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研究生:劉恆鍵
研究生(外文):Heng-Jian Liu
論文名稱:台灣地區津田氏大頭竹節蟲(MegacraniatsudaiShiraki)(竹節蟲目:竹節蟲科)之空間分布、野外生活史及取食行為特性調查
論文名稱(外文):Field survey on spatial distribution, life history and feeding behavior of Tsudai stick insects, Megacrania tsudai Shiraki (Phasmatodea: Phasmidae), in Taiwan
指導教授:楊正澤楊正澤引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jeng-Tze Yang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:昆蟲學系
學門:生命科學學門
學類:生物學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:36
中文關鍵詞:竹節蟲科空間分布生活史取食行為津田氏大頭竹節蟲
外文關鍵詞:Phasmidaespatial distributionlife historyfeeding behaviorTsudai stick insectMegacrania tsudai Shiraki
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津田氏大頭竹節蟲(Megacrania tsudai Shiraki)在台灣屬於保育類昆蟲,僅取食林投(Pandanus odoratissimus L. f.),本論文分別對空間分布、野外生活史及部分取食行為特性進行調查。空間分布方面以方格法於2001年7月歷時11天於台灣本島的沿海地區進行林投及津田氏大頭竹節蟲的分布調查,在沿海地區39格方格的範圍內,有林投分布的佔82%,有津田氏大頭竹節蟲分布的僅佔5%,而津田氏大頭竹節蟲主要分布於南部墾丁國家公園及鄰近的九棚、大劉等地,且集中在東岸,其分布地點有86%是位在河口地區。而在澎湖、小琉球、龜山島、蘭嶼及綠島等5個離島調查,僅在綠島和蘭嶼發現有津田氏大頭竹節蟲的分布。林投植株上的津田氏大頭竹節蟲分布,內層葉片主要為初齡及中齡若蟲,而較外層葉片大都為較成熟的若蟲或成蟲。在野外生活史方面,由各月出現蟲體的體長結構發現該年3月至翌年4月為津田氏大頭竹節蟲的一個生活環。各齡若蟲的前足腿節長與體長的相關直線迴歸方程式便於野外測量,有助於野外生活史的調查,迴歸方程式分別為初齡若蟲:y=3.855x-2.170、中齡若蟲:y=3.760x+0.064、末齡若蟲:y=3.923x+1.607。取食行為特性方面,由夜間調查的結果發現,津田氏大頭竹節蟲取食時段主要集中在日落後18:00-20:00及翌晨04:00-06:00兩時段。

Tsudai stick insect, Megacrania tsudai Shiraki, is one of the conservative insects in Taiwan. They feed on screwpines, Pandanus odoratissimus L. f.. Our researches focus on spatial distribution, life history and feeding behaviors of them in the field. The spatial distribution was approached by using the catography for the distributions of Tsudai stick insects and their host plants, screwpines along with the coastline of Taiwan during 11 days in July, 2001. The screwpines distribute in 82% and Tsudai stick insects distribute in 5% of total 39 grids. Tsudai stick insects mainly distributed in Ken-Ting National Park and its adjacent area of southern Taiwan. And 86% of Tsudai stick insects’ habitats are closed to the mouth of rivers. We also found them in Lutao and Lanyu, but not in Peng-Hu, Shiau-Liou-Chiou and Turtle Island. The distribution of Tsudai stick insects within a screwpine plant shown that larger ones appeared in the outer layers and the smaller ones in the inner layers. We surveyed the life history of Tsudai stick insects by using body length structure and found that it is clearly to show a complete cycle of life history between March, 2001 and April, 2002. The correlation equation of the body length by the length of front femur for nymphs of Tsudai stick insects are y=3.855x-2.170 (for early instar),. y=3.760x+0.064 (for middle instar) and y=3.923x+1.607 (for final instar). It is convenient and time saving work and good for measuring insect size in the study of life history in the field. The feeding behavior of Tsudai stick insects was recorded by using the nightshot video at night time. After the analyses, we found that the major duration of feeding time of the Tsudai stick insects are at 04:00-06:00 and 18:00-20:00, respectively.

目 錄
中文摘要
英文摘要
壹、前言........................ 1
貳、前人研究...................... 3
參、材料與方法..................... 5
一、空間分布
1.地理分布....................... 5
2.棲所分布....................... 5
3.在林投上的分布.................... 6
二、野外生活史調查
1.測量......................... 6
2.分析......................... 7
三、取食行為特性
1.取食活動時段..................... 8
2.取食活動的移動能力.................. 8
肆、結果........................ 9
一、空間分布
1.地理分布....................... 9
2.棲所分布....................... 10
3.在林投上的分布.................... 11
二、野外生活史調查
1.測量......................... 11
2.分析......................... 12
三、取食行為特性
1.取食活動時段..................... 13
2.取食活動的移動能力.................. 13
伍、討論........................ 15
一、空間分布
1.地理分布....................... 15
2.棲所分布....................... 16
3.在林投上的分布.................... 16
二、野外生活史調查
1.體長結構與蟲口密度.................. 17
2.體長相關直線迴歸方程式................ 17
三、取食行為特性
1.取食活動時段..................... 18
2.取食活動的移動能力.................. 18
3.取食行為描述..................... 18
陸、總結........................ 20
柒、參考文獻...................... 21
表次.......................... 26
圖次.......................... 30

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