(3.238.7.202) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/03/02 01:21
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:李慶順
研究生(外文):Ching-Shuenn Lee
論文名稱:影響研發機構技術人員創業行為相關因素之研究--以中科院為例
論文名稱(外文):A Reseach of Influential Factors of Star-Up Behavior of Employees in R&D Institution--A Case Study of CSIST
指導教授:謝龍發謝龍發引用關係
指導教授(外文):LUNG-FAR HSIEH
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中原大學
系所名稱:企業管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:114
中文關鍵詞:創業行為創業管理
外文關鍵詞:entrepreneurial managementStart-Up Behavior
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:33
  • 點閱點閱:319
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:95
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:7
摘 要
知識經濟時代的特徵是旺盛的創新與創業行為,能充分發揮人力資源的潛能,熟練的運用新知識去改造舊有的經營模式、創新市場需求。近年來台灣集團企業為求成長,急切想跨足科技產業的作法,與法人機構中具有技術背景的研究人員創業熱潮互為輝映;使得技術人員離職創業方面的研究,成為技術擴散與科技產業發展的重要課題。
本文則針對國防研發機構技術人員利用原單位技術離職創業的創業行為加以分析研究。作者擬以一個實際從事研發人員的觀點,以本研究所提出的觀念性創業模式架構,對具有不同技術的創業家進行個案訪談。並依照創業模式中所考慮相關因素,提出下列命題。
1.個人背景與特質部分:技術創業公司中,創業家都具有相關專長的學歷及該產業的技術能力;創業家的創業前的工作經歷,對創業行為有正面的影響。
2.環境部分:科專計畫對於鼓勵科技型產業創業有直接相關; 創業時的景氣榮枯,對創業家創業行為並無決定性影響。
3.原組織部分:創業家認知到他在原組織無發展可能時,會刺激其創業意願;原組織不穩定時,會引發創業家創業意願;創業家會充分應用其原組織的技術,進行技術創業。
4.技術因素部分:技術創業者都高度重視智慧財產權的管理; 技術創業者都高度重視技術商品化的速度;技術創業者初期重視技術團隊的建立,重於其他功能。
5.創業行為部分:創業家初期資本,主要來自於個人儲蓄;創業初期的市場模式,都是以差異化產品切入利基市場。
6.成功關鍵因素部分:創業成功的關鍵性因素,在於建立起一流的創業團隊。
The defining qualities of our so-called knowledge-economy are constant innovation and fearlessness of starting a new business. These qualities are active in a way that they expand the existing human-resource, re-shape old business model and create new demand. In recent years, Taiwanese corporate groups desperately try to get a share in high-technology industry , pursuing further growth and profit. At the same time, the research staff of R&D organizations never hesitate to start their own business, using their own professions.

Under the circumstances, the study, regarding technicians and researchers leaving their field for commercial business, becomes vital if we want to learn more about technologic spin-off and industrial development. This article focuses mainly on technicians and staff members who originally worked in national defense R&D. The writer who is a researcher himself , uses a conceptual start-up model to interview some researcher-turned-entrepreneurs with some correlative topics according to this model. Conclusions are given as followers:

1.Personal background and speciality part: * The entrepreneurs in this case need to have the professional knowledge and technology to ensure the company''s success. * The work experience of the entrepreneurs are positive affect the new business.
2. Environment part: *Government project has direct correlation to encourages entrepreneurs to start-up in hi-tech industry directly. *The economics down-fall or up-rise have no decisive influence on the decision of start-up.
3.Original organization part: * The entrepreneurs recognized that if impossible to success in his original firm,will stimulate the volition on entrepreneurship. * The unsettled original firm will bring about entrepreneur''s desire to establish a new enterprise. *They would fully apply what they knew or learned while already familiar in original firm to start-up the new business.
4.Technical factor part: * These hi-tech entrepreneurs pay much attention to intellectual property management. *They care about the speed of commercializing of technology. * the technical entrepreneurs emphasize the team work on technical field at initial stage more than other functions.
5.Start-up behavior part: * The capital to start up mainly comes from entrepreneur''s own saving. *Early-stage marketing strategy focuses on the differences with others in the effort of taking-up market share.
6.Key Factor of Success: * The key factor of a successful enterprise depend upon outstanding team working members.
目 錄 頁次
第壹章 序論
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 7
第三節 論文架構 8

第貳章 文獻探討
第一節 創業精神與創業家 10
第二節 創業發展階段 12
第三節 創業動機、創業類型、創業行為、創業成功 17
第四節 創業管理的觀念性模式 31

第?章 研究方法與架構
第一節 研究架構與變項定義 36
第二節 研究對象 38
第三節 研究方法之選定 38
第四節 訪談問卷設計 39
第五節 研究限制 40

第肆章 個案研究
第一節個案資料
個案一 六俊電機科技股份有限公司 41
個案二 國碳科技股份有限公司 45
個案三 天下航太科技股份有限公司 53
個案四 全波科技股份有限公司 58
個案五 瓷能設計股份有限公司 65
個案六 謙淳股份有限公司 71
第二節 個案彙整 75

第伍章 研究發現與命題
第一節 研究發現 81
第二節 研究命題 93
第三節 新的技術創業模式 100

第陸章 結論與建議 104
參考文獻 107
附錄
創業家訪談問卷 110
參考資料中文部分1. 郭元益,研發單位成果衍生事業之模式與影響因子探討,碩士論文,民國87。2. 蔡繡蓉,創業家之認知與行為意向之研究─計畫行為理論與社會認知理論應用,碩士論文,民國90。3. 郭兆村,工研院研發人員離職創業相關因素之研究,碩士論文,民國87。4. 陳怡之,技術移轉與行銷課程教材,元智工學院,民國87。5. 經濟部,國防科技移轉民間企業之現況與展望,經濟部產業技術白皮書,民國89。6. 國防部,軍民通用與國防科技研發策略,軍民通用科技發展與政策研討,民國88。7. 許士軍,卓越的台灣管理模式,中華民國管理科學協會,民國80。8. 曾耀輝,我國高科技企業創業領導著特徵、創業決策之研究,碩士論文,民國85。9. 周旭華譯,邁可波特著,競爭策略,天下文化,民國86。10. 財訊雜誌,施崇棠挖走中科院『心肝寶貝』秘聞,pp.335-339,民國90.9。11. 經濟部,台灣中小企業之現況與展望,經濟部中小企業白皮書,民國89。12. 王雪明,黃明陽,汪士賢,張謙,我國軍備體系中國防科技研發組織轉型之探討,民國90。 13. 司徒達賢,策略管理新論,智勝出版,民國90。14. 六俊電機股份有限公司公開說明書,民國91。15. 國碳科技股份有限公司公開說明書,民國91。16. 天下航太科技股份有限公司公開說明書,民國91。17. 全波科技六俊電機股份有限公司公開說明書,民國91。18. 瓷能設計股份有限公司產品說明書,民國91。19. 謙淳股份有限公司產品說明書,民國91。 英文部分1.Amar Bhide, “How Entrepreneur Craft Strategies That Work” ,Harvard Business Review ,3-4,1994。2.Amar Bhide , “The Questions every Entrepreneur Must Answer”, Harvard Business Review ,11-12,1996。3.Christian, B. & P-A. Julien, “Defining the field of research in entrepreneurship”, Journal of Business Review, 16, p.165-180,2000。4.Doutriaus, "Emerging High-Tech Firms : How Durable are their Comparative Comparative Start up Advantage?” ,Journal of Business Venturing,vol.7,1992,pp.303-322。5.Dakin &Lindsey,Technology Transfer: Financing and Commercializing The High Tech Product Or Service: From Research to Roll Out,p.43,1991。6.Drucker,Peter F., Innovation and Entrepreneurship ,Harper & Row, New York,1985.7.Gartner W. B., “A Conceptual Framework for Describing the Phenomenon of Venture Creation”, Academy of Management Review,vol.10, no.4 ,1985, pp696-706。8.Gartner W.B.,T.R. Mitchell and K.H. Vesper,“A Taxonomy of New Business Ventures”, Journal of Business Venturing,Vol.4,No.3,1989,pp.169-186。 9.Greenberg, D.B. & D.L. Sexton(1988), “ An interactive model of new venture initiation”, Journal of Small Business Management, 26(3), p.1-710.Ghosh, B. C. and W. Kwn, An Analysis of Key Success Factors of SMWs: A comparative Study of Singapore / Malaysia and Asutralia /New Zealand, Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Nanyang Technological University, 1996.11.Grieco, V. A., Management of small business: Text, Incidents and Cases, Charles E. Merrill Publishing Company ,1975。12.Hiam,A. W. and Olander K.W., The Entrepreneurs Complete Sourcebook , Prentice Hall,Inc.,1996。13.Holt, D. H., Entrepreneurship : New Venture Creation, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall,1992。14.Lussier, R. N., “Startup Business Advice from Business Owners to Would-be Entrepreneurs", S.A.M. Advanced Management Journal, Winter 1995, pp. 10-15.15.Nevens,Summe&Uttal,“Commercialization Technology What the best companies do ?”,Harvard Business Review ,11-12,1990。16.Poteet G. Howard,Starting Up Your Own Business,Liberty Hall Press,1990。17.Reynolds, P. D., Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, 1999 Executive Report ,1999.43. 18.Raymond Radosevich,“A Model entrepreneurial spin-offs from public technology source” ,Int. J. Technology Management, vol.10, No. 7/8,1995。19.Robert,E.B., The Technological Base of The New Enterprise Research Policy,20,pp.283-298,1991.20.Roberts, Edward B. & Malonet, Denis E.,“Policies and structure for spinning off new companies from research and development organizations”, R&D Management Vol.26,pp.17-48,1996.21.Robert A.Burgelman, Modesto A.Maidique & Steven C. Wheelwright, Strategic management of Technology and Innovation,1996.22.Sexton,Donald L.,Kasarda John D.,The State of the Art of Entrepreneurship,Pws-Kent Publishing Company,1996。23.Shame, W., Venture Management : The Business of the Inventor, Entrepreneur, Venture Capitalist, and Established Company, New York : The Free Press, 1974.24.Sharma, P. and J. J. Chrisman ,“Toward a Reconciliation of definitional issue in the field Of Corporate Entrepreneurship, Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice” , spring 1999, pp11-2725.Sharma, P. and J. J. Chrisman, The Entrepreneurship Life: How to go for it and get it , New York, Accountancy(UK) , Vo1. 102, No. 1134, 1988, pp. 56-78.26.Siropolis , N. C., Small Business Management : A Guide to Entrepreneurship, 7ed, Boston : Houghton Miffin company, 1989.27.Timmons, J.A., New Venture Creation, 5 ed., Singapore: McGraw-Hill, p. 37-40,1999。28.Van de Ven, A. H., R. Hudson , and D.M. Schroeder, “ Designing New Business Startups: Entrepreneurial, Organizational, and Ecological Considerations”, Journal of Management, Vo1. 10, No.1, 1984, pp. 87-107。29.Westhead,P., “ Survival and Employment Growth Contrasts Between Types of Owener-Managed High Technology Firms”, Entrepreneurship Theory and Pratice,1995,pp.5-27.30.Yusuf,A., “ Critical Success Factor for small Business :perceptions of south pacific”,J. of small business management, April 1995,PP.68-72.31. Bandura A.,Social Fundations of Thought and Action. 1986。
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔