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研究生:黃昇祥
研究生(外文):Shen-Hsiang Huang
論文名稱:建構彈性製造系統與靈巧性製造系統之比較研究-以物件導向方式塑模及斐氏網動態模擬為工具
論文名稱(外文):Structural Comparisons between Flexible Manufacturing Systems and Agile Manufacturing Systems-Using Object-Oriented Modeling Tool and Petri Net Simulations
指導教授:鄭宗明鄭宗明引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tzong-Ming Cheng
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:朝陽科技大學
系所名稱:工業工程與管理系碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:工業工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:96
中文關鍵詞:彈性製造系統斐氏網統一塑模語言靈巧性製造系
外文關鍵詞:Petri NetUnified Modeling Language (UML)Agile manufacturing system (AMS)Flexible manufacturing system (FMS)
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製造方式的演變從大量生產,到批量生產,到彈性製造,再到最近幾年才發展出的靈巧性製造。而當一個製造工廠要變更或調整製造系統時,必須衡量與現行製造系統之差別,以明瞭對工廠以後的生產製造之影響助益有多少。此外,執行變換時亦須考量從現行的製造系統做哪些改變方面,方可達到所要的新製造系統。本論文主要探討之議題便是如何從彈性製造系統中改變某些特性,使達到靈巧性製造之效果。而變換過程中所依尋的原則以及限制,便是本論文探討之主題。
探討彈性製造系統與靈巧性製造系統之間的轉換,必須先了解彈性製造系統及靈巧性性製造系統中所需系統資訊及相關機台,並分析系統之間、機台之間以及系統與機台之間的溝通關係,以尋求其轉換原則及關聯性。
故此轉換研究過程如下:
1. 探討彈性製造系統與靈巧性製造系統所需之製造單元、子系統,及其之間之關係。
2. 建構彈性製造系統與靈巧性製造系統,並比較兩系統間之差異。
3. 尋求彈性製造系統與靈巧性製造系統之間的轉換原則。
本研究將運用統一塑模語言塑模,將彈性製造系統轉換成靈巧性製造系統並以斐氏網模擬且評估其模擬結果。
The way of production has evolved from mass production, to batch production, to flexible production system, and then to the newly developed agile manufacturing system. For those who are planning a system change, it is important to evaluate the performance of the prospective manufacturing system prior to its implementation, so that the influence of the alternation is cleared and the decision for system change can be properly made. A reasonable beginning for system change is to list the differences between current system and the desired system, and so the simulation can be carried out accordingly. Since the system adjustment process is not as explicit as its appearance, a though investigation will be essential. This research will focus on deriving the procedure to convert a flexible manufacturing system (FMS) into a nearest agile manufacturing system (AMS).
Despite the hardware equipment, the major difference between an FMS and an AMS is on information or communication routine and it’s interrelationships among the computer-controlled hardware. Therefore, the following steps are explored to facilitate the conversion:
1. Determine the hardware elements of manufacturing cells and corresponding subsystems, and the interrelationships among them
2. Construct FMS and AMS virually on a simulation domain, then compare the differences.
3. Seek and determine the conversion rules for the two systems.
As an example implementation, a sample FMS is converted to AMS via UML modeling, and are evaluated through a Petri Net simulation.
中文摘要I
英文摘要III
誌謝IV
目錄V
圖目錄VII
表目錄IX
第一章 緒論1
1.1 研究背景1
1.2 研究動機2
1.3 研究目的3
1.4 研究架構4
1.5 章節介紹5
第二章 文獻探討6
2.1 靈巧性製造單元6
2.1.1 靈巧性製造單元之目標7
2.1.2 靈巧性製造單元之架構8
2.2 彈性製造單元12
2.2.1 彈性製造單元之目標13
2.2.2 彈性製造單元之架構14
2.3 靈巧性製造單元與彈性製造單元相關文獻之比較22
2.4 文獻總結26
第三章 研究方法27
3.1 研究重點27
3.2 物件導向27
3.2.1 物件導向之意義及特性27
3.2.2 物件導向之技法28
3.2.3 物件導向之用法30
3.3 統一塑模語言31
3.4研究方法的描述34
3.4.1 彈性製造系統35
3.4.2 靈巧性製造系統40
3.5 彈性製造單元與靈巧性製造單元之資訊流程及物件類別44
3.6 實驗限制51
第四章 彈性與靈巧性製造系統之物件塑模架構52
4.1 彈性製造系統中之特有物件類別54
4.2 靈巧性製造系統中之特有物件類別58
4.3 彈性及靈巧性製造系統中之相同物件類別64
4.4 斐氏網動態模擬68
4.4.1 彈性製造系統之斐氏網動態模擬71
4.4.2 靈巧性製造系統之斐氏網動態模擬74
4.5 模擬數據80
4.6 模擬結果討論85
第五章 結論與建議87
5.1 結論87
5.2 建議及未來研究方向90
參考文獻92
西文部分:
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中文部分:
方世榮,「自動化生產系統及電腦整合製造」,曉園出版,臺北,頁467-488(1991)。

高進鎰,葛自祥,「彈性製造系統」,高立出版,臺北,頁121,頁191,頁251至257(1997)。

楊正甫,應敏貞,「物件導向」,松崗出版,臺北,頁1-6至1-11,頁2-2,頁3-3,頁4-6,頁5-2,頁6-2,頁9-3,頁18-4,頁18-6(2000)。

張裕益,「UML使用手冊」,博碩文化出版,臺北,頁34至35(2001)。

張裕益,「UML理論與實作」,博碩文化出版,臺北(2001)。
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