# 臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

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 本論文旨在研究各種接地方式配電系統之運轉特性。配電系統接地方式可概分為多重接地、四線式單一接地、三線式單一接地、單一多重接地、非接地及角接地等六種，採用不同的接地方式，配電系統之運轉特性便會有所不同。 本論文首先推導或修改配電系統主要元件之等效數學模型，並依照實際系統之架構予以整合及建立各種接地方式之配電系統網路模型，使後續模擬分析工作得以順利推展。其次，本論文藉由商用模擬軟體PSpice的模擬與分析，有系統地探討配電系統在有及無小型發電系統與之併聯運轉的情況下，採行各種接地方式對系統運轉特性所可能產生之影響。藉由這一系列的模擬與分析，各種接地方式配電系統之運轉特性便得以完整呈現。最後，本文將各項研究成果予以彙整，然後分析、比較與歸納出各種接地方式之利弊得失及其應有之配套措施。本論文各項研究成果均以最簡明的圖表呈現，可供配電系統相關人員在規劃新系統或維護現行系統時之參考。
 The main purpose of this dissertation is to investigate the operation characteristics of a distribution system with different grounding schemes. Grounding schemes of a distribution system can be roughly classified as multi-grounded, four-wire uni-grounded, three-wire uni-grounded, uni-and-multi-grounded, ungrounded and corner-grounded. A distribution system with different grounding schemes possesses different responses on its operation characteristics. First of all, the equivalent models of major components of a distribution system were derived or modified. Then a network model of a distribution system with different grounding schemes was constructed by combining these equivalent models in accordance with their physical topologies. Second, the commercial simulation software, PSpice, was employed to systematically simulate the operation characteristics of a distribution system with or without a small power plant in parallel operation for various grounding schemes. After a series of simulation and analysis, the effects of grounding schemes on the operation characteristics of a distribution system could be completely recognized. Finally, the simulation results were compiled and the advantages, disadvantages and required supplements of different grounding schemes were analyzed, compared and presented here. For convenience, the results have been concisely presented in the forms of charts and tables in this dissertation. They are of value to the distribution engineers while planning a new system or operating an existing system.
 封面中文摘要英文摘要誌謝目錄符號索引圖表索引第一章 緒論1.1 研究背景與動機1.2 研究方法與步驟1.3 主要貢獻1.4 論文架構第二章 系統元件等效數學模型推導與介紹2.1 前言2.2 非對稱三相四線△接變壓器等效數學模型推導2.2.1 結構與運動功能探討2.2.2 等效數學模型推導與驗證2.2.3 運轉特性模擬與分析2.3 其他元件等效數學模型介紹2.3.1 汽電共生發電機等效數學模型介紹2.3.2 配電導線等效數學模型介紹2.3.3 負載等效數學模型介紹第三章 範例系統設計與網路模型建立3.1 前言3.2 配電系統接地方式簡介3.2.1 多重接地方式簡介3.2.2 單一接地方式簡介3.2.3 非接地方式簡介3.2.4 單一多重接地方式簡介3.2.5 角接地方式簡介3.2.6 世界史國配電系統接地方式簡介3.3 範例系統設計3.4 配電網路模型建立第四章 未含小型發電系統之各種接地方式配電系統運轉特性分析4.1 前言4.2 中性線電流分析4.3 中性線電壓分析4.4 大地洩漏電流分析4.5 不平衡率分析4.6 故障電流分析4.7 地電位湧昇分析4.8 保護電驛靈敏度分析4.9 其他特性分析第五章 內含小型發電系統之各種接地方式配電系統運轉特性分析5.1 前言5.2 系統運轉狀況探討5.3.1 影響因素之說明5.3.2 運轉狀況之擬定5.3.3 併聯方式之歸納5.3 系統運轉特性分析5.3.1 饋線電壓分析5.3.2 饋線電流分析5.3.3 功率損失分析5.3.4 不平衡率分析5.3.5 故障電流分析5.3.6 保護協調探討5.4 小型發電系統獨立供電可行性分析第六章 各種接地方式對系統運轉特性影響之歸納與比較6.1 前言6.2 未含小型發電系統之系統運轉特性歸納與比較6.3 內含小型發電系統之系統運轉特性歸納與比較第七章 結論與未來研究方向參考文獻作者簡介授權書
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 1 大眾捷運供電系統分析技巧研究與應用 2 電力系統即時模擬技術在風力發電機運轉上之基礎研究與應用 3 三相四線式配電系統接地保護之研究 4 利用Matlab/Simulink開發配電系統模擬程式 5 風力發電機動態行為之研究 6 配電系統最佳接地規劃 7 以三相母線阻抗分佈因子法求解配電系統饋線流量之研究 8 風力發電機併網對配電系統保護協調及電壓驟降衝擊之分析 9 三相五線式配電系統之運轉特性研究 10 嚴謹輸電系統研究用之三相電力潮流程式開發 11 高壓配電系統高阻抗故障及過電流故障保護之研究 12 配電變壓器與三角形結線中性點接地變壓器數學模型推導與特性分析 13 三相母線阻抗分佈因子法連續三相電力潮流程式之開發與應用 14 常閉環路型一次配電系統運轉特性之研究

 1 賴志峰(民84)。教育券之基本概念分析。教育資料文摘，207,26-35。 2 符碧真（民88）。從美國教育券之實施論我國教育券政策。教育研究集刊，42，203-227。 3 陳麗珠（民87）。教育券制度可行模式之研究。教育研究資訊，6 4 徐慧晴 (民88)。公幼不再是唯一－教育券的衝擊。幼教資訊，101，62－64。 5 但昭偉 (民81)。學區制之商榷－家長有沒有權利為孩子選擇國民中小學？。國教月刊，39(1.2)，31-38。 6 謝美慧（民87）。英國的「幼兒教育券計劃」。比較教育，45，99-108。 7 蕭芳華（民88）。幼兒教育券政策分析之研究。中國行政評論，9（1），135-175。 8 [9] 梁志堅，「汽電共生系統之現況與展望」，台電工程月刊，第537期，第47-52頁，民國八十二年五月。 9 [10] 湛良雄，張永錫，「桃園地區汽電共生發電廠併聯供電之現況及檢討」，台電工程月刊，第592期，第1-8頁，民國八十六年十二月。 10 [32] 葉開枝，「三相四線多重接地配電線保護監察及自動控制研究第一報-配電線接地保護之必要性(一)」，台電工程月刊，第194期，第18-20頁，民國五十三年十月。 11 [33] 葉開枝，「三相四線多重接地配電線保護監察及自動控制研究第一報-配電線接地保護之必要性(二)」，台電工程月刊，第195期，第32-33頁，民國五十三年十一月。 12 [38] 湛良雄，「法國電力系統簡介」，台電工程月刊，第448期，第51-70頁，民國七十四年十二月。 13 [41] 王步雲，「台電四十年來之配電工程」，台電工程月刊，第453期，第129-154頁，民國七十五年五月。 14 [43] 顏世雄，周嘉會，「接地與安全」，台電工程月刊，第445期，第5-10頁，民國七十四年九月。 15 [46] 葉開枝，「由11KV配電線路所引起因之通訊線干擾問題之研究」，台電工程月刊，第255期，第9-20頁，民國五十八年十一月。

 1 配電變壓器與三角形結線中性點接地變壓器數學模型推導與特性分析 2 三相四線式配電系統接地保護之研究 3 嚴謹輸電系統研究用之三相電力潮流程式開發 4 三相五線式配電系統之運轉特性研究 5 配電系統最佳接地規劃 6 電壓閃爍量測分析 7 在提供品質服務的HFC網路上迷你時槽先進先服務指定演算法分析 8 傅立葉轉換於虹膜辨識之應用 9 以數位信號處理器為基礎之適應性高效率感應馬達速度控制系統之研製 10 數位化新型三相交/直流轉換器開關控制策略之研究 11 具網路監控功能之多軸運動控制系統之研製 12 配電系統之可靠度與成本效益分析 13 不同負載類型於變電所架構之可靠度價值分析 14 以數位信號處理器為基礎之永磁式同步發電機功率控制系統之研製

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