(3.237.178.91) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/03/04 08:24
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:邱啟華
研究生(外文):chi-hua chiu
論文名稱:階梯結構表面聲波射頻濾波器之設計與特性分析
論文名稱(外文):Design and Analysis of Ladder-type Surface Acoustic Wave RF Filter
指導教授:王曙民
指導教授(外文):Shuming T. Wang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:義守大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:67
中文關鍵詞:階梯結構表面聲波射頻濾波器表面聲波共振器指叉換能器反射器梅生等效電路耦合模型理論
外文關鍵詞:Ladder-type SAW RF filterSAW resonatorIDTReflectorMasson''s equivalent circuitCOM
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:999
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
階梯結構表面聲波射頻濾波器是由數個表面聲波共振器以串聯及並聯交互之階梯結構所組合而成的,其中之表面聲波共振器是由製作於壓電基板上之指叉換能器配合兩側之反射器而成。表面聲波共振器之特性通常由壓電基板材料、波傳特性以及換叉換能器與反射器之金屬厚度與幾何結構決定了表面聲波共振器之特性,因此階梯結構表面聲波射頻濾波器之特性亦受上述參數所影響。本論文所採用的壓電基板材料為鉭酸鋰(Y42∘X LiTaO3),使用梅生等效電路模型與耦合模型來分析單一表面聲波共振器之頻率響應,再利用高頻電路設計模擬軟体來分析階梯結構表面聲波射頻濾波器,觀查其3dB頻寬、插入損失、旁帶抑制、形狀因子等特徵參數。更進一步利用實作階梯結構表面聲波射頻濾波器,與模擬之結果及量測之數據相互比較印證。
A ladder-type surface acoustic wave(SAW) radio frequency(RF) filter consists of several SAW resonators cascaded in series and parallel alternately. A SAW resonator composes of an Interdigital Transducers (IDT) in the center and two reflectors on both sides fabricated on a piezoelectric substrate. The properties of substrate, the modes of wave propagation, the metal film thickness, the geometry of IDT and reflecting grating determine the characteristics of a SAW resonator, and then determine the characteristics of a Ladder-type SAW RF filter. In the paper, the LiTaO3 was used as the substrate. The Mason’s equivalent circuit and coupling-of-modes(COM) were used to simulate the SAW resonators. The RF circuit design soft ware are employed to analyze response of a Ladder-type SAW RF filter of the filters studied. The 3dB bandwidth, insertion loss, band rejection and shape factor were obtained. The simulation and measurement results were compared. The design procedure of a Ladder-type filters were established.
目錄
中文摘要 ………………………………………………………………………… i
英文摘要…………………………………………………………………………..ii
目錄………………………………………………………………………………. iii
圖目錄……………………………………………………………………………. iv
表目錄……………………………………………………………………………. vi
第一章 緒論…………………………………………………………………….. 1
1-1 研究背景與動機………………………………………………………. 1
1-2 論文內容與架構………………………………………………………. 3
第二章 壓電特性與壓電材料…………………………………..……………… 4
2-1 壓電特性……………………………………………………………… 4
2-2 壓電材料……………………………………………………………… 6
第三章 階梯結構表面聲波射頻濾波器之設計……………………..………… 9
3-1 階梯結構表面聲波射頻濾波器之原理與結構………………………. 9
3-1-1 階梯結構濾波器之設計原理…………………………………. 9
3-1-2 階梯結構濾波器之結構化簡………………………………... 15
3-1-3 表面聲波共振器之工作原理與阻抗特性…………………... 18
3-2 表面聲波共振器與濾波器模擬程式之建立……………………...… 22
3-2-1 耦合模型理論………...………...………...………...………... 22
3-2-2 等效電路模型與多埠連接理論……………………………... 24
3-2-2-1指叉換能器與反射器之等效電路模型……………...24
3-2-2-2多埠連接理論………………………………………...33
3-2-3 等效電路模型與耦合模型之參數轉換……………………... 36
3-2-4 階梯結構表面聲波濾波器模擬程式之建立………………... 39
第四章 階梯結構表面聲波射頻濾波器之模擬與測量結果………………… 41
4-1 量測參數定義………………………………………………………... 41
4-2 量測系統………………………...……………………...…………… 42
4-3 模擬與測量結果………………...………………...………………..... 42
第五章 結論與未來方向……………………………………………………… 57
5-1 結論………………………………...………………………………… 57
5-2 未來方向…………………………...………………………………… 60
參考文獻………………………………………………………………………… 61
參考文獻
[1] Lord Rayleigh,”On wave propragation along the plane surface of an elastic solid”, Proc. London Math. Soc., Vol.7, pp.4-11, 1885.
[2] R. M. White and F. W. Voltmer,”Direct piezoelectric coupling to surface elastic waves”, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol.17, pp.314-316, 1965.
[3] T. E. Parker and G. K. Montress,”Low noise SAW resonator oscillators”, 1989 IEEE 43rd Annual Symposium on Frequency Control, pp.588-595,1989.
[4] Mitsutska Hikita, Atsushi Sumioka, and Toyoji Tabuchi, ”A wideband SAW resonator and its application to a VCO for mobile radio transceivers”, IEEE Trans. On Vehicular Technology, Vol.43, No.4, pp.863-869, November 1994.
[5] D. Chauvin, G. Coussot and E. Dieulesaint, “Acoustic-surface-wave television filters,” Electronics Lett., Vol.7,pp.491-492,1971.
[6] “Special issue on surface acoustic wave devices and applications,” Proc. IEEE, Vol.64, No.5,pp.577-832,1976.
[7] D. Penunuri,”Recent progress in SAW filters at GHz frequencies”, 1997 IEEE MTT-S Digest, pp.169-172.
[8] M. Ueda, O. Kawachi, K. Hashimoto, O. Ikada and Y. Satoh , “Low loss ladder type SAW filter in the range of 300 to 400MHz”, FUJITSU limited. Kawasaki, JAPAN and FUJITSU laboratories ltd, JAPAN .
[9] K. Hashimoto, M. Ueda, O. Kawachi, H. Ohmori, O. Ikada, H. Uchishiba, T. Nishihara, and Y. Satoh, “Development of ladder type SAW RF filter with high sharp factor”, FUJITSU limited. Kawasaki, JAPAN and FUJITSU laboratories ltd, JAPAN.
[10] H. Fukushima, N. Hirasawa, M. Ueda,H. Ohmori, O. Ikata, Y. Satoh,
”A study of SAW antenna duplexer for mobile application“, Ultrasonics Symposium, 1998. Proceedings., 1998 IEEE , Vol. 1 , pp.9-12, 1998.
[11] O. Ikata, T. Nishihara, Y. Satoh, H. Fukushima, N. Hirasawa, ” A design of antenna duplexer using ladder type SAW filters” Ultrasonics Symposium, 1998. Proceedings., 1998 IEEE , Vol. 1 , pp.1-4, 1998 .
[12] R.Weigel, K. Weigenthaler, R. Dill, I. Schropp, “A 900 MHz ladder-type SAW filter duplexer” Microwave Symposium Digest, 1996., IEEE MTT-S International , Vol. 2 , pp.413-416, 1996.
[13] B. Drafts, “Acoustic wave technology sensors” IEEE Transactions on , Vol. 49, pp.795-802, April 2001.
[14] F.Josse, F. Bender, R. W. Cernosek, K. Zinszer, ” Guided SH-SAW sensors for liquid-phase detection” Proceedings of the 2001 IEEE International , pp.454-461, 2001 .
[15] R. Weigel, B. Bader, G. Fischerauer, P. Russer, “IIDT-type low-loss SAW filters used in wideband cellular radio systems” Processing, 1993., IEEE Pacific Rim Conference on , Vol. 2 , pp.722-725, 1993 .
[16] Hyun-Hak Kim, Kyung-Yong Kim, Jong-Hwan Lee, Jong-Myung Woo, “Surface-mounted chip dielectric ceramic antenna for PCS phone”, ISAPE 2000. 5th International Symposium on , 2000, pp582-585, 2000.
[17] S. Heinen, “ Integrated transceivers for digital cordless applications” ,
Bipolar/BiCMOS Circuits and Technology Meeting, 2000. Proceedings of the 2000 , pp.44-51, 2000.
[18] J. F. Shackelford, Introduction to materials science for engineers, 4th Ed., Prentice-Hall, Inc., New Jersey, 1996.
[19] E. A. Gerber and A. Ballato, Precision Frequency Control, Vol.1, Academic Press, Inc., New Jersey, 1985.
[20] 吳朗,「電子陶瓷:壓電陶瓷」,全欣資訊圖書,1994.
[21] Ken-ya Hashimoto, “Surface acoustic wave devices in telecommunications”, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2000 .
[22] Colin Campell, Surface acoustic wave devices for mobile and their signal processing applications, Academic Press, Inc., 1989.
[23] 1998/1999 Product Catalog, SAWTEK Inc., 1998.
[24] K. Hashimoto, M. Yamaguchi, G. Kovacs, K. C. Wagner, T. Ruile, R. Weigel, ” Effects of bulk wave radiation on IDT admittance on 42°YX-LiTaO3”, IEEE Transactions on , Vol. 48 Issue.5, pp1419-1425, Sept. 2001.
[25] O. Kawachi, G.Endoh, M. Ueda, “Optimum cut of LiTaO3 for high performance leaky surface acoustic wave filters”, IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium, 1996.
[26] K. Hashimoto, M. Yamaguchi, S. Mineyoshi, O. kawachi, M. ueda, G. Endoh, O. Ikata, ”Optimum leaky-SAW cut of LiTaO3 for minimised insertion loss devices”, IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium, 1997.
[27] H.H. Ou, N. Inose, N. Sakamoto, “Improvement of ladder-type SAW filter characteristics by reduction of inter-stage mismatching loss”,
IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium, 1998. Proceedings., 1998 , Vol. 1, pp.97-102, 1998 .
[28] C. K. CAMPBELL, Surface acoustic wave devices for mobile and wireless communications, Academic press, Inc, 1998.
[29] Clemens C. W. Rupple, Tor A. Fjeldly, “Advances in surface acoustic wave technology, systems and applications”, Vol. 1, 2000.
[30] T. Matsuda, H. Uchishiba, O. Ikata, T. Nishihara, V. Satoh, “L and S band low-loss filters using SAW resonators”, IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium, 1994. Proceedings., 1994 , Vol. 1, pp.163-167, 1994 .
[31] O. Ikata, T. Miyashita, T. Matsuda, T. Nishihara, Y. Satoh, “Development of low-loss band-pass filters using SAW resonators for portable telephones”, IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium, 1992. Proceedings., 1992 , Vol. 1, pp.111-115, 1992 .
[32] Shuming T. Wang, Mei-Hui Chung, Chi-Hua Chiu, Ming-Tien Yang, Chi-Yen Shen, “The effects of geometric parameters on one-port surface acoustic wave resonators”, International Symposium on Communications, 2001. Proceedings., ISCOM 2001, 2001 .
[33] 楊明典 著,表面聲波振盪器之設計與特性分析,中華民國九十年六月。
[34] W. Richard Smith, Henry M. Gerard, and William R. Jones, “Analysis and design of dispersive interdigital surface-wave transducers”, IEEE Transections On Microwave And Techniques, Vol. 1, MTT-20, No 7, July 1972
[35] 楊明三、王文生、陳鉅棟、吳泉生,中山科學研究院三所七組,”模擬分析、設計多電極構成型表面聲波濾波器”,HP Eesof愛用者聯誼會 論文集
[36] Waldemar Soluch, “Admittance Matrix of Surface Acoustic Wave Interdigital Transducer”, IEEE Transections On Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics And Frequency Control., Vol 40, No. 6,november 1993 .
[37] Kiyoshi Inagawa and Masanori Koshiba, “Equivalent networks for SAW interdigital transducers”, IEEE Transections On Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, And Frequency Control., Vol 41, No. 3, May 1994 .
[38] 鍾美惠 著,表面聲波濾波器之設計與特性探討,中華民國八十九年六月。
[39] H. A. Haus, “Coupled-mode theory”, Proc. of the IEEE 79, 1991, pp.1505-1518, 1991 .
[40] C. Elachi, “Waves in active and passive periodic structures: a review”, Proc. of the IEEE 64, 1976, pp.1666-1698, 1976 .
[41] Clemens C. W. Rupple, Tor A. Fjeldly, “Advances in surface acoustic wave technology, systems and applications”, Vol. 2, 2000 .
[42] R. M. White, F. W. Voltmer, “Direct piezoelectric coupling to surface elastic waves”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 7, 1965, pp.314-316, 1965 .
[43] U. Rosler, D. Cohrs, A. Dietz, G. Fischerauer, W. Ruile, P. Russer, R. Weigel, “Determinaion of leaky SAW propagation, reflection and coupling on LiTaO3”, in Proc. 1995 IEEE Ultrason. Symp., pp.247-250, 1995 .
[44] K. Hashimoto, M. Yamaguchi, “General-purpose simulator for leaky surface acoustic wave devices based on coupling-of-modes theory”, in Proc. 1996 IEEE Ultrason. Symp., pp.117-122, 1996 .
[45] V. P. Plessky, C. S. Hartmann, “Characteristics of leaky SAWs on 36-LiTaO3 in periodic structures of heavy electrodes”, in Proc. 1993 IEEE Ultrason. Symp., pp.1239-1242, 1993 .
[46] C. S. Hartmann, V. P. Plessky, “Experimental measurements of propagation, attenuation, reflection and scattering of leaky waves in Al electrode gratings on 41∘, 52∘and 64∘-LiNbO3”, in Proc. 1993 IEEE Ultrason. Symp., pp.1247-1250, 1993 .
[47] C. S. Hartmann, V. P. Plessky, and S. Jen, “112∘-LiTaO3 periodic waveguides”, in Proc. 1995 IEEE Ultrason. Symp., pp.63-66, 1995 .
[48] V. P. Plessky, “Two parameter coupling-of-modes model for shear horizontal type SAW propagation in periodic gratings”, in Proc.1993 IEEE Ultrason. Symp., pp.195-200, 1993 .
[49] B. P. Abbott , K. Hashimoto, “A coupling-of-modes model for surface transverse wave devices”, in Proc. 1995 IEEE Ultrason. Symp., pp.239-245, 1995 .
[50] S. Krasnikova, B. P. Abbott, Rodolfo C. Almar, “COM parameter extraction for STW resonator design”, in Proc. 11th European Frequency and Time Forum, 1997, pp.440-444, 1997 .
[51] V. P. Plessky, D. P. Chen, C. S. Hartmann, “Patch improvements to COM model for leaky waves”, in Proc. 1994 IEEE Ultrason. Symp., pp.297-300, 1994 .
[52] W. R. Smith, H. M. Gerard, J. H. Collins, T. W. Reeder, H. J. Shaw, “Analysis of interdigital surface wave transducers by use of an equivalent circuit model”, IEEE Trans. On Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vol.MTT-17, pp.856-864, 1969 .
[53] W. P. Mason, Electromechanical transducers and wave filters, van Nostrand-Reinhold, 2nd Edition, Princetion, New Jersey, pp.201-209, 399-409, 1948 .
[54] G. A. Coquin and W. R. Jones, “Analysis of the excitation and detection of piezoelectric surface waves in quartz by means of surface electrodes”, J. Acoustic. Soc. Amer., Vol. 41, pp. 921-939, 1967 .
[55] W. Richard Smith, Henry M. Gerard and William R. Jones, “Analysis and design of dispersive interdigital surface-wave transducers”, IEEE Trans. On Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vol. MTT-20, No.7, pp.458-471, 1972 .
[56] J. J. Campbell and W. R. Jones, “A method for estimating optimal crystal cuts and propagation direction for excitation of piezoelectric surface waves”, IEEE Trans. On Sonics and Ultrasonics, Vol. SU-15, pp.209,1968 .
[57] C. Lardat, C.Maerfeld and P. Tournois, “Theory and performance of acoustical dispersive surface wave delay lines”, Proc. IEEE, Vol. 59, pp.355-368, 1971 .
[58] Felix M. Nyffeler, “Rigorous derivation of the Mason equivalent circuit parameters from coupled mode theory”, Proc. IEEE, Ultrasonics. Symposium., pp.91-96, 1986 .
[59] T. Kojima and N. Kawai, “A simple analysis of grating resonators by image parameter theory”, Proc. 1992 IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium, pp.95-104, 1992 .
[60] Herbert Matthews, Surface wave filters design, Construction, and Use, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1977 .
[61] K. C. Gupta, Ramesh Gang, Rakesh Chadha, Computer-Aided design of microwave circuit.
[62] A Phenomenological Coupling-of-modes formalism for surface transverse wave devices”, Frequency Control Symposium, 1995. 49th., Proceedings of the 1995 IEEE International, pp.452-458, 1995 .
[63] B. P. Abbott and K. Hashimoto, “A coupling-of-modes formalism for surface transverse wave devices”, Ultrasonics Symposium, 1995. Proceedings., 1995 IEEE , Vol. 1, pp.239-245, 1995 .
[64] S. Mineyoshi, O. Kawachi, M. Ueda, Y. Fujiwara, H. Furusato, O. Ikata, “ Analysis and optimal SAW ladder filter design including bonding wire and package impedance”, Ultrasonics Symposium, 1997. Proceedings., 1997 IEEE , Vol. 1 , pp.175-178, 1997 .
[65] 王曙民,通訊電路設計講義,義守大學電機工程學系,民國九十年三月。
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔