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研究生:蔡佩紋
研究生(外文):Pei-wen Tsai
論文名稱:學生小組成就區分法與傳統教學法在國小三年級數學科之差異研究
論文名稱(外文):A Comparison between Student Teams Achievement Division and Traditional Pedagogy for the Effects on Third Grade Mathematics Learning
指導教授:吳寶桂吳寶桂引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:教育研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:綜合教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2001
畢業學年度:89
語文別:中文
論文頁數:182
中文關鍵詞:學習滿意度學生小組成就區分法問題解決能力數學學習動機
外文關鍵詞:Student Teams Achievement Divisionproblem solving abilitylearning satisfactionmath learning motivation
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本研究旨在比較合作學習之學生小組成就區分法與傳統教學法對提升國小三年級學生數學學習成就、問題解決能力、數學學習動機、學習滿意度以及數學學習興趣之影響。研究方法是以準實驗研究法為主,並輔以問卷調查以及訪談的方式蒐集資料。研究對象為高雄市某國民小學三年級兩班共61名學生,一班為實驗組實施學生小組成就區分法,另一班為控制組進行傳統教學法。本研究蒐集實驗教學階段前後及期間的相關資料,經分析後獲得主要結果如下:

一、 接受學生小組成就區分法的學生在經過實驗教學後,其數學
學習成就顯著提升;在數學學習成就前後測之進步情形方面,
接受學生小組成就區分法的學生亦優於接受傳統教學法的學
生。
二、 接受學生小組成就區分法的學生在經過實驗教學後,其問題
解決能力顯著提升;在問題解決能力前後測之進步情形方面,
接受學生小組成就區分法的學生顯著優於接受傳統教學法的
學生。

三、 接受學生小組成就區分法的受訪學生在數學問題解決訪談的
表現優於接受傳統教學法的受訪學生,在兩次訪談中皆表現出
較高層次的問題解決解題歷程;接受學生小組成就區分法的受
訪學生比較不需要訪談者講解即能瞭解題意、比較不會提出錯
誤的算法、比較能夠合理解釋自己的算法,並且踴躍嘗試與提
出更多不同的解題想法。
四、 接受學生小組成就區分法的學生在經過實驗教學後,其數學
學習動機顯著提升;在數學學習動機前後測之進步情形方面,
接受學生小組成就區分法的學生亦優於接受傳統教學法的學
生。
五、 接受學生小組成就區分法的學生在經過實驗教學後,其數學
學習興趣顯著提升,在數學學習興趣前後測之進步情形方面,
接受學生小組成就區分法的學生亦優於接受傳統教學法的學
生。

最後,根據上述之研究結果提出建議,供實務教學以及未來進一步研究之參考。
The purpose of this study was to compare Student Teams Achievement Division (STAD) with Traditional Pedagogy for the effects on third-grade students with respect to math achievement, problem solving ability, math learning motivation, learning satisfaction, and interest in math learning.
The quasi-experimental design was utilized for this study. The study data were collected through questionnaire survey and interviews. The subjects of the study were 61 third-grade students from two classes of an elementary school in the Kaohsiung City. One class was chosen as the experimental group in which STAD was employed in the experimental instruction and the other was chosen as the control group in which traditional pedagogy was adopted. Data were collected during the period of experimental instruction and were analyzed afterwards. The main results are presented as follows:


1. The math achievement of students who received STAD method was significantly higher after the experimental instruction than before. As for the improvement at posttest from pretest in math achievement, students in STAD group performed better than students in traditional pedagogy group did, but the difference did not reach the significant level.
2. The problem solving ability of students who received STAD method were significantly higher after the experimental instruction than before. As for the improvement at posttest from pretest in problem solving ability, students in STAD group performed significantly better than students in traditional pedagogy group did, which meant the STAD group made much more improvement than the traditional pedagogy group did after the experimental instruction.
3. After the experimental instruction, students who received STAD method performed better in math problem solving interview than those who received traditional pedagogy did. Students who received STAD method were more capable of understanding the questions without interviewer’s explanations. Compared with the control group, the STAD group gave correct solutions more frequently, and was able to provide more reasonable explanations to their solutions. Besides, the STAD group was willing to try various ways to solve the same problem.
4. After the experimental instruction, students who received STAD method had significantly higher math learning motivation than did before; as for the improvement at posttest from pretest in math learning motivation, students in STAD group also performed better than students in traditional pedagogy group.
5. After the experimental instruction, students who received STAD method had significantly higher math learning interests than did before; as for the improvement at posttest from pretest in math learning interests, students in STAD group also performed better than students in traditional pedagogy group.

Finally, the researcher proposed several suggestions for the ducational application in classroom teaching and future studies.
目    次
頁次
第一章 緒論........................... 1
第一節 研究動機....................... 1
第二節 研究目的....................... 5
第三節 待答問題....................... 6
第四節 名詞釋義....................... 6
第五節 研究限制....................... 9

第二章 文獻探討.........................10
第一節 合作學習之理論與相關研究...............10
第二節 問題解決能力之內涵與相關研究.............23
第三節 學習動機之內涵與相關研究...............30
第四節 學習滿意度之內涵與相關研究..............35
第五節 學習興趣之內涵與相關研究...............40

第三章 研究方法.........................43
第一節 研究假設.......................43
第三節 研究架構.......................44
第三節 研究對象.......................46
第四節 教學設計.......................47
第五節 研究工具.......................51
第六節 實施程序.......................56
第七節 資料分析.......................59

第四章 研究結果與討論......................62
第一節 學生小組成就區分法對國小三年級學生數學學習成就之影響.62
第二節 學生小組成就區分法對國小三年級學生問題解決能力之影響.65
第三節 學生小組成就區分法對國小三年級學生數學學習動機之影響.89
第四節 學生小組成就區分法對國小三年級學生學習滿意度之影響..92
第五節 學生小組成就區分法對國小三年級學生數學學習興趣之影響.96
第六節 綜合討論.......................99

第五章 結論與建議........................111
第一節 主要發現.......................111
第二節 結論.........................116
第三節 建議.........................118

頁次
參考書目.............................122
壹、 中文部分.........................122
貳、 英文部分.........................127

附錄...............................136
附錄一 數學問題解決訪談試題之編製..............136
附錄二 數學問題解決訪談試題(Ⅰ)&(Ⅱ).......... 140
附錄三 問題解決能力測驗(Ⅰ)&(Ⅱ).............144
附錄四 問題解決能力測驗之項目分析摘要表...........148
附錄五 正式施測量表.....................149
附錄六 課後學習意見半結構式訪談綱要.............156
附錄七 課後學習意見訪談結果.................157
附錄八 團體歷程反省單....................159
附錄九 合作學習小組評鑑表..................161
附錄十 訪談逐字稿舉隅....................163
附錄十一 同意書.......................182
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貳、 英文部分

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