(3.215.180.226) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/03/09 03:32
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:黃金經
研究生(外文):Chin-Ching Huang
論文名稱:ASTMC1383於擋土牆結構物漸變斷面之厚度檢測
論文名稱(外文):Nondestructive evaluation of the thickness of concrete structures in vary section
指導教授:林宜清林宜清引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yiching Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:土木工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:土木工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:73
中文關鍵詞:混凝土非破壞檢測
外文關鍵詞:NDT
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:145
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:17
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
摘要
有關混凝土厚度之工程品質檢測,目前無法目視量測部分均採破壞鑽心試體檢測,易造成混凝土構造物局部破壞,影響構造物安全及使用壽命,且對於不適合進行鑽心試體檢測之構造物(如鋼筋之切斷),則無法有效進行品管。本論文旨在引用1998年公佈之非破壞檢測技術ASTM C1383標準試驗法,針對坡地道路擋土牆構造物之漸變厚度與均勻厚度分別介紹及其對厚度檢測之影響。研究結果顯示,如上開所述工程混凝土版狀構造物厚度檢測結果誤差均在3%以內,故有關漸變厚度之擋土牆工程混凝土版狀構造物,引用ASTM C1383標準試驗法深具可行性及實務應用於工程驗收,值得推廣並建議納入公共工程施工綱要規範。
總目錄
中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
目錄 III
表目錄 V
圖目錄 VI
照片目錄 IX
目錄
第一章 緒論 1
第二章 文獻回顧與研究動機 3
2.1應力波動基本行為介紹 3
2.2混凝土版狀結構厚度之檢測技術 5
2.3 ASTM C1383 之介紹 9
2.4研究動機 11
第三章 擋土牆構造物之介紹 13
3.1前言 13
3.2工作範圍 13
3.3相關準則 14
3.4施工 15
3.5計量及計價 17
3.6檢驗 18
第四章 現場檢測結果分析討論 20
4-1儀器設備 20
4-2漸變厚度之擋土牆 23
4-3均勻厚度之擋土牆 31
第五章 結論及建議 35
5-1結論 35
5-2建議 36
參考文獻 37
表目錄
表4-1漸變厚度擋土牆厚度量測結果(非鋼筋上方) 42
表4-2漸變厚度擋土牆波速量測結果(非鋼筋上方) 42
表4-3漸變厚度擋土牆厚度量測結果(在鋼筋上方) 43
表4-4漸變厚度擋土牆波速量測結果(在鋼筋上方) 43
表4-5均勻厚度擋土牆波速量測結果(非鋼筋上方) 44
表4-6均勻厚度擋土牆厚度量測結果(非鋼筋上方) 44
表4-7均勻厚度擋土牆波速量測結果(在鋼筋上方) 45
表4-8均勻厚度擋土牆厚度量測結果(在鋼筋上方) 45
圖目錄
圖2-1 應力波動行為示意圖 46
圖2-2 Snell’s Law示意圖 47
圖2-3 敲擊回音試驗示意圖 48
圖2-4 應力波反射示意圖(a) Z2>Z1 (b) Z2<Z1 48
圖2-5 敲擊回音法於混凝土版試驗示意圖
(a) 敲擊回音試驗示意圖
(b) 壓力波及張力波之示意圖
(c) 表面位移之示意圖 49
圖2-6 ASTM C1383 P波波速及版厚量測法
(a) P波波速量測示意圖及位移波形圖
(b) 敲擊回音法示意圖及頻譜圖 50
圖4-1 實驗儀器 51
圖4-2 檢測混凝土版表面P-波波速之示意圖
(a)儀器配置示意圖
(b)第一接收器位移波形
(c)第二接收器位移波形 52
圖4-3 混凝土試體敲擊回音試驗
(a)示意圖
(b)接收器所得位移波形
(c)FFT所得頻譜圖 53
圖4-4 測點位置與對應之剖面厚度 54
圖4-5 漸變厚度擋土牆測點1(無鋼筋影響)
(a)表面縱波波速量測波形圖
(b)頻譜圖 55
圖4-6 漸變厚度擋土牆測點2(無鋼筋影響)
(a)表面縱波波速量測波形圖
(b)頻譜圖 56
圖4-7漸變厚度擋土牆測點3(無鋼筋影響)
(a)表面縱波波速量測波形圖
(b)頻譜圖 57
圖4-8漸變厚度擋土牆測點4(無鋼筋影響)
(a)表面縱波波速量測波形圖
(b)頻譜圖 58
圖4-9漸變厚度擋土牆測點5(無鋼筋影響)
(a)表面縱波波速量測波形圖
(b)頻譜圖 59
圖4-10漸變厚度擋土牆測點1(在鋼筋正上方量測)
(a)表面縱波波速量測波形圖
(b)頻譜圖 60
圖4-11漸變厚度擋土牆測點2(在鋼筋正上方量測)
(a)表面縱波波速量測波形圖
(b)頻譜圖 61
圖4-12漸變厚度擋土牆測點3(在鋼筋正上方量測)
(a)表面縱波波速量測波形圖
(b)頻譜圖 62
圖4-13漸變厚度擋土牆測點4(在鋼筋正上方量測)
(a)表面縱波波速量測波形圖
(b)頻譜圖 63
圖4-14漸變厚度擋土牆測點5(在鋼筋正上方量測)
(a)表面縱波波速量測波形圖
(b)頻譜圖 64
圖4-15 測點位置與對應之剖面厚度 65
圖4-16均勻厚度擋土牆測點1(無鋼筋影響)
(a)表面縱波波速量測波形圖
(b)頻譜圖 66
圖4-17均勻厚度擋土牆測點2(無鋼筋影響)
(a)表面縱波波速量測波形圖
(b)頻譜圖 67
圖4-18均勻厚度擋土牆測點1(在鋼筋正上方量測)
(a)表面縱波波速量測波形圖
(b)頻譜圖 68
圖4-19均勻厚度擋土牆測點2(在鋼筋正上方量測)
(a)表面縱波波速量測波形圖
(b)頻譜圖 69
照片目錄
照片一、 施工中鋼筋混凝土擋土牆 70
照片二、 施工中橋樑引道翼牆 70
照片三、 施工中道路工程 71
照片四、 施工中均勻厚度擋土牆 71
照片五、 施工中漸變厚度擋土牆 72
照片六、 漸變厚度之擋土牆現場量測(5K+050處) 72
照片七、 均勻厚度之擋土牆現場量測(8K+050處) 73
照片八、 均勻厚度之擋土牆斷面量測實際厚度55㎝ 73
1.Carino, N.J. and Sansalone, M., "Pulse-Echo Method for law Detection in Concrete," Technical Note 1199, National Bureau of Standards, July (1984)
2.Sansalone, M., and Carino, N.J., "Impact-Echo: A Method for Flaw Detection in Concrete Using Transient Stress Waves," NBSIR 86-3452, National Bureau of Standards, Gaithersburg, Maryland, Sept., 222 pp. (1986)
3.Carino, N.J., Sansalone, M., and Hsu, N.N., "Flaw Detection in Concrete by Frequency Spectrum Analysis of Impact-Echo Waveforms," International Advances in Nondestructive Testing, 12th Edition, W.J. McGonnagle, Ed., Gordon & Breach Science Publishers, New York, pp. 117-146. (1986)
4.ASTM C1383 (1998), "Standard Test Method for Measuring the P-Wave Speed and the Thickness of Concrete Plates Using the Impact-Echo Method," Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol. 04.02.
5.Leslie, J.R., and Cheesman, W.J., "An Ultrasonic Method of Studying Deterioration and Cracking in Concrete Structures," ACI J. Proc., 46(1), 17, (1949)
6.ASTM Test Designation C597-83, "Standard Test Method for Pulse Velocity Through Concrete," Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol. 04.02, Philadelphia. (1987)
7.Knab, L.J., Blessing, G.V., and Clifton, J.R., "Laboratory Evaluation of Ultrasonics for Crack Detection in Concrete," ACI J., 80, 17, (1983)
8.Naik, T.R., and Malhotra, V.M., "The Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity Method," Chapter 7 in Handbook on Nondestructive Testing of Concrete, V.M. Malhotra and N.J. Carino, Eds., CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, pp. 169-188. (1991)
9.Sansalone, M., and Carino, N.J., "Impact-Echo: A Method for Flaw Detection in Concrete Using Transient Stress Waves," NBSIR 86-3452, National Bureau of Standards, Gaithersburg, Maryland, Sept., 1986, 222 pp. (1986)
10.Sansalone, M., and Carino, N.J., "Laboratory and Field Study of the Impact-Echo Method for Flaw Detection in Conerete," in Nondestructive Testing of Concrete, Special Publication of thee American Concrete Institute, pp. 1-20. (1988)
11.Sansalone, M., and Carino, N.J., "Detecting Honeycombing, the Depth of Surface-Opening Cracks, and Ungrouted Ducts Using the Impact-Echo Method," Concrete International, April, pp. 38-46. (1988)
12.Carino, N.J., and Sansalone, M., "Detecting Voids in Metal Tendon Ducts Using the Impact-Echo Method," Materials Journal of the American Concrete Institute, Vol. 89, No. 3, ,pp.296-303. May-June (1992)
13.Sansalone, M., and Carino, N.J., "Detecting Delaminations in Reinforced Concrete Slabs with and without Asphalt Concrete Overlays Using the Impact-Echo Method," Materials Journal of the American Concrete Institute, Vol. 86, No. 2, pp. 175-184. (1989)
14.Cheng, C. and Sansalone, M., "The Impact-Echo Response of Concrete Plates Containing Delaminations-Numerical, Experimental, and Field Studies," Materials and Structures, RILEM, Vol. 26, pp. 274-285. (1993)
15.Lin, Y. and Sansalone, M., "Detecting Flaws in Concrete Beams and Columns Using the Impact-Echo Method," Materials Journal of the American Concrete Institute, July-August, pp. 394-405. (1992)
16.Lin, Y., Sansalone, M., and Carino, N.J., "Impact-Echo Response of Concrete Shafts," ASTM Geotechnical Testing Journal, Vol. 14, NO. 2, pp.121-137. (1991)
17.Lin, J., and Sansalone, M., "Impact-Echo Response of Hollow Cylindrical Concrete Structures Surrounded by Soil or Rock, Part I-Numerical Studies", ASTM Geotechnical Testing Journal, Vol. 17, No. 2, June, pp. 207-219. (1994)
18.Lin, J., and Sansalone, M., "Impact-Echo Response of Hollow Cylindrical Concrete Structures Surrounded by Rock, Part II-Experimental Studies", ASTM Geotechnical Testing Journal, Vol. 17, No. 2, June, pp. 220-226. (1994)
19.林宜清,陳真芳,蔡聖德「混凝土構件幾何形狀對波速之影響」興大工程學報,第五期(民國八十三年),pp.27-39. (1994)
20.Lin, J., and Sansalone, M., "Impact-Echo Studies of Interfacial Bond Quality in Concrete: Effects of Unbonded Fraction of Area," Materials Journal of the American Concrete Institute, Vol. 93, No. 3, pp. 223-232. (1996)
21.Cheng, C. and Sansalone, M., "Determining the Minimum Crack Width That Can Be Detected Using the Impact-Echo Method- Part I: Experimental Study," RILEM: Material and Structures, Vol. 28, pp. 74-82, (1995)
22.Cheng, C. and Sansalone, M., "Determining the Minimum Crack Width That Can Be Detected Using the Impact-Echo Method- Part I: Experimental Study," RILEM: Material and Structures, Vol. 28, pp. 74-82, (1995)
23.Lin, Y., Yen, J.Y.R., and Chen, C.F., "Tracing Initiation and Propagation of Cracks in Composite Slabs," Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 122, No. 7, pp. 756-761. (1996)
24.Lin, Y., and Su, W.C., "The Use of Stress Waves for Determining the Depth of Surface-Opening Cracks in Concrete Structures,"
25.林宜清「土木技術非破壞檢測及維修補強專輯」2000年12月pp.46-57
26.Proctor, T ., 〝Some Details of the NBS Conical Transducer.〞Journal of Acoustic emission, Vol. 1.,NO.3,pp.173-178(1982).
27.陳麗貞,混凝土結構厚度之時間領域檢測法,89年6月
28.彰化縣政府混凝土工程施工補充說明書
29.行政院公共工程委員會,公共工程監工人員基礎訓練班教材,91年3月
30.公共工程施工綱要規範(第二冊),行政院公共工程委員會,公共工程施工綱要規範整編暨資訊整合中心,90年8月
31.公路局公路工程施工說明書,台灣省交通處公路局編印,86年6月
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔