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研究生:謝玉蓮
研究生(外文):Yu-Lien Shieh
論文名稱:貝萊嬰兒發展量表第二版之發展遲緩兒童高屏地區常模建立與適用性探討
論文名稱(外文):The Local norm of the Bayley Scale of Infant Development-Second Edition for the Children with Developmental Delay in Kaohsiung and Pingtung
指導教授:黃惠玲黃惠玲引用關係
指導教授(外文):Huei-lin Huang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:高雄醫學大學
系所名稱:行為科學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2001
畢業學年度:89
語文別:中文
論文頁數:128
中文關鍵詞:貝萊嬰兒發展量表第二版發展遲緩地區常模發展原則心理計量學特性
外文關鍵詞:Bayley Scales of Infant Development-second edition(BSID-II)developmental delaylocal normdevelopmental rulespsychometric properties
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貝萊嬰兒發展量表第二版(Bayley Scale of Infant Development-Second Edition,簡稱BSID-II)的主要用途在於診斷發展遲緩與擬定治療計畫,由於此量表具有良好的標準化與統計特性,是目前國內使用最好的嬰幼兒發展測驗工具。本研究的目的是在建立BSID-II在發展遲緩兒童的高屏地區常模,並探討不同方式建立之發展指數的適用性、發展遲緩兒童的發展原則與心理計量學特性。參與本研究受試為高雄醫學大學附設中和紀念醫院發展遲緩兒童聯合鑑定中心的591位個案,包含5至43個月以上的嬰幼兒,共分為19個年齡層。
研究結果發現:(1)發展遲緩兒童的心智與動作能力隨年齡而成長,呈直線趨向、二次趨向、三次趨向的發展特徵,性別對心智與動作能力的發展並無影響。(2)本研究所建立的發展指數較外插法與公式(MA/CA ×100)所估計之發展指數更適合來說明發展遲緩兒童的發展現象。(3)發展遲緩兒童符合發展的順序性假設,其發展順序和正常兒童無異。(4)內部一致性係數(a)介於.93∼.99,高於BSID-II指導手冊的數值。(5)測量標準誤(SEM)介於1.50∼3.97,由於本研究的對象是侷限於發展遲緩鑑定中心的樣本,故比BSID-II指導手冊的數值低。(6)與零歲至六歲發展篩檢量表的效標關連效度均達0.01的顯著水準,顯示兩者均是以相同「發展」的概念來編制量表題目。(7)建立各年齡組發展遲緩兒童的高雄地區常模。
本研究所建立的常模對照表適宜描述發展指數低於50的發展遲緩兒童,臨床使用時,建議可利用來了解其發展的優劣勢,進而設計適合的療育計畫與建議,且未來研究更可進一步探討BSID-II評估療育計畫的介入效果。
The instrument of this study was the Bayley Scales of Infant Development-second edition (BSID-II), the primary value of which was in diagnosing developmental delay and planning intervention strategies. The standardization and statistical properties of BSID-II made it one of the best measures of infant development available in Taiwan. The purpose of this study is to establish the local norm of BSID-II for the children with development delay in Kaohsiung, investigate applicability of different method to build index score, the developmental rules for the children with developmental delay, and psychometric properties. Five hundred and ninety-one children, who were refer by pediatrician at Center of Developmental Assessment at Kaohsiung Medical University. They were divided into 19 age groups from 5 to upper 43 month old.
The finding as follows:
(1) The mental and motor abilities of the children with developmental delay were increased along with their ages in a liner trend, second trend and third trend. The gender of subjects weren''t to influence the mental and motor development of the children with developmental delay.
(2) The index score of study is applicability to describe development for the children with developmental delay.
(3) The developmental sequence rules for the children with developmental delay as same as normal children.
(4) The alpha coefficients(a)were between.93 and .99, which were high than data on manual of BSID-II.
(5) Standard Errors of Measurement(SEM)were between 1.50 and 3.97. It was a restricted sample so that these also were lower than the data on manual of BSID-II.
(6) Concurrent validity of BSID-II with SSDD-II is significant. This evidence shows BSID-II and SSDD-II was construct from development concept.
(7) The normative data of 19 age groups from 5 to upper 47-month-old children with developmental delay in Kaohsiung have been established.
The normative data of this study are applicability to describe developmental index below 50 for the children with developmental delay. In clinical, it can to understand strength and weakness of development. Evaluation intervention effect of treatment plan for BSID-II is suggested.
第一章 緒論…………………………………………………………….1
第一節 研究背景與動機……………………………………………….1
第二節 研究目的……………………………………………………… 3
第三節 研究問題題…………………………………………………… 4
第四節 現象界定與說明……………………………………………….5
第二章 文獻探討………………….……………………………………7
第一節 兒童發展的意義與原則……………………………………… 7
第二節 發展遲緩兒童…………………………………………………11
第三節 心智發展理論與相關研究……………………………………17
第四節 動作發展理論與相關研究……………………………………25
第五節 嬰幼兒發展與衡鑑……………………………………………36
第六節 貝萊嬰兒發展量表第二版……………………………………42
第三章 研究方法………………………………………………………51
第一節 研究對象………………………………………………………51
第二節 研究假設………………………………………………………54
第三節 研究工具………………………………………………………55
第四節 施測的程序……………………………………………………59
第五節 資料的處理與分析……………………………………………60
第四章 研究結果………………………………………………………63
第一節 各年齡組受試在心理量表與動作量表之表現………………63
第二節 受試性別及年齡變項在量表原始分數上之變異數分析……70
第三節 受試年齡與量表原始分數之趨向分析………………………72
第四節 編制心理量表與動作量表之「原始分數與發展指數對照表」74
第五節 以發展年齡、外插法與實徵資料所推估發展指數之差異比較……………………………………………………………………………78
第六節 心理與動作量表的複製係數…………………………………81
第七節 貝萊嬰兒發展量表第二版信度之分析………………………83
第八節 貝萊嬰兒發展量表第二版效度之分析………………………86
第五章 討論、結論與建議……………………………………………88
第一節 討論……………………………………………………………88
第二節 結論……………………………………………………………93
第三節 建議… ……………………………………………………… 95
第六章 結語……………………………………...………………… 97
參考文獻………………………………………………………………… 98
附錄………………………………………………………………………109
附錄一 心理量表與動作量表原始分數與發展指數對照表……… 109
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