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研究生:唐嘉蓉
研究生(外文):Gail Tang
論文名稱:閱聽人外語新聞的收訊分析-以大專生收聽英語廣播新聞為例
論文名稱(外文):Audience Reception of Foreign Language News: A Study of College Students'' Comprehension and Memory of English Radio News
指導教授:徐美苓徐美苓引用關係
指導教授(外文):Prof. Mei-Ling Shu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:新聞學系
學門:傳播學門
學類:新聞學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2001
畢業學年度:89
語文別:中文
論文頁數:111
中文關鍵詞:收訊分析理解記憶新聞結構議題顯著性
外文關鍵詞:reception analysiscomprehensionmemorynews structureissue salience
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:7
  • 點閱點閱:296
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:2
傳播領域的相關研究顯示,收聽/看新聞的過程與閱讀不同,閱聽人並無法藉由重複閱讀來理解新聞內容;第二外語習得的學者認為聽力理解是主動的處理過程,這個資訊處理的歷程是傳播研究收訊分析取徑自1980年代以來所關注的焦點。鑑於第二外語習得的相關研究,並未觸及新聞文本對收聽新聞的影響,本研究試圖結合基模及理解理論,來探討新聞結構及議題顯著性對閱聽人理解及記憶英語新聞的影響。
在研究方法上,本研究採用2 (正/倒寶塔結構) X 2 (高/低顯著性議題) 的二因子實驗設計,以小團體施測的方式進行,共計134名國立政治大學學生參與實驗。
研究結果顯示,閱聽人對正寶塔式及倒寶塔式的新聞結構在理解新聞的程度上有差異;議題顯著性高的新聞較議題顯著性低的新聞能增進閱聽人對新聞內容的記憶。上述發現說明了不同議題顯著性及不同結構的新聞,在閱聽人收訊的過程中會產生不同層面的影響。
最後,研究者提出研究限制與檢討,並提供建議供閱聽人收訊及英語新聞相關課程教學的參考。
Mass communication researchers have found that listeners, unlike readers, can''t digest the news at their own pace, reread passages or check details. Listening comprehension is viewed as an active process by second language acquisition researchers. However there was no direct research that clarified how listeners were affected by news genres. An experiment was conducted in which 134 National Chengchi University students were presented with news stories in 4 different versions. The study found that most of the students comprehended more from the inverted pyramid structure than pyramid structure news Issue salience caused a significant difference in students'' memory of f news content. These findings suggest that knowledge of news structure and prior information would facilitate listening comprehension.
目 錄
目錄 i
圖表目錄 iii
附錄目錄 iv
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機與目的 1
第二節 研究問題 7
第二章 文獻探討 8
第一節 新聞的特性 8
第二節 閱聽人的理解及記憶 18
第三節 閱聽人對不同結構新聞的理解及記憶 30
第四節 研究假設 34
第三章 研究方法 36
第一節 實驗設計 37
第二節 實驗對象 39
第三節 實驗本文製作 41
第四節 問卷設計 49
第四章 資料分析 62
第一節 新聞顯著性操弄檢驗 62
第二節 依變項分析 63
第五章 結論與建議 79
第一節 主要發現 79
第二節 研究限制與檢討 77
第三節 實務的建議 80
參考書目 86
附錄 99
圖表目錄
圖目錄
圖3-1:實驗設計 38
圖3-2:編寫正/倒寶塔新聞結構的流程 47
圖4-1:受試者對不同結構新聞的理解分佈情形 66
圖4-2:受試者對不同顯著性新聞的記憶分佈情形 68
表目錄
表3-1: 各實驗組人數分佈 40
表3-2: 低顯著性新聞前測結果 43
表3-3: 高顯著性新聞前測結果 44
表3-4:理解的測量指標及計分方式 52
表3-5:高顯著性新聞(美軍帶走古巴小男孩)的記憶題項 56
表3-6:低顯著性新聞(美婦女遭母親槍擊)的記憶題項 57
表4-1:共變項與依變項的相關分析 64
表4-2:英語新聞理解的二因子共變數分析結果 66
表4-3:英語新聞記憶的二因子共變數分析結果 68
表5-1:受試者理解程度的得分情形 82
表5-2:受試者記憶新聞的得分情形 83
附錄目錄
附錄一:倒寶塔結構的實驗文本 100
附錄二:正寶塔結構的實驗文本 101
附錄三:實驗用整點新聞報導全文 102
附錄四:受試者理解新聞內容的編碼須知 105
附錄五:實驗用問卷 109
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