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研究生:王駿穠
研究生(外文):Gene-Long Wang
論文名稱:鳥類棲息地適宜度模式之建立與應用--以惠蓀林場鳥類為例
論文名稱(外文):Development and Application of Habitat Suitability Index Model for Avian Commmunity -- An application example of avian community from Huisun Experimentation Forest Station
指導教授:馮豐隆馮豐隆引用關係尤少彬
指導教授(外文):Feng-Long FengShao-Pin Yo
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:森林學系
學門:農業科學學門
學類:林業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:83
中文關鍵詞:地理資訊系統數位遙測同功群假設情景棲息地適宜度
外文關鍵詞:geographic information systemdigital photogrammetryguildscenarioshabitat suitability index model
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:7
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  • 下載下載:137
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摘 要
物種豐富度與棲息地適宜度的分布,是近年來國際間研究的重點
課題,尤其以評估棲息地品質的量化技術為棲息地保育的研究重心。
有鑑於此,本研究之目的在於整合地理資訊系統與數位遙測技術,運
用數位遙測影像進行林型圖、林分高及林分鬱閉度之推估,並依據GIS
資料庫內鳥類出現之頻率,配合樣區資料,歸納惠蓀林場鳥類棲息地
特性。並以同功群之觀點發展多物種棲息地適宜度模式,針對不同空
間尺度進行鳥類適宜棲息地分析。另外以棲息地適宜度模式模擬
(simulation)環境變遷對鳥類分布之影響。欲藉此評估架構之建立,
提供棲息地保育之參考。根據此次研究,茲將本研究成果歸納如下:
1.本研究利用數位彩色航空照片,進行土地利用型判釋,其精度較以
往判釋成果高,並可依據經營管理者的目標與經營措施,提供不同
比例尺與精度的圖層資料,對於森林經營而言助益頗大。
2.整合數位遙測與地理資訊系統於野生動物經營,可將林分層級的資
訊轉換成棲息地圖籍,並可將分析結果以圖籍或量化資訊表示,提
供經營管理者更明確的空間考量架構與整合資源經營方案的管理依
據。
3.本研究以同功群之觀點發展多物種HSI模式,解決HSI模式僅能評估
單一物種之限制;並且在棲息地變數的考量上,採用環境因子與生
物因子,提高模式對生物分布預測的解釋能力。進而結合GIS、空
間分析,可以有效評估變遷衝擊的影響及供作業規劃。
4.以假設情景(scenarios)進行棲息地經營管理,可模擬不同經營
活動所造成的干擾及其對族群動態變化之情形,提供不同時間比
較,以獲得事先評估之效。
而本研究所得的物種棲息地適宜度分析結果,可提供野外研究調
查和野生動物保育之參考。但未來仍須持續更新與補強動物與環境因
子資料庫,並進一步深入調查物種與棲息地間的關連,以發展更健全
的評估模式。
關鍵字:地理資訊系統、數位遙測、同功群、假設情景、棲息地適宜度
Abstract
Species spatial distribution, species abundance and
habitat suitable index are important information for
managing wildlife populations and conserving biodiversity.
Therefore, the techniques for evaluating wildlife habitats
quantitatively are important tools for Ecosystem Management
(EM). the main purpose of this study is to integrate the
digital photogrammetry and geographic information system(GIS)
technology to present the land-use pattern, digital surface
model (DSM)、stand closure patterns of a forest ecosystem.
GIS database information was used to generalize habitat
characteristics of an avian community of Hwui-Sum forest
ecosystem located in the center of Taiwan. Habitat Suitable
Index model (HSI) was used to simulate the changes of an
avian guild by following a typical forest management
scenario.
The main results of this study are summarized as follow:
1.The technique developed in this study including the
application of digital colored aerial photos with
forestation map and ground plot survey to generate the land-
use map increased the accuracy of habitats interpretation
than the photogrammary method used before. The technique
generated map date at various precision scales according to
the needs of a forest manager.
2.The technique of Integrate digital photogrammetry and GIS
technology transformed various types of forest stand
information into wildlife habit maps. The habitat maps then
provided the basic spatial framework of relate information,
which are required for wildlife management.
3.This study used guild concept to modify a single species
HSI model to a multiple species HSI models. The multiple
species model incorporated with abiotic and biotic
environmental factors enhanced the power of predicting the
distribution of a species. It can be used for studying the
impact of a specific environmental environment change on a
species.
4.The model developed in this study was used to simulate a
typical forest management scenario in Taiwan.The impact of
the forest management scenario on OU guild was
demonstrated. This study indicates that the model can be
widely applied on simulating the impacts of various forest
management strategies on an avian community.
The study suggests that: (1) the current forest survey
data can be used to predict the distribution of a specific
birds by using HSI model, (2) In order to improve power of
predicting the distribution of a species, detailed avian
and environment parameters are required. (3) Spatial
analysis by using GIS technology can provides valuable
insight of developing the potential distribution map for an
avian community. The technique can be a valuable access for
setting up a feasible wildlife management policy.
Keyword: geographic information system、digital
photogrammetry、guild、scenarios、habitat suitability
index model
圖目錄‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥ Ⅲ
表目錄‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥ Ⅵ
摘要‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥ 1
ABSTRACT‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥ 3
壹、前言‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥ 5
貳、前人研究‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥ 6
一、整合性資源調查‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥ 6
二、5S資源技術‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥ 7
三、棲息地評估評估之目的及分類‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥ 9
四、棲息地適宜性模式‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥ 10
五、生態同功群理論‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥ 14
六、影響鳥類分佈之棲息地因子‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥ 16
參、研究材料與方法‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥ 18
一、研究區域概述‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥ 18
二、資料來源‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥ 19
三、研究方法‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥ 20
(一)研擬整合性資源調查 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥ 20
(二)棲息地圖層資料庫建立 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥ 25
(三)影響森林鳥類棲息地因子篩選 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥ 32
(四)棲息地適宜度模式分析 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥ 32
(五)假設情境 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥ 34
肆、結果與討論‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥ 36
一、整合性資源調查架構建立‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥ 36
二、棲息地圖層資料庫立‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥ 38
(一)土地利用型圖製作‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥ 38
(二)林分鬱閉度推估‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥ 41
(三)林分高程推估‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥ 42
(四)林分材積級‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥ 44
三、森林鳥類棲息地因子篩選‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥ 45
四、棲息地適宜性分析‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥ 47
(一)單一物種推估‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥ 47
(二)同功群推估‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥ 56
(三)HSI模式的準確度 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥ 57
五、假設情境模擬‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥ 61
伍、結論與建議‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥ 63
參考文獻‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥ 65
附錄‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥ 74
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