(54.236.58.220) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/03/06 22:57
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:洪進明
研究生(外文):ChinMingHung
論文名稱:由北美自由貿易協定論美洲區域經濟之整合
論文名稱(外文):NAFTA and Beyond: Research in the Integration of Economic Blocs in the Americas
指導教授:朱言明朱言明引用關係劉大年劉大年引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chu, Yen MingLiu, Da Nien
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:中國文化大學
系所名稱:中山學術研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:綜合社會及行為科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2001
畢業學年度:89
語文別:中文
論文頁數:480
中文關鍵詞:北美自由貿易協定區域經濟整合美加自由貿易協定加勒比海共同市場中美洲共同市場安地斯集團南錐共同市場美洲自由貿易區
外文關鍵詞:North American Free Trade AgreementIntegration of Economic BlocsU.S.-Canada Free Trade AgreementCaribbean Community and Common MarketCentral American Common MarketAndean GroupMercado Comum No Cone SulFree Trade Area of the Americas
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:18
  • 點閱點閱:600
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:171
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:8
冷戰結束後,全球貿易自由化已是時代之趨勢,同一區域內之經濟整合亦陸續形成,各締約國間之多數貨品因優惠關稅而得以大量流通,對於非締約國之貨品乃造成貿易排擠效應,對我國以出口導向為主之經濟已產生相當程度之負面衝擊。美國是我國目前最大之出口市場,我國以出口為導向之經濟對美國市場之依賴度甚大,該市場對我國出口貨品之吸納程度均會立即影響到我國景氣之榮枯。北美自由貿易協定在1994年生效後,墨西哥及加拿大之部分輸美產品挾其優惠關稅及地利之便,已在美國市場上削弱我國之競爭力,對我國輸美貿易造成打擊。同時,受到北美自由貿易協定之衝擊及刺激,整個美洲地區亦加速經濟之整合,對我國出口貿易亦造成負面之衝擊。面對美洲地區區域經濟之貿易排擠效應,我國宜採加入世界貿易組織及簽署有利基之自由貿易協定、強化我國產業之競爭力、健全我國金融體系之結構、適當之行銷策略等因應對策,俾於開拓美洲市場時得以趨吉避凶,提升我國產品在美洲地區之競爭力,尋找市場利基(market niche)之所在,才能在競爭日益激烈之美洲市場中永續生存。
Global trade liberalization has become a popular trend all over the world especially after the cold war. The successive integration and forming of regional trade and economic alliances resulted in massive trading of goods among those that are part of the alliance. This situation, therefore, not only affected those countries that are excluded from the alliance, but it eventually brought a strong negative impact particularly on Taiwan''s export-oriented economy.
The U.S. is currently Taiwan''s biggest market for exports. The amount in which the U.S. imports from Taiwan directly influences Taiwan''s economy. Therefore, it is needless to say that Taiwan relies heavily and depends much on the U.S. for its exports. When the North American Free Trade Agreement(NAFTA) was effected in 1994, both Mexico and Canada took full advantage of the favorable tariffs and geographical advantage they have owned to penetrate the U.S. markets together. Other countries in the Americas that have been affected by NAFTA eventually formed economic integration among themselves and are enjoying the trade benefits as a result of their alliance. The economic integration in the Americas also brought a negative impact on Taiwan''s economy.
As regional economic integrations continue to increase and be seen in the Americas today, Taiwan''s economy also continues to suffer and experience depression. The time has now come when Taiwan should take immediate action to continually be competitive in American trade markets. Strategies, such as joining World Trade Organization (WTO), signing suitable trade agreements, strengthening the competitiveness of local enterprises, improving the structure of financial system and marketing policies, can be adopted to upgrade its competitiveness and find out what its market niches in the Americas.
第一章、緒論---------------------------------------------------------------1
第一節、研究動機--------------------------------------------------------1
第二節、研究方法與限制----------------------------------------------4
第三節、文獻回顧--------------------------------------------------------6
第四節、區域經濟整合之意涵----------------------------------------9
第二章、北美洲區域經濟之整合歷程-----------------------------16
第一節、美加墨貿易現況與政策------------------------------------16
一、美國貿易現況與政策----------------------------------------------16
二、加拿大貿易現況與政策-------------------------------------------46
三、墨西哥貿易現況與政策-------------------------------------------59
第二節、美加自由貿易協定-------------------------------------------87
第三節、北美自由貿易協定-------------------------------------------99
第四節、小結-------------------------------------------------------------118
第三章、北美自由貿易協定之意涵--------------------------------121
第一節、北美自由貿易協定之內容精義--------------------------121
第二節、美加雙邊貿易之成長---------------------------------------126
第三節、加墨雙邊貿易之促進---------------------------------------149
第四節、美墨雙邊貿易之變化---------------------------------------163
第五節、對台灣之影響-------------------------------------------------194
第六節、小結--------------------------------------------------------------222
第四章、北美自由貿易協定加速美洲之區域經濟整合-------226
第一節、加勒比海共同市場-------------------------------------------235
第二節、中美洲共同市場----------------------------------------------241
第三節、安地斯集團----------------------------------------------------277
第四節、南錐共同市場-------------------------------------------------307
第五節、其他美洲區域經濟整合之進展--------------------------347
第六節、小結--------------------------------------------------------------356
第五章、結論與建議----------------------------------------------------358
第一節、北美自由貿易協定之整合模式--------------------------358
第二節、由北美自由貿易協定到美洲自由貿易區-------------364
第三節、建議:我國宜採之因應策略-----------------------------372
參考書目
中文部份--------------------------------------------------------------------379
西文部份--------------------------------------------------------------------380
附錄
附錄一、北美自由貿易協定之重要內容-------------------------387
附錄二、歐洲聯盟------------------------------------------------------434
附錄三、東南亞國協---------------------------------------------------458
附錄四、亞太經濟合作會議-----------------------------------------465
附錄五、世界貿易組織------------------------------------------------469
(一) 圖書
王健全、劉大年、顧瑩華、陳厚鉻等編著。民國83年。北美自由貿易區對我國經濟之衝擊與因應。台北市:經濟 部工業局、中華經濟研究院。
胡述兆。民國62年。美國總統的生平與時代。台北市:台灣商務印書館。
黃慶源。民國70年。美國貿易法-如何因應美國貿易保護主義-。台北市:三民。
勞長春編。民國79年。美國-加拿大自由貿易協定之評估及對加拿大之影響。台北市:行政院經濟建設委員會。
經濟部貿易調查委員會編。民國89年。迎接WTO新世紀貿易政策與貿易救濟制度。台北市:編者。
經濟部投資業務處。民國80年。美墨邊境工業區研究報告。台北市:編者。
財政部、經濟部。民國87年。中華民國進出口貨品分類表合訂本。台北:編者。
經濟部國際貿易局。民國81年。關稅暨貿易總協定東京回合規約彙編。台北市:編者。
(二) 期刊
于有慧。民國82年。「美國301條款簡介」。美國月刊第8卷第5期(5月):142-143。
朱文芸。民國88年。「新風雲戰事 - 歐元之誕生」。紡織月刊(2月):47。
朱文芸。民國88年。「墨西哥 - 亞洲投資說明會議」。紡織月刊(7月):38-39。
蔡宏明。民國84年。「美日貿易戰的影響與啟示」。貿易週刊(5月):11-12。
台灣經濟研究院。民國85年。「美元匯率變動之因素分析與展望」。國際經濟情勢週報1143(7月):9。
亞東關係協會東京辦事處經濟組。1987。「日美半導體摩擦記實」。日本經訊(5月):11。
台灣區人造纖維紡紗工業同業公會。民國88年。「墨西哥 - 亞洲投資契機」。紡紗會訊季刊(9月):53。
經濟部國際貿易局。民國88年。國際貿易情勢分析(12月):1,I-26,I-27,I-28, I-39, I-40。
經濟部國際貿易局。民國89年。國際貿易情勢分析(3月):2-1,2-3,2-5。
經濟部國際貿易局、中華民國對外貿易發展協會。民國84年。1995-1996海外市場經貿年報,美洲篇(9月):281。
經濟部國際貿易局、中華民國對外貿易發展協會。民國85年。1996-1997海外市場經貿年報,美洲篇(9月): 201,211-212。
經濟部國際貿易局、中華民國對外貿易發展協會。民國87年。1998-1999海外市場經貿年報,美洲篇(9月): 76,172,213。
經濟部國際貿易局、中華民國對外貿易發展協會。民國88年。1999-2000海外市場經貿年報,美洲篇(9月): 40-164,188-273,303-380。
(一) 圖書
Baer, M. Delal, and Sidney Weintraub, 1994, The NAFTA Debate, Boulder: Lynne Rienner.
Baer, Werner and Donald V. Coes, 1990, United States Policies and the Latin American Economics, New York: Praeger.
Baldwin, Robert E., Carl B. Hamilton, and Andre Sapir, 1988, Issues in US-EC Trade Relations, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Baldwin, Robert E., 1985, The Political Economy of U.S. Import Policy, Cambridge: The MIT Press.
Baldwin, Robert E., 1988, Trade Policy in a Changing World Economy, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Barfield, Claude E. and John H. Makin, 1987, Trade Policy and U.S. Competitiveness, Washington D.C.: American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research.
Bauer, Raymond A., 1963, American Business & Public Policy, New York: Aldine.
Behar, Jaime, 1988, Trade and Employment in Mexico, Stockholm: University of Stockholm.
Bergsten, C. Fred, Kimberly Ann Elliott, Jeffrey J. Schott, and Wendy E. Takacs, 1987, Auction Quotas and United States Trade Policy, Washington D.C.: Institute for International Economics.
Bhagwati, Jagdish, 1988, Protectionism, Cambridge: The MIT Press.
Bhagwati, Jagdish, 1991, The World Trading System at Risk, Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Bhalla, A.S., and P. Bhalla, 1997, Regional Blocs, Building Blocks or Stumbling Blocks, New York: St. Martin''s Press.
Bognanno, Mario F., and Kathryn J. Ready, 1993, The North American Free Trade Agreement, Westport: Praeger.
Bovard, James, 1991, The Fair Trade Fraud, New York: St. Martin''s Press.
Bradford, Colin I., 1992, Strategic Options for Latin America in the 1990s, Paris: Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development.
Brusse, Wendy Asbeek, 1997, Tariff Trade and European Integration, 1947-1957, New York: St Martin''s Press.
Buigues, Pierre, Alexis Jacquemin, and Andre Sapie, 1995, European Policies on Competition, Trade and Industry, Aldershot: Edward Elgar.
Bulmer-Thomas, Victor, Nikki Craske, and Monica Serrano, 1994, Mexico and the North American Free Trade Agreement, Hampshire: The MacMillan Press.
Cline, William R., 1989, American Trade Adjustment: The Global Impact, Washington D.C.: Institute for International Economics.
Cohen, Stephen D., Joel R. Paul, and Robert A. Blecker, 1996, Fundamentals of U.S. Foreign Trade Policy, Boulder: Westview Press.
Cohen, Stephen D., 1994, The Making of United States International Economic Policy, Westport: Praeger.
Cohen, Stephen D., and Ronald I. Meltzer, 1982, United Sates International Economic Policy in Action, New York: Praeger.
Collins, Susan M., and Barry P. Bosworth, 1994, The New GATT: Implications for the United Sates, Washington D.C.: The Brookings Institution.
Conybeare, John A.C., 1987, Trade Wars, New York: Columbia University Press.
Crookell, Harold, 1990, Canadian-American Trade and Investment Under the Free Trade Agreement, Westport: Quorum Books.
Destler, I.M., 1995, American Trade Politics, Washington D.C.: Institute for International Economics.
Destler, I.M., 1995, American Trade Politics: System Under Stress, Washington D.C.: Institute for International Economics.
Destler, I.M., and John S. Odell, 1987, Anti-Protection Changing Forces in United States Trade Politics, Washington D.C.: Institute for International Economics.
Dominguez, Jorge I., 1982, Economic Issues and Political Conflict: US-Latin American Relations, London: Butterworth.
Doran, Charles F. and Gregory P. Marchildon, 1994, The NAFTA Puzzle, Boulder: Westview Press.
Douglas, Paul H., 1966, America in the Market Place, New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
Fatemi, Khosrow, 1993, North American Free Trade Agreement: opportunities an challenges, New York: St. Martin''s Press.
Feenstra, Robert C., 1997, The Effects of U.S. Protection and Promotion Policies, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Frost, Ellen L., 1997, Transatlantic Trade: A Strategic Agenda, Washington D.C.: Institute for International Economics.
Fry, Earl H., and Lee H. Radebaugh, 1991, Investment in the North American Free Trade Area: Opportunity and Challenges, Provo: Kennedy Center Publications.
Galal, Ahmed, and Bernard Hoekman, 1997, Regional Partners in Global Markets: Limits and Possibilities of the Euro-Med Agreements, Cairo: The Egyptian Center for Economic Studies.
Goldstein, Judith, 1993, Ideas, Interests, and American Trade Policy, Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Green, Roy E., 1993, The Enterprise for the Americas Initiative, Westport: Praeger.
Heinz, John, 1991, U.S. Strategic Trade: An Export Control System for the 1990s, Boulder: Westview Press.
Hody, Cynthia A., 1996, The Politics of Trade, Hanover: University of New England.
Hufbauer, Gary Clyde, and Kimberly Ann Elliott, 1994, Measuring the Costs of Protection in the United States, Washington DC: Institute for International Economics.
Hufbauer, Gary Clyde, and Jeffrey J. Schott, 1993, NAFTA: An Assessment, Washington DC: Institute for International Economics.
Hufbauer, Gary Clyde, and Jeffrey J. Schott, 1992, North American Free Trade: Issues and Recommendations, Washington DC: Institute for International Economics.
Hufbauer, Gary Clyde, and Joanna Shelton Erb, 1994, Subsidies in International Trade, Washington DC: Institute for International Economics.
Hufbauer, Gary Clyde, 1989, The Free Trade Debate, New York: Priority Press.
Hufbauer, Gary Clyde, Diane T. Berliner, and Kimberly Ann Elliott, 1986, Trade Protection in the United States: 31 Case Studies, Washington D.C.: Institute for International Economics.
Ikenberry, G. John, David A. Lake, and Michael Mastanduno, 1988, The State and American Foreign Economic Policy, Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Irwin, Douglas A., 1994, Managed Trade: The Case against Import Targets, Washington D.C.: The AEI Press.
Ito, Takatoshi, and Anne O. Krueger, 1997, Regionalism versus Multilateral Trade Arrangements, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Ito, Takatoshi, and Anne O. Krueger, 1993, Trade and Protectionism, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Jackson, John H., 1969, World Trade and the Law of GATT, Charlottesville: The Michie.
Josling, Timothy E., Stefan Tangermann, and T.K. Warley, 1996, Agriculture in the GATT, Hampshire: MacMillan Press.
Kate, Adriaan Ten, and Robert Bruce Wallace, 1980, Protection and Economic Development in Mexico, Hampshire: Gower.
Krueger, Anne O., 1995, American Trade Policy: A Tragedy in the Making, Washington D.C.: The AEI Press.
Krueger, Anne O., 1993, Economic Policies at Cross-Purposes: The United States and Developing Countries, Washington D.C.: The Brookings Institute.
Krueger, Anne O., 1996, The Political Economy of American Trade Policy, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Laszlo, Ervin, and Joel Kurtzman, 1979, The United States, Canada and the New International Economic Order, New York: Pergamon Press.
Lawrence, Robert Z., and Charles L. Schultze, 1990, An American Trade Strategy: Options for the 1990s, Washington D.C.: The Brookings Institution.
Lawrence, Robert Z., and Robert E. Litan, 1986, Saving Free Trade, Washington D.C.: The Brookings Institution.
Lenz, Allen J., 1991, Beyond Blue Economic Horizons, Westport: Praeger.
Lipsey, Richard G., Daniel Schwanen, and Ronald J. Wonnacott, 1994, The NAFTA, Ottawa: C.D. Howe Institute.
Lovett, William A., 1987, World Trade Rivalry, Lexington: D.C. Heath and Company.
Low, Patrick, 1993, Trading Free: The GATT and U.S. Trade Policy, New York: The Twentieth Century Fund Press.
Lusztig, Michael, 1996, Risking Free Trade, Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.
Lustig, Nora, Barry P. Bosworth, and Robert Z. Lawrence, 1992, North American Free Trade, Washington D.C.: The Brooking Institute.
Masson, Francis, and J.B. Whitely, 1960, Barriers to Trade between Canada and the United States, Washington D.C.: Canadian-American Committee.
McGaughey, William Jr., 1992, A U.S.-Mexico-Canada Free Trade Agreement, Minneapolis: Thistlerose.
Menz, Fredric C., and Sarah A. Stevens, 1991, Economic Opportunities in Freer U.S. Trade with Canada, New York: State University of New York Press.
Middleton, Robert, 1975, Negotiating on Non-tariff Distortions of Trade: The EFTA Precedents, New York: St. Martin''s Press.
Morici, Peter, 1991, A New Special Relationship: Free Trade and U.S.-Canada Economic Relations in the 1990s, Halifax: PDS Research Publishing Services.
Moss, Ambler H., 1993, Assessments of the North American Free Trade Agreement, New Brunswick: Transaction.
Nau, Henry R., 1990, The Myth of America''s Decline: Leading the World Economy into the 1990s, New York: Oxford University Press.
Nieuwenhuysen, John, 1989, Towards Freer Trade Between Nations, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Nivola, Pietro S., 1993, Regulating Unfair Trade, Washington D.C.: The Brookings Institution.
O''Driscoll, Gerald P., Jr., 1993, Free Trade within North America: Expanding Trade for Prosperity, Norwell: Kluwer Academic.
Olson, Robert K., 1981, U.S. Foreign Policy and the New International Economic Order: Negotiating Global Problems, 1974-1981, Boulder: Westview Press.
Oxley, Alan, 1990, The Challenge of Free Trade, New York: St. Martin''s Press.
Oye, Kenneth A., 1992, Economic Discrimination and Political Exchange, Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Pastor, Robert A., 1980, Congress and the Politics of U.S. Foreign Economic Policy, 1929-1976, Berkeley: University of California Press.
Pastor, Robert A., 1993, Integration with Mexico, New York: The Twentieth Century Fund Paper.
Preeg, Ernest H., 1995, Traders in A Brave New World, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Quinn, John, and Philip Slayton, 1992, Non-tariff Barriers After the Tokyo Round, Montreal: The Institute for Research on Public Policy.
Reynolds, Clark W., Leonard Waverman, and Gerardo Bueno, 1991, The Dynamics of North American Trade and Investment, Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Rhodes, Carolyn, 1993, Reciprocity, U.S. Trade Policy, and the GATT Regime, Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Richardson, J. David, 1993, Sizing Up U.S. Export Disincentives, Washington D.C.: Institute for International Economics.
Riggs, A.R., and Tom Velk, 1993, Beyond NAFTA: An Economic Political and Sociological Perspective, Vancouver: The Fraser Institute/Center for International Studies.
Rowley, Charles K., Willem Thorbecke, and Richard E. Wagner, 1995, Trade Protection in the United States, Brookfield: Edward Elgar.
Rugman, Alan M., 1990, Multinationals and Canada-United States Free Trade, Columbia: University of South Carolina Press.
Salvatore, Dominick, 1992, National Trade Policies, New York: Greenwood Press.
Scott, Bruce R., and George C. Lodge, 1985, U.S. Competitiveness in the World Economy, Boston: Harvard Business School Press.
Schott, Jeffrey J., 1989, Free Trade Areas and U.S. Trade Policy, Washington D.C.: Institute for International Economics.
Snape, R.H., 1986, Issues in World Trade Policy, New York: St. Martin''s Press.
Stallings, Barbara, 1995, Global Change, Regional Response: The New International Context of Development, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Stanley, Timothy W., Ronald L. Danielian,, and Samuel M. Rosenblatt, 1982, U.S. Foreign Economic Strategy for the Eighties, Boulder: Westview Press.
Stern, Robert M., Philip H. Trezise, and John Whalley, 1987, Perspectives on A U.S. Canadian Free Trade Agreement, Ottawa: The Institute for Research on Public Policy.
Stern, Robert M., 1993, The Multilateral Trading System, Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press.
Stern, Robert M., 1987, U.S. Trade Policies in a Changing World Economy, Cambridge: The MIT Press.
Stern, Robert M., 1989, Trade and Investment Relations Among the United States, Canada, and Japan, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Sykes, Alan O., 1995, Product Standards for Internationally Integrated Goods Markets, Washington D.C.: The Brookings Institution.
Tan, Joseph L.H., 1996, AFTA in the Changing International Economy, Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.
Truitt, Nancy Sherwood, 1992, Forum of the Americas: Open Trade and Investment/A Vision and An Agenda for the Americas, San Francisco: ICS Press.
Twiggs, Joan E., 1987, The Tokyo Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations, Washington D.C.: Georgetown University.
Uhler, Russell S., 1991, Canada-United States Trade in Forest Products, Vancouver: UBC Press.
Velasco, Andres, 1988, Trade, Development and the World Economy, Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
Vernon, Raymond, and Debora L. Spar, 1989, Beyond Globalism: Remarking American Foreign Economic Policy, New York: The Free Press.
Walters, Robert S., 1993, Talking Trade: U.S. Policy in International Perspective, Boulder: Westview Press.
Waverman, Leonard, 1992, Negotiating and Implementing a North American Free Trade Agreement, Vancouver: The Fraser Institute/Center for International Studies.
Weintraub, Sidney, 1994, Free Trade between Mexico and the United States, Washington D.C.: The Brookings Institute.
Weintraub, Sidney, 1997, NAFTA at Three, A Progress Report, Washington D.C.: The Center for Strategic & International Studies.
Weintraub, Sidney, 1994, NAFTA, What Comes next?, Westport: Praeger.
Weintraub, Sidney, Luis Rubio, and Alan D. Jones, 1991, U.S.-Mexican Industrial Integration, Boulder: Westview Press.
Winham, Gilbert R., 1986, International Trade and the Tokyo Round Negotiation, Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Wonnacott, Paul, 1987, The United States and Canada: The Quest for Free Trade, Washington D.C.: Institute for International Economics.
Wonnacott, Ronald J., 1991, The Economics of Overlapping Free Areas and the Mexican Challenge, Washington D.C.: Canadian-American Committee.
Yochelson, John, 1988, Keeping Pace: U.S. Policies and Global Economic Change, Cambridge: Ballinger.
Yochelson, John N., and Catherine Stirling, 1985, The United States and the World Economy: Policy Alternatives for New Realities, Boulder: Westview Press.
(二) 期刊
Economist Intelligence Unit. 2000. 1999-2000 Bolivia Country Profile. London: Economist Intelligence Unit.
Economist Intelligence Unit. 1999. 1998-1999 Uruguay Country Profile. London: Economist Intelligence Unit.
Economist Intelligence Unit. 2000. 1999-2000 Uruguay Country Profile. London: Economist Intelligence Unit.
International Monetary Fund. 1980. Direction of Trade Statistics Yearbook. Washington D.C.: International Monetary Fund.
International Monetary Fund. 1982. Direction of Trade Statistics Yearbook. Washington D.C.: International Monetary Fund.
International Monetary Fund. 1987. Direction of Trade Statistics Yearbook. Washington D.C.: International Monetary Fund.
International Monetary Fund. 1989. Direction of Trade Statistics Yearbook. Washington D.C.: International Monetary Fund.
International Monetary Fund. 1993. Direction of Trade Statistics Yearbook. Washington D.C.: International Monetary Fund.
International Monetary Fund. 1994. Direction of Trade Statistics Yearbook. Washington D.C.: International Monetary Fund.
International Monetary Fund. 1996. Direction of Trade Statistics Yearbook. Washington D.C.: International Monetary Fund.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔