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研究生:林哲光
研究生(外文):Lin Chie-kuang
論文名稱:英國布萊爾政府對歐政策之取向析論
論文名稱(外文):British policy towards Europe under Tony Blair
指導教授:金開鑫金開鑫引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chin Kai-Hsin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:淡江大學
系所名稱:歐洲研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:區域研究學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2001
畢業學年度:89
語文別:中文
論文頁數:171
中文關鍵詞:英國布萊爾歐洲歐洲聯盟
外文關鍵詞:UKTony BlairEuropeEuropean Union
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  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:3
從戰後的發展趨向分析,歐洲逐漸佔據英國對外事務的重心乃為不爭的事實。就政治與經濟的現實情況分析,可以這麼說,今日的英國在經濟上需要歐洲,在政治外交和安全上也需要以歐洲為舞台發揮作用。然而,此一事實的發展卻不意味著英國相對地已體認其自身的地位並調整對歐政策的熱忱。回顧前任保守黨政府時期同歐洲發展的互動關係中可以得知,英國在面對歐洲事務上仍一再顯現出矛盾的兩難之態。
本文擬以布萊爾政府上台後做為探討英國歐洲政策取向的出發點。一方面除了布萊爾所領導的工黨在一九九七年的大選,以囊括絕對多數之議席領先保守黨獲得睽違十八年後的執政。在面臨國內外深切的期許之下,布萊爾政府的執政新方向就值得我們深入的來探討。另一方面,相較於過去保守黨執政時期的疑歐立場,一向定位於較親歐的工黨,其與歐洲的新關係也就格外引人注目。
至於,本文的主要目的乃在於探討當前英國政府歐洲政策之主要內涵及未來取向。底下將首先透過內外環境制約層次、工黨政府領導精英之認知層次、以及英國政府在歐洲政策之實際議題上的運作層次等三個面向進行系統性分析。進而期盼嘗試解答下列幾個關鍵性問題:工黨政府這幾年來的歐洲政策基本取向為何?與前任政府相較有否不同?其歐洲政策執行之效果為何?在政策的延續性上,其影響未來歐洲政策之深層的結構性因素為何?以至最終能夠達成對於英國在新世紀的歐洲政策取向作一前瞻性的預測。
根據本文的研究後發現,英國在二十一世紀的對歐政策取向雖仍無法成為歐洲的核心,但將是更多地透過歐洲來發揮作用與影響力,並在歐洲的決策制定、政策推動等方面持續扮演一重要的角色。此外,面對新世紀的即將到來,大抵未來布萊爾政府新世紀的對歐政策的方向約為:在政治上仍積極參與法、德等國在歐盟的決策作用;經濟上則同意於條件成熟時加入經濟暨貨幣聯盟;安全議題上,以北約組織為主、未來納入西歐聯盟的歐盟為主。並且,在維繫北約與歐盟利益的前提上,同俄羅斯交往;外交上,則概應以共同外交暨安全政策的方向及原則為主要考量。但不可諱言的是,英國仍將面臨著前述結構性因素的影響,而未來布萊爾政府對歐政策的取向會如何演變,也將端視內外環境與上述的結構性因素之互動而定。
In 1973 the United Kingdom became a member of the three European Communities. In the subsequent period the UK’s political system, economy and security has become increasingly interlinked with, and affected by, the institutions and policies associated with the European integration process. Furthermore, many of the old certainties that guided security policy During the Cold War era have gone. It is increasingly the case that Britain must navigate in uncharted waters. Therefore, it is important for UK to build a new European security order now.
When Tony Blair declared Britain would be at the heart of Europe, cooperating fully with our European partners and promoting Britain’s interest after winning the British Genernal Election 1997. In addition, he still emphasized that Britain would end the negative, isolationist approach of the Tories towards Europe and work to ensure a good deal for the people of Britain and Europe. In the light of these developments and recognizing the Labour Government as a new “European policy indicator”, this thesis examines the possibility and approach of British policy towards Europe under Tony Blair when Labour Party swept away the ruling Conservatives in a landslide of proportions in election.
For this reason, the thesis tried to broad the scope and to deep the depth by exploring three approach which includes foreign and domestic constraints on foreign policy-makers, policy-making process, and policy execution. In the long run to answer some of key issues, includes the basic approach of British policy towards Europe under Tony Blair, the analysis on effects and structural factors, and orientation in the 21st century further.
Final, some important findings and comments on British policy towards Europe under Tony Blair in future concludes Britain will still be a global player, but working far more closely through the Europe, and Britain will still not be “at the heart of Europe”, having only just taken the plunge on joining EMU, but will play an important role as the leading swing voter in European Union decision-making.
第一章 緒論……………………………………………………………2
第一節 研究動機與目的……………………………………………2
第二節 研究方法與架..……………………………………………5
第二章 戰後英國對歐政策之回顧……………………………….….8
第一節 二次戰後初期之對歐政策(1945-1956)………………….8
第二節 對歐政策之變遷與調整(1957-1978)……………………12
第三節 保守黨政府時期之對歐政策(1979-1997)………………19
第四節 小結……………………………………………………….28
第三章 布萊爾政府對歐政策之制約背景與理念…….……………31
第一節 國際環境分析………………………………….…………31
第二節 國內環境分……………………………………….………35
第三節 布萊爾政府對歐政策之基本理.…………………………49
第四章 歐洲政經整合之議題與內容..………………………………54
第一節 阿姆斯特丹條約之簽..……………………………………54
第二節 參與經濟暨貨幣聯盟之立場………………………………58
第三節 歐盟之擴大進………………………………………………75
第四節 英法德三角關係之發展……………………………………90
第五章 歐洲安全建構之議題與內容…..……………………………99
第一節 安全暨防務政策之調整與實踐……………………………99
第二節 北約之新戰略制定及東擴....……………………………111
第三節 歐盟共同外交暨安全政策之進展…………………………124
第四節 俄羅斯未來走向與演變……………………………………135
第六章 結論……………………………..……………………………146
第一節 布萊爾政府對歐政策之評析………………………………146
第二節 布萊爾政府對歐政策之展望………………………………155
參考書目…………………………………..……………………………161
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