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研究生:劉浩然
研究生(外文):Max H.J. Liu
論文名稱:以物件導向模型及軟體元件觀念進行資訊系統發展之研究-以流通業訂單處理系統為例
論文名稱(外文):A Study on Information Systems Development using Object-Oriented Software Component Technology - A Distribution Channel Order Processing System Example
指導教授:曾淑峰曾淑峰引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shu-Feng Tseng
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:資訊管理學系
學門:電算機學門
學類:電算機一般學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2001
畢業學年度:89
語文別:中文
論文頁數:92
中文關鍵詞:物件導向企業軟體元件軟體發展程序
外文關鍵詞:Object-oriented TechnologyBusiness Software ComponentInformation Systems Development Process
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  • 被引用被引用:1
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面對商場日益競爭激烈及服務型態的翻新迅速,通路革命已使流通業者的結構產生劇幅的改變。業者對營業資訊的需求增加,上下游、連鎖經營店間的資料傳輸日漸綿密,再加上企業為了市場競爭,其經營模式或組織需要非常靈活的彈性調整,使得資訊系統的開發與運用重要性日增,其維護上的負擔也日益沉重。在軟體技術方面,由於物件導向技術的成熟,資訊系統開發人員也戮力於導入此技術。然而現今之電腦軟體技術愈來愈複雜,對品質的要求也不斷地提昇,資訊系統開發生命週期在市場的變化下愈來愈短,這些現象都使軟體元件的角色加重。為要達到品質與生產力的雙重要求,軟體元件的再使用與配套的軟體發展程序是一個關鍵成功因素。本研究運用方法論 (Methodology)、概念形成 (Concept Formulation) 與雛型發展(Prototype) 三種研究方式,結合物件導向技術及軟體元件觀念相輔相成的軟體發展塑模方式,建構一套以使用個案及企業元件為主軸、軟體架構為中心的軟體元件發展程序,以期強化軟體再使用度及維護度,減低開發的時程及成本,並建立一個流通業訂單資訊系統的雛型,產生相關的企業軟體元件及開發程序,用以說明本研究所提概念的運用方式。
Due to the rigorous competition and the rapid change of service type, the channel revolution has huge impact on the business structure of channel service providers. Because of the increased information requirement in business operating, frequent communication between channels and dynamic business model with changing organization structure intensify the importance of flexibility and maintainability of information systems development and usage. On the other hand, object-oriented technology has been adopted wildly by information systems developers. However, due to the incurred complexity in software technology, the requests on higher software quality and shorter life cycle make the focus shift to software component technology gradually. To meet the expectation in both software quality and productivity, the reusability in software components and the related development process will be the critical factor in success. In this thesis, we introduce a modeling process in terms of object-oriented technology and software component concepts, such as use case, business component and software architecture. The proposed process should potentially increase the software reusability and maintenance, as well as reduce the developing schedule and cost. A prototype for order processing is also built to illustrate the process and the involved concepts.
第一章 緒論1
1.1 研究背景及目的1
1.2 研究方法及範圍2
1.3 本論文之架構3
第二章 文獻探討5
2.1 軟體元件觀念的發展5
2.2 企業物件7
2.3 軟體架構11
2.4 統一化塑模語言14
2.5 軟體發展程序17
2.6 物流中心背景及訂單作業21
2.7 綜合分析29
第三章 系統發展方法31
3.1 需求階段32
3.2 分析階段35
3.3 設計階段36
3.4 軟體元件之建構與元件測試39
3.5 軟體系統之交付41
第四章 系統發展實作42
4.1 IBM San Francisco 介紹42
4.2 訂單系統需求47
4.3 訂單系統物件導向分析59
4.4 訂單系統物件導向設計74
4.5 訂單系統實作元件建構測試與交付79
4.6 其他訂單系統之元件再用81
第五章 結論與未來發展方向86
References88
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