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研究生:吳銘玟
研究生(外文):Wu ming-wen
論文名稱:青少年自尊內容向度之建構研究
論文名稱(外文):The self-evaluation domains of Chinese Teenagers
指導教授:翁嘉英翁嘉英引用關係
指導教授(外文):Weng Chia-Ying
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:心理學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:89
中文關鍵詞:自尊青少年內容向度華人本土研究
外文關鍵詞:self-esteemadolescentself-evaluation domainsChinese indigenous research
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:10
  • 點閱點閱:630
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:16
摘 要
本研究目的為建構青少年之自尊內容向度。研究參與對象選定南部高中(職)及國中學生,隨機抽取國一至高三共六個年級男女生各5名,加上立意取樣7名,志願參與者2名,計69名,進行開放式問卷;另外再立意選取8名進行訪談與部分同意者之錄音工作。資料蒐集是以開放式問卷與訪談同時進行,並採用紮根理論為資料分析策略,是一項質性本土化的研究。
本研究結果是以多向度層級化模式為基礎,將基本內容向度歸納成更為簡潔的四個核心向度與三種生活領域類別,茲將本研究的結果臚列如下:
1、三種生活領域類別所含括的基本向度分別為:
(1)個人層面:分為能力、情緒管理能力、經濟、自我操控、自我實現、身體外觀、健康評估、特質、倫理美德等九個向度。
(2)社會層面:分為影響力、支配性、團體(含同儕)回饋、關聯性、重要感、特殊感、集體福祉與樹立典範等八個向度。
(3)家庭層面:分為回報/虧欠、親子關係、家庭其他成員及家庭背景等四個向度。
2、四個核心向度與三種生活領域類別交互鋪陳後所含括的基本向度分別為:
(1)在「能力感」部分:包含個人層面之「能力」、「情緒管理能力」及「經濟」;社會層面之「影響力」與家庭層面之「回報/虧欠」。
(2)在「自主性」部分:包含個人層面之「自我操控」、「自我實現」和社會層面之「支配性」。
(3)「隸屬性」部分:包含社會層面之「團體回饋」、「關聯性」、「重要感」及家庭層面之「親子關係」、「家庭其他成員」。
(4)「獨特性」部分:包含個人層面之「健康評估」、「身體外觀」、「特質」、「倫理美德」;社會層面之「特殊感」、「集體福祉」、「樹立典範」和家庭層面之「家庭背景」。
本研究貢獻在於:(1)以質性方法建構本土化青少年的自尊內容向度。(2)在內容向度方面,涵蓋面完整。(3)以抽象層級性組織,簡潔掌握青少年的自尊內容向度。因而可將看似繁複之多向度自尊內容向度,藉由三種類別與四個核心向度加以掌握,以達到提綱挈領之目的。
此等本土化的質性研究結果,有助於提昇教育、輔導或臨床之衡鑑與介入成效,並作為未來編製國內青少年自尊量表之參考。
Abstract
The purpose of research is to construct Chinese teenagers self-evaluation domains. Sixty-nine subjects are recruited from high school. In most cases, there are five boys and five girls from each grade , seven were chosen at purposive sampling and two volunteers. The experiment was conducted by an open questionary. In addition, made up of eight students using the same criteria was required to on answer question orally and interview. It''s a research of qualities which is represent characteristics of area.
The data were analysed by grounded theory methodology. The multiple self-evaluation domains can be formulated in four nucleuses and three different domains of life:
1.Three different domains of life
(1)The individual: By measuring the individual''s abilities, economic, self-control, self-expectation, appearance of body, health, evaluation, characteristic, moral and ethic.
(2)The society: By measuring the influence, allocate, organization feedback, connected, importance, special, collective welfare and to establish example.
(3)The household: By measuring require/have a deficit, relatives of the member of household and background of household.
2.The four nucleuses and three different domains of life
(1)The part of ability: Including "individual ability " , "ability of feeling management " , "economic ", "the influence of society " and "requite/have a deficit of household ".
(2)The part of initiativity: Including "self-control", "self-expectation" and "allocate of society".
(3)The part of belonging: Including "organization feedback", "connected", "importance", "fraternity", and "member of household".
(4)The part of distinctivity: Including "health evaluation", "appearance of body", "characteristic", "moral and ethic", "special", "collective welfare", "establish example of society" and "background of household".
The contributions of this research are:
(1)To construct indigenous self-evaluation domains of Chinese teenagers.
(2)To be properly complete for the self-evaluation domains.
(3)To be the parsimonious concept construction.
The result of this research should be beneficial for providing a better education system with better counseling available to our teenagers in the future.
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機 1
第二節 名詞釋義 3
第二章 文獻探討 5
第一節 自尊的重要性 5
第二節 自尊的意涵 6
一、有關自尊的「定義」部分 7
二、有關自尊的「理論取向」部分 8
三、有關自尊的「文化差異性」部分 13
第三節 自尊內容向度 16
第四節 自尊與青少年 19
第三章 研究過程 22
第一節 研究方法 22
第二節 參與對象 23
第三節 研究倫理 24
第四節 資料蒐集與分析 24
第五節 研究品質檢核 30
第四章 結果 34
第一節 自尊內容向度分析 34
第二節 自尊內容層級性之探討 41
第五章 討論 46
第一節 自尊核心向度的理論呼應 48
第二節 研究理念比較與檢討 50
第三節 研究應用 59
第四節 本研究限制與未來研究方向 60
參考文獻 61
中文部分 61
英文部分 65
附錄 74
附錄一:自尊研究問卷(高中職學生) 74
附錄二:自尊研究問卷(國中生) 76
附錄三:訪談大綱 78
附錄四:自尊內容向度表 79
圖 目 錄
圖二-1:單向度模式 12
圖二-2:自尊階層圖 12
圖三-1:質的研究階段 25
圖三-2:紮根理論中開放性譯碼資料分析階層圖 29
圖三-3:文獻、資料與研究者三角框架圖 32
圖三-4:研究品質檢核流程循環圖 33
圖三-5:研究品質檢核流程螺旋圖 33
表 目 錄
表二-1:成人慢性病患自我評價之內容向度 15
表二-2:自尊內容向度相關文獻彙整 18
表二-3:青少年、成人自尊內容向度之比較 20
表四-1:自尊內容向度層級表 42
表五-1:本研究和Harter的研究理念之比較 52
表五-2:中國人之社會取向的主要互動或運作特徵 53
表五-3:Lawrence和本研究的研究理念之比較 58
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