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研究生:陳盈志
研究生(外文):Ying-zhi Chen
論文名稱:不同含氮量的甘藍對臺灣紋白蝶與日本紋白蝶生長與發育之影響
論文名稱(外文):The effects of nitrogen amount contained in cabbage on growth and development of Pieris canidia and Pieris rapae.
指導教授:葉金彰葉金彰引用關係黃紹毅黃紹毅引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chin-chang YehShaw-yhi Hwang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:昆蟲學系
學門:生命科學學門
學類:生物學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2001
畢業學年度:89
語文別:中文
論文頁數:50
中文關鍵詞:臺灣紋白蝶日本紋白蝶甘藍含氮量產卵偏好性
外文關鍵詞:Pieris canidiaPieris rapaecabbagenitrogen contentoviposition preference
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比較含氮量不同的甘藍(Brassica oleracea var. capitata L.)植株,對日本紋白蝶(Pieres rapae crucivora Boisduval)與臺灣紋白蝶(Pieris canidia canidia Linnaeus)的產卵偏好性、發育期的存活率、生長速率、成蟲形態及各項營養指數的影響。對甘藍持續的施用肥料,會使甘藍葉片內含氮量及含水量的上升。日本紋白蝶及臺灣紋白蝶對於高含氮量的甘藍植株,均具有較高的產卵偏好性。在日本紋白蝶及臺灣紋白蝶長期飼育方面,取食高含氮量者較取食低含氮量者,其幼蟲期及蛹期皆較短,生長速率快,同一日齡的幼蟲體重較重,但二者蛹重及成蟲表現較無顯著差異。在死亡率方面,日本紋白蝶發育期的總死亡率在高含氮量者,較低含氮量者高出6 %,而臺灣紋白蝶則降低了33 %。在短期飼育試驗中,取食高氮量植株的兩種紋白蝶幼蟲,均具有較短的發育日數,較低的食物消耗率(Consumption Rate, CR),較少的消耗食物量(Total Consumption, TC),較高的食物消化率(Approximate Digestibility, AD),及較高的消耗食物轉換率(Efficiency of Conversion of Ingested food, ECI)。但日本紋白蝶的消化的食物轉換率(Efficiency of Conversion of Digested food, ECD)較低,臺灣紋白蝶的生長速率較(Growth Rate, GR)低。
The present study explored effects of nitrogen intake on Pieres rapae(Boisduval)and Pieris canidia(Linnaeus) with respect to their oviposition behavior, developmental rate, growth rate, adult morphology and various nutritional indexes. Constant application of fertilizers to cabbage results in increases of nitrogen amount and water reservation of cabbage. P. rapae and P. canidia showed stronger preference to cabbage contained higher nitrogen amount. For P. rapae and P. canidia under long-term treatment, the experimental groups with higher nitrogen intake had shorter larval stage, pupal stage, higher growth rate and heavier larval weight in comparison with the control group. However, no difference was found in terms of the pupal weight and adult. Furthermore, the high- nitrogen treated P. rapae at the developmental stage had 6% higher mortality rate, while P. canidia had 33% lower mortality rate. For those under short-term treatment, the larva of the experimental group had shorter developmental stage, lower consumption rate (CR), less total consumption (TC), higher approximate digestibility (AD), and higher efficiency of conversion of ingested food (ECI). However, the treated P. rapae showed lower efficiency of conversion of digested food (ECD), and the treated P. canidia demonstrated lower growth rate.
壹、中文摘要-------------------------------------------1
貳、前言---------------------------------------------- 2
參、前人研究------------------------------------------ 5
肆、材料與方法----------------------------------------16
伍、結果----------------------------------------------22
陸、討論----------------------------------------------28
柒、參考文獻------------------------------------------33
捌、英文摘要------------------------------------------41
玖、圖表----------------------------------------------42
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