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研究生:曾嘉文
研究生(外文):Tseng Chiawen
論文名稱:溫特森<<辨識櫻桃的性別>>中的性別議題及嘉年華現象
論文名稱(外文):Resisting Closure: Sexuality and Carnivalization
指導教授:劉建基劉建基引用關係
指導教授(外文):Liu Chienchi
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:英國語文學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2001
畢業學年度:89
語文別:中文
論文頁數:117
中文關鍵詞:性別議題嘉年華現象
外文關鍵詞:SexualityCarnivalization
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<<辨識櫻桃的性別>>一書充滿嘉年華化的元素:兩個時空的對話,鑲嵌的文類,圖片,童話故事,烏托邦,扮裝,怪誕的肉體形象等等。在一個上下到錯的世界裡,溫特森徹底顛覆現實世界中所信奉的真理與事實。在這本小說中﹐溫特森主要在探討同性戀與性別混淆(gender blurring)的議題。本論文旨在分析性/性別議題,指出傳統上女性情慾與身體是如何被呈現,以及如何從女性主義的觀點重塑之。
本論文以女性主義對話論為基本理論架構。論文主體可分文三部份。第一部份旨在分析小說中的對話關係,包括了鑲嵌的文類間的文本交互指涉,及角色間的對話關係。第二部份是分析女性如何在嘉年華化的世界裡建立女性的語言。第三部份,旨在分析扮裝,詭異的肉體形象與雌雄同體等概念。
在溫特森的小說世界裡,性/性別的二元對立基礎受到質疑。隨著二元對立基礎的瓦解,對於另一種選擇的渴求應運而生。另一種選擇是一個混合物(hybrid),屬於雌雄同體。小說中,溫特森以"接枝過的櫻桃"(the grafted cherry)來代表這種混合物。藉著認定混合物是屬於較優良的品種,溫特森也間接說明了她對多重性/性別的肯定立場,許給讀者一個美麗新世界。在這個美麗新世界中,多重性/性別認同都應被接受。
Sexing the Cherry is a novel that smacks of carnival
elements: suggestive dialogues of two epochs, incorporated
genres, illustrations, fairy tales, utopia, cross-dressing, the grotesque body, and so on. In such a turning-upside-down world, Winterson screws up the truth and reality that stabilize the world we live in. In the novel, Winterson’s high concerns are the issues of homosexuality and gender blurring. My thesis aims to tackle gender and sexual issues and to indicate how woman’s sexuality and body have been traditionally represented and of how they could be rewritten with a feminist awareness.
The idea of Feminist Dialogic constructs the theoretical
framework of my thesis. The main body of the thesis can be divided into three parts. Firstly, I will examine the dialogic relations of incorporated genres and characters. Secondly, I will probe into the topsy-turvy world, a carnival world in which women can create a female language. Thirdly, the issues of cross-dressing, the grotesque body and androgyny will be elaborated.
In a Wintersonian world, the dichotomy of gender and sex has been questioned. With the breakdown of the binary foundation, an appeal for a third choice emerges. The third category is a hybrid, an androgyny. Winterson uses the grafted cherry to embody the image of the hybrid. By suggesting the hybrid as a better alternative, Winterson celebrates the flexible gender and sexual positions and promises readers a brave new world, in which people accept multi sexual and gender identities.
Chapter I Introduction…………………………1
Main Body of the Thesis……………7
Theories Used in the Thesis………15
Chapter II Dialogic Imagination: Feminist Dialogics...25
Feminist Dialogics……………………25
Heteroglossia……………………………28
Incorporated Genres……………………30
Dialogic Relations of Characters…41
Chapter III Carnivalesque Transgression: Feminist
Impulse in a Carnival World…………51
Chapter IV Sexual Subversion: From Cross-dressing to
Androgyny…………………………………74
Cross-dressing…………………………76
The Grotesque Body & Hysteria/Mimesis…85
Androgyny………………………………………99
Chapter V Conclusion………………………………………107
Works Cited and References…………………………………113
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