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研究生:簡子濤
論文名稱:台灣與大陸在WTO架構下共存模式之評估研究
指導教授:楊志誠楊志誠引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:東海大學
系所名稱:政治學系
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:政治學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2001
畢業學年度:89
語文別:中文
論文頁數:337
中文關鍵詞:世界貿易組織和平共存國際體制全球化統合溢出談判外交政策
外文關鍵詞:WTOpeaceful coexistenceinternational regimeglobalizationintegrationspilloverbargaindiplomatical policy
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公元二○○○年的台灣總統大選,由代表民主進步黨參選的陳水扁勝出,不但將台灣島內的政治生態與版圖,作了一番重大的變革;連帶地,台灣與大陸逾半世紀以來「剪不斷、理還亂」的關係,也由傳統國共內戰「漢賊不兩立」,轉向全新的境界。大陸追求實現「和平統一、一國兩制」與台灣執政的民進黨所揭示的「台獨黨綱」具有不相容與衝突的關係,已隱然成為現階段台灣海峽兩岸之間最大的變數與零和。然而,兩岸關係是不是只有統一、獨立和維持現狀的選擇而已呢?本文試圖從如何在全球經濟體系中,對兩岸作適當的定位,提出一個兩岸「共存架構」的可行性評估,作為未來兩岸在統一、獨立或維持現狀之外,另一個可能選擇。
Mr. Chen Shui-bian, the candidate 0f DPP, won the Taiwan President election for the year 2000, which not only changed the political environment and structure, but turned the Taiwan-China long opposing relationship into a new state.
However, China’s “:Peaceful Reunification” and “One Country, Two System” policy conflicts with the Taiwan Independence declaration of Taiwan’s ruling party, DPP, which could be the most mutable factor in the bilateral relationship.
Is there any other choices except reunification, independence and status quo? To answer the question, this thesis properly defines the cross-strait relationship under the global economic system, and then brings up a feasibility valuation of the cross-strait coexistence structure which could be an alternative for the future.
第一章緒論…………………………………………………………1
第一節 研究動機與目的…………………………………………..1
第二節 研究方法、理論與架構…………………………………..7
第三節 研究範圍與限制………………………………………….14
第二章文獻探討……………………………………………………19
第一節 全球化……………………………………………………..19
第二節 國際體制…………………………………………………..28
第三節 台海兩岸的合作與共存基礎…………………………....64
第四節 談判理論…………………………………………………..95
第五節 外交政策理論…………………………………………...103
第三章經貿聯合國:「世界貿易組織-WTO」…………………107
第一節 世界經濟的全球化與區域化…………………………...107
第二節 世界經濟體系WTO……………………………………....128
第三節 台灣參與國際經貿組織之現況………………………...146
第四節 小結……………………………………………………...150
第四章兩岸加入WTO之利弊分析……………………………....152
第一節 兩岸加入WTO之過程…………………………………....153
第二節 兩岸加入WTO之障礙…………………………………....157
第三節兩岸加入WTO之利益…………………………………....160
第四節兩岸加入WTO可能遇到的問題……………………......167
第五節小結……………………………………………………...180
第五章WTO架構下兩岸的競合關係……………………………..181
第一節 兩岸在WTO架構下可能的互動模式………………......184
第二節 兩岸在WTO架構下建立共存架構…………………......190
第三節 兩岸在WTO架構下建立雙邊經貿談判機制………......204
第四節 小結……………………………………………………...223
第六章台灣在WTO架構下的過去、現在與未來………………..224
第一節 台灣在全球整合經濟體系中的定位………………… ..224
第二節 台灣未來所應採取的國家總體發展戰略……………...228
第三節 兩岸在WTO架構下由經濟共存走向政治共存的可能性…………………………………………………………..........257
第四節 「和平共存」外交政策的提出………………………….265
第七章結論與建議……………………………………………….278
第一節 本文結論與建議………………………………………...278
第二節 未來展望………………………………………………...292
附錄…………………………………………………………………..297
參考書目……………………………………………………………..308
表目次
表:
表2-1 國際體制四個主要相關理論之比較……………………...30
表2-2 古典博弈理論的主要模型……………………………….....43
表2-3 區域經濟整合的階段與特性..………………………….. ..94
表3-1 GATT歷次回合談判簡表……………………………........131
表4-1 大陸加入WTO對各國實質國民所得之影響(1996∼2005平均每年所得變動)…………………………………… ...................165
表4-2 台灣入關之調整問題與談判立場……………………. ....174
表5-1 台商張老師專業諮詢彙總表…………………………. ....212
表6-1 兩岸統一策略比較………………………………………....271
圖目次
圖:
圖1-1 研究架構…………………………………………………...18
圖2-1 古典博弈理論模型………………………………………...44
圖2-2 分合並存的國際關係……………………………………...66
圖2-3 政治系統模式圖…………………………………………..104
圖2-4 決策過程圖………………………………………………..106
圖3-1 世界貿易組織架構圖……………………………………..137
圖5-1 傳統算法和平價算法的GNP國際比較(1993年,前15順位)……………………………………………………................187
圖5-2 兩岸出口依存度比較……………………………………..192
圖5-3 台商在大陸地區投資結構(1991∼1996年累計)……..194
圖5-4 台商在大陸投資產業結構(1991∼1996年累計)……..195
圖6-1 國家戰略流程圖…………………………………………..230
圖6-3 「和平共存」外交政策對兩岸關係之影響系統圖…………………………………………………………..........274
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蔡政文,《現階段和解中的歐洲》。台北:三民,民67。
蔡政文、林嘉誠,《台海兩岸政治關係》。台北:財團法人張榮發基金會國家政策研究資料中心,民79。
蔡練生,《兩岸加入GATT後對我國經貿之影響》。民82。
蔡繼光,《了解全球化》。台北:聯經,民89。
經濟部國際貿易局,《中共加盟GATT之分析及對我國申請入會
之影響》。民78。
經濟部國際貿易局,《國際經貿組織簡訊(十七)》。民80。
楊光宇等譯,Robert Gillian著,《國際關係的政治經濟分析》(The Political Economy of International Relations)。台北:桂冠圖書公司,民83。
楊開煌,《談判的策略研究﹕與中共談判》。台北﹕冠志出版社,民83。
楊開煌,《縱論兩岸尋雙贏》。台北:歷史智庫,民85。
劉必榮,《談判》。台北:時報文化,民86。
劉吉等著,《黨制之爭》。上海:人民出版社,民79。
劉佩瓊主編,《中國經濟大趨勢》。台北:遠流出版社,民86。
劉常勇、李立著,《前進大陸快易通》。台北:商智文化事業公司,
民87。
劉國春,〈台灣當局「彈性外交」剖析〉,《轉型期的台灣政治與兩岸關係》。北京:時事出版社,民80。
鄧小平,《鄧小平文選(一九七五-一九八二年)》。北京:人民
出版社,民82。
鄧小平,《鄧小平文選第三卷》。北京:人民出版社,民82。
鄧東濱編著,《談判手冊》。台北:長河出版社,民73。
鄭竹園,《大陸經濟改革的進程與效果》。台北:致良出版社,民
86。
鄭棨元,《全球化-全球化與文化》。台北:韋伯文化,民90。
樊立勤,〈改革開放,不容動搖〉,《北京地下「萬言書」》。香
港:明鏡,民86。
趙建民,《兩岸互動與外交競逐》。台北:時英出版社,民83。
歐信宏、陳尚懋譯,Hughes, Barry 著,《國際政治新論》。台北:韋伯文化,民88。
《邁向全球化》。台北:月旦,民90。
羅昌發,《國際貿易法-世界貿易組織下之法律新秩序:國際經貿
法研究(五)》。台北:月旦出版社,民85。
羅志淵主編,《雲五社會科學大辭典-政治學》。台北:商務書局,民60。
謝益顯,《外交智慧與謀略》。鄭州:河南人民出版社,民81。
魏燕慎、谷源祥,〈大陸、香港、台灣經濟關係的發展與前景〉,
《大陸與台港澳的經濟關係與合作》。北京:中國友誼出版公
司,民80。
顏慶章,《揭開GATT的面紗:全球貿易的秩序與趨勢》。台北:時報文化,民78。
關中,《國際關係理論簡介》。台北:財團法人民主文教基金會,民81。
二﹑期刊
于有慧譯,〈美國三O一條款簡介〉,《美國月刊》,第13卷,第3期,民82,頁136-144。
王思粵,〈美國與中共經貿關係的回顧與展望〉,《美歐月刊》,
第11卷,第4期,民85。
王信賢,〈世界體系理論與中國大陸對外開放政策分析〉,《共黨
問題研究》,第22卷,第6期,民85。
王章陵,〈鄧小平『南巡』後的政經改革〉,《共黨問題研究》
第19卷,第1期,民82。
李天賞、吳春宜,〈從國際政治經濟發展趨勢探討兩岸關係結構性
變化〉,《國立中山大學社會科學季刊》,第1卷,第1期,民86。
李莉,〈加入關貿總協(GATT)對我國經貿之影響〉,《臺灣經濟
金融月刊》,第350號,民83。
芮正昊,〈務實外交的理論基礎〉,《理論與政策》,第1卷,第6期,民84。
宋興洲,〈國際合作理論與亞太區域經濟〉,《問題與研究》,第36卷,第3期,民86。
林聖忠,〈邁入多邊談判之大門-加入GATT對我國經貿之影響〉,
《貿易週刊》,第1500期,民81.3.18。
林碧炤,〈如何研究外交政策的制訂:一項方法論的評介〉,《問
題與研究》,第21卷,第2期,民71.5。
林靈宏、張雍川,〈由區域性經濟整合的理論評估「大中華經濟圈」之未來與發展〉,《台北銀行月刊》,第25卷,第10期,民83。
洪秀菊,〈秘密和第三國介入之談判﹕美伊人質談判之探討〉,《中
國行政評論》,第4卷,第1期,民83.12。
陶在樸〈歐亞經濟互動時代的來臨〉,《經濟情勢暨評論》,第2卷,第1期,民85.5。
莊宗憲,〈企業家看經濟前景-風暴後續進大陸〉,《天下雜誌》,
民87.6.5。
梁宇賢,〈論關稅貿易總協定之產生〉,《中興法學》,第9期,民63.12。
郭淑娟,〈智慧財產權與國際貿易的關係〉,《台灣經濟研究月刊》,第15卷,第2期,民81.12。
張炳亮,〈具有中國特色的對外開放〉,《理論學習月刊》,民88.10。
張起厚,〈台商在大陸現況檢討〉,《共黨問題研究》,第21卷,第8期,民84.8.15。
許志嘉,〈當代多國企業之政經意涵及其對台商大陸投資之啟發〉,《共黨問題研究》,第20卷,第11期,民83.11.15。
蔡宏明,〈世界貿易組織的內涵與影響〉,《理論與政策》,第9卷,第2期,民84。
黎建彬,〈三個層次之賽局:中美經貿談判之分析(一九八一∼一九八八)〉,《政治科學論叢》,第1期,民79.3,頁219~239。
裘兆琳,〈弱勢者如何與強方談判〉,《美國月刊》,第6卷,第11期,民80.11,頁99-104。
鄭玉瑞,〈我國加入關貿總協的利弊剖析與應有調適對策〉,《臺灣經濟金融月刊》,第336號,民82.1,頁44-49。
樂為良譯,Bill Gates 著,〈資訊流動就是命脈〉,《商業週刊》,第2期,民88.3.22,頁78-84。
劉必榮,〈中共談判行為研究﹕不同個案之比較分析〉,《東吳政治學報》,第1期,民81,頁123-203。
,〈不對稱結構下的談判行為分析〉,《東吳政治學報》,第2期,民82,頁219-267。
,〈國際調停的權力與過程-關於國際調停模型的幾點討論〉,《東吳政治學報》,第3期,民83,頁67-95。
三﹑論文
方瑞松,〈關稅暨貿易總協定(GATT)之研究-兼論孫中山先生「貨能暢其流」之時代意義〉,碩士論文,國立政治大學三民主義研究所,民80.6。
包宗和,〈務實外交的理論意涵〉,「國家政策與區域發展」學術研討會,台北,民81。
宋國誠,〈中華民國大陸政策與中共對台政策的比較評估〉,「兩岸關係與中國前途」學術研討會,台北,民81。
何玉華,〈加入世界貿易組織對兩岸關係的影響〉,碩士論文,淡江大學國際事務與戰略研究所,民86.1。
林晨富,〈加入國際經貿組織之研究-以關稅暨貿易總協定為例〉碩士論文,政大外交研究所,民82.4。
茅家琦,〈四十五年來兩岸關係之回顧〉,「邁向21世紀兩岸關係發展」學術研討會,香港,民84。
邱秉玲,〈談判的理論與實質-以中美仿冒品談判為例〉,碩士論文,政治大學外交研究所,民77.6。
柳嘉峰,〈台灣加入世界貿易組織之政治經濟分析(一九八八-一九九六)〉,碩士論文,國立台灣大學政治學研究所,民86。
洪德欽,〈GATT/WTO爭端解決體系-兼論其對我國加入WTO之意義與影響〉,國科會,民87。
畢英賢,〈如何增進兩岸互信之研究〉,「第二屆海峽兩岸關係」學術研討會,北京,民81。
陳彥夆,〈中華民國對外關係-大陸政策、外交政策、中共對台政策互動研究(1988∼1994)〉,碩士論文,國立政治大學外交系,民84。
陳忠信,〈後冷戰時期兩岸政府關係的演變-台北對大陸政策的演變〉,「務實外交與兩岸關係」學術研討會,台北,民83。
郭相枝,〈海峽兩岸的分裂現狀與政治整合問題〉,「90年代兩岸關係」學術研討會,香港,民81。
陸玉琪,〈談判的力量結構分析途徑﹕中美著作權保護協定個案研究〉,碩士論文,東海大學政治學研究所,民83。
曹俊漢,〈我國參加亞洲開發銀行及關稅與貿易總協定之比較:「會籍」與「名稱」的觀察〉,「中華民國與聯合國-我國加入聯合國週邊組織之可行性」研討會,政治大學國際關係研究中心,台北。
黃啟南,〈中共談判策略之研究-1970∼1982年中共與美國關於『台灣問題』三大公報談判個案研究〉,碩士論文:政治大學東亞研究所,民76.1。
彭志平,〈兩岸在WTO架構下的經貿互動〉,碩士論文,東海大學政治學系,民88.1。
葉明德,〈略論「一個中國」〉,「一個中國政策」學術研討會,台北,民81。
趙建民,〈面對廿一世紀的兩岸關係:結構、環境與文化面的分析〉,「展望公元兩千年兩岸軍力平衡」學術研討會,高雄,民86。
廖文忠,〈以貿易手段保護智慧財產權之法律問題-以美國貿易法為例〉,碩士論文﹕政治大學法律研究所,民82.6。
廖舜右,〈中華民國務實外交政策之分析(1988∼1993)〉,碩士論
文,東海大學政治學系,民83。
劉復國,〈中華民國參加國際組織的會籍問題〉,碩士論文,政治大學外交研究所,民76.1。
謝文啟,〈兩岸加入GATT/WTO之互動與影響分析〉,碩士論文,政大東亞所,民85。
韓淑娟,〈兩岸共創經濟合作新時代〉,「經濟國際化-兩岸經濟合作」學術研討會,淡江大學大陸研究所主辦,民89.12.10。
嚴宗大,〈兩岸經貿關係的現況及其問題〉,「兩岸交流」學術研討會。台北:中國大陸問題研究中心,民82。
四﹑文件
〈GATT多邊貿易談判與美國貿易政策〉。經濟部國際貿易局,民72.2。
〈GATT答客問〉。經濟部國際貿易局,民81.12。
〈GATT & 智慧財產權之保護〉。經濟部中央標準局,民82.3。
〈三中全會以來的重大決策〉。北京:中央文獻出版社,民84.2。〈1996年中國人口統計年鑒〉。北京:中國統計出版社,民85。
〈中華人民共和國第五屆全國人民代表大會第四次會議文件〉。北
京:人民出版社,民80.12。
〈我國加入世界貿易組織現況總報告〉。經濟部,民86.1。
〈我國加入世界貿易組織參考資料(一)﹕總論篇〉。經濟部國際貿易局,民85。
〈易年鑒〉。香港:中國廣告公司出版,民83-86。
林武郎,〈中國大陸的吸引外資與海外投資〉。台北:行政院大陸
委員會委託研究之專案研究報告,民86.10。
〈東京回合世界多邊貿易談判(MTN)〉。經濟部國際貿易局,民
69.1。
洪德欽,〈GATT架構下之多邊貿易談判〉,〈我國加入世界貿易組織專題研究報告彙編(一)﹕總論〉。經濟部國際貿易局,民77.6。
〈香港海關統計〉,兩岸經濟統計月報》。民85.1。
〈烏拉圭回合協定摘要及其對我影響與我因應對策〉。經濟部國際
貿易局,民84.10。
徐麗萍,〈參加『第十屆WTO貿易政策研討會』報告〉,〈行政院所屬各機關因公出國人員報告書〉。88.5.15。
〈認識世界貿易組織〉。經濟部國際貿易局印製,民88.11。
葉國興,〈GATT之簡介與分析〉,〈我國加入世界貿易組織專題研究報告彙編(一)總論〉。經濟部國際貿易局,民77。
蔡英文,〈我國重行加入關稅及貿易總協定之研究〉,〈我國加入世界貿易組織專題研究報告彙編(一)總論〉。經濟部國際貿易局,民77.8。
五、報紙
《工商時報》,台北。
《中央日報》,台北。
《中國時報》,台北。
《中時晚報》,台北。
《自由時報》,台北。
《解放日報》,北京。
《經濟日報》,台北。
《聯合報》,台北。
《聯合早報》,台北。
貳﹑西文部分
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(III)Conference Papers
Crockford, Peter, “Intellectual Property and Likely Effect on NIEs,” 台北﹕關貿總協與我國經貿政策研討會,經濟部國貿局與中華經濟研究院合辦,民國八十一年三月十九日至二十日。
Touval, Saadia and Jeffrey Z. Rubin, “Multilateral Negotiation: An Analytical Approach,” Harvard Law School, Program on Negotiation, Working Paper Series 87-5, July 1987.
Zartman, I. William, “Many Are Called but Few Choose: Managing Complexity in Multilateral Negotiations,” Working Paper 14, Program of the Processes of International Negotiation. Cambridge, MA: American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1988.
(IV)Documents
Cho, Hui-wan. Taiwan''s Application to GATT: Significance of Multilateralism for an Unrecognized State. Woodrow Wilson Department of Government and Foreign Affairs, University of Virginia, May 1999.
Mastel, Greg, Taiwan in the WTO: An Economic and Policy Analysis. unpublished manuscript on file with the author, 1999.
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