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研究生:周倩霈
研究生(外文):Chien-Pei Chou
論文名稱:高科技產業雙薪家庭從業人員上司支持與工作-家庭衝突相關之研究-以性別相關因素為干擾變項
論文名稱(外文):A Study of the Relationships between Dual-Career Couples’ Supervisory Support and Work-Family Conflict in High-Tech Industry — Gender Variables as Moderators
指導教授:許碧芬許碧芬引用關係
指導教授(外文):Bi-Fen Hsu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:靜宜大學
系所名稱:企業管理學系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2001
畢業學年度:89
語文別:中文
論文頁數:78
中文關鍵詞:工作-家庭衝突上司支持性別性別角色態度雙薪家庭
外文關鍵詞:Work-Family ConflictSupervisory SupportGenderGender-Role AttitudesDual-Career Couple
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:10
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  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:5
隨著女性大量投入就業市場,雙薪家庭從業人員日漸增多,由於其扮演著工作與家庭間的雙重角色而感受到較多的壓力,因此較容易造成工作-家庭衝突。過去許多研究指出,在工作場所中,上司支持是最能有效降低部屬工作-家庭衝突的主要來源。然性別的差異,則是造成雙薪夫妻分擔工作或家務責任的一項重要原因,而近年來隨著社會風氣開放,許多人已不再持有傳統的性別角色態度,轉而持有平等的性別角色態度,亦使得雙薪夫妻對工作與家務的分工產生影響。
本研究以高科技產業雙薪家庭從業人員為例,分別以不同的上司與部屬性別組合及不同的性別角色態度做為上司支持與工作-家庭衝突之關聯性的干擾變項。研究發現:(一)不同的上司與部屬性別組合性別角色態度的干擾下,對上司支持與工作-家庭衝突的關聯性具有差異,(二)不同的性別角色態度下,對上司支持與工作-家庭衝突的關聯性具有差異。
While the raising labor force participation rates of women, the dual-career couples have been increasingly accelerating, due to the dual obligations of work and family taken by them, more and more pressures have come to their daily lives and led to work-family conflict as a consequence. There were indicated from many studies that sufficient supervisory support can effectively reduced the work-family conflict. However it has to note that the gender difference is a main factor on the issue of sharing working or housing responsibilities for those dual-career couples. In recent years, as a result of the developing liberalization in Taiwanese society, the traditional gender-role attitude has been losing its standing ground with critical doubts from the new generation. Instead, the value of gender equality starts to draw attentions and consequently, brings impact to the allocations of working and housing responsibilities in dual-career couples’ families.
The study is mainly aimed to explore the relationship between supervisory support and work-family conflict with a focus on dual-career couples in high-tech industry. Testing with various gender combinations among supervisors and subordinates, and various gender-role attitudes were designed as moderator variables in the study.
The study finding include as follows:
1.The variance between supervisory support and work-family conflict is significant while various gender combinations of supervisors and subordinates intervened.
2.Various gender-role attitudes lead to the significance of the correlated variance between supervisory support and work-family conflict.
目錄
中文摘要Ⅰ
英文摘要Ⅱ
目錄Ⅳ
表目錄Ⅴ
圖目錄Ⅵ
第一章 緒論1
第一節 研究背景與動機1
第二節 研究目的3
第二章 文獻探討4
第一節 工作-家庭衝突4
第二節 上司支持行為11
第三節 與性別相關之干擾變項16
第三章 個案研究25
第一節 訪談個案分析25
第二節 跨群組分析40
第三節 訪談個案結論42
第四章 研究方法43
第一節 研究架構43
第二節 研究假設44
第三節 研究變項之定義與衡量45
第四節 研究對象與樣本描述48
第五章 研究結果51
第一節 不同的上司與部屬性別組合對上司支持與工作-家庭衝突
關聯性之干擾效果51
第二節 不同的性別角色態度對上司支持與工作-家庭衝突
關聯性之干擾效果55
第六章 結論與建議62
第一節 結論62
第二節 建議65
附錄67
參考書目72
表目錄
表 2-1 工作-家庭衝突相關定義7
表 2-2 影響工作-家庭衝突之因素8
表 2-3 上司支持與工作-家庭衝突相關研究14
表 2-4 傳統與平等的性別角色態度的意義17
表 2-5 性別角色態度之分類19
表 3-1 上司男-部屬男訪談個案分析26
表 3-2 上司女-部屬女訪談個案分析30
表 3-3 上司男-部屬女訪談個案分析33
表 3-4 上司女-部屬男訪談個案分析36
表 3-5 群組間期望與實際支持行為比較40
表 4-1 各構面之信度係數47
表 4-2 樣本基本資料分析表49
表 4-3 各研究變項之相關分析50
表 5-1 依上司與部屬性別組合區分之各研究變項平均得分狀況 51
表 5-2 【上司男-部屬男】對上司支持與工作-家庭衝突關聯性影響之
多元迴歸分析52
表 5-3 【上司女-部屬女】對上司支持與工作-家庭衝突關聯性影響之
多元迴歸分析53
表 5-4 【上司男-部屬女】對上司支持與工作-家庭衝突關聯性影響之
多元迴歸分析53
表 5-5 以不同的上司與部屬性別組合為干擾變項之結果彙總54
表 5-6 群組對各因素構面之變異數分析55
表 5-7 各集群在各因素之平均分數56
表 5-8 傳統、平等性別角色態度之男女比例57
表 5-9 依性別角色態度區分之各研究變項平均得分狀況57
表 5-10 平等性別角色態度之男性對上司支持與工作-家庭衝突關聯性
影響之多元迴歸分析58
表 5-11 平等性別角色態度之女性對上司支持與工作-家庭衝突關聯性
影響之多元迴歸分析59
表 5-12 傳統性別角色態度之男性對上司支持與工作-家庭衝突關聯性
影響之多元迴歸分析59
表 5-13 傳統性別角色態度之女性對上司支持與工作-家庭衝突關聯性
影響之多元迴歸分析60
表 5-14 以性別角色為干擾變項之結果彙總61
圖目錄
圖 3-1 上司與部屬性別組合圖25
圖 4-1 本研究架構圖43
參考書目
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