(3.238.173.209) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/05/17 12:18
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:劉燕儒
研究生(外文):Yen-Ru Liu
論文名稱:車用導航系統地圖資訊與轉向對高齡人員駕車行為之影響
論文名稱(外文):Effects of Information Complexity and Map Orientation of In-Vehicle Guiding System on Elder Drivers’ Performance
指導教授:林迪意林迪意引用關係
指導教授(外文):Lin, D-Y. M.
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:義守大學
系所名稱:工業管理學系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2001
畢業學年度:89
語文別:中文
論文頁數:52
中文關鍵詞:受試者內資訊複雜度地圖導向方式導航正確性錯誤回復
外文關鍵詞:Within-SubjectInformation ComplexityMap OrientationError Recovery
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:797
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:3
本研究以模擬的方式,針對8名高齡受試者進行三水準資訊複雜度、以及兩水準地圖導向方式的車用導航系統實驗,並藉此評估它們對於高齡駕駛員導航正確性以及錯誤回復能力的影響。本研究以受試者內(Within subject)的方式進行,因此每一位受試者必須接受所有處理水準的組合,總共六次的實驗;受試者在實驗過程中所發生的導航錯誤次數,以及導航錯誤發生之後再回到錯誤發生點所經過的平均距離,則是本研究用以評估導航正確性與錯誤回復能力兩個量測標準的依據。研究結果發現,資訊複雜度對於高齡駕駛員的路徑辨識正確性並不存在顯著的影響,但是不同的地圖導向方式之間卻存在顯著的差異,其中又以Track-up系統造成的錯誤最少,而主效果的交互作用對於導航正確性並無顯著的影響。在錯誤回復方面,資訊複雜度與地圖導向方式同時都有顯著的影響,但是其間卻不存在交互作用;因此高資訊複雜度的地圖搭配Track-up的顯示模式,應是高齡駕駛員執行錯誤回復駕車作業時最佳的介面組合。本研究亦針對各種資訊複雜度與導向方式之間的介面組合進行更進一部的說明與討論。
A simulation experiment was conducted to evaluate 8 elders’ driving performance under the manipulation of two independent variables of information complexity and map orientation. The impacts of these two factors on subjects’ driving accuracy and error recovery were measured in terms of number of error turns made, and the distance they traveled until the error has been recovered. The study used within-subject methodology, which means each subject has to go through all the 3 levels of information complexity and 2 types of map orientation, which totaled 6
combinations of experiment conditions.
The results showed the information complexity had slight effects on elders’ road identification. On the other hand, map orientation had very significant effects on driving accuracy, with the Track-up system caused less errors. With respect to the performance in error recovery, the results revealed that both information complexity and map orientation have significant effect while no interaction existed. It was suggested that for older drivers, complete map information is required with respect to a North-up in-vehicle navigation system, while the information demand decreased associated with a Track-up display. Further implications for the design of in-vehicle route guiding system fit for the aged were discussed from the perspectives of human
cognitive capability in spatial processing.
目 錄
第一章、緒論…………………………………………………1
第二章、文獻回顧……………………………………………6
第一節、系統介紹……………………………………………6
第二節、人類資訊處理………………………………………8
第三節、高齡化………………………………………………20
第三章、研究方法……………………………………………23
第一節、實驗設計……………………………………………23
第二節、受試者………………………………………………29
第三節、實驗系統與設備……………………………………30
第四節、路徑設計……………………………………………34
第五節、精靈(Wizard)導航……………………………………35
第六節、實驗程序……………………………………………36
第四章、研究結果與分析……………………………………38
第一節、導航正確性與錯誤回復之實驗數據…………………38
第二節、導航正確性之數據分析……………………………39
第三節、錯誤回復能力數據分析……………………………41
第五章、討論…………………………………………………44
第六章、結論…………………………………………………51
圖 目 錄
圖1.1:車用導航系統系統架構……………………………………2
圖2.1:人類的資訊處理過程…………………………………………9
圖2.2:人類資訊處理模式的兩個階段………………………………14
圖2.3:認知地圖的構成元素…………………………………………16
圖2.4:導行知識的三個層級…………………………………………17
圖3.1:程序地圖………………………………………………………24
圖3.2:精簡地圖………………………………………………………26
圖3.3:完整地圖………………………………………………………27
圖3.4:實驗室硬體設備之邏輯連結…………………………………30
圖3.5:由3D Webmaster所建立之虛擬場景………………………32
圖3.6:實驗室硬體設備佈置…………………………………………33
圖4.1:資訊複雜度與地圖導向方式之交互作用在導航正確性
的效果(以地圖導向方式為分類標準)………………………41
圖4.2:資訊複雜度與地圖導向方式之交互作用在導航正確性
的效果(以地圖導向方式為分類標準)………………………41
圖4.3:資訊複雜度與地圖導向方式之交互作用在導錯誤回復
的效果(以地圖導向方式為分類標準)………………………43
圖4.4:資訊複雜度與地圖導向方式之交互作用在錯誤回復
的效果(以地圖導向方式為分類標準)………………………43
表 目 錄
表4.1:導航錯誤次數表………………………………………………38
表4.2:錯誤回復距離表 ……………………………………………39
表4.3:導航正確性敘述統計表………………………………………39
表4.4:導航正確性ANOVA分析表…………………………………40
表4.5:錯誤回復之敘述統計表………………………………………42
表4.6:錯誤回復之ANOVA分析表…………………………………42
1.楊政龍 提昇網際網路車輛監控系統客戶端操作績效之研究。
2.Aretz, A. J. (1991). The Design of Electronic Map Displays. Human Factor, 33, 85-101.
3.Barr, R. A. and Eberhard, J. W.(1991). Special Issue Preface. In Human Factors, 33, 197-498.
4.Barrow, L. (1990). Human Factors Issues Surrounding the Implementation of In-Vehicle Navigation and Information Systems. (SEA Tech, paper 910870).
5.Burnett, G. and Joyner, S. (1997). An Assessment of Moving Map and Symbol-based Route Guidance System. In Ergonomics and Safety of Intelligent Driver Interfaces, 115-137. Y. I. Noy. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
6.Card, S. (1989). Models of working memory. In J. Elkind, S. Card, J. Hochberg, and B. Huey (Eds). Human performance models for computer-aided engineering. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
7.Cerella, J. (1985). Information processing rate in elderly. Psychological Bulletin, 98, 67-83.
8.Charness, N. (1985). Aging and problem-solving performance. In N. Charness (Ed). Aging and Human Performance. 225-259. New York: John Wiley.
9.Conrad, R. (1951). Speed and load stress in sensory-motor skill. British Journal of Industrial Medicine, 8, 1-7.
10.Cooper, L. A., and Shepard, R. N. (1973). Chronometric studies of the rotation of mental images. In W. G. Chase (Ed). Visual information processing. New York: Academy Press.
11.Czaja, S. (1988). Microcomputer and the elderly. In M. Helander (Ed). Handbook of human-computer interaction. Amsterdam: North-Holland.
12.Daimon, T. (1992). Drivers’ Characteristics and Performance When Using In-Vehicle Navigation Systems. Third Vehicle Navigation and Information System Conference (VNIS’92), 251-260.
13.Daimon, T., and Kawashima, H. (1997). Drivers’ Cognitive Process and Route Guidance. In Ergonomics and Safety of Intelligent Driver Interfaces, 273-286. Y. I. Noy. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
14.Dewar, R. E. (1988). In-vehicle Information and Driver Overload. International Journal of vehicle design, 9, 557-564.
15.Dingus, T. A., Antin, J. F., Hulse, M. C., and Wierwille, W. W. (1989). Attention demand requirements of an automobile moving-map navigation system. Transportation Research, 1C, 119-131.
16.Dingus, T. A., and Hulse, M. C. (1993). Some human factors design issues and recommendations for automobile navigation information systems. Transportation Research, 1C(2), 119-131.
17.Freundschur, S. M. (1989). Does anybody really want (or need) vehicle navigation aids? First Vehicle Navigation and Information System Conference (VNIS’89).
18.Goldstein, I., and Dorfman, P. (1978). Speed stress and load stress as determinants of performance in a time-sharing task. Human Factor, 20, 603-610.
19.Gomez, L. M., Egan, D. E., and Bowers, C. (1986). Learning to Use a Text Editor: Some Learner Characteristics That Predict Success. Human-Computer Interaction, 2, 1-23.
20.Haber, R., and Hershenson, M. (1980). The psychology of visual perception (2d Ed). New York: Holt.
21.Harwood, K. (1989). Cognitive Perspectives on Map Displays. Proceedings of the Human Factors Society, 33, Annual Meeting (13-17). Santa Monica, CA: Human Factors Society.
22.Hultsch, D. F., and Dixon, R. A. (1990). Learning and memory in aging. In J. E. Birren and K. W. Schaie (Eds). Handbook of Psychology of Aging 3rd edition, 258-274. New York: Academic Press.
23.Isreal, J. (1980). Structural inference in dual task performance: Behavioral and electrophysiological data. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Champaign: University of Illinois.
24.Kahneman, D. (1973). Attention and effort. Eaglewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hill.
25.Kelly, L., C. and Charness, N. (1995). Issues in training older adults to use computer. Behaviour and Information Technology, 14(2), 107-120.
26.Kim, H., and Hirtle, S, C. (1995). Spatial metaphors and disorientation in hypertext browsing. Behaviour and Information Technology, 14(4), 239-250.
27.Kishi, K., Sugiura, S., and Kimura, K. (1992). Visibility Considerations for Automobile Navigation Display. Journal of the Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan, 46(9), 61-67.
28.Lansdown, T. C. (1997). Visual allocation and the availability of driver information. In T. Gothengater and E. Carbonell (Eds). Traffic and Transport Psychology: Theory and Application. Amsrterdam: Pergamon, 215-223.
29.Li, G. and Oliver, S. (2000). The Effects of Electronic Map and Orientation on Driver Response Time and Error Rate for Road Identification. Institute for Automotive Manufacturing Advanced Practice (AMAP).
30.Lin, D-Y. M. (2000). The effect of text topologies on older users’ performance in hypertext navigation. In D. deWaard et al. (Eds). Human-System Interaction. Maastricht the Netherlands: Shaker.
31.Lin, D-Y. M. (2001). Age differences in the performance of hypertext perusal. In Proceedings of the 45th Annual Meeting of the Human Factor and Ergonomics Society. October, 8-12. Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.
32.Liu, Y-C. (2001). Comparative study of effects of auditory , visual and multimodality displays on drivers’ performance in advanced traveller information systems. Ergonomics, 44(4), 425-442.
33.Lynch, K. (1960). The image of the city. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
34.Means, L., Carpenter, J. T., Szczublewski, F. E., Fleishman, R. N., Dingus T. A., and Krage, M. K. (1993). Design of TravTek auditory interface. Transportation Research Record 1403, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, D.C.
35.Moray, N. (1967). Where is capacity limited? A survey and a model. Acta Psychologica, 27, 84-92.
36.Moray, N. (1981). The role of attention in the detection of errors and the diagnosis of errors in man-machine systems. In J. Rasmussen and W. B. Rouse (Eds). Human Detection and Diagnosis of System Failures. New York: Plenum.
37.Morgon, R., and King, D. (1995). The older driver — a review. Postgraduate Medical Journal, 71, 525-528.
38.Motoyuki, A. and Matsutaro, Y. (1997). Analysis of Driving a Car With a Navigation System in an Urban Area. In Ergonomics and Safety of Intelligent Driver Interfaces, 85-95. Y. I. Noy. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
39.Parasuraman, R., Warm, J., and Dember, W. (1987). Overview paper: Vigilance: Taxonomy and utility. In L. Mark, J. Warm, and R. Huston. (Eds). Ergonomics and human factors: Recent research. New York: Springer-Verlag.
40.Parkes, A. M. (1991). Data Capture Technique for RTI Usability Evaluation. In Advanced Telematics in Road Transport, Proceedings of the DRIVE Conference, 2, 1440-1456. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science.
41.Parkes, A. M. and Burnett, G. E. (1993). An evaluation of medium range ‘advance information’ in route guidance displays for use in vehicle. Proceedings of the 4th International IEEE Vehicle Navigation and Information Systems Conference, 238-241. Picataway, NJ: IEEE.
42.Pauzie, A., Marin,-Lamellet, C., and Trauchessec, R. (1991). Analysis of aging drivers behaviors navigating with in-vehicle visual display systems. In Vehicle Navigation and Information Systems Conference Proceedings. Warrendale: Society of Automotive Engineers. 61-67.
43.Plude, D., and Hoyer, W. J. (1985). Attention and performance: Identifying and localizing age deficits. In N. Charness (Ed). Aging and Human Performance, 47-99. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
44.Rasmussen, J. (1980). Models of mental strategies in process control. In J. Rasmussen and W. B. Rouse (Eds). Human Detection and Diagnosis of System Failures, 241-258. New York: Plenum.
45.Rossano, M. J., and Warren, D. H. (1989). Misaligned maps lead to predictable errors. Perception, 18, 215-229.
46.Salthouse, T. (1982). Adult cognition: An experimental psychology of human aging. New York: Springer-Verlag.
47.Sanders, M. S., and McCormick, E. J. (1992). In Human Factors in Engineering Design 7th Edition. New York: McGRAW-HILL.
48.Schneiderman, B. (1980). Software psychology. Cambridge, MA: Winthrop.
49.Sharrgan ,J. M. C. (1993). Information Presentation in In-Vehicle Systems. In A. M. Parkes & S. Franzen (Eds. ), Driving Future Vehicles, 171-185. London: Taylor & Francis.
50.Shepard, R. N. and Metzler, J. (1971). Mental Rotation of Three-Dimensional Objects. Science, 171, 701-703.
51.Sivak, M., Olson, P. L. and Pastalan, L.A. (1981). Effects of Drivers’ Age on Nighttime Legibility of Highway Signs. Human Factors, 23. 59-64.
52.Staplin L. K., Breton, M. E., Haimo, S. F., et al. (1986). Age-Related Diminished Capabilities and Driver Performance. Unpublished Manuscript Prepared for Federal Highway Administration HSR-10. (FHWA contract DTFH61-86-C-004), McLean, VA.
53.Stelmach, G. E., and Noham, A. (1992). Cognitive-motor abilities of the elderly driver. Human Factors, 34, 53-65.
54.Stokes, A., Wickens, C., and Kite, K. (1990). Display technology: Human factors concepts. Warrendale, PA: Society of Automotive Engineers.
55.Strayer, D., Wickens, C., and Braune, R. (1987). Adult age differences in the speed and capacity of information processing: 2. An electrophysiological approach. Psychology and Aging, 2, 99-110.
56.Streeter, L. A., Vitello, D., and Wonsiewicz, S. A. (1985). How to tell people where to go: comparing navigation aids. International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, 22, 549-562.
57.Thorndyke, P. W., and Hayes-Roth, B. (1982). Differences in spatial knowledge acquired from map and navigation. Cognitive psychology, 14, 580-189.
58.Tversky, B. (1981). Disorientations in memory for map. Cognitive psychology, 13, 407-433.
59.Walker, J., Alicandri, E., Sedney C., Roberts. (1990). In vehicle navigation device:Effects on the sagety of driver performance(FHWA-RD-90-053). Office of Safety and Traffic Operations, ,Research and Development, Federal Highway Administration, McLean, VA.
60.Waller, P. F. (1991). The older drivers. Human Factors, 33, 499-505.
61.Welford, A. T. (1981). Signal, noise, performance, and age. Human Factor, 23(1), 97-109.
62.Wickens, C. D. (1990). Navigational Ergonomics. In Proceedings of the Ergonomics Society’s Annual Conference. (3-6). Leeds, England: Taylor & Francis.
63.Wickens, C. (1984). Engineering psychology and human performance. Columbus, OH: Merrill.
64.Wierwille ,W. W., Antin, J. F., Dingus, T. A. and Hulse, M. C. (1988). Visual Attention Demand of an In-car Navigation System. Vision in vehicles, VOL. 2, 307-316. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science.7.
65.Yoroizawa, I., Hasegawa, T., and Murasaki, K., (1986). Legibility Evaluation of Displayed Characters. Journal of Institute of Television Engineers of Japan, 40(4), 198-304.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top