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研究生:賴玉釧
研究生(外文):LAI YU CHANG
論文名稱:青少年體操選手營養、生理及生化狀況之探討
論文名稱(外文):Surveillance of dietary, physiological and biochemical status in adolescent gymnastics
指導教授:劉珍芳劉珍芳引用關係胡雪萍胡雪萍引用關係
指導教授(外文):Liu, Jen-Fang, Ph.D.Hu, Shene-Ping, Ph.D.
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:台北醫學院
系所名稱:保健營養學研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:營養學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2001
畢業學年度:89
語文別:中文
論文頁數:134
中文關鍵詞:青少年體操選手月經狀況飲食障礙營養狀況體位測量氧化壓力
外文關鍵詞:adolescencegymnastsmenstrual statuseating disordernutritional statusanthropometryoxidative stress
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:5
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本研究主要目的在探討青少年體操選手之生長發育、體組成、營養及抗氧化力等生理狀況是否與一般青少年有所差異。實驗對象為大台北地區年齡介於12至19歲之國中及高中之男、女體操選手各21及23名 (平均年齡分別為16.1及15.5歲),並以性別及年齡配對之非運動員為對照組,男、女各22及25名。男性及女性體操選手平均接受體操的訓練分別為8.2及7.4年 (範圍3~11年)。調查女性受試者之月經狀況,發現所有的女性對照組皆已經月經來潮,但是有30.4 %之體操選手月經尚未來潮,而16名月經來潮之體操選手其中有50 %表示月經有不規則的情形,顯示女性體操選手初經延遲及月經不規則之發生率較高。體操選手為維持身材及運動表現,其飲食攝取狀況略有不同,例如女性體操選手飲食中之脂肪攝取量顯著較低,醣類及維生素C攝取量較高。體位測量結果方面,發現體操選手之身材較為瘦小,體脂肪較少。血液生化值方面,體操選手之鐵營養狀況比對照組差。體操選手血液中維生素C、GSH濃度及總抗氧化力 (total antioxidant status, TAS) 低於對照組。綜合本研究結果,發現女性體操選手有較高比例之初經延遲及月經不規則現象,並且發現所有體操選手之身材較瘦小,飲食狀況略有不同,以及血液中鐵狀況與抗氧化狀態較差。
The aim of this present study is to investigate the difference in pubertal development, body composition, nutritional and antioxidative status in gymnasts and non-athletes. Twenty-one male (16.1 years) and 23 female (15.5 years) gymnasts were enrolled in this study, and 22 male and 25 female non-athletes were used as control groups. Male and female gymnasts experienced intensive training for 8.2 and 7.4 years, respectively. Pubertal development was delayed in the female gymnasts group. There were 30.4 % delayed menarche of all female gymnasts, and 50 % menstrual irregularities of pubertal gymnasts. Female gymnasts had different dietary intake pattern compared to control group. Gymnasts were significant shorter and leaner than controls. Besides, gymnasts had significantly lower plasma vitamin C, glutathione and total antioxidant status (TAS) level than controls. In conclusion, female gymnasts had higher incidence of menstrual disorder. All gymnasts were shorter and leaner than controls, and they also with different dietary status, lower iron and antioxidant status than controls.
目 錄
中文摘要I
英文摘要II
縮寫對照表III
致謝IV
目錄VI
表目錄VIII
附錄目錄X
第壹章 緒論1
第貳章 文獻回顧2
第一節、 一般青少年的營養問題2
第二節、 運動選手之飲食及生理狀況5
第三節、 體操運動的概述12
第參章 研究動機與目的14
第一節、 研究動機14
第二節、 研究目的14
第三節、 研究架構15
第肆章 實驗方法16
第一節、 實驗流程16
第二節、 實驗對象及篩選16
第三節、 實驗方法17
第四節、 統計分析31
第伍章 結果32
第一節、 基本資料32
第二節、 飲食狀況48
第三節、 體組成59
第四節、 血液生化值62
第陸章 討論74
第一節、 青春期發育狀況74
第二節、 自我形象認知77
第三節、 飲食及營養狀況79
第四節、 體組成87
第五節、 抗氧化力90
第柒章 總結與未來展望92
第一節、 總結92
第二節、 未來展望93
第捌章 參考文獻94
表目錄
表一、受試者之基本資料34
表二、受試者雙親之教育程度、職業等級及家庭社經地位35
表三、受試者之月經狀況39
表四、受試者對自我體型的認知43
表五、受試者減重經歷47
表六、受試者之飲食型態50
表七、受試者在EAT及BITE兩份問卷之得分情況53
表八、女性受試者在EAT及BITE兩份問卷之得分情況54
表九、受試者之飲食攝取狀況57
表十、受試者服用營養補充劑之狀況58
表十一、受試者體位測量及血清中瘦體蛋白之濃度60
表十二、女性正常月經、無月經體操選手及對照組之體位測量及血清中瘦體蛋白濃度61
表十三、受試者之血液常規檢查(一)64
表十四、受試者之血液常規檢查(二)65
表十五、受試者之血液常規檢查(三)66
表十六、受試者之血液常規檢查(四)67
表十七、受試者血中之抗氧化物質69
表十八、受試者血中之過氧化物質含量70
表十九、受試者血清中之性荷爾蒙含量72
表二十、女性正常月經、無月經體操選手及對照組之血清中女性荷爾蒙濃度73
附錄目錄
附錄一 家長同意書111
附錄二 研究說明書112
附錄三 自設問卷113
附錄四 飲食態度問卷119
附錄五 暴食問卷121
附錄六 家庭社經地位123
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