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研究生:吳貞慧
研究生(外文):Wu, Zhen-hui
論文名稱:台灣南島語介音之研究:從聲學證據探討通用制約理論
論文名稱(外文):A Study of Glides in Formosan Languages: Acoustic Evidence for a Constraint-based Approach
指導教授:萬依萍萬依萍引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wan, I-Ping
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:語言學研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:語言學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:英文
中文關鍵詞:台灣南島語介音聲學優選理論
外文關鍵詞:Formosan LanguagesglidesAcouticsOptimality Theory
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台灣南島語(Formosan languages)在整個南島語系(Austronesian languages)中扮演極重要的地位。近年來,投入於台灣南島語的研究也越來越熱烈。但是,從聲學以及音韻學的角度來討論台灣南島語的研究卻極為少數。在台灣南島語中,關於介音的主題常久以來一直為多位語言學家廣泛的討論著。因此,本篇論文將針對較具爭議性的如鄒語、布農語、阿美語等,與介音相關的主題做一比較、分析、歸納與整理。
在歷史文獻中對於介音是否存在於各台灣南島語之中,許多語言學家提出不同的見解,大致可以分為下列幾種:第一種為介音並不存在(董同龢,1964)。第二種為介音應屬於表層結構(surface representation)並不處於基底結構(underlying representation)(林修旭,1996) 。第三種為給予介音獨立的地位(何大安,1974)。第四種為以聲學的方式證明鄒語中介音的存在(Wright & Ladefoged,1997)。而聲學的證明是一種表層結構的展現並不能指涉到底層結構的層次。
本篇論文是國內第一篇試圖從聲學儀器探討介音存在的可能性,並延伸到以優選理論(optimality theory)之角度來進一步探測介音在音節結構中的地位。在聲學實驗方面,以聲譜儀來探測這些測試的音在聲譜圖上的表現,例如比較音位(segment)的長度(duration),是否長度的延續起了變化,以及Hz的改變(slope of F2),是否有顎化(palatalization)的現象而使聽覺上有介音的產生。而這個聲學實驗可以延伸到對音韻理論X-tier Theory (Levin 1985)、Moraic Theory (Hyman 1985, Hayes 1989)的驗證。並試圖運用Optimality Theory (Prince and Smolensky 1993)來分析介音在音節結構中的表現。
因此,本篇論文以兩種方式來討論介音在台灣南島語中各種相關的主題。前者是要利用政大語言所內的KAY CSL 4100、5500,收集不同的受試者來自鄒語、布農語、阿美語等參與聲學實驗的語料,再由聲學儀來分析介音與輔音及元音的關係。後者是以近期音韻理論,衍生理論及優選理論(generative phonology & optimality theory)對於介音的地位作一統整性的分析

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chapter Page
1.Introduction……………………………………………………………1
2. Literature Review……………………………………………………9
2.1 Theoretical Background…………………………………………10
2.1.1 Syllable Structure……………………………………………10
2.1.2 Syllables on Optimality Theory…………………………15
2.2 The Status of Glides……………………………………………20
2.2.1 Mandarin………………………………………………………….20
2.2.2 Tsou………………………………………………………………..25
2.2.2.1 The Sketch of Phonological System……………………25
2.2.2.2 Glides…………………………………………………….....28
2.2.3 Bunun……………………………………………………………...37
2.2.3.1 The Sketch of Phonological System………………...37
2.2.3.2 Glides………………………………………………….......40
2.2.4 Amis……………………………………………………………....43
2.2.4.1 The Sketch of Phonological System……………………43
2.2.4.2 Glides…………………………………………………….....47
3. Methodology……………………………………………………………49
3.1 Informants and Recordings…………………………………….49
3.2 Questionnaire………………………………………………………50
3.2.1 Tsou………………………………………………………………..50
3.2.2 Bunun………….…………………………………………………..52
3.3.3 Amis………………………………………………………………..54
3.3 Segmentation…………………………………………………………57
3.4 Acoustic Prediction………………………………………………66
4. Acoustic Analysis………………………………………………….71
4.1 Timing Theory………………………………………………………71
4.2 Results and Discussion…………………………………………72
4.2.1 Analysis of Syllable Durations………………………….72
4.2.2 Analysis of Segment Durations……………………………74
4.3 Conclusion and Further Issues……………………………….82
5. Theoretical Analysis………………………………………………85
5.1 Introduction…………………………………………………………85
5.2 The Status of Prevocalic Glides……………………………87
5.3 The Phonemic Status of Glides………………………………93
5.3.1 Tsou……..…………………………………………………………93
5.3.2 Bunun…………………………………………………………….102
5.3.3 Amis……………………………………………………………...109
6. Conclusion……………………………………………………………114
References………………………………………………………………119
Appendix…………………………………………………………………129

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