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研究生:章文駿
研究生(外文):chang wen chun
論文名稱:社會資本觀點之組織蓄積與應用的研究---以參與工研院科技專案廠商為例
論文名稱(外文):Social Capital Perspective on Organizational Knowledge accumulation and exploration
指導教授:林麗娟林麗娟引用關係方世杰方世杰引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:義守大學
系所名稱:管理科學研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:95
中文關鍵詞:社會資本組織間關係關係優勢
外文關鍵詞:Social CapitalOrganizational RelationshipRelational Advantage
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:19
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  • 下載下載:33
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:2
在科技進步快速、分工日益精密以及競爭環境日趨激烈與變化下,全球市場日漸開放,各種資源與生產要素流動也更為容易與頻繁。由於時效、風險與知識之限制,任一組織已很難單獨完成所有的價值活動,或是完全經由本身的能耐來創造本身之優勢。因此,企業也常藉由不同形式的跨組織聯結或合作以追求特定的利益,而組織間相互的關係也就愈顯得重要。面對資源貧瘠的台灣,運用社會資本是企業成長的一項有效工具及契機。因此,企業在制訂相關經營決策之前,若能對社會資本有充分的了解及認識,將有助於企業本身及網路結構的成長及升級。同時,藉由組織間關係的槓桿運用(leveraging),企業亦可有效地取得或移轉各種資源,如資金、原料、行銷與技術能力等。
知識之來源不外乎由內部自行研發或經由外部知識來源經吸收、內部化、整合學習而來。而台灣的產業屬中小企業,面對變數及成本相當高的研發專案,台灣的企業多無法獨自承擔,因此傾向採取以共同研發或是經由政府單位輔導之研發聯盟,藉此分攤風險及成本。因此,於知識管理的範疇中若能加入組織間關係亦即社會資本之觀點,實務上可使企業更易於瞭解並加以運用,有助於本身知識資產的蓄積及應用,以確保掌握其競爭優勢。因此,本文之目的旨在以社會資本之觀點由社會及經濟的面向分析組織間關係與相關之利益及優勢,並研究組織間關係之本質對知識之蓄積及利用有何影響及其所扮演之角色。
經由實證結果顯示,組織間關係的確會藉由其所產生的利益及優勢,更進一步對知識資產的蓄積及應用產生影響。此外,本研究亦發現在科技專案中,工研院扮演主導及整合的角色。而研究機構在研發聯盟中除了應供給足夠而透明的資訊、建構有效的互動及溝通模式外,更應以公正、超然的身份取得有利的組織間關係,使得參與的企業及聯盟願意分享彼此的資訊及知識,進而加強整合資訊、系統的能力,帶領整個系統朝向共同的目標前進。
對組織或企業而言,應建立有利於知識管理之平台或情境,方能促進知識分享、蓄積及應用的效率。而組織間關係正好可適切的扮演此一角色,企業或組織較不應期望以控制的方式提昇本身的知識資產及知識資產之應用,應從資訊之流向、流量的品質加以改進;亦或是增進系統也就是科技專案成員之凝聚力,由較軟性的部分著手,對知識資產之蓄積及應用方能有顯著之增加。
目 錄第一章 緒論
第一節 研究動機∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙1
第二節 研究問題與目的∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙2
第三節 研究流程∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙5
第二章 文獻探討
第一節 社會資本∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙6
第二節 組織間關係之基本概念∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙11
第三節 組織間關係之探討∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙15
第四節 關係優勢∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙32
第五節 知識資產之蓄積及利用∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙34
第六節 本章總論∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙36
第三章 研究方法
第一節 實證架構及假設∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙37
第二節 研究設計∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙42
第三節 變數操作型定義與衡量∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙45
第四章 研究結果與討論
第一節 基本資料分析∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙50
第二節 效度、信度分析∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙54
第三節 研究構念分析∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙61
第四節 構念間相關性分析∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙66
第五節 研究假說檢定結果∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙81
第五章 結論與建議
第一節 研究發現∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙83
第二節 理論與實務意涵∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙86
第三節 研究限制與後續研究∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙88
參考文獻∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙89
附錄一∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙96
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