跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(100.28.2.72) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/06/22 21:01
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:楊凱全
研究生(外文):KaiChuan Yang
論文名稱:相容性成核誘導晶種對聚醯胺6界溶液的成膜之研究
論文名稱(外文):Study of membrane formation from meta-solution of PA6 with compatible nucleation induction seeds.
指導教授:林達鎔
指導教授(外文):Dar-Long Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:淡江大學
系所名稱:化學工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2001
畢業學年度:89
語文別:中文
論文頁數:131
中文關鍵詞:摻合聚醯胺6薄膜濕式相轉化法相容性電漿活化接枝
外文關鍵詞:BlendPolyamide 6MembranePhase inversionMorphologyCompatibility
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:170
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本研究論文係以聚醯胺6(Polyamide 6,Nylon 6;PA6)為基材,將其與Lotader 18302(Poly(E-co-GMA);乙烯與甲基丙烯酸環氧丙酯共聚物)或改質Lotader 18302先行反應摻合,作為相容性成核晶種(Compatible Nucleation Seed, CNS)製膜液的主要添加成分。其中對於Lotader 18302的改質,是以電漿活化技術接枝Glycidyl Methacrylate(甲基丙烯酸環氧丙酯;GMA)聚合體,來改變摻合體的相容特性。在摻合體中高分子相界面的作用力,因為相容性的差異,使得高分子在界溶液(meta-solution;製膜液中同時含有可溶高分子與不溶成核晶種)中與溶劑及非溶劑不同比率下,產生多樣的互相影響的因素。當相容性不同的摻合體配製的相容性成核晶種製膜液,再以濕式相轉化法之製膜程序,配合不同之沉澱槽,可製備出相形態區域的尺寸與結構形態的變化與差異很大之微孔型薄膜。
本研究論文的相容性成核晶種製膜液的重要性在於突破傳統製膜液的概念,結合相容性摻合以及薄膜製備兩種技術;輔以電漿接枝技術增進摻合複材間之相容性,藉由相容性改變程度的差異,利用濕式相轉化法的薄膜製備方法,可以製備出多樣特殊薄膜結構形態,發展優質與潔淨的薄膜配製程序,不僅降低生產成本,同時提高生產程序的穩定度。

Commercial Nylon-6 porous membranes suffer from the drawbacks of having to use an “incipient dope” and a high formic acid content precipitation bath. In order to improve the synthesis process, a novel method of membrane formation is studied. The present work concerns dopes with the presence of compatibilized nucleation seeds (CNS) which are prepared through in-situ reactive blending of poly(ethylene—co-glycidyl methacrylate), Poly(E-co-GMA) and Nylon 6, PA6. Membranes are prepared with the immersion-precipitation method, with formic acid as the solvent and water as the nonsolvent. Investigation of interfacial compatibility of such blends and thus prepared dopes is conducted by using FTIR, SEM and particle sizer. The morphology of the micro porous membranes are studied with respect to the compatible seeds as well as other properties of dope and formation conditions.DSC, Water flux test, Tensile strength and Wettability are also employed to measure the physical and mechanical properties of membrane.

目錄
第一章 緒論
1-1前言……………..……………………………………………… 1
1-2簡介…………………………..………………………………….3
第二章 原理與文獻回顧
2-1 電漿活化改質
2-1-1 電漿原理與文獻回顧……………………………………6
2-1-2 電漿形式及應用…………………………………………8
2-1-3 電漿表面改質…………………………………………..11
2-2 相容性摻合
2-2-1 摻合原理與文獻回顧…………………………………..13
2-2-2 原位相容性反應…………………..……………………16
2-3 薄膜成型
2-3-1 薄膜原理與文獻回顧…………………………………..19
2-3-2 熱力學平衡相圖…………………..……………………24
第三章 實驗步驟及方法
3-1 實驗藥品……………………………………………………30
3-2 實驗設備與分析儀器……………………..……………..35
3-3 實驗步驟與流程
3-3-1 電漿活化接枝………………….……………………….37
3-3-2 相容性摻合.…………………………………………….46
3-3-3 薄膜製備….…………………………………………….52
第四章 結果與討論
4-1 電漿接枝
4-1-1 電漿接枝定性分析………………………………………57
4-1-2 電漿接枝定量分析
4-1-2-1 稱重法…………………………………………….63
4-1-2-2 酸鹼滴定法……………………………………….66
4-2 相容性摻合
4-2-1 SEM相形態觀測…………………………………………72
4-2-2 粒徑分析………………………………………………….78
4-2-3 FT-IR分析………………………………………………..80
4-2-4 DSC熱分析……………………………………………….83
4-3 薄膜分析
4-3-1 摻合複材對製膜液相圖之影響………………………….86
4-3-2 摻合複材預埋晶種濃度對薄膜製備之影響
4-3-2-1 表面滲水性………………………………………..90
4-3-2-2 薄膜相形態檢測…………………………………..93
4-3-3 非溶劑含量對薄膜製備之影響
4-3-3-1 表面滲水性………………………………………..98
4-3-3-2 薄膜相形態檢測…………………………………..106
4-3-3-1 抗張強度檢測……………………………………..114
4-3-3-2 水通量檢測………………………………………..116
4-3-4 沉澱槽濃度對薄膜製備之影響
4-3-4-1 表面滲水性………………………………………..118
4-3-4-2 薄膜相形態檢測…………………………………..121
第五章 結論……………………………………………………124
參考文獻……………………………………………………………………126

參考文獻
1.賴耿陽, “塑膠材料技術讀本”, 台灣復文興業 (1988).
2.P. J. Marinaccio and R. A. Knight, U.S. Patent 3,876,738, (1975).
3.葉明國, ‘‘聚合物化學’’, 新學識 (1994) 232.
4.Liao-Ping Cheng, Dar-Jong Lin, Kai-Chuan Yang, J. Membr. Sci., 172 (2000) 157.
5.高正雄, ”超LSI時代-電漿化學”, 復漢出版社 (1997).
6.Y. Ikada, and Y. Uyama, ”Lubricating polymer surfaces”, Technomic Publishing Company, Lancaster, 1993.
7.A. Grill, ”Cold plasma in materials fabrication:from fundamentals to applications”., IEEE Press, NJ, (1994).
8.陳克紹,”低溫電漿表面處理技術原理概述與應用簡介”,低溫電漿表面處理技術於高分子材料上之應用研討會, (1997) 37.
9.楊建德,”低溫電漿表面處理技術於其他高分子材料上之應用”,低溫電漿表面處理技術於高分子材料上之應用研討會, (1997) 72.
10.王啟川,’’電漿誘導接枝共聚合反應之研究及酵素固定膜之應用’’,清華大學化工所博士論文,1993.
11.S. D. Lee, G. H. Hsiue and C. Y. Kao, J. Polym Sci ,Part A;Polym Chem, 34 (1996) 141.
12.B. Majumdar, H. Keskkula and D. R. Paul, J. Appl. Ploym. Sci(1994).
13.D. R. Paul and S. Newman, eds. in Polymer blends, 2,ch. 12, Academic Press, New York(1978).
14.M. Xanthos, M. W. Young and J. A. Biesenberger, Polym. Eng. Sci. , 30,(1990)355.
15.J. R. Cammpbell, S. Y. Hobbs, T. J. Shea and V. H. Watkins, Polym. Eng. Sci. , 30,(1990)1056.
16.M. Yoshida, J. J. Ma, K. Min, J. L. White and R. P. Quirk, Polym. Eng. Sci., 30,(1990)30.
17.J. Duvall, C. Sellitti, C. Myers, A. Hiltner and E. Bear, J. Appl. Ploym. Sci. , 52,(1996)195.
18.R. E. Wetton and P. J. Corish, Polym. Test., 8,(1989)303.
19.R. Fayt and Ph. Teyssie, Polym. Eng. Sci. , 30,(1990)937.
20.J. M. Willis and B. D. Favis, Polym. Eng. Sci., 30,(1990)1073.
21.G. H. Hu, Y. J. Sun and M. Lambla, Polym. Eng. Sci., 36, (1996) 676.
22.Y. J. Sun, G. H. Hu and M. Lambla, and H. K. Kotlar, Polymer, 37(1996)4119.
23.T. Tang, Z. L. Lei, and B. T. Huang, Polymer, 37,(1996)3219.
24.C. Koning, A. Ikker, R. Borggreve, L. Leemans and M. Muller, Polymer, 34,(1993)4410.
25.R. Mestanza, PH. D. Dissert Univ. Louis Pasteur Strasbourg I(1993)
26.Whimore M.D. and Noolandi J., Macromolecules 21 (1988) 1482.
27.Sakurai K.; et al., Macromolecules 27 (1994) 4941.
28.Hong G. Jeon ; et al., Macromolecules 32 (1999) 1803.
29.Tanaka H.; et al., Macromolecules 24 (1991) 240.
30.Liu L.; et al., Polymer 35 (1994) 5511.
31.Thomas E. L.; et al., Nature 34 (1988) 598.
32.Ryan A. J.; et al., Macromolecules 28 (1995) 3860.
33.DiMarzio E. A.; et al., Macromolecules 13 (1980) 1194.
34.Floudas G. and Tsitsilianis C., Macromolecules 30 (1997) 4381.
35.Zu L.; et al., Macromolecules 60 (1999) 10022.
36.J Huitric, P. Mederic, M. Moan and J. Jarrin, Polymer, 39 (1998) 4849.
37.M. Mulder, ‘Basic Principles of Membrane Technology ’,Kluwer
Academic Publishers, Dordrecht,(1991).
38.H. Strahmann, J. Membrane Sci., 9 (1981) 121.
39.H. K. Lonsdale, J. Membrane Sci., 10 (1982) 81.
40.T. H. Young and L. W. Chen, J. Membrane Sci., 59 (1991) 169.
41.T. H. Young and L. W. Chen, J. Membrane Sci., 83 (1993) 153.
42.T. H. Young and L. W. Chen, Desalination, 103 (1995) 233.
43.K. C. Khulbe, G. Chowdhury, B. Kruczek, R. Vujosevic, T. Matsuura and G. Lamarche, J. Membr. Sci., 126 (1997) 115.
44.R. E. Kesting, Synthetic polymeric membranes, John Wiley & Sons, New York, (1985)
45.T. Matsuura, Synthetic Membrane and Membrane Separation Processes, CRC, Press, Florida (1994).
46.I. Cabasso, E. Klein and J. K. Smith, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 20(1976)2377.
47.J. A. Van’t Hof, A. J. Reuver, R. M. Boom, H. H. M. Rolevink and C. A. Smolder, J. Membran Sci., 70(1992)17.
48.Pinnau and W. J. Koros, J. Polym. Sci. : Part B : Pol. Phys., 81, (1993) 419.
49.范舒晴,李魁然,廖本揚,廖德章,賴君義,2001,”聚凝劑對聚醯胺薄膜結構之影響”,高分子聯合會議2001, page 89-90.
50.楊凱全,鄭廖平,林達鎔,1998,”微孔型奈米雲母-尼龍6薄膜之合成及結構分析”,中華民國材料科學學會1988年度年會論文集(K), page 187-190.
51.楊凱全,林達鎔,鄭廖平,2001,”相容性摻合聚醯胺-6及乙烯與甲基丙烯酸環氧丙酯共聚物以合成微孔型薄膜與薄膜結構分析”,高分子聯合會議2001, page 726-727
52.M. A. Kraus, M. Nemas and M. A. Frommer, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 23 (1979) 445.
53.G. A. Polotskaya, S. A. Agranova, N. V. Gazdina, Yu. P. Kuznetsov and V. V. Nesterov, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 62 (1996) 2215.
54.L. P. Cheng, A. W. Dwan and C. C. Gryte, “Membrane Formation by Isothermal Precipitation in Polyamide-Formic Acid-Water SystemDescription of Membrane morphology” J. Polym. Sci.:Part B:Polym. Phys., 33(1995)211.
55.林士斌,林達鎔, “Preparation of membrane from compatible blends of Poly(phenylene oxide) and Polyamide 6” 23rd ROC Polymer Symposium, Jan. (2000) 21-23.
56.S. C. Pesek, W. J. Koros, J. Membrane Sci., 81, (1993).
57.L. P. Cheng, A. W. Dwan and C. C. Gryte, J. Polym. Sci.:Part B:Polym. Phys., 33 (1995) 223.
58.L. P. Cheng, A. W. Dwan and C. C. Gryte, J. Polym. Sci.:Part B:
Polym. Phys., 32 (1994) 1183.
59.A. W. Dwan, C. C. Gryte, T. H. Young and L. P. Cheng, Biomed.Eng. Appl. Basis Comm., 7 (1995) 245.
60.方菱, 私立淡江大學化學工程學系碩士論文 (1998).
61.X. ZHANG, Z. YIN and J.YIN, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 61 (1997) 2253.

QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關期刊