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研究生:蔡仁傑
研究生(外文):Jen-chieh Tsai
論文名稱:《密鎮》的時空型:時間、空間與人的形象
論文名稱(外文):The Chronotope of Middlemarch:Time, Space and the Image of Man
指導教授:陳超明陳超明引用關係
指導教授(外文):Professor Chao-ming Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:英國語文學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:英文
論文頁數:99
中文關鍵詞:時空型
外文關鍵詞:chronotope
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論文提要內容
喬治∙艾略特的《密鎮》處處顯示了對於時間議題的關注。艾略特不只描繪了時間性在角色之間的互動關係,也在她的小說中援引了許多當代的社會及歷史事件。一些評論家已針對艾略特的時間觀作過詮釋,但他們往往忽略了空間的因素。殊不知,空間的配置或多或少也促成對時間的感知。因此,本論文企圖用較全面的觀點來審酌《密鎮》的時間性。在此之下,巴赫汀的「時空型」適足為本論文的理論出發點。這位理論家強調時間與空間的不可分割性。因為惟有如此,文學上才會出現種類不一的視野與面貌。實則,巴赫汀的「時空型」的理論根基於他早期的作品《邁向行動哲學》。因此,本論文將就巴赫汀的哲學觀加以闡述以彰顯「時空型」的論述基礎並進而以之研究《密鎮》的種種時間型式。就架構而言,本論文延用巴赫汀論時空型時強調的三個議題,也就是時間、空間與人的形象,並分別在三個章節討論之。

Abstract
In Middlemarch, George Eliot manifests her affiliation with the issue of time either in her character portrayals or in her numerous socio-historical allusions. Critics like Sidney Colvin, Mary Wilson Carpenter and Jim Reilly have analyzed the temporal forms in Middlemarch in their own specificity. However, their scope seems to be confined in the category of time. They overlooked factors like place and spatial arrangements that might mediate the understanding of time. Therefore, this thesis sets out to study Eliot's conception of time with a more panoramic view. Bakhtin's idea of chronotope thus serves as a theoretical approach that offsets the insufficiency of the former three critics. He mainly argues that time and space work together to create a specific vision in a certain tempo-spatial environment, that is, chronotope, and thus time and space have to be seen as a matrical whole in the study of literature. As the present thesis shows, this is actually related to Bakhtin's larger scheme in his Toward a Philosophy of the Act. So, following Bakhtin's philosophy of the act, this thesis explores what kinds of tempo-spatial relationships are revealed in Middlemarch. In point of structure, this thesis follows Bakhtin's three major issues--time, space and the image of man--and studies them in three separate chapters.

Table of Contents
Acknowledgements………………………………………………………….iii
Chinese Abstract…………………………………………………………….vi
English Abstract……………………………………………………………..vii
Chapter Ⅰ Introduction
……………………………………………………………….1
Chapter Ⅱ Time
……………………………………………………………….21
Chapter Ⅲ Space
……………………………………………………………….42
Chapter Ⅳ The Image of Man
……………………………………………………………….68
Chapter Ⅴ Conclusion
……………………………………………………………….91
Works Cited.…………………………………………………………………96

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