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研究生:蘇文碩
研究生(外文):Wen-So Su
論文名稱:躁鬱症患者的人格特質與其自我照顧能力,生活適應關係之研究─以中山醫學大學附設醫院樣本為例
論文名稱(外文):The Relationship of Personality Traits with Self-Care and Life Adjustment in Bipolar Disorder Patients : Based on the Sample from Chung-Shan Medical University Hospital
指導教授:譚偉象譚偉象引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wai-Cheong Carl Tam
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中原大學
系所名稱:心理學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:125
中文關鍵詞:生活適應自我照顧能力人格特質躁鬱症
外文關鍵詞:life adjustmentbipolar disorderself-carepersonality traits
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摘 要

本研究主要探討躁鬱症患者的人格特質與其自我照顧能力和生活適應之間的關係。本研究係屬相關性研究,受試者來源採purposive sampling,受試者組別分配採獨立樣本設計。病患組(躁鬱症患者)受試者皆由私立中山醫學大學附設醫院身心科門診轉介獲得,健康組(身心健康者)受試者由自願參與本研究且符合相關受試條件者組成,各組收錄受試者50名。本研究所使用的研究工具包括:自我照顧量表修訂版,生活適應量表以及「華人基本性格量表」(台灣地區簡式版本)三種。每位受試者均需接受上述三樣測驗工具之施測,並將各項測驗工具所獲取之資料進行相關統計考驗。本研究的結果摘要如下:

一、儘管症狀已獲得改善,躁鬱症患者的自我照顧
能力仍明顯不如一般身心健康者。
二、儘管症狀已獲得改善,躁鬱症患者的生活適應
狀況仍明顯不如一般身心健康者。
三、相較於一般身心健康者,躁鬱症患者性格顯得
較為悲觀善感。
Abstract

This research focuses on the relationship of personality traits with self-care and life adjustment of Bipolar Disorder patients. The research is a correlational study with independent-group design, and subjects were selected by using purposive sampling method. The patient group (Bipolar Disorder patients) subjects were recruited from the Psychiatry Department of Chung-Shan Medical University Hospital. The normal group (mentally healthy persons) subjects were composed of qualified volunteers. Each group consists of 50 subjects. The assessment tools used in this research are: Self-Care Inventory (Revised), Life Adjustment Inventory, and Chinese Basic Personality Inventory (Taiwan Region Simplified Edition). Every subject was administered the aforementioned 3 assessment tools, and the results were analyzed statistically. The following is the summary of the results:

A.Although the patients'' symptoms have
remitted, the Bipolar Disorder patients''
ability of self-care is still not as
good as mentally healthy persons.

B.Although the patients'' symptoms have
remitted, the Bipolar Disorder patients''
ability of life adjustment is still not
as good as mentally healthy persons.

C.In comparison to the mentally healthy
persons, the Bipolar Disorder patients
appear to be more pessimistic and
emotion aroused easily.
目 錄

第一章緒論…………………………………………………………………………1
第一節研究動機………………………………………………………………1
第二節研究目的………………………………………………………………3

第二章文獻回顧……………………………………………………………………4
第一節與躁鬱症有關的文獻探討……………………………………………5
一 躁鬱症的定義與介紹…………………………………………………6
二 躁鬱症致病因素的探討…………………………………………..…..9
三 躁鬱症的治療方式與成效…………………………………………..17
四 研究躁鬱症的重要性……………………………………………..19
第二節與特質論有關的文獻探討…………………………………………..24
一 特質論的說明………………………………………………………..25
二 人格的定義…………………………………………………………..27
三 特質的定義…………………………………………………………..30
四 特質論相關學者的論點簡介………………………………………..32
(4-1) Gordon Allport的人格理論……………………………………32
(4-2) Raymond Cattell的人格理論………………………………….34
(4-3) Hans Eysenck的人格理論……………………………………..35
(4-4) Big Five人格理論……………………………………………..36
第三節與躁鬱症患者人格特質有關的文獻探討…………………………..38
第四節研究假設……………………………………………………………..40

第三章 研究方法…………………………………………………………………42
第一節研究設計與研究對象………………………………………………..43
第二節研究工具……………………………………………………………..45
第三節研究流程……………………………………………………………..60
第四節資料分析……………………………………………………………..63

第四章研究結果…..………………………………………………………………65
第一節受試者個人基本資料分析結果……………………………………..66
第二節受試者在「自我照顧量表修訂版」得分結果分析…………………..73
第三節受試者在「生活適應量表」得分結果分析…………………………..74
第四節受試者在「華人基本性格量表」(台灣地區簡式版本)得分結果分析……………………………………………………………………..75

第五節病患組受試者在「華人基本性格量表」(台灣地區簡式版本)與
「自我照顧量表修訂版」得分關係的分析結果……………………77
第六節病患組受試者在「華人基本性格量表」(台灣地區簡式版本)與
「生活適應量表」得分關係的分析結果………………………..…..81

第五章討論……..…………………………………………………………………85
第一節躁鬱症患者自我照顧能力與生活適應情形的討論………………..86
第二節躁鬱症患者之人格特質與其自我照顧能力與生活適應關係的討
論……………………………………………………………………..88
第三節結論…………………………………………………………………..91
第四節研究限制與建議……………………………………………………..92

參考文獻……………………………………………………………………………..95
一 中文部分…………………………………………………………………..95
二 英文部分…………………………………………………………………..99

附錄…………………………………………………………………………………107

圖 目 錄

圖 2-1 Eysenck人格理論架構圖………………………………………………...36

圖 3-1 研究設計圖……………………………………………………………….43

圖 3-2 研究流程圖……………………………………………………………….60

表 目 錄

表 3-1 「華人基本性格量表」(台灣地區簡式版本)台灣樣本之主因素分析結果選詞:第一因素「精明幹練:愚鈍懦弱」………………………………48

表 3-2 「華人基本性格量表」(台灣地區簡式版本)台灣樣本之主因素分析結果選詞:第二因素「勤儉恆毅:懶散放縱」………………………………49

表 3-3 「華人基本性格量表」(台灣地區簡式版本)台灣樣本之主因素分析結果選詞:第三因素「溫順隨和:暴躁倔強」………………………………50

表 3-4 「華人基本性格量表」(台灣地區簡式版本)台灣樣本之主因素分析結果選詞:第四因素「誠信淡泊:狡詐卑鄙」………………………………51

表 3-5 「華人基本性格量表」(台灣地區簡式版本)台灣樣本之主因素分析結果選詞:第五因素「外向活躍:內向沉靜」………………………………52

表 3-6 「華人基本性格量表」(台灣地區簡式版本)台灣樣本之主因素分析結果選詞:第六因素「豪邁直爽:計較自私」………………………………53

表 3-7 「華人基本性格量表」(台灣地區簡式版本)台灣樣本之主因素分析結果選詞:第七因素「樂觀自在:悲觀善感」………………………………54

表 3-8 台灣地區大學生與社會人士之「華人基本性格量表」(台灣地區簡式版本)的平均數與信度分析……………………………………………….55

表 3-9 原版自我照顧量表的內部一致性考驗結果……………………………57

表 3-10 原版自我照顧量表的穩定性考驗結果………………………………….58

表 4-1 兩組受試者年齡資料分析……………………………………………….66

表 4-2 兩組受試者個人基本資料統整結果…………………………………….67

表 4-3 兩組受試者受教育年數資料分析……………………………………….68

表 4-4 兩組受試者婚姻狀態統整表…………………………………………….69

表 4-5 兩組受試者宗教信仰狀況統整表……………………………………….70

表 4-6 兩組受試者家族精神疾病史狀況統整表……………………………….70

表 4-7 兩組受試者腦傷狀況統整表…………………………………………….71

表 4-8 兩組受試者職業類別狀況統整表……………………………………….72

表 4-9 兩組受試者「自我照顧量表修訂版」得分資料分析…………………….73

表 4-10 兩組受試者「生活適應量表」得分資料分析…………………………….74

表 4-11 兩組受試者在「華人基本性格量表」(台灣地區簡式版本)各
因素得分資料分析……………………………………………………..75

表 4-12 病患組受試者「華人基本性格量表」(台灣地區簡式版本)與「自
我照顧量表修訂版」得分多元迴歸分析結果統整……………………78

表 4-13 病患組受試者「華人基本性格量表」(台灣地區簡式版本)各因素與「自我照顧量表修訂版」積差相關考驗結果………………………………79

表 4-14 迴歸模式各參數檢定結果……...………………………………………..79

表 4-15 迴歸模式線性重合檢定結果…………….………………………………80

表 4-16 病患組受試者「華人基本性格量表」(台灣地區簡式版本)與「生活適應量表」得分多元迴歸分析結果統整…………………………………82

表 4-17「華人基本性格量表」(台灣地區簡式版本)各因素與「生活適應量表」積差相關考驗結果 …………………………………………………..83

表 4-18迴歸模式各參數檢定結果………………………………………………83

表 4-19迴歸模式線性重合檢定結果……………………………………………84

附 錄

附錄一 「華人基本性格量表」(台灣地區簡式版本)…………………………..109

附錄二 自我照顧量表修訂版…………...……………………………………….113

附錄三 原版自我照顧量表………………...…………………………………….118

附錄四 生活適應量表……………………………………………………………121

附錄五 研究參與說明書與同意書………………………………………………123

附錄六 病患組個人基本資料填寫單……………………………………………124

附錄七 健康組個人基本資料填寫單……………………………………………125
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