed. The Wisdom of Martin Luther King, Jr.: an A to Z Guide to the Ideas and Ideals of the Great Civil Rights Leader. New York: Penguin Books Inc., 1993.
Banks, William M. Black Intellectual: Race and Responsibility in American Life. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1998.
Barbour, Floyd B. The Black Power revolt: a Collection of essays. Boston: Porter Sargent, 1968.
Branch, Taylor. Parting the Waters: America in the King Years, 1954~63. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1988.
Brawley, Benjamin. A Short History of the American Negro. New York: Macmillan, 1919.
Broom, Leonard. Transformation of the Negro American. New York: Harper & Row, 1965.
Burner, David. Making Peace with the 60s. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1996.
Carson, Clayborne and Garrow, David J. and Harding, Vincent and Hine, Darlene Clark. The Eyes on the Prize: Civil Rights Reader: Documents, Speeches, and Firsthand Account from the Black Freedom Struggle, 1954~1990. New York: Penguin, 1991.
Carson, Clayborne and King, Martin Luther, Jr. The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr. New York: Warner Books, 1998.
Carson, Clayborne and Peter Holloran, eds. A Knock at Midnight: Inspiration from the Great Sermons of Revered Martin Luther King, Jr. New York: A Time Warner Company, 1998.
Carson, Clayborne. Contemporary American Protest Thought: 1900-1970. New York: Robbs-merrill Company, Inc., 1973.
________. In Struggle: SNCC and the Black Awakening of the 1960’s. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1981.
________. The Autobiography of Martin Luther King Jr. New York: warner Books, Inc., 1998.
________. The papers of Martin Luther King, Jr. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992.
Clemens, John K. and Albrecht, Steve. The Timeless Leader. Adams publish, 1995.
Conway, M. Margaret. Political Participation in the United states. New York: Congressional Quarterly Press, a division of Congressional Quarterly Inc., 1985.
Davidson, Chanler and Grofman, Bernard. Quiet Revolution in the South: the Impact of the Voting Rights Act, 1965-1990, ed. New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1994.
Duncan, H. G. The Changing Race Relationship in Border and Northern States. Philadelphia, 1992.
Farmer, James. Lay Bare the Heart, An Autobiography of the Civil Rights Movement. New York: Arbor House, 1985.
Flanigan, William H. and Tingale, Nancy H. Political Behavior of the American Electorate. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, Inc., 1983.
Foster, William Z. The Negro People in American History. New York: International Publishers, 1954.
Franklin, John Hope. From Slavery to Freedom: A History of Negro Americans. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1967.
Frazier, Edward Franklin. Black Bourgeoisie: The Rise of a New Middle Class in the United States. New York: Collier Books, 1957.
Frey, Sylvia R. Water From the Rock: Black Resistance in a Revolutionary Age. Princeton, 1991.
Gandhi, Mahatma. Non-violence in Peace and War, 2d ed. Ahmedabad: Navajivan, 1994.
Garrow, David J. Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. New York: William Marrow, 1986.
Ginzberg, Eli and Eichner, Alfred S. The Troublesome Presence: American Democracy and the Negro. London: Collier-Macmillan, 1964.
Ginzberg, Eli. The Negro Challenge to the Business Community. New York: Mc- Graw-Hill, 1964.
Goodwin, Bennie. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.: God’s Messenger of Love, Justice and Hope. New Jersey: Goodpatrick Publishers, 1976.
Hacker, Andrew. Two Nations: Black and White, Separate, Hostile, Unequal. New York: Scribners, 1992.
Hamilton, Charles V. Black Power: The Politics of Liberation in America. New York: Vintage, 1967.
Harlan, Louis R. Booker T. Washington: Up From Slavery. New York: Penguin, 1986.
Holland, J. Black Opportunity. N. Y.: Weybright and Talley, 1969.
Horton, James Oliver. Free People of Color: Inside African American community. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1993.
Jaynes, Gerald David and Williams, Robin Murphy & National Research Council & Committee on the Status of Black Americans. A Common Destiny: Blacks and American Society. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1989.
Jencks, Christopher. Rethinking Social Policy: Race, Poverty, and the Underclass. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1992.
King, Coretta Scott. My Life with Martin Luther King, Jr. New York: Avon Books, 1969.
King, Mary. Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King: the Power of Nonviolent Action. Paris: UNESCO Publishing, 1999.
Kleppner, Paul. The Evolution of American Electoral System. Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1981.
Kluger, Richard. Simple Justice: The History of Brown v. Board of Education. New York: Knopf, 1976.
Levine, Ellen. If You Lived at the Time of Martin Luther King. New York: Scholastic, 1990.
Levitan, Sar A. Still a Dream, The Changing Status of Blacks Since 1960. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1975.
Lewis, Anthony. Portrait of a Decade: The Second American Revolution. New York: New York Times, 1965.
Manchester, William. The Glory and the Dream: A Narrative History of America 1932-1972. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1974.
Matusow, Allen and Bernstein, Barton J. Twentieth Century America Recent Interpretations. Harcourt, Brace and World, 1969.
Mcleod, Duncan. Slavery, Race and the American Revolution. Cambridge, 1974.
Milbrath, Lester W. and Goel, M. L. Political Participation. Chicago: Rand McNally College Publishing Co., 1974.
Muste, A. J. Essay Series of Martin Luther King, Jr.: in Memory of His Active Commitment to the Nonviolent Movements for Peace and Social Justice. New York: A. J. Muste Memorial Institute, 1981.
Pettigrew, Thomas F. a Profile of the American Negro. Princeton, N. Y.: Van Nostrand, 1964.
Phillips, Ulrich Bonnell. Life and Labor in the Old South. Boston: Little, Brown, 1939.
Pinkney, Alphonso. The Myth of Black Progress. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1984.
Pipkin, J. J. The Negro in Revelation, in History, and in Citizenship. St. Louis, N. D. Thompson Publishing Co., 1902.
Plano, Jackson C. and Greenberg, Milton. The American Political Dictionary. New York: CBS College Publishing, 1985.
Poll, David Garth. The New York Times, October 13, Secton II, 1983.
Quarles, Benjamin. The Negro in the American Revolution. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 1961.
Ralph, James R., Jr. Northern Protest: Martin Luther King, Jr., Chicago, and the Civil Rights Movement. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1993.
Rauschenbusch, Walter. Christianity and the Social Crisis. New York: Harper and Row, 1964.
Ravage, John W. Black Pioneers: Images of the Black Experience on the North American Frontier. Salt Lake City: The University of Utah Press, 1997.
Reddick, L. D. Crusader Without Violence, A Biography of Martin Luther King, Jr., 1959. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1959.
Rockefeller, John D. The Second American Revolution. Harper & Row Press, 1973.
Rodger, Harrell R. Jr. and Harrington, Machael. Unfinished Democracy: The American Political System. Dallas: Scott, Foresman and Company, 1981.
Rossi, William, ed. Walden and Resistance to Civil Government 2d ed. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc., 1966.
Schloredt, Valerie and Brown, Pam. Martin Luther King: America’s Great Non-Violent Leader, who was Murdered in the Struggle for Black Rights. Watford: Exley, 1988.
Schulke, Flip. King Remembered: the Story of Martin Luther King, Jr. in Words & Photographs. New York: Pocket, 1986.
Shanon, David A. Twentieth Century America: the United States since the 1890’s. Chicago: Rand McNally, 1969.
Shuker, Nancy. Martin Luther King, Jr. New York: Chelsea House, 1985.
Simmons, R. C. The American Colonies: From settlement to independence. Longman Group Limited, Longman House, 1976.
Sitkoff, Harvard. A New Deal for Blacks: The Emergence of Civil Rights as a National Issue: Depression Decade. New York: Oxford University Press, 1978.
________. The Struggle for Black Equality 1954-1992. New York: Hill and Wang, 1994.
Slack, Kenneth. Martin Luther King. London: SCM Press Ltd., 1970.
Stephenson, C. T. Race Distinctions in American Law. New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1910.
Walton, Hanes. The Political Philosophy of Martin Luther King, Jr., 2d ed. Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Company, 1972.
Watley,William D. Roots of Resistance: the Nonviolent Ethic of Martin Luther King, Jr., 3d ed. Pennsylvania: Judson Press, 1985.
Weber, David R., ed. Civil Disobedience in America: a Documentary History. New York: Cornell University Press, 1978.
Weber, Michael. Causes and Consequences of the African American Civil Rights Movement. Texas: Steck-vaughn Company, 1998.
Williams, George W. History of the Negro Race in America: from 1619 to 1880. New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1883.
Wilson, Ellen Gibson. The Loyal Blacks. New York: Capricorn, 1976.
Witt, Elder. The Supreme Court and Individual Rights. New York: Congressional Quarterly Inc., 1988.
Zangrando, Robert L. and Blaustein, Albert P. Civil Rights and the Black American: A Documentary History. New York: Washington Square Press: distributed by Simon & Schuster, 1968.
III. Articles
Akinyemi, A. Bolaji. “Martin Luther King’s Legacy Globalized: Nigeria, Apartheid and U. S. Policy,” Trans Africa Forum, 3-3(1986), pp. 3-8.
Assensoh, A. B. and Alex-Assensoh, Y. “The Leadership of the American Civil Rights Movement and African Liberation Movements: Their Connections and Similarities,” Proteus, 15-1(1998), pp. 23-28.
Breslow, Marc. “The Racial Divide Widens,” Dollars & Sense 197(1995), pp. 9-10.
Clinton, Bill “Statement on the Voting Rights Act,” Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 29(June 1993), pp. 1109-1111.
Cook, Robert. “Awake, the Beloved Country: a Comparative perspective on the visionary Leadership of Martin Luther King and Albert Lutuli,” South African Historical Journal [South Africa], 36(1997), pp. 113-135.
Cornwell, Joanne. “The United States and South Africa: History, Civil Rights and the Legal and Cultural Vulnerability of Blacks,” Phylon, 47-4(1986), pp. 285-293.
Cunningham, Kitty. “Are Black Public Colleges Turning White?” Black Enterprise 24, no. 1(1993), pp. 29-31.
Dentler, Robert A. “The Political Sociology of the African American Situation: Gunnar Mydal’s Era and Today,” Daedalus 124, no. 1(1995), pp. 22-33.
Foxworth, Marilyn Kern. “Martin Luther King Jr.: Minister, Civil Rights Activist, and Public Opinion Leader,” Public Relations Review 18(Fall 1992), pp. 289-290.
Haas, S. W., “Martin Luther ‘s ‘Divine Right’ Kingship and the Royal Supremacy: Two Tracts from the 1531 Parliament and Convocation of the Clergy,” Journal of Ecclesiastical History [Great Britain], 31-3(1980), pp. 317-327.
Jahanbegloo, Ramin. “Gandhi and the Struggle for Non-violence,” Unesco Courier 23(June 1992), pp. 18-23.
Large, William Ronald. “The Role of Character in Social Ethics: An Analysis of Mohandas Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr.,” Graduate Theological Union, 46-2(1985), p. 452.
Lusane, Clarence. “Black Political Power in the 1990’s,” Black Scholar 20(1989), pp. 39-40.
McKibben, Bill. “Thoughts of Gandhi,” Mother Jones 24(November 1999), pp. 68-67.
Parker, Frank R. “Voting Rights 25 Years After Selma,” Focus 18(1990), p. 6.
Rosenstone, Steven J. and Wolfinger, Raymond E. “The Effect of Registration Laws on Voter Turnout,” American Political Science Review 72(1978), pp. 22-24.
Sabl, Andrew. “The Paradox of Equality and the Trials of Martin Luther King, Jr.,” Society 36 (May-June 1999), pp. 32-47.
Toch, Thomas. “Separate but Equal All over Again,” U. S. News & World Report 108, no. 16(April 1990), pp. 37-39.
Ward, Brian. “A King in Newcastle: Martin Luther King, JR. And British Race Relations, 1967-1968,” Georgia Historical Quarterly, 79-3(1995), pp. 599-632.
White, Jack E. “Martin Luther King, Jr.: Time 100: Leaders & Revolutionaries of the 20th Century,” Time 151, no. 14(April 1998), pp. 160-163
二、中文部份
I、專書論著
林立樹、孟樹人,《美國兩百週年》(台北:輔仁大學,1976)。
Franklin, John Hope,《美國黑人史》,張冰姿、何田、段志誠、宋以敏等譯(北京:商務,1988)。
Manchester, William,《1932─1972年美國實錄:光榮與夢想》,朱協譯(北京:商務,1980)。
Morris, Richard B.,《美國歷史文獻》,楊宗翰譯(台北:今日,1970)。
楊生茂,《美國歷史問題新探》,南開大學歷史研究所美國史研究室編(北京:中國社會科學,1996)。
Shuker, Nancy,《金恩博士》,董佩琪譯(台北:鹿橋文化,1985)。
李少儀,《一九六○年代美國黑權運動理論的探討》(台北:撰者,1976)。
Clemens, John K. & Albrecht, Steve,《不朽的領袖:企業,領導力的啟示:柏拉圖、莎士比亞、金恩、克勞塞維茲、邱吉爾、甘地‧‧‧》,李宛蓉譯(台北:麥田,1998)。
Schloredt, Valerie & Brown, Pam,《金恩:偉大的美國和平人權領袖,為黑人人權奮鬥而被謀害》,李敞譯(台北:臺灣東華,1993)。
Middleton, Richard,《殖民時代的美國史一六○七∼一七六○》,賈士蘅譯(台北:國立編譯館,1998)。
Burner, David,《六十年代》,許綬南譯(台北:麥田,1988)。
Lipset, Seymour Martin,《第一個新興國家》,范建年、張虎、陳少英譯(台北:桂冠,1994)。
Beard, Charles A. & Beard, Mary R.,《美國文化的興起》,許亞芬譯(北京:商務,1991)。
鄒蜀生,《美國歷史與美國人》(北京:人民,1993)。
李恭蔚,《美國南北戰爭研究──戰爭原因與歷史解釋》(高雄:春暉,2000)。
黃兆群,《美國的民族與民族政策》(台北:文津,1993)。
楊生茂、劉緒貽,《美國內戰與鍍金時代1861─19世紀末》(北京:人民,1990)。
李國威,《美國人與美國政治》(台北:商務,1984)。
陳永國,《美國南方文化》(長春:吉林大學,1996)。
Bining, Arthur Cecil,《美國經濟生活史》,王育伊譯(台北:商務,1966)。
Rockefeller, John D.,《第二次美國革命》,朱炎譯(台北:新亞,1975)。
吳澤霖,《美國人對黑人猶太人和東方人的態度》(北京:中央民族學院,1992)。
Simmons, R‧C‧,《美國早期史─從殖民地建立到獨立》,朱絳、常紹民、林魯卿、吳 衡、羅曉等譯(北京:商務1994)。
毛樹清,《甘迺迪詹森時代》(台北:聯合,1971)。
II、期刊論文
黃俊英,〈美國黑人的就業問題〉,《問題與研究》,17卷7期,1978年4月,頁734-747。
Milton, Angel,〈黑人在美國社會中的地位〉,吳蔚若譯,《民主潮》,27卷11期,1977年1月,頁20。
孫同勳,〈美國黑人對歧視的抗議行動〉,《幼獅文化》,39卷1期,1974年1月。
曹弘,〈美國南北戰爭前之南方黑人地位〉,《淡江學報》,3卷3期,1973年11月,頁229-234。
關安邦譯,〈美國黑人所得到的民權為何?〉,《政治評論》,24卷6期,1970年5月,頁22-24。
張華葆,〈有色民族自卑感及美國黑人自我觀念之演變〉,《東海學報》,25卷,1984年6月。
劉先軍,〈金恩〔Martin L. King〕(一九二九至一九六八)〉,《中外雜誌》,63卷2 期, 1998年2月。
黃秀瑞,〈美國聯邦最高法院與黑人民權運動的發展〉,《美國月刊》,4卷4期,1989年8月,頁40-48。
朱炎,〈福克那納小說中的黑人意象〉,《美國研究》,13卷4期,1983年12月。
黃潮洲,〈黑色的怒吼─美國黑人民權運動簡史〉,《夏潮》,2卷6-7期,1977年6-7月,頁75-77。
蔡玉葉,〈生而平等乎?試評根﹝〈Roots〉by Alex Haley﹞一書中的黑人世界〉,《師大史學會刊》,30卷,1986年6月。
郭實渝,〈美國黑人高等教育的演變〉,《美國月刊》,3卷12-36期,1989年4月。
紀元文,〈追尋黑人身份認同:科洛德‧馬偕的「重回哈林」〉,《美國研究》,21卷1期,1991年3月。
蘇文成,〈根和移根─黑奴血淚史〉,《夏潮》,2卷1-6期,頁86-88。
李聲庭,〈美國黑人在憲法上的地位〉,《東海學報》,16卷,頁111-121。
陳坤森,〈美國黑人對政黨支持之變遷與持續:1860-1988〉,《東方雜誌》,22卷12期,1989年6月,頁36-42。
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