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研究生:王子榮
研究生(外文):Tzu-Jung Wang
論文名稱:台灣電氣化鐵路諧波之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study of the Harmonics for the Taiwan Electrified Railway
指導教授:黃思倫黃思倫引用關係
指導教授(外文):Sy-Ruen Huang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:逢甲大學
系所名稱:電機工程所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:77
中文關鍵詞:電磁暫態模擬程式控制系統暫態分析諧波電化鐵路
外文關鍵詞:HarmonicsEMTPElectrified Railway.TACS
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鐵路交通運輸為我國重要的基礎交通建設,因此如何提昇電化鐵路系統供電的電力品質與可靠度,以維護運輸的品質與現場操作人員的生命安全,乃是一項重要的工作。近年來台鐵為了提高供電設備容量與增加運轉效率新購了大量採用閘流體控制技術的電力電子之列車,造成台鐵系統的非線性負載增加並使得諧波電流含量增加,進而影響同一饋線上其它用戶的用電品質,因此有必要建立一個含列車動態行為的台鐵供電系統的電網路模型,用以分析各設備之諧波含量。
本文首先以電磁暫態模擬程式(EMTP)建立含列車負載的台鐵供電系統的電網路模型,模型中使用EMTP中之控制系統暫態分析(TACS)來撰寫邏輯控制時序指令模組,用以模擬AC/DC整流器與DC/AC換流器的導通時序,同時亦結合馬達模組,即可完整的模擬台鐵系統在列車負載不平衡及平衡下的諧波電流情形,期能以模擬結果作為台鐵工程人員判斷事故及評估諧波影響時的依據,並可避免實際量測時的危險性,更可減少因事故造成的人員傷害與設備的損壞等考量。
另一方面,本文不僅針對列車滑行時諧波電流的分佈情形作探討,更藉由完整的台鐵EMTP電網路模型來分析列車含動態(暫態)行為時,Le Blanc變壓器與Zig-Zag變壓器的諧波電流含量。以提供台鐵在分析諧波與設定保護協調時的參考依據。
Since railway is a fundamental construction of transportation, how to enhance the power quality and reliability of railway system in order to maintain the quality of transportation service and to secure the safety of operating personnel is a very important task. Engineers of the Taiwan Railway Administration (TRA) purchases a large number of trolleys of power electronics which were implemented into the thyristors controlled technology to raising the capacities of power supply and increasing operating efficiency recently, it would increase the load of TRA to be nonlinear, the contents of harmonic current, and also influence the other user in quality of power utility on this bus. Therefore, it is necessary to establish a complete power supply model of TRA system that including dynamic behavior of trolley, so as to analyze the content of harmonics in each of equipment.
First, the Electromagnetic Transient Program (EMTP) can be applied to build up a model of TRA system that includes the load of trolleys. In the model, Transient Analysis of Control Systems (TACS) can be used that was involving in EMTP to compose the module of logic controlling commands, so as to simulate the conducting procedures of AC/DC converter and DC/AC inverter, at the same time, to combine the module of motors. Finally, we can simulate the harmonic currents upon the condition of unbalanced and balanced load of trolleys in TRA system. We expect these results could be a plus when the engineers ascertain the fault and judge the influences of harmonic. Thus, we can keep away from the danger in actual test, even more, we can reduce the hurts of operating personnel and the damages of equipment.
Besides, the essay not only aimed at the distribution of harmonic currents when trolleys sliding but also analyze the contents of harmonic current in the Le Blanc transformer and the Zig-Zag transformer when trolleys include dynamic behavior by the complete EMTP model of TRA power supply system. We hope to provide the references and bases when engineers of TRA analyzing the harmonic contents and setting protective coordination.
中文摘要i
英文摘要iii
誌謝v
目錄vii
圖目錄x
表目錄xiv
縮寫及符號對照表xv
第一章 緒論1
1.1 前言1
1.2 研究動機2
1.3 本論文之貢獻3
1.4 章節組織4
第二章 台鐵供電系統的諧波特性5
2.1 台鐵供電系統之諧波分析6
2.1.1 諧波定義6
2.1.2 諧波成因的探討8
2.1.3 Le Blanc變壓器之諧波電流特性分析8
2.2 EMTP/TACS資料傳輸架構的簡介13
第三章 列車供電系統之EMTP模型的建立17
3.1 台鐵供電系統的主要架構18
3.2 台鐵供電系統各個設備的主要特性與架構20
3.3 台鐵系統之EMTP模型的建立33
第四章 模擬結果之探討與分析40
4.1 輸入的參數資料40
4.2 台鐵供電系統各主要設備之諧波分析42
4.2.1 Le Blanc變壓器之諧波分析45
(一) 不平衡負載(m相電車線有負載,t相電車線無載)46
(二) 不平衡負載(t相電車線有負載,m相電車線無載)50
(三) 平衡負載(m相以及t相電車線皆有負載)54
4.2.2 Le Blanc變壓器的電流波形60
(一) 不平衡負載(m相電車線有負載,t相電車線無載)62
(二) 不平衡負載(t相電車線有負載,m相電車線無載)63
4.2.3 Zig-Zag變壓器之諧波分析64
(一) 不平衡負載(m相電車線有負載,t相電車線無載)64
(二) 不平衡負載(t相電車線有負載,m相電車線無載)68
第五章 結論71
5.1 研究成果71
5.2 未來的發展72
參考文獻74
作者簡介77
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