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研究生:林千禾
研究生(外文):Lin Chien-Ho
論文名稱:大專網球選手之下肢本體感覺分析
論文名稱(外文):Proprioception of lower extremity in university tennis players
指導教授:曹昭懿曹昭懿引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tsauo Jao-Yi
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:物理治療學研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:復健醫學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2001
畢業學年度:89
語文別:中文
論文頁數:66
中文關鍵詞:本體感覺網球折返跑
外文關鍵詞:ProprioceptionTennisShuttle Run
相關次數:
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  • 下載下載:63
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中文摘要
近年來,本體感覺對運動功能的重要性逐漸被了解及肯定。對於網球這項運動而言,下肢的穩定度與協調性十分重要,下肢本體感覺功能可能是網球選手與一般人網球競技能力不同的重要條件之一。本研究目的為:1)評估閉鎖鏈式的關節角度配對誤差的評估方式,對於不同運動能力族群(甲組/乙組/一般大專生)之下肢本體感覺功能的區辨力。2)了解大專甲組、乙組網球選手及一般大專生之下肢本體感覺特性:a.三組間的本體感覺功能差異。b.慣用腳與非慣用腳的感覺功能相關性。c.膝與髖關節的本體感覺功能相關性。3)本體感覺功能與抽球穩定度及折返跑測試結果的相關性。本研究對象為22位大專甲組網球選手、20位乙組網球選手和20位一般大專生,均接受閉鎖鏈式的關節角度配對評估、折返跑及抽球測試。在角度配對誤差的數據分析上採用三種分析方法:絕對誤差(AE)、變異誤差(VE)與平方根誤差(RMS),並比較三組間的誤差值有無差異。除本體感覺功能之外並評估受試者的抽球進球數及折返跑耗費秒數,以進一步分析本體感覺功能與網球選材常用的這兩項測試項目的相關性及其影響力。結果發現在AE與RMS的分析中,甲組選手的本體感覺功能比其他兩組受試者好(P<0.0167),在VE的分析中則甲組選手比一般大專生好(P<0.0167)。抽球進球數與折返跑的測試結果皆呈現甲組優於乙組優於丙組的趨勢(P<0.0033),與受試者非慣用肢的本體感覺功能間亦呈現有意義的相關性(p<0.05)。但是本體感覺功能對於前述兩項運動測試的預測力有限,不如球齡或組別二因素。本研究結果顯示閉鎖鏈式的本體感覺評估方式對正常人的本體感覺具有區辨力,且網球選手的下肢本體感覺功能比一般大專生好,但是對抽球及折返跑表現的預測力不足,若要作為網球選材的測試項目仍需進一步的研究分析與探討。
關鍵字: 本體感覺、網球、折返跑

The purposes of this study are: 1) To test the discriminative power of a closed-chain position matching test while used in three groups of normal male subjects: elite college tennis players/ college tennis players/ college students. 2) To show the characteristics of proprioception in the three different groups: a) the proprioceptive function among three groups; b) the correlation of proprioception between dominant and non-dominant legs; c) the correlation of proprioception between hip and knee joints. 3) To find the correlation of proprioceptive function with shuttle run and stroke test. There are 22, 20 and 20 subjects in the 3 groups respectively. They were tested in proprioceptive function, shuttle run, and stroke test. In data analysis, the absolute error (AE), variable error (VE), and root mean square error (RMS) were used. The results showed that the proprioceptive function of the elite group was significantly better than the college tennis players and the college students in AE and RMS analysis (p<0.0167). In VE analysis, the proprioception of the elite groups was better than the college students significantly (p<0.0167). There was significant correlation between proprioception and shuttle run test (p<0.05), and also between proprioception and stroke test (p<0.05). However, proprioception was not a significant predictor for shuttle run and stroke test in the regression model. Findings of this study supported that the closed-chain model test got good discriminative power in normal population, the proprioceptive function of elite tennis players was the best. Further research is needed to examine the influence of proprioception on the performance of tennis players.
Key Words: Proprioception, Tennis, Shuttle Run

目 錄
目錄 a
表次 d
圖次 e
中文摘要 f
英文摘要 h
本文
第一章、 前言
第一節、 研究背景 1
第二節、 文獻回顧
一、 本體感覺功能與運動的關係 3
二、 本體感覺功能之測試模式 5
三、 以運動員為對象之本體感覺功能研究 6
第三節、 研究目的 8
第四節、 本研究之輔助假說 9
第二章、 方法
第一節、 受試者 10
第二節、 測試內容及方法 10
一、 擊球穩定度 10
二、 折返跑 10
三、 本體感覺功能測試 11
第三節、 資料分析與統計 12
第四節、 研究限制與困難 14
第三章、 結果
第一節、 受試者基本資料 17
第二節、 測試結果 17
第三節、 本體感覺功能測試與其他測試項目之相關性 18
一、 慣用肢與非慣用肢本體感覺功能相關性 18
二、 同側膝、髖關節間本體感覺功能相關性 18
三、 本體感覺測試與抽球得分之相關性分析 19
四、 本體感覺測試與折返跑之相關性分析 19
第四節、 影響受試者運動表現的因素 19
第四章、 討論
第一節、 測試模式的探討 22
第二節、 下肢本體感覺功能測試 24
一、 三組受試者本體感覺功能比較 24
二、 慣用肢與非慣用肢的本體感覺功能 27
三、 同側膝、髖關節間本體感覺功能相關性 28
第三節、 影響受試者運動表現的因素 28
一、 影響抽球得分的因素 29
二、 影響折返跑表現的因素 30
第四節、 結論 31
第五節、 臨床運用與未來研究方向 32
致謝 33
參考文獻 34
表 41
圖 58
附件1. 受試者同意書 64
附件2. 受試者基本資料表格 66
表 次
表1.與運動員相關之本體感覺研究 41
表2.甲組選手、乙組選手與一般大專生(丙組)之基本特性﹙Mean ±SD﹚ 43
表3.三組受試者之抽球及折返跑測試結果﹙Mean ±SD﹚ 44
表4.三組受試者之關節角度配對誤差值﹙Mean ±SD﹚:AE值 45
表5.三組受試者之關節角度配對誤差值﹙Mean ±SD﹚:VE值 46
表6.三組受試者之關節角度配對誤差值﹙Mean ±SD﹚:RMS值 47
表7.所有受試者之慣用腳與非慣用腳之本體感覺相關性(r值) 48
表8.所有受試者膝及髖關節本體感覺測試值之相關性﹙r值﹚ 49
表9.所有受試者本體感覺測試值與抽球得分之相關性﹙r值﹚ 50
表10.所有受試者本體感覺測試值與折返跑之相關性 (r值) 51
表11.影響抽球得分的單一變項迴歸分析 52
表12.影響抽球得分 (Y)之因素﹙組別、本體感覺﹚的複迴歸分析結果 53
表13.影響抽球得分 (Y)之因素﹙球齡、本體感覺﹚的迴歸分析結果 54
表14.影響折返跑的單一變項迴歸分析 55
表15.影響折返跑 (Y)之因素﹙組別、本體感覺﹚的迴歸分析結果 56
表16.影響折返跑 (Y)之因素﹙球齡、本體感覺﹚的迴歸分析結果 57
圖 次
圖一 本體感覺對動作控制之重要性示意圖 58
圖二. 抽球得分之測試方式示意圖 59
圖三. 折返跑測試示意圖 60
圖四. NoraTrack之電腦螢幕顯示圖 61
圖五. 本體感覺測試擺位示意圖 62
圖六. Shuttle Miniclinic測試器簡圖 63

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