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研究生:藍一龍
研究生(外文):Lionel
論文名稱:AISI347不?袗?腐蝕疲勞行為
論文名稱(外文):Corrosion Fatigue of AISI 347 Stainless Steel
指導教授:林志光林志光引用關係
指導教授(外文):C. K. Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:機械工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2001
畢業學年度:89
語文別:中文
論文頁數:80
中文關鍵詞:高週疲勞腐蝕疲勞裂縫起始裂縫成長
外文關鍵詞:HCFcorrosion fatiguecrack initiationcrack propagation
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摘要
本研究主旨在探討不同環境參數對AISI 347不?袗?腐蝕疲勞性質之影響,探討的環境參數包括溶液之酸鹼度、溫度、氯離子及抑制劑的影響。實驗中比較空氣及五種水溶液中之高週疲勞及疲勞裂縫成長的差異性,並以電化學試驗觀測在不同環境下其電化學行為之變化情形。此外,亦利用光學式顯微鏡(OM)及掃描式電子顯微鏡(SEM)觀察疲勞破斷面,以了解裂縫的生成及成長模式。
實驗結果顯示,AISI 347不?袗?在空氣及五種水溶液中之高週疲勞行為以H2SO4水溶液及3.5% NaCl中有最明顯之影響,在此兩種環境中的高週疲勞壽命皆有明顯地降低,其中又以H2SO4水溶液中的降幅最大,而室溫純水、80oC純水及3.5% NaCl + inhibitor中之高週疲勞壽命與空氣中之差異則不顯著。而在長裂縫成長實驗(stage II)方面,空氣中及五種水溶液中之裂縫成長速率差異不大。由此顯示其高週疲勞壽命主要消耗在裂縫起始階段,而不在裂縫延伸階段。
H2SO4水溶液及3.5% NaCl對347不?袗?高週疲勞壽命主要的影響皆在於裂縫起始及短裂縫成長(stage I)階段。3.5% NaCl主要的影響在於氯離子使試棒表面形成蝕孔造成應力集中效應而縮短了裂縫起始所需的時間,而H2SO4水溶液的影響在於降低pH值加劇了循環應力與腐蝕環境的加成作用,並分解具保護作用的鈍化膜,進而促使短裂縫之生長,並加速短裂縫通過過渡區進入長裂縫階段,縮短裂縫起始所需時間,因此整體疲勞壽命有最明顯之下降。此外,在3.5% NaCl中添加抑制劑可以抑制蝕孔生成於光滑試棒表面,防止裂縫由蝕孔處生成,因而明顯提升了高週疲勞壽命,而抑制劑對於金屬表面的吸附作用亦可隔絕腐蝕環境的影響,減少腐蝕作用的程度。

Abstract
The aim of this study is to investigate the influence of environmental factors, including pH value, temperature, chloride, and pitting inhibitor, on the corrosion fatigue properties of AISI 347 stainless steel. In particular, the high-cycle fatigue (HCF) and fatigue crack growth (FCG) behavior in air and five aqueous environments were made a comparison. The effect of environmentally assisted cracking mechanisms on the degradation of fatigue resistance was characterized. The electrochemical properties in five aqueous environments were also made a comparison. Fractography and microstructural analyses with optical microscopy (OM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were conducted to determine the corrosion fatigue crack initiation and propagation modes.
Results showed that the fatigue strength of AISI 347 in H2SO4 and 3.5% NaCl solutions was lower than that in air, water, 80oC water, and 3.5% NaCl with inhibitor; especially fatigue strength in H2SO4 was the lowest. However, the FCG rates in all environments were almost the same. These results indicated that the initial fatigue cracking stage controlled the HCF life of AISI 347.
The H2SO4 and 3.5% NaCl solutions had more detrimental effects on the HCF of AISI 347 in crack initiation and stage I cracking stages as compared with other aqueous environments. The fatigue-strength reduction in 3.5% NaCl solution resulted from the formation of corrosion pits as the stress concentrations for premature fatigue crack initiation. The lower pH value in H2SO4 would dissolve the protective passive surface film and enhance the synergism between corrosive environment and cyclic stresses leading to the shoter fatigue life by reducing the periods of stage I cracking and transition from stage I to stage II cracking. Adding pitting inhibitor in 3.5% NaCl solution can prevent formation of corrosion pits on specimen surface and extend HCF life. This is due to the fact that the inhibitor added in 3.5% NaCl solution can prevent pitting formation by reacting with the metal ions to form a protective film on specimen surface.

目錄
頁數
List of Tables V
List of Figures. VI
第一章 簡介 1
1-1 研究背景 1
1-2 腐蝕疲勞機構 2
1-3 沃斯田鐵系不?袗?腐蝕疲勞性質文獻回顧 5
1-4 酸鹼度、氯離子濃度、溫度及抑制劑對腐蝕疲勞性質的影響 7
1-5 裂縫閉合現象 10
1-6 研究目的 13
第二章 實驗方法與程序 15
2-1 材料及試片製作 15
2-2 弛力退火熱處理 15
2-3 實驗環境 15
2-4 軸向疲勞試驗 16
2-5 疲勞裂縫成長試驗 17
2-6 電化學試驗 17
2-7 金相、破斷面及裂縫成長模式觀察 18
第三章 結果與討論 20
3-1機械性質及微結構 20
3-2 各水溶液環境中電化學性質的比較 21
3-3不同環境下之高週疲勞行為比較 23
3-4不同環境下之疲勞裂縫成長行為比較 30
第四章 結論 36
參考文獻 37
Tables 43
Figures 46

參考文獻
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