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研究生:陳銘琪
研究生(外文):Ming-Chi Chen
論文名稱:含不良品之單一供應商與多零售商整合性二階存貨模式
論文名稱(外文):An Integrated Two-Stage Inventory Model for Supplierand Multi-retailer withDefective Items
指導教授:黃惠民黃惠民引用關係
指導教授(外文):H.M. Wee
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中原大學
系所名稱:工業工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:工業工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:87
中文關鍵詞:二階存貨不良品存貨聯合總成本
外文關鍵詞:joint costinventorytwo-stage inventorydefective items
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現今競爭激烈的市場環境中,許多企業以策略整合的方式以降低成本。若只以單方的立場來考量,成本不會是整體之最佳化。唯有以共同的立場為考量,聯合成本才會是整體之最佳,雙方則可獲得最佳之長期利益。此外,傳統的EOQ模式假設了所有商品皆為良品,然而產品的品質與生產的製程之可靠度有關,所以可能會因為製程之損耗而產生了不良品。

本研究的主要目標為發展一個在JIT環境中,含不良品之單一供應商與多零售商之二階整合性存貨模式,此二階模式假設了生產過程中產生了一部份的不良品,利用數學軟體與程式之撰寫作為求取最佳解之工具,最後,以數學範例加以說明,透過敏感度分析以了解各參數對模式之影響。
In the current competitive market environment, the integration of companies especially in term of developing strategies is vital to reduce the overall cost of the enterprise. This is because decision made independently by one player will not result in global optimum. Global optimality will only be realized if the perspectives of all players are considered. Besides, the classical economic order quantity (EOQ) model assumes that items produced are of perfect quality. However, product quality is not always perfect but directly affected by the reliability of the production process used to produce the product. Therefore, the process may deteriorate and produce defectives or poor quality items.

The objective of this study is to develop a model that determines the optimal supplier-retailer inventory policy for flawed items in a just-in-time (JIT) manufacturing environment. The integrated two-stage inventory model is assumed to deteriorate during the production process and produce a certain number of defective items. A computer code is developed to derive the optimal solution. Numerical examples and sensitivity analyses are given to validate the results of the inventory model.
目錄
中文摘要I
英文摘要II
誌謝II
目錄II
表目錄II
圖目錄IIII
第一章 緒論1
1.1研究背景與動機1
1.2研究目的與範圍2
1.3研究方法與步驟3
1.4論文章節概要 4
1.5論文研究架構 5
第二章 文獻探討6
2.1存貨之基本觀念6
2.2存貨的特性與重要性 7
2.3不良品之存貨模式 8
2.4損耗性存貨之特性與種類 8
2.5存貨模式的分類 10
2.6需求率固定之損耗性訂購模式 12
2.5有關JIT之存貨觀念 13
2.6 整合性存貨模式15
第三章 損耗性商品考慮含不良品之存貨模式16
3.1模式基本假設16
3.2模式符號說明17
3.3存貨模式之推導18
3.4求解方法與程序24
3.5數值範例之說明25
3.5.1搜尋最佳解26
3.5.2各項成本隨運送次數之變化情形27
3.5.3研究結果比較表31
3.6敏感度分析32
3.6.1各參數之敏感度分析 32
3.6.2所有參數敏感度分析之彙總36
3.7結論 38
第四章 含不良品之供應商與零售商之二階整合性存貨模式39
4.1模式基本假設39
4.2模式符號說明40
4.3存貨模式之推導41
4.3.1供應商成本之計算41
4.3.2零售商的成本計算43
4.4求解程序與最佳解45
4.4.1凸函數之證明45
4.4.2求解程序之說明46
4.5數值範例之說明47
4.6敏感度分析54
4.6.1各參數之敏感度分析54
4.6.2以三種不同立場探討的聯合總成本敏感度分析比較表59
4.6.3以三種不同立場探討的聯合總成本圖形分析比較表63
4.7本章結論68
第五章 含不良品之供應商與多零售商之二階整合性存貨模式69
5.1模式基本假設69
5.2模式符號說明70
5.3模式推導 71
5.3.1供應商成本計算71
5.3.2零售商成本計算74
5.4求解程序與最佳解75
5.4.1凸函數之證明75
5.4.2求解程序之說明76
5.5數值範例之說明77
5.6本章結論80
第六章 結論與未來研究方向81
6.1結論81
6.2未來研究方向82
參考文獻83
作者簡介87
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