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研究生:趙桂香
研究生(外文):Chao Kwei-hsiang
論文名稱:高中學生議論文之主題發展
論文名稱(外文):Thematic Progression in the Argumentative Essays of EFL Senior High School Students
指導教授:尤雪瑛尤雪瑛引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yu Hsueh-ying
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:英語教學碩士在職專班
學門:教育學門
學類:普通科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:英文
論文頁數:83
中文關鍵詞:議論文主題發展
外文關鍵詞:argumentative essaysthematic progression patternstheme-rheme structureparallel progressionextended parallel progressionsequential progressionhyper-themesplit rheme
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句子的主題具備了啟動訊息、聯繫前後句、並呼應引導全文等功能,因此,主題之選用與安排,影響文章流暢與否。事實上,英文文章中的主題發展有固定模式與原則可循。本研究以主題發展模式,檢驗學生在議論文中主題發展的情形,並比較高低群學生在質與量方面是否有異同。
本研究資料取自 138 位高三學生於課堂上完成之議論文,經兩位全民英檢閱卷評分老師進行評分工作,由此篩選出高低分群兩組,之後進行實際的文章分析工作─ 找出兩組文章之主題發展模式,並計算各模式出現之頻率。結果顯示,高分群多使用文法正確、明確之指稱、重複字、同義字、或與全文主旨相關之主題,使用各種模式的比率皆普遍多於低分組,其中,在 extended parallel progression 方面多於低分群達顯著水準,證明會回到與全文有關之主題是高分群的一大特色。另外,本研究亦另外發現兩種學生常用之主題發展模式,值得進一步探討。

Abstract
“The choice and ordering” of themes seem to have much to do with the local and global coherence. And there are established patterns of thematic progression in the text. The purpose of the study is to explore the ways our students employ the thematic progression patterns, and to find the similarities and differences in high-and low-rated essays.
The research materials are argumentative essays gathered from 138 senior high school students. Two GEPT trainee raters then give each essay a holistic score respectively based on the scoring scheme for Intermediate level of the GEPT. Then, the top and the lowest 33 essays are selected to be our data. Textual analysis is then performed by tracing thematic progression mode in each essay in terms of the established patterns. The frequency of the occurrence for each pattern is counted and the use of each pattern in the two sets of essays is compared in detail.
The results show thematic progression in high-rated essays is more easily identifiable for the use of overt, grammatical, and discourse-relevant cohesive ties as themes. Furthermore, the high-rated essays far exceed low-rated essays in the frequency for almost every pattern. What differs significantly is the use of EPP (extended parallel progression) Pattern. Besides, we find another two common patterns in our data, contrastive theme pattern and rhematic association pattern.

Table of Contents
List of Tables ………………………………………………………….vi
List of Figures vii
Chinese Abstract…..…….. …………………………………………………….ix
English Abstract……………..……………………………………………… x
Chapter
1. Introduction… ……………………………………………………….1
2. Literature Review… …………………………………………………5
2.1 Theme and Rheme… ………………….5
2.2 Theme-Rheme Patterning & Applications….. 10
2.3 Framework…………………………… …………………………17
2.3.1 Delineation of Theme and Rheme… …………………… 17
2.3.2 Classifications of Thematic Progression…… …………21
3. Research Methods & Data Analysis… 24
3.1 Research Setting………… …………………………………….24
3.1.1 Subjects………… ………………………………………24
3.1.2 The Writing Task… ……………………………………25
3.1.3 Scoring Scheme………… ……………………………25
3.1.4 Raters…………………… ……………………………26
3.1.5 Scoring Procedures………… ……………………….26
3.1.6 Distinguishing high- and low-rated groups …………26
3.2 Data Analysis…………………………………… ………….26
3.2.1 Parallel Progression Pattern…………… ……………27
3.2.2 Sequential Progression Pattern………… ……………….32
3.2.3 Extended Parallel Progression Pattern…………… …36
3.2.4 Hypertheme Pattern………………………………… 39
3.2.5 Split Rheme Pattern……………………………… 42
3.2.6 Other Patterns ……………………………………………45
3.2.6.1 Contrastive Theme Pattern…………. …………….45
3.2.6.2 Rhematic Association Pattern……………………..48
3.3 Data Discussion 53
3.4 Summary………………………………………………………. 57
4. Conclusion……………………………………………………………59
4.1 Contribution of the study……………………………………….. 59
4.2 Implications for teaching……………………………………… 61
4.2.1 Checking for local and global coherence 63
4.2.2 Evaluating the functions of theme and rheme 64
4.3 Suggestions for further research……………………………… 68
4.4 Limitations of this study……………………………………….. 69
Appendixes
I. Full texts for the analysis of the parallel progression pattern 70
II. Full texts for the analysis of the sequential progression
pattern 71
III. Full texts for the analysis of the extended parallel
progression pattern 72
IV. Full texts for the analysis of the hyper-theme pattern 73
V. Full texts for the analysis of the split rheme pattern 74
VI. Full texts for the analysis of the contrastive theme pattern 75
VII. Full texts for the analysis of the rhematic association pattern 76
References 77

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