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研究生:張秋煉
研究生(外文):Chang chic-laun
論文名稱:台北市石牌國小體育課教學對健康體適能影響之探究
論文名稱(外文):Research of Elementary Physical Education on Physical Fitness
指導教授:黃紹仁黃紹仁引用關係
指導教授(外文):Huang shau-len
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:臺北市立師範學院
系所名稱:國民教育研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:綜合教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2001
畢業學年度:89
語文別:中文
中文關鍵詞:體適能國小學童非傳統式教學運動教育模式
外文關鍵詞:Physical FitnessElementary StudentsNon-Traditional TeachingModel of Physical Education Class
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本研究的目的在於探討非傳統式體育教學對國小學童健康體適能之影響,以石牌國小六年級六個班二百人為研究樣本,並以隨機抽樣方式分為兩組,平均體重為43.74公斤,平均身高為149.31公分,一組以Siedentop所推展「運動教育模式」予以體育課教學為實驗組,其平均年齡為12.02歲;一組以傳統式體育課教學為控制組,其平均年齡為11.94歲,以上兩組各進行八週的體育課教學。
兩組皆以教育部所頒訂之健康體適能檢測項目為藍本,實施前測與後測,進行t考驗,考驗之間的同質性,並於教學之後,進行後測,考驗兩組之間,體適能的表現是否有明顯差異。
經過八週的體育課教學,經分析所得的結果,其結論如下:
一、學童經過八週的體育課教學實施後,在肌耐力部分有明顯的 改善效果。
二、學童經過八週的體育課教學實施後,在心肺耐力有明顯的改善效果。
三、學童經過八週的體育課教學實施後,在柔軟度部分有明顯的改善效果。
四、學童經過八週的體育課教學實施後,在身體質數部分有明顯的改善效果。
五、肌力方面可能是於教學時,學童對於手臂和腿部動作的協調性欠 缺技能和動作的概念,因此成績雖有進步,但不顯著。
The purpose of this research is to investigate the effects of a non-traditional physical education teaching on elementary students’ physical fitness. A total of 200 sixth-grade students from six classes participated in this research. The subjects were randomly assigned to 2 groups with an average weight of 43.74kg and an average height of 149.31cm. The experimental group, an average age of 12.02, follows the “Sport Education Model” developed by Siedentop. The control group, an average age of 11.94, follows the traditional physical education system. The experimental period lasted 8 weeks for both groups.
In order to see any difference in physical fitness between the two groups after 8 weeks of training, the subjects in both groups were measured in the physical fitness criteria set out by the Ministry of Education before and after the experiment..
After 8 weeks of being in the program, the result shows that:
1.The students’ muscular endurance has improved significantly
2.The students’ cardiovascular endurance has improved significantly
3.The students’ flexibiltly has improved significantly
4.The strength of the student’s muscles has improved , however , it doesn’t show a significant result statisticaally
5.The body composition has improved significantly
目次
第一章 緒論1
第一節 問題背景1
第二節 研究目的4
第三節 名詞操作型定義5
第四節 研究範圍7
第五節 研究限制7
第二章 相關文獻探討8
第一節 兒童體能活動與健康體適能之相關研究8
1.體能活動的定義8
2.兒童體能對健康的重要性9
第二節 健康體適能之課程安排15
第三節 體適能測驗評估參考值22
第三章 研究方法與步驟23
第一節 研究假設23
第二節 研究流程23
第三節 非傳統體育課程架構25
第四節 研究樣本26
第五節 測量工具26
1.身體質量指數26
2.坐姿體前彎28
3.一分鐘屈膝仰臥起坐29
4.立定跳遠31
5.800公尺跑、走32
第六節 實驗處理34
第七節 評量方式與資料處理34
第四章 分析與結果36
第一節 身體組成方面37
第二節 肌力方面38
第三節 肌耐力方面39
第四節 柔軟度方面41
第五節 心肺適能方面43
第五章 結論與建議44
第一節 結論44
第二節 建議44
參考文獻46
附錄一55
附錄二69
附錄三70
附錄四71
附錄五72
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