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研究生:黃朝俊
研究生(外文):Chao-Jun Huang
論文名稱:人類肝細胞癌中的B型肝炎病毒X基因的變異體
論文名稱(外文):Variants of the Hepatitis B Virus X Gene in human Hepatocellular Carcinoma
指導教授:黃光裕
指導教授(外文):Guang-Yuh Hwang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:東海大學
系所名稱:生物學系
學門:生命科學學門
學類:生物學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2001
畢業學年度:89
語文別:中文
論文頁數:74
中文關鍵詞:B型肝炎病毒肝細胞癌變異體B型肝炎病毒X蛋白質免疫系統監控抗原決定基
外文關鍵詞:Hepatitis B VirusHepatocellular CarcinomaVariantsHBximmunoevasionepitope
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B型肝炎病毒X基因所產生的具有轉活性HBx蛋白質分子與肝癌形成有密切的關係,且X基因的變異體形成和在癌化過程中扮演著重要角色。因此本研究主要探討在台灣地區肝癌組織中B型肝炎病毒X基因變異體的分子型式。從20個肝癌組織的樣品中抽取核苷酸,並利用專一的寡核苷酸作高溫黏合的聚合酶酵素鏈反應,由不同程度的放大現象顯示X基因嵌入寄主染色體的多寡不同。利用膠上純化所生成的X基因之DNA片段,殖入載體(pUC-T)做轉殖純系化的工作。將8個由肝組織定序出的X基因序列與ayw型的野生型作比較。結果顯示有HBx蛋白質變異體的存在,而變異的區域主要集中在HBx蛋白質分子的胺基酸序列位置第26-45的區段及零星分佈於88、89、116、118、119、127、144等序列點上。同時結果發現8個變異體中有6個序列是相同。序列的分析發現突變區域主要發生於T細胞所辨識的抗原決定基(位置第111-135)及B細胞所辨識的抗原決定基(位置第29-46)和HBx蛋白質的多脯胺酸/絲胺酸區域(PSR)上。這些區域所累積的變異型式,並非來自於亞型的基因多態現象,而可能是因免疫系統的監控篩選下所逃脫出的變異體型式。

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) X gene, encoding a pleotropic transactivator of HBx protein, has been associated with the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Molecular information on liver-derived HBV variants isolated from HCC among Taiwanese population was studied. HBV X gene were amplificed from twenty HCC patients in high stringency with specific primers. The results of differential amplification indicated that the variable copy numbers of the HBV X genes were integrated in the genomic DNAs of HCC. The amplified HBV X genes were purified and cloned into pUC-T vector. Sequences of the eight liver-derived X genes were aligned and compared with the wild type, the ayw HBV serotype. Results indicate that variants of the HBx protein were found predominantly within the regions of peptide No. 26-45 in N-terminus, and No. 88, 89, 116, 118, 119, 127, and 144 in position. Sequences from six out of the eight variants were found to be identical. These accumulated sequence mutations among the eight HBx variants were found to coincide with the regions of the B-cell epitopes (No. 29-48), the T-cell epitopes (No. 111-135), and the HBx PSR domain. The observed sequence variation patterns seem to result from accumulation of mutations, rather than, representing subtype-specific polymorphic sites. These mutations of HBx protein may be involved in immunoevasion of HBV.

目錄………………………………………………………………….…1
中文摘要……………………………………………………………...3
英文摘要…………………………………………………………….…4
前言………………………………………………………………….…6
實驗材料及方法……………………………………………………...9
一﹑取得肝炎病人肝腫瘤組織樣本……………..………9
二﹑萃取肝細胞組織的DNA…………………………… …9
三﹑聚合酶酵素鏈反應……………………………………9
四﹑電泳膠的DNA之純化…………………………………10
五﹑重組質體的製備…………………………………….12
六﹑適切化細胞的製備……………………………….…12
七﹑轉化作用………………………………………….…13
八﹑質體的萃取與純化……………………………….…13
九﹑自動定序反應……………………………………….16
十﹑變異體序列分析…………………………………….17
結果…………………………………………………………………..18
討論…………………………………………………………………..23
參考文獻……………………………………………………………..28
圖表………………………………………………………………..…34
附錄…………………………………………………………………..48
Ⅰ.材料配方………………………………………………48
Ⅱ.附圖……………………………………………………52
Ⅲ. B型肝炎病毒ayw亞型核酸序列…………………………......56
Ⅳ. B型肝炎病毒adw亞型核酸序列……………………………....62
Ⅴ.B型肝炎病毒adr亞型核酸序列………………………………...67
個人資料………………………………………………………….….74

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