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研究生:楊政修
研究生(外文):Yang-Cheng Hsiu
論文名稱:增進鈦鎳形狀記憶合金抗沖蝕特性之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Improvement of Erosion-Resistanceof TiNi Shape Memory Alloys
指導教授:林新智林新智引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hsin-Chih Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:逢甲大學
系所名稱:材料科學所
學門:工程學門
學類:材料工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:169
中文關鍵詞:泥漿沖蝕析出硬化鈦鎳形狀記憶合金
外文關鍵詞:TiNi shape memory alloyslurry erosionprecipitation hardening
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摘要
本研究應用真空電弧熔煉爐配製TiNi 形狀記憶合金,施以固溶處理
後再分別進行時效處理和加工硬化,而後進行基本性質、坑穴沖蝕、水
砂沖蝕及氣砂沖蝕試驗。
實驗結果顯示Ti49Ni51 合金經過時效後由於析出硬化及應力誘發麻
田散體相(stress-induced martensitic,SIM)的效應,使抗沖蝕性增加;冷
加工雖可提高TiNi 合金之強度及硬度,但由於合金內部堆積大量差排使
延性及韌性大幅降低,而降低其抗沖蝕特性。
水砂沖蝕及氣砂沖蝕的行為相似,沖蝕後之顯微組織隨沖擊角度之
遞增,沖蝕形態均由狹長犁溝流線痕跡逐漸轉變為突起屑片重疊覆蓋的
趨勢。於水砂沖蝕試驗中TiNi 合金沖蝕速率隨沖擊角度之遞增而增加,
直到30〜45 度後開始降低。而氣砂沖蝕之沖蝕速率較水砂沖蝕為高,
氣砂沖蝕的最大重量損失出現在45〜60 度。
TiNi 合金於沖蝕後,晶格嚴重變形扭曲,致使XRD 之繞射峰變寬、
強度降低,並產生應力誘發麻田散相及應力誘發R 相之結構。



Abstract
The Ti49Ni51 and Ti50Ni50 alloys were used and prepared by vacuum arc
remelting technique. We studied the basic properties and erosion
characteristics of these alloys subjected to solution treatment, aging and cold
working. The erosion characteristics of these alloys have been systematically
studied by using cavitation erosion, gas-solid and liquid-solid impingement
tests.
Experimental results show that the aged Ti49Ni51 alloy can exhibit a
better erosion resistance because of the effects of precipitate hardening and
stress-induced martensitic (SIM) transformation. The work-hardening
increases the alloy’s strength and hardness, but the alloy’s erosion resistance
decreases because of the decreased ductility and toughness.
The gas-solid and liquid-solid impingement tests have similar erosion
behavior. The impinged morphologies exhibit a lot of long and narrow
furrows at low impingement angles, but the overlapped chips at high
impingement angles. In the liquid-solid impingement tests, there appears the
maximum erosion rate at the impinged angle of 30~45° . The erosion rate of
gas-solid impingement is larger than that in liquid-solid impingement. The
gas-solid impingement has the maximum erosion rate at impinged angle of
45~60° .
After impingement tests, the lattice structures of all TiNi alloys have
been distorted. This effect results in the broadened XRD peak with lower
peak intensity. Mean while, the stress-induced martensitic (SIM) and
stress-induced R-phase (SIR) transformation also occur during the
impingement.


中文摘要
英文摘要
總目錄
圖目錄
表目錄
第一章 前言
第二章 理論基礎與文獻回顧
第三章 實驗方法與流程
第四章 TiNi 合金強化後之基本性質
第五章 坑穴沖蝕
第六章 水砂沖蝕試驗
第七章 氣砂沖蝕試驗
第八章 結論
參考文獻
誌謝
作者簡介


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